drutil(1) BSD General Commands Manual drutil(1)
drutil -- interact with CD/DVD burners
drutil verb [options]
drutil uses the DiscRecording framework to interact with attached burning devices. Common verbs include burn, erase, eject, help, info, list, status, and tray. The rest of the verbs are: bulkerase, cdtext, discinfo, dumpiso, dumpudf, filename, getconfig, poll, size, subchannel, trackinfo, and version.
Each verb is listed with its description and individual arguments. Drive selection arguments must appear before individual arguments. Drive selection and argument descriptions can be found after the verb descrip- tions in the Drive Selection Criteria section. -drive drive(s) Lets you specify a drive or drives, per the output of list, for those verbs that can operate on one or more drives. See the Drive Selection Criterion section for more info. help verb Display the usage information for the specified verb. atip Displays the Absolute Time in Pre-Groove (ATIP) for inserted CD-R/RW media. bulkerase type Starts bulk erase mode, in which the drive will continually erase inserted -RW media, eject it, and prompt for another disc until terminated. Types of erase: quick Performs a quick erase, doing the minimal amount of work to make the disc appear blank. This operation typically takes only a minute or two. full Performs a complete erase, erasing every block on the disk. This operation is slow (on the order of 30 min- utes) to complete. burn options path Burns a valid directory or image file to disc. The default is to burn the specified directory to a new filesystem. The -audio option creates an audio CD (redbook) in which any valid QuickTime audio file present in the path is converted to a track (in alphabetical order). If a file is specified (valid image files only: .dmg, .iso, .cue/bin, and .toc) the contents of the image file are burned. Pre-burn and post-burn options, and filesystem exclusions can be specificed for enhanced func- tionality. Last option takes precedence. Invalid commands are ignored. path A valid path to a directory or file. options Specify an arbitrary valid burn option(s): -test, -appendable, -erase, -mount, -noverify, -nohfsplus, -noiso9660, -nojoliet, -noudf, -nofs, -audio, -speed, -pregap. Or specify a default burn option: -notest, -noappendable, -noerase, -allfs, -hfsplus, -iso9660, -joliet, -udf, -data, -eject, -verify. cdtext Reads and displays any CD-Text information reported by the drive. The drive must contain an audio CD, and be capable of reading CD-Text. discinfo [-xml] Displays detailed information about present media. From the MMC command of the same name. dumpiso device block [format] Tool to inspect and interpret ISO-9660 and Joliet structures on the media. device Disk node, e.g. /dev/disk1, /dev/disk1s1, /dev/rdisk1. block Block number to dump (in decimal or 0x hex notation). Blocks are assumed to be 2048-byte blocks. format How to interpret the block. If format is not speci- fied, dumpiso will attempt to guess. If present, this argument should be one of the following: None, Boot, BootCat, PVD, SVD, VPD, VDST, MPath, LPath, Dir, HFSPlusVH. dumpudf device block Tool to inspect and interpret UDF structures on the media. device Disk node, e.g. /dev/disk1, /dev/disk1s1, /dev/rdisk1. block Block number to dump (in decimal or 0x hex notation). Blocks are assumed to be 2048-byte blocks. eject Synonym for drutil tray eject. erase type Erases -RW media in the drive(s) and ejects it. Types of erase: quick Performs a quick erase, doing the minimal amount of work to make the disc appear blank. This operation typically takes only a minute or two. full Performs a complete erase, erasing every block on the disk. This operation is slow (on the order of 30 min- utes) to complete. filename name Shows how the specified filename will be modified to comply with the naming rules of the filesystems that DiscRecording generates. getconfig type Displays device feature and profile list. Types of config information: current Displays current features and profiles for a drive. supported Displays all supported features and profiles for a drive. info [-xml] Displays various pieces of information for each drive, includ- ing how it's connected to the computer and a summary of capa- bilities. list [-xml] Lists all burning devices connected to the machine. poll Displays device and media notifications until terminated. size options path Estimates the size of a valid directory or image file (in blocks). The default is to estimate the size of the specified path as a hybrid filesystem. The -audio option calculates the contents of the directory as an audio CD (redbook) (for appli- cable files). If a file is specified (valid image files only: .dmg, .iso, .cue/bin, and .toc) the contents of the image file will be calculated. Filesystem exclusions can be specificed for enhanced functionality. Calculated size will be compared against blank media that is found unless the -nodrive argument is specified. Last option takes precedence. Invalid commands are ignored. path A valid path to a directory or file. options Specify an arbitrary valid burn option(s): -nodrive, -nohfsplus, -noiso9660, -nojoliet, -noudf, -nofs, -audio, -pregap. Or specify a default burn option: -allfs, -hfsplus, -iso9660, -joliet, -udf, -data. status [-xml] Displays detailed media-specific information. subchannel Displays information from the subchannels on CD media. This prints the MCN (media catalog number) for the disc, and the ISRC (international standard recording code) for all tracks. This command only works when CD media is present. From the MMC command of the same name. toc Displays table of contents (TOC) of inserted media. trackinfo [-xml] Displays detailed information about all tracks present on the media. From the MMC command of the same name. tray command Performs a tray/media related command. Note that some drives do not have trays, and some have trays but may lack motorized eject or inject capability. Tray commands: open Opens a drive's tray, if no media is present and the drive has a tray capable of motorized eject. close Closes a drive's tray, if the drive has a tray capa- ble of motorized inject. eject Ejects media from the drive, if the drive has a tray capable of motorized eject. If no media is present, this is equivalent to open. If media is present and can be unmounted, it will be unmounted and then ejected. If media is present but cannot be unmounted, the eject will fail. version Displays operating system and DiscRecording framework version numbers.
-xml When specified (valid options only: discinfo, info, list, status, and trackinfo) the output for the specified verb will be shown in xml format.
DRIVE SELECTION CRITERIA
Some functions of drutil operate on a specific drive. Since any number of drives may be available, and they may come and go at any time, the device selection arguments provide a method for selecting among them. The candidate list starts out as a list of all attached drives. One or more arguments of the form -drive drive(s) may be specified. Each argu- ment has the effect of narrowing the candidate list, depending on what drive(s) is. It may be: o A positive decimal number, assumed to be a 1-based index into the candidate list. The candidate list is trimmed to just that device. o One of the following keywords: internal, external, usb, firewire, atapi, scsi. The candidate list is trimmed to devices which match the specified location / bus. Case is ignored in this comparison. o Any other string, assumed to be a vendor/product name. The candidate list is trimmed to devices whose vendor or product strings exactly match the argument. Case (but not white- space) is ignored in this comparison. Multiple -drive arguments may be specified; each argument narrows the candidate list further. After all the -drive arguments have been pro- cessed, the candidate list is considered. If it contains exactly one item, that drive is used. If it contains zero items, drutil prints an error message and exits. If it contains more than one item, the selected function is executed on all drives remaining in the list.
Simple verbs with no drive commands drutil help status Displays help for the verb "status". drutil list Displays a list of attached devices. drutil info Displays miscellaneous information for all attached devices. drutil status Displays media-specific information for all attached devices. drutil -drive internal burn -noverify -eject -speed 24 ~/Documents Burns the Documents directory to the internal drive without verifying, then ejects the disc. drutil -drive internal info -xml > driveInfo.xml Creates a XML file containing info about internal drives. Examples of drive selection drutil -drive 1 tray close Closes the tray of the first burning device seen, if possible. drutil -drive external info Lists drive specific information for all externally connected burning devices. drutil -drive firewire status Lists media specific information for media present in attached firewire burning devices. drutil -drive VENDOR tray open Opens the tray of all burning devices whose vendor id is VENDOR, if possible. drutil -drive 'CD-RW CDW827ES' getconfig supported Lists supported features and profiles for attached devices whose product id is 'CD-RW CDW827ES'.
drutil first appeared in MacOS X 10.3.
diskutil(1), hdiutil(1), /usr/sbin/disktool (run with no args for usage). Mac OS X May 18, 2004 Mac OS X
Mac OS X 10.6 - Generated Thu Sep 17 20:07:29 CDT 2009