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mysqldump(1)                 MySQL Database System                mysqldump(1)




NAME

       mysqldump - a database backup program


SYNOPSIS

       mysqldump [options] [db_name [tbl_name ...]]


DESCRIPTION

       The mysqldump client is a backup program originally written by Igor
       Romanenko. It can be used to dump a database or a collection of
       databases for backup or transfer to another SQL server (not necessarily
       a MySQL server). The dump typically contains SQL statements to create
       the table, populate it, or both. However, mysqldump can also be used to
       generate files in CSV, other delimited text, or XML format.

       If you are doing a backup on the server and your tables all are MyISAM
       tables, consider using the mysqlhotcopy instead because it can
       accomplish faster backups and faster restores. See mysqlhotcopy(1).

       There are three general ways to invoke mysqldump:

           shell> mysqldump [options] db_name [tables]
           shell> mysqldump [options] --databases db_name1 [db_name2 db_name3...]
           shell> mysqldump [options] --all-databases

       If you do not name any tables following db_name or if you use the
       --databases or --all-databases option, entire databases are dumped.

       mysqldump does not dump the INFORMATION_SCHEMA database. If you name
       that database explicitly on the command line, mysqldump silently
       ignores it.

       To get a list of the options your version of mysqldump supports,
       execute mysqldump --help.

       Some mysqldump options are shorthand for groups of other options.
       --opt and --compact fall into this category. For example, use of --opt
       is the same as specifying --add-drop-table --add-locks --create-options
       --disable-keys --extended-insert --lock-tables --quick --set-charset.
       Note that all of the options that --opt stands for also are on by
       default because --opt is on by default.

       To reverse the effect of a group option, uses its --skip-xxx form
       (--skip-opt or --skip-compact). It is also possible to select only part
       of the effect of a group option by following it with options that
       enable or disable specific features. Here are some examples:

       o   To select the effect of --opt except for some features, use the
           --skip option for each feature. For example, to disable extended
           inserts and memory buffering, use --opt --skip-extended-insert
           --skip-quick. (As of MySQL 5.0, --skip-extended-insert --skip-quick
           is sufficient because --opt is on by default.)

       o   To reverse --opt for all features except index disabling and table
           locking, use --skip-opt --disable-keys --lock-tables.

       When you selectively enable or disable the effect of a group option,
       order is important because options are processed first to last. For
       example, --disable-keys --lock-tables --skip-opt would not have the
       intended effect; it is the same as --skip-opt by itself.

       mysqldump can retrieve and dump table contents row by row, or it can
       retrieve the entire content from a table and buffer it in memory before
       dumping it. Buffering in memory can be a problem if you are dumping
       large tables. To dump tables row by row, use the --quick option (or
       --opt, which enables --quick). The --opt option (and hence --quick) is
       enabled by default in MySQL 5.0; to enable memory buffering, use
       --skip-quick.

       If you are using a recent version of mysqldump to generate a dump to be
       reloaded into a very old MySQL server, you should not use the --opt or
       --extended-insert option. Use --skip-opt instead.

       Before MySQL 4.1.2, out-of-range numeric values such as -inf and inf,
       as well as NaN (not-a-number) values are dumped by mysqldump as NULL.
       You can see this using the following sample table:

           mysql> CREATE TABLE t (f DOUBLE);
           mysql> INSERT INTO t VALUES(1e+111111111111111111111);
           mysql> INSERT INTO t VALUES(-1e111111111111111111111);
           mysql> SELECT f FROM t;
           +------+
           | f    |
           +------+
           |  inf |
           | -inf |
           +------+

       For this table, mysqldump produces the following data output:

           --
           -- Dumping data for table `t`
           --
           INSERT INTO t VALUES (NULL);
           INSERT INTO t VALUES (NULL);

       The significance of this behavior is that if you dump and restore the
       table, the new table has contents that differ from the original
       contents. This problem is fixed as of MySQL 4.1.2; you cannot insert
       inf in the table, so this mysqldump behavior is only relevant when you
       deal with old servers.

       mysqldump supports the options in the following list. It also reads
       option files and supports the options for processing them described at
       Section 4.2.3.3.1, "Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File
       Handling".

       o   --help, -?

           Display a help message and exit.

       o   --add-drop-database

           Add a DROP DATABASE statement before each CREATE DATABASE
           statement.

       o   --add-drop-table

           Add a DROP TABLE statement before each CREATE TABLE statement.

       o   --add-locks

           Surround each table dump with LOCK TABLES and UNLOCK TABLES
           statements. This results in faster inserts when the dump file is
           reloaded. See Section 7.2.19, "Speed of INSERT Statements".

       o   --all-databases, -A

           Dump all tables in all databases. This is the same as using the
           --databases option and naming all the databases on the command
           line.

       o   --allow-keywords

           Allow creation of column names that are keywords. This works by
           prefixing each column name with the table name.

       o   --character-sets-dir=path

           The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 9.2,
           "The Character Set Used for Data and Sorting".

       o   --comments, -i

           Write additional information in the dump file such as program
           version, server version, and host. This option is enabled by
           default. To suppress this additional information, use
           --skip-comments.

       o   --compact

           Produce less verbose output. This option enables the
           --skip-add-drop-table, --skip-add-locks, --skip-comments,
           --skip-disable-keys, and --skip-set-charset options.

               Note
               Prior to release 5.0.48, this option did not create valid SQL
               if the database dump contained views. The recreation of views
               requires the creation and removal of temporary tables and this
               option suppressed the removal of those temporary tables. As a
               workaround, use --compact with the --add-drop-table option and
               then manually adjust the dump file.

       o   --compatible=name

           Produce output that is more compatible with other database systems
           or with older MySQL servers. The value of name can be ansi,
           mysql323, mysql40, postgresql, oracle, mssql, db2, maxdb,
           no_key_options, no_table_options, or no_field_options. To use
           several values, separate them by commas. These values have the same
           meaning as the corresponding options for setting the server SQL
           mode. See Section 5.1.7, "Server SQL Modes".

           This option does not guarantee compatibility with other servers. It
           only enables those SQL mode values that are currently available for
           making dump output more compatible. For example,
           --compatible=oracle does not map data types to Oracle types or use
           Oracle comment syntax.

           This option requires a server version of 4.1.0 or higher. With
           older servers, it does nothing.

       o   --complete-insert, -c

           Use complete INSERT statements that include column names.

       o   --compress, -C

           Compress all information sent between the client and the server if
           both support compression.

       o   --create-options

           Include all MySQL-specific table options in the CREATE TABLE
           statements.

       o   --databases, -B

           Dump several databases. Normally, mysqldump treats the first name
           argument on the command line as a database name and following names
           as table names. With this option, it treats all name arguments as
           database names.  CREATE DATABASE and USE statements are included in
           the output before each new database.

       o   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

           Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
           'd:t:o,file_name'. The default value is
           'd:t:o,/tmp/mysqldump.trace'.

       o   --debug-info

           Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics
           when the program exits. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.32.

       o   --default-character-set=charset_name

           Use charset_name as the default character set. See Section 9.2,
           "The Character Set Used for Data and Sorting". If no character set
           is specified, mysqldump uses utf8, and earlier versions use latin1.

           This option has no effect for output data files produced by using
           the --tab option. See the description for that option.

       o   --delayed-insert

           Write INSERT DELAYED statements rather than INSERT statements.

       o   --delete-master-logs

           On a master replication server, delete the binary logs after
           performing the dump operation. This option automatically enables
           --master-data.

       o   --disable-keys, -K

           For each table, surround the INSERT statements with /*!40000 ALTER
           TABLE tbl_name DISABLE KEYS */; and /*!40000 ALTER TABLE tbl_name
           ENABLE KEYS */; statements. This makes loading the dump file faster
           because the indexes are created after all rows are inserted. This
           option is effective only for nonunique indexes of MyISAM tables.

       o   --dump-date

           mysqldump produces a -- Dump completed on DATE comment at the end
           of the dump if the --comments option is given. However, the date
           causes dump files for identical data take at different times to
           appear to be different.  --dump-date and --skip-dump-date control
           whether the date is added to the comment. The default is
           --dump-date (include the date in the comment).  --skip-dump-date
           suppresses date printing. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.52.

       o   --extended-insert, -e

           Use multiple-row INSERT syntax that include several VALUES lists.
           This results in a smaller dump file and speeds up inserts when the
           file is reloaded.

       o   --fields-terminated-by=..., --fields-enclosed-by=...,
           --fields-optionally-enclosed-by=..., --fields-escaped-by=...

           These options are used with the -T option and have the same meaning
           as the corresponding clauses for LOAD DATA INFILE. See
           Section 12.2.6, "LOAD DATA INFILE Syntax".

       o   --first-slave, -x

           Deprecated. Now renamed to --lock-all-tables.

       o   --flush-logs, -F

           Flush the MySQL server log files before starting the dump. This
           option requires the RELOAD privilege. Note that if you use this
           option in combination with the --all-databases (or -A) option, the
           logs are flushed for each database dumped. The exception is when
           using --lock-all-tables or --master-data: In this case, the logs
           are flushed only once, corresponding to the moment that all tables
           are locked. If you want your dump and the log flush to happen at
           exactly the same moment, you should use --flush-logs together with
           either --lock-all-tables or --master-data.

       o   --flush-privileges

           Emit a FLUSH PRIVILEGES statement after dumping the mysql database.
           This option should be used any time the dump contains the mysql
           database and any other database that depends on the data in the
           mysql database for proper restoration. This option was added in
           MySQL 5.0.26.

       o   --force, -f

           Continue even if an SQL error occurs during a table dump.

           One use for this option is to cause mysqldump to continue executing
           even when it encounters a view that has become invalid because the
           definition refers to a table that has been dropped. Without
           --force, mysqldump exits with an error message. With --force,
           mysqldump prints the error message, but it also writes an SQL
           comment containing the view definition to the dump output and
           continues executing.

       o   --host=host_name, -h host_name

           Dump data from the MySQL server on the given host. The default host
           is localhost.

       o   --hex-blob

           Dump binary columns using hexadecimal notation (for example, 'abc'
           becomes 0x616263). The affected data types are BINARY, VARBINARY,
           and BLOB. As of MySQL 5.0.13, BIT columns are affected as well.

       o   --ignore-table=db_name.tbl_name

           Do not dump the given table, which must be specified using both the
           database and table names. To ignore multiple tables, use this
           option multiple times. This option also can be used to ignore
           views.

       o   --insert-ignore

           Write INSERT statements with the IGNORE option.

       o   --lines-terminated-by=...

           This option is used with the -T option and has the same meaning as
           the corresponding clause for LOAD DATA INFILE. See Section 12.2.6,
           "LOAD DATA INFILE Syntax".

       o   --lock-all-tables, -x

           Lock all tables across all databases. This is achieved by acquiring
           a global read lock for the duration of the whole dump. This option
           automatically turns off --single-transaction and --lock-tables.

       o   --lock-tables, -l

           Lock all tables before dumping them. The tables are locked with
           READ LOCAL to allow concurrent inserts in the case of MyISAM
           tables. For transactional tables such as InnoDB and BDB,
           --single-transaction is a much better option, because it does not
           need to lock the tables at all.

           Please note that when dumping multiple databases, --lock-tables
           locks tables for each database separately. Therefore, this option
           does not guarantee that the tables in the dump file are logically
           consistent between databases. Tables in different databases may be
           dumped in completely different states.

       o   --log-error=file_name

           Append warnings and errors to the named file. This option was added
           in MySQL 5.0.42.

       o   --master-data[=value]

           Use this option to dump a master replication server to produce a
           dump file that can be used to set up another server as a slave of
           the master. It causes the dump output to include a CHANGE MASTER TO
           statement that indicates the binary log coordinates (file name and
           position) of the dumped server. These are the master server
           coordinates from which the slave should start replicating.

           If the option value is 2, the CHANGE MASTER TO statement is written
           as an SQL comment, and thus is informative only; it has no effect
           when the dump file is reloaded. If the option value is 1, the
           statement takes effect when the dump file is reloaded. If the
           option value is not specified, the default value is 1.

           This option requires the RELOAD privilege and the binary log must
           be enabled.

           The --master-data option automatically turns off --lock-tables. It
           also turns on --lock-all-tables, unless --single-transaction also
           is specified, in which case, a global read lock is acquired only
           for a short time at the beginning of the dump (see the description
           for --single-transaction). In all cases, any action on logs happens
           at the exact moment of the dump.

           It is also possible to set up a slave by dumping an existing slave
           of the master. To do this, use the following procedure on the
           existing slave:

            1. Stop the slave's SQL thread and get its current status:

                   mysql> STOP SLAVE SQL_THREAD;
                   mysql> SHOW SLAVE STATUS;

            2. From the output of the SHOW SLAVE STATUS statement, get the
               binary log coordinates of the master server from which the new
               slave should start replicating. These coordinates are the
               values of the Relay_Master_Log_File and Exec_Master_Log_Pos
               values. Denote those values as file_name and file_pos.

            3. Dump the slave server:

                   shell> mysqldump --master-data=2 --all-databases > dumpfile

            4. Restart the slave:

                   mysql> START SLAVE;

            5. On the new slave, reload the dump file:

                   shell> mysql < dumpfile

            6. On the new slave, set the replication coordinates to those of
               the master server obtained earlier:

                   mysql> CHANGE MASTER TO
                       -> MASTER_LOG_FILE = 'file_name', MASTER_LOG_POS = file_pos;

               The CHANGE MASTER TO statement might also need other
               parameters, such as MASTER_HOST to point the slave to the
               correct master server host. Add any such parameters as
               necessary.

       o   --no-autocommit

           Enclose the INSERT statements for each dumped table within SET
           autocommit = 0 and COMMIT statements.

       o   --no-create-db, -n

           This option suppresses the CREATE DATABASE statements that are
           otherwise included in the output if the --databases or
           --all-databases option is given.

       o   --no-create-info, -t

           Do not write CREATE TABLE statements that re-create each dumped
           table.

       o   --no-data, -d

           Do not write any table row information (that is, do not dump table
           contents). This is very useful if you want to dump only the CREATE
           TABLE statement for the table.

       o   --no-set-names

           This option is deprecated. Use --skip-set-charset instead.

       o   --opt

           This option is shorthand; it is the same as specifying
           --add-drop-table --add-locks --create-options --disable-keys
           --extended-insert --lock-tables --quick --set-charset. It should
           give you a fast dump operation and produce a dump file that can be
           reloaded into a MySQL server quickly.

           The --opt option is enabled by default. Use --skip-opt to disable
           it.  See the discussion at the beginning of this section for
           information about selectively enabling or disabling certain of the
           options affected by --opt.

       o   --order-by-primary

           Sort each table's rows by its primary key, or by its first unique
           index, if such an index exists. This is useful when dumping a
           MyISAM table to be loaded into an InnoDB table, but will make the
           dump itself take considerably longer.

       o   --password[=password], -p[password]

           The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the
           short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option
           and the password. If you omit the password value following the
           --password or -p option on the command line, you are prompted for
           one.

           Specifying a password on the command line should be considered
           insecure. See Section 5.5.6.2, "End-User Guidelines for Password
           Security".

       o   --pipe, -W

           On Windows, connect to the server via a named pipe. This option
           applies only for connections to a local server, and only if the
           server supports named-pipe connections.

       o   --port=port_num, -P port_num

           The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

       o   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

           The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is
           useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a
           protocol to be used other than the one you want. For details on the
           allowable values, see Section 4.2.2, "Connecting to the MySQL
           Server".

       o   --quick, -q

           This option is useful for dumping large tables. It forces mysqldump
           to retrieve rows for a table from the server a row at a time rather
           than retrieving the entire row set and buffering it in memory
           before writing it out.

       o   --quote-names, -Q

           Quote database, table, and column names within "`" characters. If
           the ANSI_QUOTES SQL mode is enabled, names are quoted within """
           characters. This option is enabled by default. It can be disabled
           with --skip-quote-names, but this option should be given after any
           option such as --compatible that may enable --quote-names.

       o   --result-file=file_name, -r file_name

           Direct output to a given file. This option should be used on
           Windows to prevent newline "\n" characters from being converted to
           "\r\n" carriage return/newline sequences. The result file is
           created and its contents overwritten, even if an error occurs while
           generating the dump. The previous contents are lost.

       o   --routines, -R

           Dump stored routines (procedures and functions) from the dumped
           databases. Use of this option requires the SELECT privilege for the
           mysql.proc table. The output generated by using --routines contains
           CREATE PROCEDURE and CREATE FUNCTION statements to re-create the
           routines. However, these statements do not include attributes such
           as the routine creation and modification timestamps. This means
           that when the routines are reloaded, they will be created with the
           timestamps equal to the reload time.

           If you require routines to be re-created with their original
           timestamp attributes, do not use --routines. Instead, dump and
           reload the contents of the mysql.proc table directly, using a MySQL
           account that has appropriate privileges for the mysql database.

           This option was added in MySQL 5.0.13. Before that, stored routines
           are not dumped. Routine DEFINER values are not dumped until MySQL
           5.0.20. This means that before 5.0.20, when routines are reloaded,
           they will be created with the definer set to the reloading user. If
           you require routines to be re-created with their original definer,
           dump and load the contents of the mysql.proc table directly as
           described earlier.

       o   --set-charset

           Add SET NAMES default_character_set to the output. This option is
           enabled by default. To suppress the SET NAMES statement, use
           --skip-set-charset.

       o   --single-transaction

           This option issues a BEGIN SQL statement before dumping data from
           the server. It is useful only with transactional tables such as
           InnoDB and BDB, because then it dumps the consistent state of the
           database at the time when BEGIN was issued without blocking any
           applications.

           When using this option, you should keep in mind that only InnoDB
           tables are dumped in a consistent state. For example, any MyISAM or
           MEMORY tables dumped while using this option may still change
           state.

           The --single-transaction option and the --lock-tables option are
           mutually exclusive, because LOCK TABLES causes any pending
           transactions to be committed implicitly.

           While a --single-transaction dump is in process, to ensure a valid
           dump file (correct table contents and binary log position), no
           other connection should use the following statements: ALTER TABLE,
           DROP TABLE, RENAME TABLE, TRUNCATE TABLE. A consistent read is not
           isolated from those statements, so use of them on a table to be
           dumped can cause the SELECT performed by mysqldump to retrieve the
           table contents to obtain incorrect contents or fail.

           This option is not supported for MySQL Cluster tables; the results
           cannot be guaranteed to be consistent due to the fact that the
           NDBCLUSTER storage engine supports only the READ_COMMITTED
           transaction isolation level. You should always use NDB backup and
           restore instead.

           To dump large tables, you should combine this option with --quick.

       o   --skip-comments

           See the description for the --comments option.

       o   --skip-opt

           See the description for the --opt option.

       o   --socket=path, -S path

           For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on
           Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.

       o   --ssl*

           Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the
           server via SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and
           certificates. See Section 5.5.7.3, "SSL Command Options".

       o   --tab=path, -T path

           Produce tab-separated data files. For each dumped table, mysqldump
           creates a tbl_name.sql file that contains the CREATE TABLE
           statement that creates the table, and a tbl_name.txt file that
           contains its data. The option value is the directory in which to
           write the files.

           By default, the .txt data files are formatted using tab characters
           between column values and a newline at the end of each line. The
           format can be specified explicitly using the --fields-xxx and
           --lines-terminated-by options.

           Column values are dumped using the binary character set and the
           --default-character-set option is ignored. In effect, there is no
           character set conversion. If a table contains columns in several
           character sets, the output data file will as well and you may not
           be able to reload the file correctly.

               Note
               This option should be used only when mysqldump is run on the
               same machine as the mysqld server. You must have the FILE
               privilege, and the server must have permission to write files
               in the directory that you specify.

       o   --tables

           Override the --databases or -B option.  mysqldump regards all name
           arguments following the option as table names.

       o   --triggers

           Dump triggers for each dumped table. This option is enabled by
           default; disable it with --skip-triggers. This option was added in
           MySQL 5.0.11. Before that, triggers are not dumped.

       o   --tz-utc

           This option enables TIMESTAMP columns to be dumped and reloaded
           between servers in different time zones.  mysqldump sets its
           connection time zone to UTC and adds SET TIME_ZONE='+00:00' to the
           dump file. Without this option, TIMESTAMP columns are dumped and
           reloaded in the time zones local to the source and destination
           servers, which can cause the values to change.  --tz-utc also
           protects against changes due to daylight saving time.  --tz-utc is
           enabled by default. To disable it, use --skip-tz-utc. This option
           was added in MySQL 5.0.15.

       o   --user=user_name, -u user_name

           The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.

       o   --verbose, -v

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

       o   --version, -V

           Display version information and exit.

       o   --where='where_condition', -w 'where_condition'

           Dump only rows selected by the given WHERE condition. Quotes around
           the condition are mandatory if it contains spaces or other
           characters that are special to your command interpreter.

           Examples:

               --where="user='jimf'"
               -w"userid>1"
               -w"userid<1"

       o   --xml, -X

           Write dump output as well-formed XML.

           NULL, 'NULL', and Empty Values: For some column named column_name,
           the NULL value, an empty string, and the string value 'NULL' are
           distinguished from one another in the output generated by this
           option as follows.

           +----------------------+---------------------------------+
           |Value:                | XML Representation:             |
           +----------------------+---------------------------------+
           |NULL (unknown value)  | <field name="column_name"       |
           |                      | xsi:nil="true" />               |
           +----------------------+---------------------------------+
           |'' (empty string)     | <field                          |
           |                      | name="column_name"></field>     |
           +----------------------+---------------------------------+
           |'NULL' (string value) | <field                          |
           |                      | name="column_name">NULL</field> |
           +----------------------+---------------------------------+
           Beginning with MySQL 5.0.26, the output from the mysql client when
           run using the --xml option also follows these rules. (See the
           section called "MYSQL OPTIONS".)

           Beginning with MySQL 5.0.40, XML output from mysqldump includes the
           XML namespace, as shown here:

               shell> mysqldump --xml -u root world City
               <?xml version="1.0"?>
               <mysqldump xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
               <database name="world">
               <table_structure name="City">
               <field Field="ID" Type="int(11)" Null="NO" Key="PRI" Extra="auto_increment" />
               <field Field="Name" Type="char(35)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
               <field Field="CountryCode" Type="char(3)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
               <field Field="District" Type="char(20)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
               <field Field="Population" Type="int(11)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="0" Extra="" />
               <key Table="City" Non_unique="0" Key_name="PRIMARY" Seq_in_index="1" Column_name="ID" Collation="A" Cardinality="4079"
               Null="" Index_type="BTREE" Comment="" />
               <options Name="City" Engine="MyISAM" Version="10" Row_format="Fixed" Rows="4079" Avg_row_length="67" Data_length="27329
               3" Max_data_length="18858823439613951" Index_length="43008" Data_free="0" Auto_increment="4080" Create_time="2007-03-31 01:47:01" Updat
               e_time="2007-03-31 01:47:02" Collation="latin1_swedish_ci" Create_options="" Comment="" />
               </table_structure>
               <table_data name="City">
               <row>
               <field name="ID">1</field>
               <field name="Name">Kabul</field>
               <field name="CountryCode">AFG</field>
               <field name="District">Kabol</field>
               <field name="Population">1780000</field>
               </row>
               ...
               <row>
               <field name="ID">4079</field>
               <field name="Name">Rafah</field>
               <field name="CountryCode">PSE</field>
               <field name="District">Rafah</field>
               <field name="Population">92020</field>
               </row>
               </table_data>
               </database>
               </mysqldump>


       You can also set the following variables by using --var_name=value
       syntax:

       o   max_allowed_packet

           The maximum size of the buffer for client/server communication. The
           maximum is 1GB.

       o   net_buffer_length

           The initial size of the buffer for client/server communication.
           When creating multiple-row-insert statements (as with option
           --extended-insert or --opt), mysqldump creates rows up to
           net_buffer_length length. If you increase this variable, you should
           also ensure that the net_buffer_length variable in the MySQL server
           is at least this large.

       It is also possible to set variables by using --var_name=value. The
       --set-variable format is deprecated.

       The most common use of mysqldump is probably for making a backup of an
       entire database:

           shell> mysqldump db_name > backup-file.sql

       You can read the dump file back into the server like this:

           shell> mysql db_name < backup-file.sql

       Or like this:

           shell> mysql -e "source /path-to-backup/backup-file.sql" db_name

       mysqldump is also very useful for populating databases by copying data
       from one MySQL server to another:

           shell> mysqldump --opt db_name | mysql --host=remote_host -C db_name

       It is possible to dump several databases with one command:

           shell> mysqldump --databases db_name1 [db_name2 ...] > my_databases.sql

       To dump all databases, use the --all-databases option:

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases > all_databases.sql

       For InnoDB tables, mysqldump provides a way of making an online backup:

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases --single-transaction > all_databases.sql

       This backup acquires a global read lock on all tables (using FLUSH
       TABLES WITH READ LOCK) at the beginning of the dump. As soon as this
       lock has been acquired, the binary log coordinates are read and the
       lock is released. If long updating statements are running when the
       FLUSH statement is issued, the MySQL server may get stalled until those
       statements finish. After that, the dump becomes lock-free and does not
       disturb reads and writes on the tables. If the update statements that
       the MySQL server receives are short (in terms of execution time), the
       initial lock period should not be noticeable, even with many updates.

       For point-in-time recovery (also known as "roll-forward," when you need
       to restore an old backup and replay the changes that happened since
       that backup), it is often useful to rotate the binary log (see
       Section 5.2.3, "The Binary Log") or at least know the binary log
       coordinates to which the dump corresponds:

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases --master-data=2 > all_databases.sql

       Or:

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases --flush-logs --master-data=2
                         > all_databases.sql

       The --master-data and --single-transaction options can be used
       simultaneously, which provides a convenient way to make an online
       backup suitable for point-in-time recovery if tables are stored using
       the InnoDB storage engine.

       For more information on making backups, see Section 6.2, "Database
       Backup Methods", and Section 6.3, "Example Backup and Recovery
       Strategy".

       If you encounter problems backing up views, please read the section
       that covers restrictions on views which describes a workaround for
       backing up views when this fails due to insufficient privileges. See
       Section D.4, "Restrictions on Views".


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.



SEE ALSO

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at
       http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.


AUTHOR

       Sun Microsystems, Inc. (http://www.mysql.com/).



MySQL 5.0                         11/09/2009                      mysqldump(1)

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