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PERLTOC(1pm)           Perl Programmers Reference Guide           PERLTOC(1pm)




NAME

       perltoc - perl documentation table of contents


DESCRIPTION

       This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl
       documentation set.  It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped
       through to locate the proper section you're looking for.


BASIC DOCUMENTATION

   perl(1)< - The Perl 5 language interpreter
       SYNOPSIS
       GETTING HELP
           Overview
           Tutorials
           Reference Manual
           Internals and C Language Interface
           Miscellaneous
           Language-Specific
           Platform-Specific
           Stubs for Deleted Documents
       DESCRIPTION
       AVAILABILITY
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR
       FILES
       SEE ALSO
       DIAGNOSTICS
       BUGS
       NOTES

   perlintro(1) -- a brief introduction and overview of Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           What is Perl?
           Running Perl programs
           Safety net
           Basic syntax overview
           Perl variable types
               Scalars, Arrays, Hashes

           Variable scoping
           Conditional and looping constructs
               if, while, for, foreach

           Builtin operators and functions
               Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison, Boolean
               logic, Miscellaneous

           Files and I/O
           Regular expressions
               Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex regular
               expressions, Parentheses for capturing, Other regexp features

           Writing subroutines
           OO Perl
           Using Perl modules
       AUTHOR

   perlrun(1) - how to execute the Perl interpreter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           #! and quoting on non-Unix systems
               OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, VMS

           Location of Perl
           Command Switches
               -0[octal/hexadecimal]  , -a  , -C [number/list] , -c , -d  ,
               -dt, -d:MOD[=bar,baz]  , -dt:MOD[=bar,baz], -Dletters   ,
               -Dnumber, -e commandline , -E commandline , -f
                , -Fpattern , -h , -i[extension]  , -Idirectory  , -l[octnum]
               , -m[-]module  , -M[-]module, -M[-]'module ...',
               -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n , -p , -s , -S , -t , -T , -u ,
               -U , -v , -V , -V:configvar, -w , -W , -X , -x , -xdirectory

       ENVIRONMENT
           HOME , LOGDIR , PATH , PERL5LIB , PERL5OPT , PERLIO , :bytes ,
           :crlf , :mmap , :perlio , :pop , :raw , :stdio , :unix , :utf8 ,
           :win32 , PERLIO_DEBUG , PERLLIB , PERL5DB , PERL5DB_THREADED ,
           PERL5SHELL (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_ALLOW_NON_IFS_LSP
           (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS ,
           PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL , PERL_DL_NONLAZY , PERL_ENCODING ,
           PERL_HASH_SEED , PERL_PERTURB_KEYS , PERL_HASH_SEED_DEBUG ,
           PERL_MEM_LOG , PERL_ROOT (specific to the VMS port) , PERL_SIGNALS
           , PERL_UNICODE , PERL_USE_UNSAFE_INC , SYS$LOGIN (specific to the
           VMS port)

   perlreftut(1) - Mark's very short tutorial about references
       DESCRIPTION
       Who Needs Complicated Data Structures?
       The Solution
       Syntax
           Making References
           Using References
           An Example
           Arrow Rule
       Solution
       The Rest
       Summary
       Credits
           Distribution Conditions

   perldsc(1) - Perl Data Structures Cookbook
       DESCRIPTION
           arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes, hashes of
           hashes, more elaborate constructs

       REFERENCES
       COMMON MISTAKES
       CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
       WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS "use strict"
       DEBUGGING
       CODE EXAMPLES
       ARRAYS OF ARRAYS
           Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
           Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
           Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
       HASHES OF ARRAYS
           Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
           Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
           Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS
       ARRAYS OF HASHES
           Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
           Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
           Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES
       HASHES OF HASHES
           Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
           Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
           Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES
       MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
           Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
           Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
           Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
       Database Ties
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perllol(1) - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
           Growing Your Own
           Access and Printing
           Slices
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlrequick(1) - Perl regular expressions quick start
       DESCRIPTION
       The Guide
           Simple word matching
           Using character classes
           Matching this or that
           Grouping things and hierarchical matching
           Extracting matches
           Matching repetitions
           More matching
           Search and replace
           The split operator
           "use re 'strict'"
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
           Acknowledgments

   ?php if(file_exists("../../../man/1/perlretut/")) { echo "perlretut(1)"; } else {echo "perlretut(1)"; } ?> - Perl regular expressions tutorial
       DESCRIPTION
       Part 1: The basics
           Simple word matching
           Using character classes
           Matching this or that
           Grouping things and hierarchical matching
               0. Start with the first letter in the string 'a', 1. Try the
               first alternative in the first group 'abd', 2.     Match 'a'
               followed by 'b'. So far so good, 3.  'd' in the regexp doesn't
               match 'c' in the string - a dead end.  So backtrack two
               characters and pick the second alternative in the first group
               'abc', 4. Match 'a' followed by 'b' followed by 'c'.  We are on
               a roll and have satisfied the first group. Set $1 to 'abc', 5
               Move on to the second group and pick the first alternative
               'df', 6 Match the 'd', 7.  'f' in the regexp doesn't match 'e'
               in the string, so a dead end.  Backtrack one character and pick
               the second alternative in the second group 'd', 8.
                'd' matches. The second grouping is satisfied, so set $2 to
               'd', 9.  We are at the end of the regexp, so we are done! We
               have matched 'abcd' out of the string "abcde"

           Extracting matches
           Backreferences
           Relative backreferences
           Named backreferences
           Alternative capture group numbering
           Position information
           Non-capturing groupings
           Matching repetitions
               0.  Start with the first letter in the string 't', 1.  The
               first quantifier '.*' starts out by matching the whole string
               ""the cat in the hat"", 2.  'a' in the regexp element 'at'
               doesn't match the end of the string.  Backtrack one character,
               3.  'a' in the regexp element 'at' still doesn't match the last
               letter of the string 't', so backtrack one more character,
               4.     Now we can match the 'a' and the 't', 5.  Move on to the
               third element '.*'.  Since we are at the end of the string and
               '.*' can match 0 times, assign it the empty string, 6.  We are
               done!

           Possessive quantifiers
           Building a regexp
           Using regular expressions in Perl
       Part 2: Power tools
           More on characters, strings, and character classes
           Compiling and saving regular expressions
           Composing regular expressions at runtime
           Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
           Looking ahead and looking behind
           Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking
           Conditional expressions
           Defining named patterns
           Recursive patterns
           A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
           Backtracking control verbs
           Pragmas and debugging
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
           Acknowledgments

   perlootut(1) - Object-Oriented Programming in Perl Tutorial
       DATE
       DESCRIPTION
       OBJECT-ORIENTED FUNDAMENTALS
           Object
           Class
           Methods
           Attributes
           Polymorphism
           Inheritance
           Encapsulation
           Composition
           Roles
           When to Use OO
       PERL OO SYSTEMS
           Moose
               Declarative sugar, Roles built-in, A miniature type system,
               Full introspection and manipulation, Self-hosted and
               extensible, Rich ecosystem, Many more features

           Class::Accessor
           Class::Tiny
           Role::Tiny
           OO System Summary
               Moose, Class::Accessor, Class::Tiny, Role::Tiny

           Other OO Systems
       CONCLUSION

   perlperf(1) - Perl Performance and Optimization Techniques
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
           ONE STEP SIDEWAYS
           ONE STEP FORWARD
           ANOTHER STEP SIDEWAYS
       GENERAL GUIDELINES
       BENCHMARKS
           Assigning and Dereferencing Variables.
           Search and replace or tr
       PROFILING TOOLS
           Devel::DProf
           Devel::Profiler
           Devel::SmallProf
           Devel::FastProf
           Devel::NYTProf
       SORTING
           Elapsed Real Time, User CPU Time, System CPU Time

       LOGGING
           Logging if DEBUG (constant)
       POSTSCRIPT
       SEE ALSO
           PERLDOCS
           MAN PAGES
           MODULES
           URLS
       AUTHOR

   perlstyle(1) - Perl style guide
       DESCRIPTION

   perlcheat(1) - Perl 5 Cheat Sheet
       DESCRIPTION
           The sheet
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perltrap(1) - Perl traps for the unwary
       DESCRIPTION
           Awk Traps
           C/C++ Traps
           JavaScript Traps
           Sed Traps
           Shell Traps
           Perl Traps

   perldebtut(1) - Perl debugging tutorial
       DESCRIPTION
       use strict
       Looking at data and -w and v
       help
       Stepping through code
       Placeholder for a, w, t, T
       REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
       OUTPUT TIPS
       CGI
       GUIs
       SUMMARY
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS

   perlfaq(1) - frequently asked questions about Perl
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           Where to find the perlfaq
           How to use the perlfaq
           How to contribute to the perlfaq
           What if my question isn't answered in the FAQ?
       TABLE OF CONTENTS
           perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl, perlfaq2 - Obtaining and
           Learning about Perl, perlfaq3 - Programming Tools, perlfaq4 - Data
           Manipulation, perlfaq5 - Files and Formats, perlfaq6 - Regular
           Expressions, perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues, perlfaq8 -
           System Interaction, perlfaq9 - Web, Email and Networking

       THE QUESTIONS
           perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
           perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
           perlfaq3: Programming Tools
           perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
           perlfaq5: Files and Formats
           perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
           perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
           perlfaq8: System Interaction
           perlfaq9: Web, Email and Networking
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq1(1) - General Questions About Perl
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           What is Perl?
           Who supports Perl? Who develops it? Why is it free?
           Which version of Perl should I use?
           What are Perl 4, Perl 5, or Perl 6?
           What is Perl 6?
           How stable is Perl?
           How often are new versions of Perl released?
           Is Perl difficult to learn?
           How does Perl compare with other languages like Java, Python, REXX,
           Scheme, or Tcl?
           Can I do [task] in Perl?
           When shouldn't I program in Perl?
           What's the difference between "perl" and "Perl"?
           What is a JAPH?
           How can I convince others to use Perl?
               <http://www.perl.org/about.html>,
               <http://perltraining.com.au/whyperl.html>

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq2(1) - Obtaining and Learning about Perl
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           What machines support Perl? Where do I get it?
           How can I get a binary version of Perl?
           I don't have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl interpreter?
           I copied the Perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts
           don't work.
           I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic
           loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make it work?
           What modules and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN?
           Where can I get information on Perl?
               <http://www.perl.org/>, <http://perldoc.perl.org/>,
               <http://learn.perl.org/>

           What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
               <http://www.perl.org/>, <http://learn.perl.org/>,
               <http://jobs.perl.org/>, <http://lists.perl.org/>

           Where can I post questions?
           Perl Books
           Which magazines have Perl content?
           Which Perl blogs should I read?
           What mailing lists are there for Perl?
           Where can I buy a commercial version of Perl?
           Where do I send bug reports?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq3(1) - Programming Tools
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           How do I do (anything)?
               Basics, perldata - Perl data types, perlvar - Perl pre-defined
               variables, perlsyn - Perl syntax, perlop - Perl operators and
               precedence, perlsub - Perl subroutines, Execution, perlrun -
               how to execute the Perl interpreter, perldebug - Perl
               debugging, Functions, perlfunc - Perl builtin functions,
               Objects, perlref - Perl references and nested data structures,
               perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables), perlobj -
               Perl objects, perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple
               variable, Data Structures, perlref - Perl references and nested
               data structures, perllol - Manipulating arrays of arrays in
               Perl, perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook, Modules, perlmod
               - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables), perlmodlib -
               constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones,
               Regexes, perlre - Perl regular expressions, perlfunc - Perl
               builtin functions>, perlop - Perl operators and precedence,
               perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and
               localization), Moving to perl5, perltrap - Perl traps for the
               unwary, perl, Linking with C, perlxstut - Tutorial for writing
               XSUBs, perlxs - XS language reference manual, perlcall - Perl
               calling conventions from C, perlguts - Introduction to the Perl
               API, perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program, Various

           How can I use Perl interactively?
           How do I find which modules are installed on my system?
           How do I debug my Perl programs?
           How do I profile my Perl programs?
           How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
           Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
           Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?
               Eclipse, Enginsite, IntelliJ IDEA, Kephra, Komodo, Notepad++,
               Open Perl IDE, OptiPerl, Padre, PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, Visual
               Perl, Zeus, GNU Emacs, MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Jed, Vim, Vile,
               MultiEdit, SlickEdit, ConTEXT, bash, zsh, BBEdit and
               TextWrangler

           Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
           Where can I get perl-mode or cperl-mode for emacs?
           How can I use curses with Perl?
           How can I write a GUI (X, Tk, Gtk, etc.) in Perl?
               Tk, Wx, Gtk and Gtk2, Win32::GUI, CamelBones, Qt, Athena

           How can I make my Perl program run faster?
           How can I make my Perl program take less memory?
               Don't slurp!, Use map and grep selectively, Avoid unnecessary
               quotes and stringification, Pass by reference, Tie large
               variables to disk

           Is it safe to return a reference to local or lexical data?
           How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?
           How can I make my CGI script more efficient?
           How can I hide the source for my Perl program?
           How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?
           How can I get "#!perl" to work on [MS-DOS,NT,...]?
           Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
           Why don't Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
           Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
           Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?
           Where can I learn about linking C with Perl?
           I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed perl in my C
           program; what am I doing wrong?
           When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does it
           mean?
           What's MakeMaker?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq4(1) - Data Manipulation
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       Data: Numbers
           Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead of
           the numbers I should be getting (eg, 19.95)?
           Why is int() broken?
           Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?
           Does Perl have a round() function? What about ceil() and floor()?
           Trig functions?
           How do I convert between numeric representations/bases/radixes?
               How do I convert hexadecimal into decimal, How do I convert
               from decimal to hexadecimal, How do I convert from octal to
               decimal, How do I convert from decimal to octal, How do I
               convert from binary to decimal, How do I convert from decimal
               to binary

           Why doesn't & work the way I want it to?
           How do I multiply matrices?
           How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
           How can I output Roman numerals?
           Why aren't my random numbers random?
           How do I get a random number between X and Y?
       Data: Dates
           How do I find the day or week of the year?
           How do I find the current century or millennium?
           How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
           How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
           How can I find the Julian Day?
           How do I find yesterday's date?
           Does Perl have a Year 2000 or 2038 problem? Is Perl Y2K compliant?
       Data: Strings
           How do I validate input?
           How do I unescape a string?
           How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
           How do I expand function calls in a string?
           How do I find matching/nesting anything?
           How do I reverse a string?
           How do I expand tabs in a string?
           How do I reformat a paragraph?
           How can I access or change N characters of a string?
           How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
           How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring within a
           string?
           How do I capitalize all the words on one line?
           How can I split a [character]-delimited string except when inside
           [character]?
           How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a string?
           How do I pad a string with blanks or pad a number with zeroes?
           How do I extract selected columns from a string?
           How do I find the soundex value of a string?
           How can I expand variables in text strings?
           What's wrong with always quoting "$vars"?
           Why don't my <<HERE documents work?
               There must be no space after the << part, There (probably)
               should be a semicolon at the end of the opening token, You
               can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag, There needs
               to be at least a line separator after the end token

       Data: Arrays
           What is the difference between a list and an array?
           What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
           How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
           How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a list or
           array?
           How do I compute the difference of two arrays? How do I compute the
           intersection of two arrays?
           How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
           How do I find the first array element for which a condition is
           true?
           How do I handle linked lists?
           How do I handle circular lists?
           How do I shuffle an array randomly?
           How do I process/modify each element of an array?
           How do I select a random element from an array?
           How do I permute N elements of a list?
           How do I sort an array by (anything)?
           How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
           Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?
       Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)
           How do I process an entire hash?
           How do I merge two hashes?
           What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while iterating
           over it?
           How do I look up a hash element by value?
           How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
           How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
           How can I always keep my hash sorted?
           What's the difference between "delete" and "undef" with hashes?
           Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
           How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
           How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
           How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
           How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into it?
           Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash create
           it?
           How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++ class/hash
           or array of hashes or arrays?
           How can I use a reference as a hash key?
           How can I check if a key exists in a multilevel hash?
           How can I prevent addition of unwanted keys into a hash?
       Data: Misc
           How do I handle binary data correctly?
           How do I determine whether a scalar is a
           number/whole/integer/float?
           How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
           How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
           How do I define methods for every class/object?
           How do I verify a credit card checksum?
           How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq5(1) - Files and Formats
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle? Why must I do this?
           How do I change, delete, or insert a line in a file, or append to
           the beginning of a file?
           How do I count the number of lines in a file?
           How do I delete the last N lines from a file?
           How can I use Perl's "-i" option from within a program?
           How can I copy a file?
           How do I make a temporary file name?
           How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
           How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine? How do I pass
           filehandles between subroutines? How do I make an array of
           filehandles?
           How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
           How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
           How can I write() into a string?
           How can I open a filehandle to a string?
           How can I output my numbers with commas added?
           How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
           How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
           Why do I sometimes get an "Argument list too long" when I use <*>?
           How can I open a file with a leading ">" or trailing blanks?
           How can I reliably rename a file?
           How can I lock a file?
           Why can't I just open(FH, ">file.lock")?
           I still don't get locking. I just want to increment the number in
           the file. How can I do this?
           All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end of a
           file. Do I still have to use locking?
           How do I randomly update a binary file?
           How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?
           How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?
           How do I print to more than one file at once?
           How can I read in an entire file all at once?
           How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
           How can I read a single character from a file? From the keyboard?
           How can I tell whether there's a character waiting on a filehandle?
           How do I do a "tail -f" in perl?
           How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
           How do I close a file descriptor by number?
           Why can't I use "C:\temp\foo" in DOS paths? Why doesn't
           `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?
           Why doesn't glob("*.*") get all the files?
           Why does Perl let me delete read-only files? Why does "-i" clobber
           protected files? Isn't this a bug in Perl?
           How do I select a random line from a file?
           Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
           How do I traverse a directory tree?
           How do I delete a directory tree?
           How do I copy an entire directory?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq6(1) - Regular Expressions
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating
           illegible and unmaintainable code?
               Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the Regex,
               Different Delimiters

           I'm having trouble matching over more than one line. What's wrong?
           How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are themselves
           on different lines?
           How do I match XML, HTML, or other nasty, ugly things with a regex?
           I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn't work. What's
           wrong?
           How do I substitute case-insensitively on the LHS while preserving
           case on the RHS?
           How can I make "\w" match national character sets?
           How can I match a locale-smart version of "/[a-zA-Z]/"?
           How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
           What is "/o" really for?
           How do I use a regular expression to strip C-style comments from a
           file?
           Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
           What does it mean that regexes are greedy? How can I get around it?
           How do I process each word on each line?
           How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency summary?
           How can I do approximate matching?
           How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
           Why don't word-boundary searches with "\b" work for me?
           Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?
           What good is "\G" in a regular expression?
           Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs? Are they POSIX compliant?
           What's wrong with using grep in a void context?
           How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
           How do I match a regular expression that's in a variable?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq7(1) - General Perl Language Issues
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
           What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know when
           to use them?
           Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons and
           commas?
           How do I skip some return values?
           How do I temporarily block warnings?
           What's an extension?
           Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C operators?
           How do I declare/create a structure?
           How do I create a module?
           How do I adopt or take over a module already on CPAN?
           How do I create a class?
           How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
           What's a closure?
           What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
           How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash, Method,
           Regex}?
               Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles, Passing
               Regexes, Passing Methods

           How do I create a static variable?
           What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static) scoping?
           Between local() and my()?
           How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named lexical
           is in scope?
           What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?
           Why doesn't "my($foo) = <$fh>;" work right?
           How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
           What's the difference between calling a function as &foo and foo()?
           How do I create a switch or case statement?
           How can I catch accesses to undefined variables, functions, or
           methods?
           Why can't a method included in this same file be found?
           How can I find out my current or calling package?
           How can I comment out a large block of Perl code?
           How do I clear a package?
           How can I use a variable as a variable name?
           What does "bad interpreter" mean?
           Do I need to recompile XS modules when there is a change in the C
           library?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq8(1) - System Interaction
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           How do I find out which operating system I'm running under?
           How come exec() doesn't return?
           How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
               Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

           How do I print something out in color?
           How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
           How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
           How do I clear the screen?
           How do I get the screen size?
           How do I ask the user for a password?
           How do I read and write the serial port?
               lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output, non-
               blocking input

           How do I decode encrypted password files?
           How do I start a process in the background?
               STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zombies

           How do I trap control characters/signals?
           How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
           How do I set the time and date?
           How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
           How can I measure time under a second?
           How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception
           handling)
           Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)? What
           does the error message "Protocol not supported" mean?
           How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?
           Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
           Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
           How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
           Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?
           How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
           Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
           What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?
           How can I call backticks without shell processing?
           Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D on
           Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
           How can I convert my shell script to perl?
           Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
           How can I write expect in Perl?
           Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs such as
           "ps"?
           I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl script.
           How come the change disappeared when I exited the script? How do I
           get my changes to be visible?
               Unix

           How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for it to
           complete?
           How do I fork a daemon process?
           How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?
           How do I timeout a slow event?
           How do I set CPU limits?
           How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?
           How do I use an SQL database?
           How do I make a system() exit on control-C?
           How do I open a file without blocking?
           How do I tell the difference between errors from the shell and
           perl?
           How do I install a module from CPAN?
           What's the difference between require and use?
           How do I keep my own module/library directory?
           How do I add the directory my program lives in to the
           module/library search path?
           How do I add a directory to my include path (@INC) at runtime?
               the "PERLLIB" environment variable, the "PERL5LIB" environment
               variable, the "perl -Idir" command line flag, the "lib"
               pragma:, the local::lib module:

           Where are modules installed?
           What is socket.ph and where do I get it?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlfaq9(1) - Networking
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           Should I use a web framework?
           Which web framework should I use?
               Catalyst, Dancer, Mojolicious, Web::Simple

           What is Plack and PSGI?
           How do I remove HTML from a string?
           How do I extract URLs?
           How do I fetch an HTML file?
           How do I automate an HTML form submission?
           How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
           How do I redirect to another page?
           How do I put a password on my web pages?
           How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form that causes
           my CGI script to do bad things?
           How do I parse a mail header?
           How do I check a valid mail address?
           How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
           How do I find the user's mail address?
           How do I send email?
               Email::Sender::Transport::Sendmail,
               Email::Sender::Transport::SMTP,
               Email::Sender::Transport::SMTP::TLS

           How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
           How do I read email?
           How do I find out my hostname, domainname, or IP address?
           How do I fetch/put an (S)FTP file?
           How can I do RPC in Perl?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlsyn(1) - Perl syntax
       DESCRIPTION
           Declarations
           Comments
           Simple Statements
           Truth and Falsehood
           Statement Modifiers
           Compound Statements
           Loop Control
           For Loops
           Foreach Loops
           Basic BLOCKs
           Switch Statements
           Goto
           The Ellipsis Statement
           PODs: Embedded Documentation
           Plain Old Comments (Not!)
           Experimental Details on given and when
               1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

   perldata(1) - Perl data types
       DESCRIPTION
           Variable names
           Identifier parsing
           Context
           Scalar values
           Scalar value constructors
           List value constructors
           Subscripts
           Multi-dimensional array emulation
           Slices
           Typeglobs and Filehandles
       SEE ALSO

   perlop(1) - Perl operators and precedence
       DESCRIPTION
           Operator Precedence and Associativity
           Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
           The Arrow Operator
           Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
           Exponentiation
           Symbolic Unary Operators
           Binding Operators
           Multiplicative Operators
           Additive Operators
           Shift Operators
           Named Unary Operators
           Relational Operators
           Equality Operators
           Smartmatch Operator
               1. Empty hashes or arrays match, 2. That is, each element
               smartmatches the element of the same index in the other
               array.[3], 3. If a circular reference is found, fall back to
               referential equality, 4. Either an actual number, or a string
               that looks like one

           Bitwise And
           Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
           C-style Logical And
           C-style Logical Or
           Logical Defined-Or
           Range Operators
           Conditional Operator
           Assignment Operators
           Comma Operator
           List Operators (Rightward)
           Logical Not
           Logical And
           Logical or and Exclusive Or
           C Operators Missing From Perl
               unary &, unary *, (TYPE)

           Quote and Quote-like Operators
               [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

           Regexp Quote-Like Operators
               "qr/STRING/msixpodualn"       , "m/PATTERN/msixpodualngc"

                , "/PATTERN/msixpodualngc", The empty pattern "//", Matching
               in list context, "\G assertion", "m?PATTERN?msixpodualngc"
                , "s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/msixpodualngcer"

           Quote-Like Operators
               "q/STRING/"    , 'STRING', "qq/STRING/"    , "STRING",
               "qx/STRING/"    , "`STRING`", "qw/STRING/"   ,
               "tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr"
                 , "y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr", "<<EOF"    , Double
               Quotes, Single Quotes, Backticks, Indented Here-docs

           Gory details of parsing quoted constructs
               Finding the end, Interpolation , "<<'EOF'",  "m''", the pattern
               of "s'''", '', "q//", "tr'''", "y'''", the replacement of
               "s'''", "tr///", "y///", "", "``", "qq//", "qx//",
               "<file*glob>", "<<"EOF"", the replacement of "s///", "RE" in
               "m?RE?", "/RE/", "m/RE/", "s/RE/foo/",, parsing regular
               expressions , Optimization of regular expressions

           I/O Operators
           Constant Folding
           No-ops
           Bitwise String Operators
           Integer Arithmetic
           Floating-point Arithmetic
           Bigger Numbers

   perlsub(1) - Perl subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           documented later in this document, documented in perlmod,
           documented in perlobj, documented in perltie, documented in
           PerlIO::via, documented in perlfunc, documented in UNIVERSAL,
           documented in perldebguts, undocumented, used internally by the
           overload feature

           Signatures
           Private Variables via my()
           Persistent Private Variables
           Temporary Values via local()
           Lvalue subroutines
           Lexical Subroutines
           Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
           When to Still Use local()
           Pass by Reference
           Prototypes
           Constant Functions
           Overriding Built-in Functions
           Autoloading
           Subroutine Attributes
       SEE ALSO

   perlfunc(1) - Perl builtin functions
       DESCRIPTION
           Perl Functions by Category
               Functions for SCALARs or strings   , Regular expressions and
               pattern matching   , Numeric functions    , Functions for real
               @ARRAYs , Functions for list data , Functions for real %HASHes
               , Input and output functions
                 , Functions for fixed-length data or records, Functions for
               filehandles, files, or directories
                  , Keywords related to the control flow of your Perl program
               , Keywords related to scoping, Miscellaneous functions,
               Functions for processes and process groups
                 , Keywords related to Perl modules , Keywords related to
               classes and object-orientation
                , Low-level socket functions  , System V interprocess
               communication functions
                 , Fetching user and group info
                     , Fetching network info , Time-related functions  , Non-
               function keywords

           Portability
           Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
               -X FILEHANDLE

               , -X EXPR, -X DIRHANDLE, -X, abs VALUE  , abs, accept
               NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET , alarm SECONDS , alarm, atan2 Y,X    ,
               bind SOCKET,NAME , binmode FILEHANDLE, LAYER
                , binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME , bless REF, break,
               caller EXPR    , caller, chdir EXPR   , chdir FILEHANDLE, chdir
               DIRHANDLE, chdir, chmod LIST   , chomp VARIABLE     , chomp(
               LIST ), chomp, chop VARIABLE , chop( LIST ), chop, chown LIST
                  , chr NUMBER , chr, chroot FILENAME  , chroot, close
               FILEHANDLE , close, closedir DIRHANDLE , connect SOCKET,NAME ,
               continue BLOCK , continue, cos EXPR
                  , cos, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT

                 , dbmclose HASH , dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MASK     , defined EXPR
                 , defined, delete EXPR , die LIST
                    , do BLOCK , do EXPR , dump LABEL   , dump EXPR, dump,
               each HASH  , each ARRAY , eof FILEHANDLE   , eof (), eof, eval
               EXPR

               , eval BLOCK, eval, String eval, Under the "unicode_eval"
               feature, Outside the "unicode_eval" feature, Block eval,
               evalbytes EXPR , evalbytes, exec LIST  , exec PROGRAM LIST,
               exists EXPR  , exit EXPR
                , exit, exp EXPR
                , exp, fc EXPR
                , fc, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , __FILE__ , fileno
               FILEHANDLE , flock FILEHANDLE,OPERATION   , fork , format ,
               formline PICTURE,LIST , getc FILEHANDLE    , getc, getlogin
                , getpeername SOCKET  , getpgrp PID  , getppid   , getpriority
               WHICH,WHO   , getpwnam NAME





                   , getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME,
               getprotobyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname
               NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr
               ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport
               PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent,
               getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent
               STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent
               STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent,
               endprotoent, endservent, getsockname SOCKET , getsockopt
               SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME , glob EXPR
                  , glob, gmtime EXPR
                 , gmtime, goto LABEL   , goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK
               LIST , grep EXPR,LIST, hex EXPR
                , hex, import LIST , index STR,SUBSTR,POSITION   , index
               STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR     , int, ioctl
               FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , join EXPR,LIST , keys HASH
                , keys ARRAY, kill SIGNAL, LIST, kill SIGNAL , last LABEL  ,
               last EXPR, last, lc EXPR , lc, If "use bytes" is in effect:,
               Otherwise, if "use locale" for "LC_CTYPE" is in effect:,
               Otherwise, If EXPR has the UTF8 flag set:, Otherwise, if "use
               feature 'unicode_strings'" or "use locale ':not_characters'" is
               in effect:, Otherwise:, lcfirst EXPR , lcfirst, length EXPR  ,
               length, __LINE__ , link OLDFILE,NEWFILE , listen
               SOCKET,QUEUESIZE , local EXPR , localtime EXPR  , localtime,
               lock THING , log EXPR , log, lstat FILEHANDLE , lstat EXPR,
               lstat DIRHANDLE, lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST , map EXPR,LIST,
               mkdir FILENAME,MASK
                 , mkdir FILENAME, mkdir, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG , msgget KEY,FLAGS
               , msgrcv ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS , msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS , my
               VARLIST , my TYPE VARLIST, my VARLIST : ATTRS, my TYPE VARLIST
               : ATTRS, next LABEL  , next EXPR, next, no MODULE VERSION LIST
               , no MODULE VERSION, no MODULE LIST, no MODULE, no VERSION, oct
               EXPR , oct, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR    , open
               FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open
               FILEHANDLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open FILEHANDLE, opendir
               DIRHANDLE,EXPR , ord EXPR  , ord, our VARLIST  , our TYPE
               VARLIST, our VARLIST : ATTRS, our TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, pack
               TEMPLATE,LIST , package NAMESPACE, package NAMESPACE VERSION
                  , package NAMESPACE BLOCK, package NAMESPACE VERSION BLOCK ,
               __PACKAGE__ , pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE , pop ARRAY  , pop,
               pos SCALAR  , pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST , print FILEHANDLE,
               print LIST, print, printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST , printf
               FILEHANDLE, printf FORMAT, LIST, printf, prototype FUNCTION ,
               prototype, push ARRAY,LIST  , q/STRING/, qq/STRING/,
               qw/STRING/, qx/STRING/, qr/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR  ,
               quotemeta, rand EXPR  , rand, read
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET  , read
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE , readline EXPR,
               readline   , readlink EXPR , readlink, readpipe EXPR, readpipe
               , recv SOCKET,SCALAR,LENGTH,FLAGS , redo LABEL , redo EXPR,
               redo, ref EXPR  , ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME    , require
               VERSION , require EXPR, require, reset EXPR , reset, return
               EXPR , return, reverse LIST   , rewinddir DIRHANDLE , rindex
               STR,SUBSTR,POSITION , rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME   ,
               rmdir, s///, say FILEHANDLE LIST , say FILEHANDLE, say LIST,
               say, scalar EXPR  , seek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE , seekdir
               DIRHANDLE,POS , select FILEHANDLE  , select, select
               RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT , semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG , semget
               KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS , semop KEY,OPSTRING , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO
               , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp PID,PGRP
                , setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY
                 , setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL , shift ARRAY ,
               shift, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG , shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS , shmread
               ID,VAR,POS,SIZE , shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown
               SOCKET,HOW , sin EXPR    , sin, sleep EXPR , sleep, socket
               SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , socketpair
               SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , sort SUBNAME LIST
                  , sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice
               ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST , splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH, splice
               ARRAY,OFFSET, splice ARRAY, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT , split
               /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf FORMAT, LIST ,
               format parameter index, flags, vector flag, (minimum) width,
               precision, or maximum width , size, order of arguments, sqrt
               EXPR   , sqrt, srand EXPR , srand, stat FILEHANDLE   , stat
               EXPR, stat DIRHANDLE, stat, state VARLIST , state TYPE VARLIST,
               state VARLIST : ATTRS, state TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, study SCALAR
               , study, sub NAME BLOCK , sub NAME (PROTO) BLOCK, sub NAME :
               ATTRS BLOCK, sub NAME (PROTO) : ATTRS BLOCK, __SUB__ , substr
               EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT , substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,
               substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE    , syscall
               NUMBER, LIST  , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE , sysopen
               FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , sysread
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE  ,
               system LIST , system PROGRAM LIST, syswrite
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , syswrite
               FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell
               FILEHANDLE , tell, telldir DIRHANDLE , tie
               VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST , tied VARIABLE , time , times , tr///,
               truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH , truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR   ,
               uc, ucfirst EXPR  , ucfirst, umask EXPR , umask, undef EXPR  ,
               undef, unlink LIST
                , unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR , unpack TEMPLATE, unshift
               ARRAY,LIST , untie VARIABLE , use Module VERSION LIST   , use
               Module VERSION, use Module LIST, use Module, use VERSION, utime
               LIST , values HASH , values ARRAY, vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS   ,
               wait , waitpid PID,FLAGS , wantarray  , warn LIST
                 , write FILEHANDLE , write EXPR, write, y///

           Non-function Keywords by Cross-reference
               __DATA__, __END__, BEGIN, CHECK, END, INIT, UNITCHECK, DESTROY,
               and, cmp, eq, ge, gt, le, lt, ne, not, or, x, xor, AUTOLOAD,
               else, elsif, for, foreach, if, unless, until, while, elseif,
               default, given, when

   perlopentut(1) - tutorial on opening things in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           OK, HANDLE, MODE, PATHNAME

       Opening Text Files
           Opening Text Files for Reading
           Opening Text Files for Writing
       Opening Binary Files
       Opening Pipes
       Low-level File Opens via sysopen
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT

   perlpacktut(1) - tutorial on "pack" and "unpack"
       DESCRIPTION
       The Basic Principle
       Packing Text
       Packing Numbers
           Integers
           Unpacking a Stack Frame
           How to Eat an Egg on a Net
           Byte-order modifiers
           Floating point Numbers
       Exotic Templates
           Bit Strings
           Uuencoding
           Doing Sums
           Unicode
           Another Portable Binary Encoding
       Template Grouping
       Lengths and Widths
           String Lengths
           Dynamic Templates
           Counting Repetitions
           Intel HEX
       Packing and Unpacking C Structures
           The Alignment Pit
           Dealing with Endian-ness
           Alignment, Take 2
           Alignment, Take 3
           Pointers for How to Use Them
       Pack Recipes
       Funnies Section
       Authors

   perlpod(1) - the Plain Old Documentation format
       DESCRIPTION
           Ordinary Paragraph
           Verbatim Paragraph
           Command Paragraph
               "=head1 Heading Text"
                 , "=head2 Heading Text", "=head3 Heading Text", "=head4
               Heading Text", "=over indentlevel"
                   , "=item stuff...", "=back", "=cut"  , "=pod"  , "=begin
               formatname"
                    , "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding
               encodingname"

           Formatting Codes
               "I<text>" -- italic text    , "B<text>" -- bold text
                , "C<code>" -- code text
                 , "L<name>" -- a hyperlink , "E<escape>" -- a character
               escape
                , "F<filename>" -- used for filenames , "S<text>" -- text
               contains non-breaking spaces
                  , "X<topic name>" -- an index entry
                , "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code

           The Intent
           Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
           Hints for Writing Pod


       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlpodspec(1) - Plain Old Documentation: format specification and notes
       DESCRIPTION
       Pod Definitions
       Pod Commands
           "=head1", "=head2", "=head3", "=head4", "=pod", "=cut", "=over",
           "=item", "=back", "=begin formatname", "=begin formatname
           parameter", "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...",
           "=encoding encodingname"

       Pod Formatting Codes
           "I<text>" -- italic text, "B<text>" -- bold text, "C<code>" -- code
           text, "F<filename>" -- style for filenames, "X<topic name>" -- an
           index entry, "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code,
           "L<name>" -- a hyperlink, "E<escape>" -- a character escape,
           "S<text>" -- text contains non-breaking spaces

       Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
       About L<...> Codes
           First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:

       About =over...=back Regions
       About Data Paragraphs and "=begin/=end" Regions
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlpodstyle(1) - Perl POD style guide
       DESCRIPTION
           NAME, SYNOPSIS, DESCRIPTION, OPTIONS, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS,
           DIAGNOSTICS, EXAMPLES, ENVIRONMENT, FILES, CAVEATS, BUGS,
           RESTRICTIONS, NOTES, AUTHOR, HISTORY, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE, SEE
           ALSO

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   perldiag(1) - various Perl diagnostics
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   perldeprecation(1) - list Perl deprecations
       DESCRIPTION
           Perl 5.32
           Perl 5.30
           Perl 5.28
           Perl 5.26
           Perl 5.24
           Perl 5.16
       SEE ALSO

   perllexwarn(1) - Perl Lexical Warnings
       DESCRIPTION

   perldebug(1) - Perl debugging
       DESCRIPTION
       The Perl Debugger
           Calling the Debugger
               perl -d program_name, perl -d -e 0, perl -d:ptkdb program_name,
               perl -dt threaded_program_name

           Debugger Commands
               h , h [command], h h, p expr , x [maxdepth] expr , V [pkg
               [vars]] , X [vars] , y [level [vars]] , T   , s [expr]  , n
               [expr] , r , <CR>, c [line|sub] , l , l min+incr, l min-max, l
               line, l subname, - , v [line] , . , f filename , /pattern/,
               ?pattern?, L [abw] , S [[!]regex] , t [n] , t [n] expr , b , b
               [line] [condition]  , b [file]:[line] [condition]  , b subname
               [condition]  , b postpone subname [condition]  , b load
               filename
                , b compile subname , B line  , B *
                , disable [file]:[line]
                , disable [line]
                , enable [file]:[line]
                , enable [line]
                , a [line] command , A line , A * , w expr , W expr , W * , o
               , o booloption ... , o anyoption? ... , o option=value ... , <
               ? , < [ command ] , < * , << command , > ? , > command , > * ,
               >> command , { ? , { [ command ], { * , {{ command , ! number ,
               ! -number , ! pattern , !! cmd , source file , H -number , q or
               ^D  , R , |dbcmd , ||dbcmd , command, m expr , M , man
               [manpage]

           Configurable Options
               "recallCommand", "ShellBang"  , "pager" , "tkRunning" ,
               "signalLevel", "warnLevel", "dieLevel"
                 , "AutoTrace" , "LineInfo" , "inhibit_exit" , "PrintRet" ,
               "ornaments" , "frame" , "maxTraceLen" , "windowSize" ,
               "arrayDepth", "hashDepth"  , "dumpDepth" , "compactDump",
               "veryCompact" , "globPrint" , "DumpDBFiles" , "DumpPackages" ,
               "DumpReused" , "quote", "HighBit", "undefPrint"
                , "UsageOnly" , "HistFile" , "HistSize" , "TTY" , "noTTY" ,
               "ReadLine" , "NonStop"

           Debugger Input/Output
               Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace  , Line Listing
               Format, Frame listing

           Debugging Compile-Time Statements
           Debugger Customization
           Readline Support / History in the Debugger
           Editor Support for Debugging
           The Perl Profiler
       Debugging Regular Expressions
       Debugging Memory Usage
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS

   perlvar(1) - Perl predefined variables
       DESCRIPTION
           The Syntax of Variable Names
       SPECIAL VARIABLES
           General Variables
               $ARG, $_  , @ARG, @_  , $LIST_SEPARATOR, $" , $PROCESS_ID,
               $PID, $$   , $PROGRAM_NAME, $0  , $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(
                , $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID, $EGID, $) , $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $< ,
               $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID, $> , $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP,
               $; , $a, $b  , %ENV , $OLD_PERL_VERSION, $]  , $SYSTEM_FD_MAX,
               $^F
                , @F , @INC , %INC , $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I  , @ISA , $^M ,
               $OSNAME, $^O  , %SIG , $BASETIME, $^T , $PERL_VERSION, $^V  ,
               ${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT} , $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X

           Variables related to regular expressions
               $<digits> ($1, $2, ...)    , @{^CAPTURE}
                , $MATCH, $&  , ${^MATCH} , $PREMATCH, $`   , ${^PREMATCH}  ,
               $POSTMATCH, $'
                , ${^POSTMATCH}   , $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+  ,
               $LAST_SUBMATCH_RESULT, $^N  , @LAST_MATCH_END, @+ ,
               %{^CAPTURE}, %LAST_PAREN_MATCH, %+
                , @LAST_MATCH_START, @- , "$`" is the same as "substr($var, 0,
               $-[0])", $& is the same as "substr($var, $-[0], $+[0] -
               $-[0])", "$'" is the same as "substr($var, $+[0])", $1 is the
               same as "substr($var, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1])", $2 is the same as
               "substr($var, $-[2], $+[2] - $-[2])", $3 is the same as
               "substr($var, $-[3], $+[3] - $-[3])", %{^CAPTURE_ALL} , %- ,
               $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R , ${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS} ,
               ${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}

           Variables related to filehandles
               $ARGV , @ARGV , ARGV , ARGVOUT ,
               IO::Handle->output_field_separator( EXPR ),
               $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $,   ,
               HANDLE->input_line_number( EXPR ), $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR, $.
               , IO::Handle->input_record_separator( EXPR ),
               $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/   ,
               IO::Handle->output_record_separator( EXPR ),
               $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\   , HANDLE->autoflush( EXPR
               ), $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $|    , ${^LAST_FH} , $ACCUMULATOR, $^A
               , IO::Handle->format_formfeed(EXPR), $FORMAT_FORMFEED, $^L ,
               HANDLE->format_page_number(EXPR), $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER, $%  ,
               HANDLE->format_lines_left(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $-  ,
               IO::Handle->format_line_break_characters EXPR,
               $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $:  ,
               HANDLE->format_lines_per_page(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $=
               , HANDLE->format_top_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^  ,
               HANDLE->format_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_NAME, $~

           Error Variables
               ${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE} , $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E
                , $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S , $WARNING, $^W  ,
               ${^WARNING_BITS} , $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $!  , %OS_ERROR, %ERRNO,
               %!   , $CHILD_ERROR, $?  , $EVAL_ERROR, $@

           Variables related to the interpreter state
               $COMPILING, $^C  , $DEBUGGING, $^D  , ${^ENCODING} ,
               ${^GLOBAL_PHASE} , CONSTRUCT, START, CHECK, INIT, RUN, END,
               DESTRUCT, $^H , %^H , ${^OPEN} , $PERLDB, $^P  , 0x01, 0x02,
               0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x100, 0x200, 0x400, 0x800,
               0x1000, ${^TAINT} , ${^UNICODE} , ${^UTF8CACHE} ,
               ${^UTF8LOCALE}

           Deprecated and removed variables
               $# , $* , $[

   perlre(1) - Perl regular expressions
       DESCRIPTION
           The Basics
           Modifiers
               "m"    , "s"    , "i"    , "x" and "xx" , "p"   , "a", "d",
               "l", and "u"
                 , "n"    , Other Modifiers

           Regular Expressions
               [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

           Quoting metacharacters
           Extended Patterns
               "(?#text)" , "(?adlupimnsx-imnsx)", "(?^alupimnsx)" ,
               "(?:pattern)" , "(?adluimnsx-imnsx:pattern)",
               "(?^aluimnsx:pattern)" , "(?|pattern)"  , Lookaround Assertions
                , "(?=pattern)"   , "(?!pattern)"   , "(?<=pattern)", "\K"
                 , "(?<!pattern)"
                 , "(?<NAME>pattern)", "(?'NAME'pattern)"
                , "\k<NAME>", "\k'NAME'", "(?{ code })"    , "(??{ code })"
               , "(?PARNO)" "(?-PARNO)" "(?+PARNO)" "(?R)" "(?0)"

                , "(?&NAME)" , "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)" ,
               "(?(condition)yes-pattern)", an integer in parentheses, a
               lookahead/lookbehind/evaluate zero-width assertion;, a name in
               angle brackets or single quotes, the special symbol "(R)",
               "(1)" "(2)" .., "(<NAME>)" "('NAME')", "(?=...)" "(?!...)"
               "(?<=...)"  "(?<!...)", "(?{ CODE })", "(R)", "(R1)" "(R2)" ..,
               "(R&NAME)", "(DEFINE)", "(?>pattern)" , "(?[ ])"

           Backtracking
           Special Backtracking Control Verbs
               Verbs, "(*PRUNE)" "(*PRUNE:NAME)"  , "(*SKIP)" "(*SKIP:NAME)" ,
               "(*MARK:NAME)" "(*:NAME)"
                 , "(*THEN)" "(*THEN:NAME)", "(*COMMIT)" "(*COMMIT:args)" ,
               "(*FAIL)" "(*F)" "(*FAIL:arg)"  , "(*ACCEPT)" "(*ACCEPT:arg)"

           Warning on "\1" Instead of $1
           Repeated Patterns Matching a Zero-length Substring
           Combining RE Pieces
               "ST", "S|T", "S{REPEAT_COUNT}", "S{min,max}", "S{min,max}?",
               "S?", "S*", "S+", "S??", "S*?", "S+?", "(?>S)", "(?=S)",
               "(?<=S)", "(?!S)", "(?<!S)", "(??{ EXPR })", "(?PARNO)",
               "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)"

           Creating Custom RE Engines
           Embedded Code Execution Frequency
           PCRE/Python Support
               "(?P<NAME>pattern)", "(?P=NAME)", "(?P>NAME)"

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   perlrebackslash(1) - Perl Regular Expression Backslash Sequences and Escapes
       DESCRIPTION
           The backslash
               [1]

           All the sequences and escapes
           Character Escapes
               [1], [2]

           Modifiers
           Character classes
           Referencing
           Assertions
               \A, \z, \Z, \G, \b{}, \b, \B{}, \B, "\b{gcb}" or "\b{g}",
               "\b{lb}", "\b{sb}", "\b{wb}"

           Misc
               \K, \N, \R , \X

   perlrecharclass(1) - Perl Regular Expression Character Classes
       DESCRIPTION
           The dot
           Backslash sequences
               If the "/a" modifier is in effect .., otherwise .., For code
               points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale
               rules are in effect .., if, instead, Unicode rules are in
               effect .., otherwise .., If the "/a" modifier is in effect ..,
               otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points
               below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., if, instead,
               Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise .., [1], [2]

           Bracketed Character Classes
               [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], If the "/a" modifier, is in
               effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code
               points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., "word",
               "ascii", "blank", if, instead, Unicode rules are in effect ..,
               otherwise ..

   perlreref(1) - Perl Regular Expressions Reference
       DESCRIPTION
           OPERATORS
           SYNTAX
           ESCAPE SEQUENCES
           CHARACTER CLASSES
           ANCHORS
           QUANTIFIERS
           EXTENDED CONSTRUCTS
           VARIABLES
           FUNCTIONS
           TERMINOLOGY
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       THANKS

   perlref(1) - Perl references and nested data structures
       NOTE
       DESCRIPTION
           Making References
               1.  , 2.
                  , 3.

                 , 4.       , 5.  , 6. , 7.

           Using References
           Circular References
           Symbolic references
           Not-so-symbolic references
           Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
           Function Templates
       WARNING: Don't use references as hash keys
           Postfix Dereference Syntax
           Postfix Reference Slicing
           Assigning to References
       Declaring a Reference to a Variable
       SEE ALSO

   perlform(1) - Perl formats
       DESCRIPTION
           Text Fields
           Numeric Fields
           The Field @* for Variable-Width Multi-Line Text
           The Field ^* for Variable-Width One-line-at-a-time Text
           Specifying Values
           Using Fill Mode
           Suppressing Lines Where All Fields Are Void
           Repeating Format Lines
           Top of Form Processing
           Format Variables
       NOTES
           Footers
           Accessing Formatting Internals
       WARNINGS

   perlobj(1) - Perl objects
       DESCRIPTION
           An Object is Simply a Data Structure
           A Class is Simply a Package
           A Method is Simply a Subroutine
           Method Invocation
           Inheritance
           Writing Constructors
           Attributes
           An Aside About Smarter and Safer Code
           Method Call Variations
           Invoking Class Methods
           "bless", "blessed", and "ref"
           The UNIVERSAL Class
               isa($class) , DOES($role) , can($method) , VERSION($need)

           AUTOLOAD
           Destructors
           Non-Hash Objects
           Inside-Out objects
           Pseudo-hashes
       SEE ALSO

   perltie(1) - how to hide an object class in a simple variable
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Tying Scalars
               TIESCALAR classname, LIST , FETCH this , STORE this, value ,
               UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           Tying Arrays
               TIEARRAY classname, LIST , FETCH this, index , STORE this,
               index, value , FETCHSIZE this , STORESIZE this, count , EXTEND
               this, count , EXISTS this, key , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this
               , PUSH this, LIST
                , POP this , SHIFT this , UNSHIFT this, LIST , SPLICE this,
               offset, length, LIST , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           Tying Hashes
               USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST , FETCH
               this, key , STORE this, key, value , DELETE this, key , CLEAR
               this , EXISTS this, key , FIRSTKEY this , NEXTKEY this, lastkey
               , SCALAR this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           Tying FileHandles
               TIEHANDLE classname, LIST , WRITE this, LIST , PRINT this, LIST
               , PRINTF this, LIST , READ this, LIST , READLINE this , GETC
               this , EOF this , CLOSE this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

           UNTIE this
           The "untie" Gotcha
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   perldbmfilter(1) - Perl DBM Filters
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key,
           filter_fetch_value

           The Filter
           An Example: the NULL termination problem.
           Another Example: Key is a C int.
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlipc(1) - Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe
       subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)
       DESCRIPTION
       Signals
           Handling the SIGHUP Signal in Daemons
           Deferred Signals (Safe Signals)
               Long-running opcodes, Interrupting IO, Restartable system
               calls, Signals as "faults", Signals triggered by operating
               system state

       Named Pipes
       Using open() for IPC
           Filehandles
           Background Processes
           Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
           Safe Pipe Opens
           Avoiding Pipe Deadlocks
           Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
           Bidirectional Communication with Yourself
       Sockets: Client/Server Communication
           Internet Line Terminators
           Internet TCP Clients and Servers
           Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers
       TCP Clients with IO::Socket
           A Simple Client
               "Proto", "PeerAddr", "PeerPort"

           A Webget Client
           Interactive Client with IO::Socket
       TCP Servers with IO::Socket
           Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse

       UDP: Message Passing
       SysV IPC
       NOTES
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlfork(1) - Perl's fork() emulation
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-processes
               $$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other builtins that
               accept filenames, wait() and waitpid(), kill(), exec(), exit(),
               Open handles to files, directories and network sockets

           Resource limits
           Killing the parent process
           Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes
       CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS
           BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Open directory handles, Forking
           pipe open() not yet implemented, Global state maintained by XSUBs,
           Interpreter embedded in larger application, Thread-safety of
           extensions

       PORTABILITY CAVEATS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlnumber(1) - semantics of numbers and numeric operations in Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Storing numbers
       Numeric operators and numeric conversions
       Flavors of Perl numeric operations
           Arithmetic operators, ++, Arithmetic operators during "use
           integer", Other mathematical operators, Bitwise operators, Bitwise
           operators during "use integer", Operators which expect an integer,
           Operators which expect a string

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlthrtut(1) - Tutorial on threads in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       What Is A Thread Anyway?
       Threaded Program Models
           Boss/Worker
           Work Crew
           Pipeline
       What kind of threads are Perl threads?
       Thread-Safe Modules
       Thread Basics
           Basic Thread Support
           A Note about the Examples
           Creating Threads
           Waiting For A Thread To Exit
           Ignoring A Thread
           Process and Thread Termination
       Threads And Data
           Shared And Unshared Data
           Thread Pitfalls: Races
       Synchronization and control
           Controlling access: lock()
           A Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
           Queues: Passing Data Around
           Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
           Basic semaphores
           Advanced Semaphores
           Waiting for a Condition
           Giving up control
       General Thread Utility Routines
           What Thread Am I In?
           Thread IDs
           Are These Threads The Same?
           What Threads Are Running?
       A Complete Example
       Different implementations of threads
       Performance considerations
       Process-scope Changes
       Thread-Safety of System Libraries
       Conclusion
       SEE ALSO
       Bibliography
           Introductory Texts
           OS-Related References
           Other References
       Acknowledgements
       AUTHOR
       Copyrights

   perlport(1) - Writing portable Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of Perl
           already is portable

       ISSUES
           Newlines
           Numbers endianness and Width
           Files and Filesystems
           System Interaction
           Command names versus file pathnames
           Networking
           Interprocess Communication (IPC)
           External Subroutines (XS)
           Standard Modules
           Time and Date
           Character sets and character encoding
           Internationalisation
           System Resources
           Security
           Style
       CPAN Testers
       PLATFORMS
           Unix
           DOS and Derivatives
           VMS
           VOS
           EBCDIC Platforms
           Acorn RISC OS
           Other perls
       FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS
           Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
               -X, alarm, atan2, binmode, chmod, chown, chroot, crypt,
               dbmclose, dbmopen, dump, exec, exit, fcntl, flock, fork,
               getlogin, getpgrp, getppid, getpriority, getpwnam, getgrnam,
               getnetbyname, getpwuid, getgrgid, getnetbyaddr,
               getprotobynumber, getpwent, getgrent, gethostbyname,
               gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, seekdir,
               sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent, endpwent,
               endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent,
               getsockopt, glob, gmtime, ioctl, kill, link, localtime, lstat,
               msgctl, msgget, msgsnd, msgrcv, open, readlink, rename,
               rewinddir, select, semctl, semget, semop, setgrent, setpgrp,
               setpriority, setpwent, setsockopt, shmctl, shmget, shmread,
               shmwrite, sleep, socketpair, stat, symlink, syscall, sysopen,
               system, telldir, times, truncate, umask, utime, wait, waitpid

       Supported Platforms
           Linux (x86, ARM, IA64), HP-UX, AIX, Win32, Windows 2000, Windows
           XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008,
           Windows 7, Cygwin, Solaris (x86, SPARC), OpenVMS, Alpha (7.2 and
           later), I64 (8.2 and later), Symbian, NetBSD, FreeBSD, Debian
           GNU/kFreeBSD, Haiku, Irix (6.5. What else?), OpenBSD, Dragonfly
           BSD, Midnight BSD, QNX Neutrino RTOS (6.5.0), MirOS BSD, Stratus
           OpenVOS (17.0 or later), time_t issues that may or may not be
           fixed, Symbian (Series 60 v3, 3.2 and 5 - what else?), Stratus VOS
           / OpenVOS, AIX, Android, FreeMINT

       EOL Platforms
           (Perl 5.20)
               AT&T 3b1

           (Perl 5.14)
               Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT4

           (Perl 5.12)
               Atari MiNT, Apollo Domain/OS, Apple Mac OS 8/9, Tenon Machten

       Supported Platforms (Perl 5.8)
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS

   perllocale(1) - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)
       DESCRIPTION
       WHAT IS A LOCALE
           Category "LC_NUMERIC": Numeric formatting, Category "LC_MONETARY":
           Formatting of monetary amounts, Category "LC_TIME": Date/Time
           formatting, Category "LC_MESSAGES": Error and other messages,
           Category "LC_COLLATE": Collation, Category "LC_CTYPE": Character
           Types, Other categories

       PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
       USING LOCALES
           The "use locale" pragma
               Not within the scope of "use locale", Lingering effects of
               "use locale", Under ""use locale";"

           The setlocale function
           Finding locales
           LOCALE PROBLEMS
           Testing for broken locales
           Temporarily fixing locale problems
           Permanently fixing locale problems
           Permanently fixing your system's locale configuration
           Fixing system locale configuration
           The localeconv function
           I18N::Langinfo
       LOCALE CATEGORIES
           Category "LC_COLLATE": Collation: Text Comparisons and Sorting
           Category "LC_CTYPE": Character Types
           Category "LC_NUMERIC": Numeric Formatting
           Category "LC_MONETARY": Formatting of monetary amounts
           Category "LC_TIME": Respresentation of time
           Other categories
       SECURITY
       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_SKIP_LOCALE_INIT, PERL_BADLANG, "LC_ALL", "LANGUAGE",
           "LC_CTYPE", "LC_COLLATE", "LC_MONETARY", "LC_NUMERIC", "LC_TIME",
           "LANG"

           Examples
       NOTES
           String "eval" and "LC_NUMERIC"
           Backward compatibility
           I18N:Collate obsolete
           Sort speed and memory use impacts
           Freely available locale definitions
           I18n and l10n
           An imperfect standard
       Unicode and UTF-8
       BUGS
           Collation of strings containing embedded "NUL" characters
           Broken systems
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perluniintro(1) - Perl Unicode introduction
       DESCRIPTION
           Unicode
           Perl's Unicode Support
           Perl's Unicode Model
           Unicode and EBCDIC
           Creating Unicode
           Handling Unicode
           Legacy Encodings
           Unicode I/O
           Displaying Unicode As Text
           Special Cases
           Advanced Topics
           Miscellaneous
           Questions With Answers
           Hexadecimal Notation
           Further Resources
       UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE

   perlunicode(1) - Unicode support in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Important Caveats
               Safest if you "use feature 'unicode_strings'", Input and Output
               Layers, You should convert your non-ASCII, non-UTF-8 Perl
               scripts to be UTF-8, "use utf8" still needed to enable UTF-8 in
               scripts, UTF-16 scripts autodetected

           Byte and Character Semantics
           ASCII Rules versus Unicode Rules
               When the string has been upgraded to UTF-8, There are
               additional methods for regular expression patterns

           Extended Grapheme Clusters (Logical characters)
           Unicode Character Properties
               "\p{All}", "\p{Alnum}", "\p{Any}", "\p{ASCII}", "\p{Assigned}",
               "\p{Blank}", "\p{Decomposition_Type: Non_Canonical}"    (Short:
               "\p{Dt=NonCanon}"), "\p{Graph}", "\p{HorizSpace}", "\p{In=*}",
               "\p{PerlSpace}", "\p{PerlWord}", "\p{Posix...}",
               "\p{Present_In: *}"    (Short: "\p{In=*}"), "\p{Print}",
               "\p{SpacePerl}", "\p{Title}" and "\p{Titlecase}",
               "\p{Unicode}", "\p{VertSpace}", "\p{Word}", "\p{XPosix...}"

           User-Defined Character Properties
           User-Defined Case Mappings (for serious hackers only)
           Character Encodings for Input and Output
           Unicode Regular Expression Support Level
               [1] "\N{U+...}" and "\x{...}", [2] "\p{...}" "\P{...}".  This
               requirement is for a minimal list of properties.  Perl supports
               these and all other Unicode character properties, as R2.7 asks
               (see "Unicode Character Properties" above), [3] Perl has "\d"
               "\D" "\s" "\S" "\w" "\W" "\X" "[:prop:]" "[:^prop:]", plus all
               the properties specified by
               <http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr18/#Compatibility_Properties>.
               These are described above in "Other Properties", [4], Regular
               expression lookahead, [5] "\b" "\B" meet most, but not all, the
               details of this requirement, but "\b{wb}" and "\B{wb}" do, as
               well as the stricter R2.3, [6], [7], [8] UTF-8/UTF-EBDDIC used
               in Perl allows not only "U+10000" to "U+10FFFF" but also beyond
               "U+10FFFF", [9] Unicode has rewritten this portion of UTS#18 to
               say that getting canonical equivalence (see UAX#15 "Unicode
               Normalization Forms" <http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15>) is
               basically to be done at the programmer level.  Use NFD to write
               both your regular expressions and text to match them against
               (you can use Unicode::Normalize), [10] Perl has "\X" and
               "\b{gcb}" but we don't have a "Grapheme Cluster Mode", [11] see
               UAX#29 "Unicode Text Segmentation"
               <http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr29>,, [12] Perl has
               Unicode::Collate, but it isn't integrated with regular
               expressions.    See UTS#10 "Unicode Collation Algorithms"
               <http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr10>, [13] Perl has "(?<=x)"
               and "(?=x)", but lookaheads or lookbehinds should see outside
               of the target substring

           Unicode Encodings
           Noncharacter code points
           Beyond Unicode code points
           Security Implications of Unicode
           Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
           Locales
           When Unicode Does Not Happen
           The "Unicode Bug"
           Forcing Unicode in Perl (Or Unforcing Unicode in Perl)
           Using Unicode in XS
           Hacking Perl to work on earlier Unicode versions (for very serious
           hackers only)
           Porting code from perl-5.6.X
       BUGS
           Interaction with Extensions
           Speed
       SEE ALSO

   perlunicook(1) - cookbookish examples of handling Unicode in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
           X 0: Standard preamble
           X 1: Generic Unicode-savvy filter
           X 2: Fine-tuning Unicode warnings
           X 3: Declare source in utf8 for identifiers and literals
           X 4: Characters and their numbers
           X 5: Unicode literals by character number
           X 6: Get character name by number
           X 7: Get character number by name
           X 8: Unicode named characters
           X 9: Unicode named sequences
           X 10: Custom named characters
           X 11: Names of CJK codepoints
           X 12: Explicit encode/decode
           X 13: Decode program arguments as utf8
           X 14: Decode program arguments as locale encoding
           X 15: Declare STD{IN,OUT,ERR} to be utf8
           X 16: Declare STD{IN,OUT,ERR} to be in locale encoding
           X 17: Make file I/O default to utf8
           X 18: Make all I/O and args default to utf8
           X 19: Open file with specific encoding
           X 20: Unicode casing
           X 21: Unicode case-insensitive comparisons
           X 22: Match Unicode linebreak sequence in regex
           X 23: Get character category
           X 24: Disabling Unicode-awareness in builtin charclasses
           X 25: Match Unicode properties in regex with \p, \P
           X 26: Custom character properties
           X 27: Unicode normalization
           X 28: Convert non-ASCII Unicode numerics
           X 29: Match Unicode grapheme cluster in regex
           X 30: Extract by grapheme instead of by codepoint (regex)
           X 31: Extract by grapheme instead of by codepoint (substr)
           X 32: Reverse string by grapheme
           X 33: String length in graphemes
           X 34: Unicode column-width for printing
           X 35: Unicode collation
           X 36: Case- and accent-insensitive Unicode sort
           X 37: Unicode locale collation
           X 38: Making "cmp" work on text instead of codepoints
           X 39: Case- and accent-insensitive comparisons
           X 40: Case- and accent-insensitive locale comparisons
           X 41: Unicode linebreaking
           X 42: Unicode text in DBM hashes, the tedious way
           X 43: Unicode text in DBM hashes, the easy way
           X 44: PROGRAM: Demo of Unicode collation and printing
       SEE ALSO
           X3.13 Default Case Algorithms, page 113; X4.2  Case, pages 120X122;
           Case Mappings, page 166X172, especially Caseless Matching starting
           on page 170, UAX #44: Unicode Character Database, UTS #18: Unicode
           Regular Expressions, UAX #15: Unicode Normalization Forms, UTS #10:
           Unicode Collation Algorithm, UAX #29: Unicode Text Segmentation,
           UAX #14: Unicode Line Breaking Algorithm, UAX #11: East Asian Width

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
       REVISION HISTORY

   perlunifaq - Perl Unicode FAQ
       Q and A
           perlunitut isn't really a Unicode tutorial, is it?
           What character encodings does Perl support?
           Which version of perl should I use?
           What about binary data, like images?
           When should I decode or encode?
           What if I don't decode?
           What if I don't encode?
           Is there a way to automatically decode or encode?
           What if I don't know which encoding was used?
           Can I use Unicode in my Perl sources?
           Data::Dumper doesn't restore the UTF8 flag; is it broken?
           Why do regex character classes sometimes match only in the ASCII
           range?
           Why do some characters not uppercase or lowercase correctly?
           How can I determine if a string is a text string or a binary
           string?
           How do I convert from encoding FOO to encoding BAR?
           What are "decode_utf8" and "encode_utf8"?
           What is a "wide character"?
       INTERNALS
           What is "the UTF8 flag"?
           What about the "use bytes" pragma?
           What about the "use encoding" pragma?
           What is the difference between ":encoding" and ":utf8"?
           What's the difference between "UTF-8" and "utf8"?
           I lost track; what encoding is the internal format really?
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perluniprops(1) - Index of Unicode Version 6.0.0 properties in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       Properties accessible through "\p{}" and "\P{}"
           Single form ("\p{name}") tighter rules:, white space adjacent to a
           non-word character, underscores separating digits in numbers,
           Compound form ("\p{name=value}" or "\p{name:value}") tighter
           rules:, Stabilized, Deprecated, Obsolete, Discouraged, * is a wild-
           card, (\d+) in the info column gives the number of Unicode code
           points matched by this property, D means this is deprecated, O
           means this is obsolete, S means this is stabilized, T means tighter
           (stricter) name matching applies, X means use of this form is
           discouraged, and may not be stable

           Legal "\p{}" and "\P{}" constructs that match no characters
               \p{Canonical_Combining_Class=Attached_Below_Left},
               \p{Canonical_Combining_Class=CCC133}

       Properties accessible through Unicode::UCD
       Properties accessible through other means
       Unicode character properties that are NOT accepted by Perl
           Expands_On_NFC (XO_NFC), Expands_On_NFD (XO_NFD), Expands_On_NFKC
           (XO_NFKC), Expands_On_NFKD (XO_NFKD), Grapheme_Link (Gr_Link),
           Jamo_Short_Name (JSN), Other_Alphabetic (OAlpha),
           Other_Default_Ignorable_Code_Point (ODI), Other_Grapheme_Extend
           (OGr_Ext), Other_ID_Continue (OIDC), Other_ID_Start (OIDS),
           Other_Lowercase (OLower), Other_Math (OMath), Other_Uppercase
           (OUpper), Script=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (sc=Hrkt),
           Script_Extensions=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (scx=Hrkt)

       Other information in the Unicode data base
           auxiliary/GraphemeBreakTest.html, auxiliary/LineBreakTest.html,
           auxiliary/SentenceBreakTest.html, auxiliary/WordBreakTest.html,
           BidiCharacterTest.txt, BidiTest.txt, NormTest.txt, CJKRadicals.txt,
           EmojiSources.txt, Index.txt, NamedSqProv.txt, NamesList.html,
           NamesList.txt, NormalizationCorrections.txt, ReadMe.txt,
           StandardizedVariants.html, StandardizedVariants.txt,
           TangutSources.txt, USourceData.txt, USourceGlyphs.pdf

       SEE ALSO

   perlunitut(1) - Perl Unicode Tutorial
       DESCRIPTION
           Definitions
           Your new toolkit
           I/O flow (the actual 5 minute tutorial)
       SUMMARY
       Q and A (or FAQ)
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlebcdic(1) - Considerations for running Perl on EBCDIC platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS
           ASCII
           ISO 8859
           Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1)
           EBCDIC
               0037, 1047, POSIX-BC

           Unicode code points versus EBCDIC code points
           Unicode and UTF
           Using Encode
       SINGLE OCTET TABLES
           recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe 5, recipe
           6

           Table in hex, sorted in 1047 order
       IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
       CONVERSIONS
           "utf8::unicode_to_native()" and "utf8::native_to_unicode()"
           tr///
           iconv
           C RTL
       OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
       FUNCTION DIFFERENCES
           "chr()", "ord()", "pack()", "print()", "printf()", "sort()",
           "sprintf()", "unpack()"

       REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
       SOCKETS
       SORTING
           Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
           Use a sort helper function
           MONO CASE then sort data (for non-digits, non-underscore)
           Perform sorting on one type of platform only.
       TRANSFORMATION FORMATS
           URL decoding and encoding
           uu encoding and decoding
           Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
           Caesarean ciphers
       Hashing order and checksums
       I18N AND L10N
       MULTI-OCTET CHARACTER SETS
       OS ISSUES
           OS/400
               PASE, IFS access

           OS/390, z/OS
               "sigaction", "chcp", dataset access, "iconv", locales

           POSIX-BC?
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       REFERENCES
       HISTORY
       AUTHOR

   perlsec(1) - Perl security
       DESCRIPTION
       SECURITY VULNERABILITY CONTACT INFORMATION
       SECURITY MECHANISMS AND CONCERNS
           Taint mode
           Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data
           Switches On the "#!" Line
           Taint mode and @INC
           Cleaning Up Your Path
           Security Bugs
           Protecting Your Programs
           Unicode
           Algorithmic Complexity Attacks
               Hash Seed Randomization, Hash Traversal Randomization, Bucket
               Order Perturbance, New Default Hash Function, Alternative Hash
               Functions

       SEE ALSO

   perlmod(1) - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)
       DESCRIPTION
           Is this the document you were after?
               This doc, perlnewmod, perlmodstyle

           Packages
           Symbol Tables
           BEGIN, UNITCHECK, CHECK, INIT and END
           Perl Classes
           Perl Modules
           Making your module threadsafe
       SEE ALSO

   perlmodlib(1) - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones
       THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY
           Pragmatic Modules
               arybase, attributes, autodie, autodie::exception,
               autodie::exception::system, autodie::hints, autodie::skip,
               autouse, base, bigint, bignum, bigrat, blib, bytes, charnames,
               constant, deprecate, diagnostics, encoding, encoding::warnings,
               experimental, feature, fields, filetest, if, integer, less,
               lib, locale, mro, ok, open, ops, overload, overloading, parent,
               re, sigtrap, sort, strict, subs, threads, threads::shared,
               utf8, vars, version, vmsish, warnings::register

           Standard Modules
               Amiga::ARexx, Amiga::Exec, AnyDBM_File, App::Cpan, App::Prove,
               App::Prove::State, App::Prove::State::Result,
               App::Prove::State::Result::Test, Archive::Tar,
               Archive::Tar::File, Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoSplit,
               B, B::Concise, B::Debug, B::Deparse, B::Op_private, B::Showlex,
               B::Terse, B::Xref, Benchmark, "IO::Socket::IP", "Socket", CORE,
               CPAN, CPAN::API::HOWTO, CPAN::Debug, CPAN::Distroprefs,
               CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::HandleConfig, CPAN::Kwalify, CPAN::Meta,
               CPAN::Meta::Converter, CPAN::Meta::Feature,
               CPAN::Meta::History, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_0,
               CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_1, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_2,
               CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_3, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_4,
               CPAN::Meta::Merge, CPAN::Meta::Prereqs,
               CPAN::Meta::Requirements, CPAN::Meta::Spec,
               CPAN::Meta::Validator, CPAN::Meta::YAML, CPAN::Nox,
               CPAN::Plugin, CPAN::Plugin::Specfile, CPAN::Queue,
               CPAN::Tarzip, CPAN::Version, Carp, Class::Struct,
               Compress::Raw::Bzip2, Compress::Raw::Zlib, Compress::Zlib,
               Config, Config::Perl::V, Cwd, DB, DBM_Filter,
               DBM_Filter::compress, DBM_Filter::encode, DBM_Filter::int32,
               DBM_Filter::null, DBM_Filter::utf8, DB_File, Data::Dumper,
               Devel::PPPort, Devel::Peek, Devel::SelfStubber, Digest,
               Digest::MD5, Digest::SHA, Digest::base, Digest::file,
               DirHandle, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, Encode, Encode::Alias,
               Encode::Byte, Encode::CJKConstants, Encode::CN, Encode::CN::HZ,
               Encode::Config, Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Encoder,
               Encode::Encoding, Encode::GSM0338, Encode::Guess, Encode::JP,
               Encode::JP::H2Z, Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::KR,
               Encode::KR::2022_KR, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::MIME::Name,
               Encode::PerlIO, Encode::Supported, Encode::Symbol, Encode::TW,
               Encode::Unicode, Encode::Unicode::UTF7, English, Env, Errno,
               Exporter, Exporter::Heavy, ExtUtils::CBuilder,
               ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows, ExtUtils::Command,
               ExtUtils::Command::MM, ExtUtils::Constant,
               ExtUtils::Constant::Base, ExtUtils::Constant::Utils,
               ExtUtils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install,
               ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Liblist, ExtUtils::MM,
               ExtUtils::MM_AIX, ExtUtils::MM_Any, ExtUtils::MM_BeOS,
               ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin, ExtUtils::MM_DOS, ExtUtils::MM_Darwin,
               ExtUtils::MM_MacOS, ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2,
               ExtUtils::MM_QNX, ExtUtils::MM_UWIN, ExtUtils::MM_Unix,
               ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MM_VOS, ExtUtils::MM_Win32,
               ExtUtils::MM_Win95, ExtUtils::MY, ExtUtils::MakeMaker,
               ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ,
               ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Locale, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial,
               ExtUtils::Manifest, ExtUtils::Miniperl, ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap,
               ExtUtils::Mksymlists, ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::ParseXS,
               ExtUtils::ParseXS::Constants, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Eval,
               ExtUtils::ParseXS::Utilities, ExtUtils::Typemaps,
               ExtUtils::Typemaps::Cmd, ExtUtils::Typemaps::InputMap,
               ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap, ExtUtils::Typemaps::Type,
               ExtUtils::XSSymSet, ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, Fcntl,
               File::Basename, File::Compare, File::Copy, File::DosGlob,
               File::Fetch, File::Find, File::Glob, File::GlobMapper,
               File::Path, File::Spec, File::Spec::AmigaOS,
               File::Spec::Cygwin, File::Spec::Epoc, File::Spec::Functions,
               File::Spec::Mac, File::Spec::OS2, File::Spec::Unix,
               File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32, File::Temp, File::stat,
               FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple, Filter::Util::Call,
               FindBin, GDBM_File, Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, HTTP::Tiny,
               Hash::Util, Hash::Util::FieldHash, I18N::Collate,
               I18N::LangTags, I18N::LangTags::Detect, I18N::LangTags::List,
               I18N::Langinfo, IO, IO::Compress::Base, IO::Compress::Bzip2,
               IO::Compress::Deflate, IO::Compress::FAQ, IO::Compress::Gzip,
               IO::Compress::RawDeflate, IO::Compress::Zip, IO::Dir, IO::File,
               IO::Handle, IO::Pipe, IO::Poll, IO::Seekable, IO::Select,
               IO::Socket, IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX,
               IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate, IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress,
               IO::Uncompress::Base, IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2,
               IO::Uncompress::Gunzip, IO::Uncompress::Inflate,
               IO::Uncompress::RawInflate, IO::Uncompress::Unzip, IO::Zlib,
               IPC::Cmd, IPC::Msg, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, IPC::Semaphore,
               IPC::SharedMem, IPC::SysV, Internals, JSON::PP,
               JSON::PP::Boolean, List::Util, List::Util::XS, Locale::Codes,
               Locale::Codes::API, Locale::Codes::Changes,
               Locale::Codes::Country, Locale::Codes::Currency,
               Locale::Codes::LangExt, Locale::Codes::LangFam,
               Locale::Codes::LangVar, Locale::Codes::Language,
               Locale::Codes::Script, Locale::Country, Locale::Currency,
               Locale::Language, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::Cookbook,
               Locale::Maketext::Guts, Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader,
               Locale::Maketext::Simple, Locale::Maketext::TPJ13,
               Locale::Script, MIME::Base64, MIME::QuotedPrint,
               Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc,
               Math::BigInt::CalcEmu, Math::BigInt::FastCalc,
               Math::BigInt::Lib, Math::BigRat, Math::Complex, Math::Trig,
               Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File, Memoize::Expire,
               Memoize::ExpireFile, Memoize::ExpireTest, Memoize::NDBM_File,
               Memoize::SDBM_File, Memoize::Storable, Module::CoreList,
               Module::CoreList::Utils, Module::Load,
               Module::Load::Conditional, Module::Loaded, Module::Metadata,
               NDBM_File, NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP,
               Net::FTP::dataconn, Net::NNTP, Net::Netrc, Net::POP3,
               Net::Ping, Net::SMTP, Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnetFAQ,
               Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, O, ODBM_File, Opcode,
               POSIX, Params::Check, Parse::CPAN::Meta, Perl::OSType, PerlIO,
               PerlIO::encoding, PerlIO::mmap, PerlIO::scalar, PerlIO::via,
               PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint, Pod::Checker, Pod::Escapes,
               Pod::Find, Pod::Functions, Pod::Html, Pod::InputObjects,
               Pod::Man, Pod::ParseLink, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Parser,
               Pod::Perldoc, Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo, Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToANSI, Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToMan, Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToPod, Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf, Pod::Perldoc::ToTerm,
               Pod::Perldoc::ToText, Pod::Perldoc::ToTk, Pod::Perldoc::ToXml,
               Pod::PlainText, Pod::Select, Pod::Simple, Pod::Simple::Checker,
               Pod::Simple::Debug, Pod::Simple::DumpAsText,
               Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML, Pod::Simple::HTML,
               Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch, Pod::Simple::LinkSection,
               Pod::Simple::Methody, Pod::Simple::PullParser,
               Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken,
               Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken,
               Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserToken,
               Pod::Simple::RTF, Pod::Simple::Search, Pod::Simple::SimpleTree,
               Pod::Simple::Subclassing, Pod::Simple::Text,
               Pod::Simple::TextContent, Pod::Simple::XHTML,
               Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream, Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color,
               Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, SDBM_File, Safe, Scalar::Util,
               Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Storable, Sub::Util,
               Symbol, Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Syslog::Win32,
               TAP::Base, TAP::Formatter::Base, TAP::Formatter::Color,
               TAP::Formatter::Console,
               TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession,
               TAP::Formatter::Console::Session, TAP::Formatter::File,
               TAP::Formatter::File::Session, TAP::Formatter::Session,
               TAP::Harness, TAP::Harness::Env, TAP::Object, TAP::Parser,
               TAP::Parser::Aggregator, TAP::Parser::Grammar,
               TAP::Parser::Iterator, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array,
               TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Stream,
               TAP::Parser::IteratorFactory, TAP::Parser::Multiplexer,
               TAP::Parser::Result, TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout,
               TAP::Parser::Result::Comment, TAP::Parser::Result::Plan,
               TAP::Parser::Result::Pragma, TAP::Parser::Result::Test,
               TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown, TAP::Parser::Result::Version,
               TAP::Parser::Result::YAML, TAP::Parser::ResultFactory,
               TAP::Parser::Scheduler, TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job,
               TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner, TAP::Parser::Source,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl,
               TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::RawTAP,
               TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader, TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer,
               Term::ANSIColor, Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine,
               Test, Test2, Test2::API, Test2::API::Breakage,
               Test2::API::Context, Test2::API::Instance, Test2::API::Stack,
               Test2::Event, Test2::Event::Bail, Test2::Event::Diag,
               Test2::Event::Encoding, Test2::Event::Exception,
               Test2::Event::Generic, Test2::Event::Info, Test2::Event::Note,
               Test2::Event::Ok, Test2::Event::Plan, Test2::Event::Skip,
               Test2::Event::Subtest, Test2::Event::TAP::Version,
               Test2::Event::Waiting, Test2::Formatter, Test2::Formatter::TAP,
               Test2::Hub, Test2::Hub::Interceptor,
               Test2::Hub::Interceptor::Terminator, Test2::Hub::Subtest,
               Test2::IPC, Test2::IPC::Driver, Test2::IPC::Driver::Files,
               Test2::Tools::Tiny, Test2::Transition, Test2::Util,
               Test2::Util::ExternalMeta, Test2::Util::HashBase,
               Test2::Util::Trace, Test::Builder, Test::Builder::Formatter,
               Test::Builder::IO::Scalar, Test::Builder::Module,
               Test::Builder::Tester, Test::Builder::Tester::Color,
               Test::Builder::TodoDiag, Test::Harness, Test::Harness::Beyond,
               Test::More, Test::Simple, Test::Tester, Test::Tester::Capture,
               Test::Tester::CaptureRunner, Test::Tutorial, Test::use::ok,
               Text::Abbrev, Text::Balanced, Text::ParseWords, Text::Tabs,
               Text::Wrap, Thread, Thread::Queue, Thread::Semaphore,
               Tie::Array, Tie::File, Tie::Handle, Tie::Hash,
               Tie::Hash::NamedCapture, Tie::Memoize, Tie::RefHash,
               Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdHandle, Tie::SubstrHash, Time::HiRes,
               Time::Local, Time::Piece, Time::Seconds, Time::gmtime,
               Time::localtime, Time::tm, UNIVERSAL, Unicode::Collate,
               Unicode::Collate::CJK::Big5, Unicode::Collate::CJK::GB2312,
               Unicode::Collate::CJK::JISX0208, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Korean,
               Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke,
               Unicode::Collate::CJK::Zhuyin, Unicode::Collate::Locale,
               Unicode::Normalize, Unicode::UCD, User::grent, User::pwent,
               VMS::DCLsym, VMS::Filespec, VMS::Stdio, Win32, Win32API::File,
               Win32CORE, XS::APItest, XS::Typemap, XSLoader,
               autodie::Scope::Guard, autodie::Scope::GuardStack,
               autodie::Util, version::Internals

           Extension Modules
       CPAN
           Africa
               South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe

           Asia
               Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan,
               Kazakhstan, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Singapore,
               Taiwan, Turkey, Viet Nam

           Europe
               Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
               Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
               Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,
               Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian
               Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,
               Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom

           North America
               Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, United States, Alabama, Arizona,
               California, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts,
               Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
               Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
               Washington, Wisconsin

           Oceania
               Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand

           South America
               Argentina, Brazil, Chile

           RSYNC Mirrors
       Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse
           Guidelines for Module Creation
           Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
           Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
       NOTE

   perlmodstyle(1) - Perl module style guide
       INTRODUCTION
       QUICK CHECKLIST
           Before you start
           The API
           Stability
           Documentation
           Release considerations
       BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MODULE
           Has it been done before?
           Do one thing and do it well
           What's in a name?
           Get feedback before publishing
       DESIGNING AND WRITING YOUR MODULE
           To OO or not to OO?
           Designing your API
               Write simple routines to do simple things, Separate
               functionality from output, Provide sensible shortcuts and
               defaults, Naming conventions, Parameter passing

           Strictness and warnings
           Backwards compatibility
           Error handling and messages
       DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE
           POD
           README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs
               perl Makefile.PL, make, make test, make install, perl Build.PL,
               perl Build, perl Build test, perl Build install

       RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS
           Version numbering
           Pre-requisites
           Testing
           Packaging
           Licensing
       COMMON PITFALLS
           Reinventing the wheel
           Trying to do too much
           Inappropriate documentation
       SEE ALSO
           perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Packaging Tools,
           Testing tools, http://pause.perl.org/, Any good book on software
           engineering

       AUTHOR

   perlmodinstall(1) - Installing CPAN Modules
       DESCRIPTION
           PREAMBLE
               DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a directory, BUILD
               the module (sometimes unnecessary), INSTALL the module

       PORTABILITY
       HEY
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   perlnewmod(1) - preparing a new module for distribution
       DESCRIPTION
           Warning
           What should I make into a module?
           Step-by-step: Preparing the ground
               Look around, Check it's new, Discuss the need, Choose a name,
               Check again

           Step-by-step: Making the module
               Start with module-starter or h2xs, Use strict and warnings, Use
               Carp, Use Exporter - wisely!, Use plain old documentation,
               Write tests, Write the README, Write Changes

           Step-by-step: Distributing your module
               Get a CPAN user ID, "perl Makefile.PL; make test; make
               distcheck; make dist", Upload the tarball, Fix bugs!

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlpragma(1) - how to write a user pragma
       DESCRIPTION
       A basic example
       Key naming
       Implementation details

   perlutil(1) - utilities packaged with the Perl distribution
       DESCRIPTION
       LIST OF UTILITIES
           Documentation
               perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html, pod2usage, podselect,
               podchecker, splain, "roffitall"

           Converters
           Administration
               libnetcfg, perlivp

           Development
               perlbug, perlthanks, h2ph, h2xs, enc2xs, xsubpp, prove,
               corelist

           General tools
               piconv, ptar, ptardiff, ptargrep, shasum, zipdetails

           Installation
               cpan, instmodsh

       SEE ALSO

   perlfilter(1) - Source Filters
       DESCRIPTION
       CONCEPTS
       USING FILTERS
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C
           Decryption Filters

       CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
       USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
       CONCLUSION
       LIMITATIONS
       THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR
           Some Filters Clobber the "DATA" Handle

       REQUIREMENTS
       AUTHOR
       Copyrights

   perldtrace(1) - Perl's support for DTrace
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       HISTORY
       PROBES
           sub-entry(SUBNAME, FILE, LINE, PACKAGE), sub-return(SUBNAME, FILE,
           LINE, PACKAGE), phase-change(NEWPHASE, OLDPHASE), op-entry(OPNAME),
           loading-file(FILENAME), loaded-file(FILENAME)

       EXAMPLES
           Most frequently called functions, Trace function calls, Function
           calls during interpreter cleanup, System calls at compile time,
           Perl functions that execute the most opcodes

       REFERENCES
           DTrace Dynamic Tracing Guide, DTrace: Dynamic Tracing in Oracle
           Solaris, Mac OS X and FreeBSD

       SEE ALSO
           Devel::DTrace::Provider

       AUTHORS

   perlglossary(1) - Perl Glossary
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           A   accessor methods, actual arguments, address operator,
               algorithm, alias, alphabetic, alternatives, anonymous,
               application, architecture, argument, ARGV, arithmetical
               operator, array, array context, Artistic License, ASCII,
               assertion, assignment, assignment operator, associative array,
               associativity, asynchronous, atom, atomic operation, attribute,
               autogeneration, autoincrement, autoload, autosplit,
               autovivification, AV, awk

           B   backreference, backtracking, backward compatibility, bareword,
               base class, big-endian, binary, binary operator, bind, bit, bit
               shift, bit string, bless, block, BLOCK, block buffering,
               Boolean, Boolean context, breakpoint, broadcast, BSD, bucket,
               buffer, built-in, bundle, byte, bytecode

           C   C, cache, callback, call by reference, call by value,
               canonical, capture variables, capturing, cargo cult, case,
               casefolding, casemapping, character, character class, character
               property, circumfix operator, class, class method, client,
               closure, cluster, CODE, code generator, codepoint, code
               subpattern, collating sequence, co-maintainer, combining
               character, command, command buffering, command-line arguments,
               command name, comment, compilation unit, compile, compile
               phase, compiler, compile time, composer, concatenation,
               conditional, connection, construct, constructor, context,
               continuation, core dump, CPAN, C preprocessor, cracker,
               currently selected output channel, current package, current
               working directory, CV

           D   dangling statement, datagram, data structure, data type, DBM,
               declaration, declarator, decrement, default, defined,
               delimiter, dereference, derived class, descriptor, destroy,
               destructor, device, directive, directory, directory handle,
               discipline, dispatch, distribution, dual-lived, dweomer,
               dwimmer, dynamic scoping

           E   eclectic, element, embedding, empty subclass test,
               encapsulation, endian, en passant, environment, environment
               variable, EOF, errno, error, escape sequence, exception,
               exception handling, exec, executable file, execute, execute
               bit, exit status, exploit, export, expression, extension

           F   false, FAQ, fatal error, feeping creaturism, field, FIFO, file,
               file descriptor, fileglob, filehandle, filename, filesystem,
               file test operator, filter, first-come, flag, floating point,
               flush, FMTEYEWTK, foldcase, fork, formal arguments, format,
               freely available, freely redistributable, freeware, function,
               funny character

           G   garbage collection, GID, glob, global, global destruction, glue
               language, granularity, grapheme, greedy, grep, group, GV

           H   hacker, handler, hard reference, hash, hash table, header file,
               here document, hexadecimal, home directory, host, hubris, HV

           I   identifier, impatience, implementation, import, increment,
               indexing, indirect filehandle, indirection, indirect object,
               indirect object slot, infix, inheritance, instance, instance
               data, instance method, instance variable, integer, interface,
               interpolation, interpreter, invocant, invocation, I/O, IO, I/O
               layer, IPA, IP, IPC, is-a, iteration, iterator, IV

           J   JAPH

           K   key, keyword

           L   label, laziness, leftmost longest, left shift, lexeme, lexer,
               lexical analysis, lexical scoping, lexical variable, library,
               LIFO, line, linebreak, line buffering, line number, link, LIST,
               list, list context, list operator, list value, literal, little-
               endian, local, logical operator, lookahead, lookbehind, loop,
               loop control statement, loop label, lowercase, lvaluable,
               lvalue, lvalue modifier

           M   magic, magical increment, magical variables, Makefile, man,
               manpage, matching, member data, memory, metacharacter,
               metasymbol, method, method resolution order, minicpan,
               minimalism, mode, modifier, module, modulus, mojibake, monger,
               mortal, mro, multidimensional array, multiple inheritance

           N   named pipe, namespace, NaN, network address, newline, NFS,
               normalization, null character, null list, null string, numeric
               context, numification, NV, nybble

           O   object, octal, offset, one-liner, open source software,
               operand, operating system, operator, operator overloading,
               options, ordinal, overloading, overriding, owner

           P   package, pad, parameter, parent class, parse tree, parsing,
               patch, PATH, pathname, pattern, pattern matching, PAUSE, Perl
               mongers, permission bits, Pern, pipe, pipeline, platform, pod,
               pod command, pointer, polymorphism, port, portable, porter,
               possessive, POSIX, postfix, pp, pragma, precedence, prefix,
               preprocessing, primary maintainer, procedure, process, program,
               program generator, progressive matching, property, protocol,
               prototype, pseudofunction, pseudohash, pseudoliteral, public
               domain, pumpkin, pumpking, PV

           Q   qualified, quantifier

           R   race condition, readable, reaping, record, recursion,
               reference, referent, regex, regular expression, regular
               expression modifier, regular file, relational operator,
               reserved words, return value, RFC, right shift, role, root,
               RTFM, run phase, runtime, runtime pattern, RV, rvalue

           S   sandbox, scalar, scalar context, scalar literal, scalar value,
               scalar variable, scope, scratchpad, script, script kiddie, sed,
               semaphore, separator, serialization, server, service, setgid,
               setuid, shared memory, shebang, shell, side effects, sigil,
               signal, signal handler, single inheritance, slice, slurp,
               socket, soft reference, source filter, stack, standard,
               standard error, standard input, standard I/O, Standard Library,
               standard output, statement, statement modifier, static, static
               method, static scoping, static variable, stat structure,
               status, STDERR, STDIN, STDIO, STDOUT, stream, string, string
               context, stringification, struct, structure, subclass,
               subpattern, subroutine, subscript, substitution, substring,
               superclass, superuser, SV, switch, switch cluster, switch
               statement, symbol, symbolic debugger, symbolic link, symbolic
               reference, symbol table, synchronous, syntactic sugar, syntax,
               syntax tree, syscall

           T   taint checks, tainted, taint mode, TCP, term, terminator,
               ternary, text, thread, tie, titlecase, TMTOWTDI, token,
               tokener, tokenizing, toolbox approach, topic, transliterate,
               trigger, trinary, troff, true, truncating, type, type casting,
               typedef, typed lexical, typeglob, typemap

           U   UDP, UID, umask, unary operator, Unicode, Unix, uppercase

           V   value, variable, variable interpolation, variadic, vector,
               virtual, void context, v-string

           W   warning, watch expression, weak reference, whitespace, word,
               working directory, wrapper, WYSIWYG

           X   XS, XSUB

           Y   yacc

           Z   zero width, zombie

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   perlembed(1) - how to embed perl in your C program
       DESCRIPTION
           PREAMBLE
               Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use Perl from
               Perl?, Use C from C?, Use Perl from C?

           ROADMAP
           Compiling your C program
           Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
           Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
           Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
           Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C
           program
           Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
           Maintaining a persistent interpreter
           Execution of END blocks
           $0 assignments
           Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
           Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from your C
           program
           Using embedded Perl with POSIX locales
       Hiding Perl_
       MORAL
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   perldebguts(1) - Guts of Perl debugging
       DESCRIPTION
       Debugger Internals
           Writing Your Own Debugger
       Frame Listing Output Examples
       Debugging Regular Expressions
           Compile-time Output
               "anchored" STRING "at" POS, "floating" STRING "at" POS1..POS2,
               "matching floating/anchored", "minlen", "stclass" TYPE,
               "noscan", "isall", "GPOS", "plus", "implicit", "with eval",
               "anchored(TYPE)"

           Types of Nodes
           Run-time Output
       Debugging Perl Memory Usage
           Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
               "buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX)", Free/Used, "Total
               sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS", "pad: 0", "heads: 2192",
               "chain: 0", "tail: 6144"

       SEE ALSO

   perlxstut(1), perlXStut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs
       DESCRIPTION
       SPECIAL NOTES
           make
           Version caveat
           Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
           Threads and PERL_NO_GET_CONTEXT
       TUTORIAL
           EXAMPLE 1
           EXAMPLE 2
           What has gone on?
           Writing good test scripts
           EXAMPLE 3
           What's new here?
           Input and Output Parameters
           The XSUBPP Program
           The TYPEMAP file
           Warning about Output Arguments
           EXAMPLE 4
           What has happened here?
           Anatomy of .xs file
           Getting the fat out of XSUBs
           More about XSUB arguments
           The Argument Stack
           Extending your Extension
           Documenting your Extension
           Installing your Extension
           EXAMPLE 5
           New Things in this Example
           EXAMPLE 6
           New Things in this Example
           EXAMPLE 7 (Coming Soon)
           EXAMPLE 8 (Coming Soon)
           EXAMPLE 9 Passing open files to XSes
           Troubleshooting these Examples
       See also
       Author
           Last Changed

   perlxs(1) - XS language reference manual
       DESCRIPTION
           Introduction
           On The Road
           The Anatomy of an XSUB
           The Argument Stack
           The RETVAL Variable
           Returning SVs, AVs and HVs through RETVAL
           The MODULE Keyword
           The PACKAGE Keyword
           The PREFIX Keyword
           The OUTPUT: Keyword
           The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
           The CODE: Keyword
           The INIT: Keyword
           The NO_INIT Keyword
           The TYPEMAP: Keyword
           Initializing Function Parameters
           Default Parameter Values
           The PREINIT: Keyword
           The SCOPE: Keyword
           The INPUT: Keyword
           The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
           The "length(NAME)" Keyword
           Variable-length Parameter Lists
           The C_ARGS: Keyword
           The PPCODE: Keyword
           Returning Undef And Empty Lists
           The REQUIRE: Keyword
           The CLEANUP: Keyword
           The POSTCALL: Keyword
           The BOOT: Keyword
           The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
           The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
           The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
           The ALIAS: Keyword
           The OVERLOAD: Keyword
           The FALLBACK: Keyword
           The INTERFACE: Keyword
           The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword
           The INCLUDE: Keyword
           The INCLUDE_COMMAND: Keyword
           The CASE: Keyword
           The EXPORT_XSUB_SYMBOLS: Keyword
           The & Unary Operator
           Inserting POD, Comments and C Preprocessor Directives
           Using XS With C++
           Interface Strategy
           Perl Objects And C Structures
           Safely Storing Static Data in XS
               MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT, MY_CXT_INIT,
               dMY_CXT, MY_CXT, aMY_CXT/pMY_CXT, MY_CXT_CLONE,
               MY_CXT_INIT_INTERP(my_perl), dMY_CXT_INTERP(my_perl)

           Thread-aware system interfaces
       EXAMPLES
       CAVEATS
           Non-locale-aware XS code, Locale-aware XS code

       XS VERSION
       AUTHOR

   perlxstypemap(1) - Perl XS C/Perl type mapping
       DESCRIPTION
           Anatomy of a typemap
           The Role of the typemap File in Your Distribution
           Sharing typemaps Between CPAN Distributions
           Writing typemap Entries
           Full Listing of Core Typemaps
               T_SV, T_SVREF, T_SVREF_FIXED, T_AVREF, T_AVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED,
               T_HVREF, T_HVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_CVREF,
               T_CVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_SYSRET, T_UV, T_IV, T_INT, T_ENUM,
               T_BOOL, T_U_INT, T_SHORT, T_U_SHORT, T_LONG, T_U_LONG, T_CHAR,
               T_U_CHAR, T_FLOAT, T_NV, T_DOUBLE, T_PV, T_PTR, T_PTRREF,
               T_PTROBJ, T_REF_IV_REF, T_REF_IV_PTR, T_PTRDESC, T_REFREF,
               T_REFOBJ, T_OPAQUEPTR, T_OPAQUE, Implicit array, T_PACKED,
               T_PACKEDARRAY, T_DATAUNIT, T_CALLBACK, T_ARRAY, T_STDIO,
               T_INOUT, T_IN, T_OUT

   perlclib(1) - Internal replacements for standard C library functions
       DESCRIPTION
           Conventions
               "t", "p", "n", "s"

           File Operations
           File Input and Output
           File Positioning
           Memory Management and String Handling
           Character Class Tests
           stdlib.h functions
           Miscellaneous functions
       SEE ALSO

   perlguts(1) - Introduction to the Perl API
       DESCRIPTION
       Variables
           Datatypes
           What is an "IV"?
           Working with SVs
           Offsets
           What's Really Stored in an SV?
           Working with AVs
           Working with HVs
           Hash API Extensions
           AVs, HVs and undefined values
           References
           Blessed References and Class Objects
           Creating New Variables
               GV_ADDMULTI, GV_ADDWARN

           Reference Counts and Mortality
           Stashes and Globs
           Double-Typed SVs
           Read-Only Values
           Copy on Write
           Magic Variables
           Assigning Magic
           Magic Virtual Tables
           Finding Magic
           Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
           Localizing changes
               "SAVEINT(int i)", "SAVEIV(IV i)", "SAVEI32(I32 i)",
               "SAVELONG(long i)", SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p), "SAVEFREESV(SV
               *sv)", "SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEFREEOP(OP *op)",
               SAVEFREEPV(p), "SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv)", "SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char
               *key, I32 length)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR(DESTRUCTORFUNC_NOCONTEXT_t
               f, void *p)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(DESTRUCTORFUNC_t f, void *p)",
               "SAVESTACK_POS()", "SV* save_scalar(GV *gv)", "AV* save_ary(GV
               *gv)", "HV* save_hash(GV *gv)", "void save_item(SV *item)",
               "void save_list(SV **sarg, I32 maxsarg)", "SV* save_svref(SV
               **sptr)", "void save_aptr(AV **aptr)", "void save_hptr(HV
               **hptr)"

       Subroutines
           XSUBs and the Argument Stack
           Autoloading with XSUBs
           Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs
           Putting a C value on Perl stack
           Scratchpads
           Scratchpads and recursion
       Memory Allocation
           Allocation
           Reallocation
           Moving
       PerlIO
       Compiled code
           Code tree
           Examining the tree
           Compile pass 1: check routines
           Compile pass 1a: constant folding
           Compile pass 2: context propagation
           Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
           Pluggable runops
           Compile-time scope hooks
               "void bhk_start(pTHX_ int full)", "void bhk_pre_end(pTHX_ OP
               **o)", "void bhk_post_end(pTHX_ OP **o)", "void bhk_eval(pTHX_
               OP *const o)"

       Examining internal data structures with the "dump" functions
       How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported
           Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
           So what happened to dTHR?
           How do I use all this in extensions?
           Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple threads?
           Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
       Internal Functions
           A, p, d, s, n, r, f, M, o, x, m, X, E, b, others

           Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
           Formatted Printing of Size_t and SSize_t
           Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
           Exception Handling
           Source Documentation
           Backwards compatibility
       Unicode Support
           What is Unicode, anyway?
           How can I recognise a UTF-8 string?
           How does UTF-8 represent Unicode characters?
           How does Perl store UTF-8 strings?
           How do I convert a string to UTF-8?
           How do I compare strings?
           Is there anything else I need to know?
       Custom Operators
           xop_name, xop_desc, xop_class, OA_BASEOP, OA_UNOP, OA_BINOP,
           OA_LOGOP, OA_LISTOP, OA_PMOP, OA_SVOP, OA_PADOP, OA_PVOP_OR_SVOP,
           OA_LOOP, OA_COP, xop_peep

       Dynamic Scope and the Context Stack
           Introduction to the context stack
           Pushing contexts
           Popping contexts
           Redoing contexts
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perlcall(1) - Perl calling conventions from C
       DESCRIPTION
           An Error Handler, An Event-Driven Program

       THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS
           call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv

       FLAG VALUES
           G_VOID
           G_SCALAR
           G_ARRAY
           G_DISCARD
           G_NOARGS
           G_EVAL
           G_KEEPERR
           Determining the Context
       EXAMPLES
           No Parameters, Nothing Returned
           Passing Parameters
           Returning a Scalar
           Returning a List of Values
           Returning a List in Scalar Context
           Returning Data from Perl via the Parameter List
           Using G_EVAL
           Using G_KEEPERR
           Using call_sv
           Using call_argv
           Using call_method
           Using GIMME_V
           Using Perl to Dispose of Temporaries
           Strategies for Storing Callback Context Information
               1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2. Create a
               sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit, 3. Use a parameter to
               map to the Perl callback

           Alternate Stack Manipulation
           Creating and Calling an Anonymous Subroutine in C
       LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       DATE

   perlmroapi(1) - Perl method resolution plugin interface
       DESCRIPTION
           resolve, name, length, kflags, hash

       Callbacks
       Caching
       Examples
       AUTHORS

   perlreapi(1) - perl regular expression plugin interface
       DESCRIPTION
       Callbacks
           comp
               "/m" - RXf_PMf_MULTILINE, "/s" - RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE, "/i" -
               RXf_PMf_FOLD, "/x" - RXf_PMf_EXTENDED, "/p" - RXf_PMf_KEEPCOPY,
               Character set, RXf_SPLIT, RXf_SKIPWHITE, RXf_START_ONLY,
               RXf_WHITE, RXf_NULL, RXf_NO_INPLACE_SUBST

           exec
               rx, sv, strbeg, strend, stringarg, minend, data, flags

           intuit
           checkstr
           free
           Numbered capture callbacks
           Named capture callbacks
           qr_package
           dupe
           op_comp
       The REGEXP structure
           "engine"
           "mother_re"
           "extflags"
           "minlen" "minlenret"
           "gofs"
           "substrs"
           "nparens", "lastparen", and "lastcloseparen"
           "intflags"
           "pprivate"
           "swap"
           "offs"
           "precomp" "prelen"
           "paren_names"
           "substrs"
           "subbeg" "sublen" "saved_copy" "suboffset" "subcoffset"
           "wrapped" "wraplen"
           "seen_evals"
           "refcnt"
       HISTORY
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   perlreguts(1) - Description of the Perl regular expression engine.
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
           A quick note on terms
           What is a regular expression engine?
           Structure of a Regexp Program
               "regnode_1", "regnode_2", "regnode_string",
               "regnode_charclass", "regnode_charclass_posixl"

       Process Overview
           A. Compilation, 1. Parsing for size, 2. Parsing for construction,
           3.  Peep-hole optimisation and analysis, B. Execution, 4. Start
           position and no-match optimisations, 5. Program execution

           Compilation
               anchored fixed strings, floating fixed strings, minimum and
               maximum length requirements, start class, Beginning/End of line
               positions

           Execution
       MISCELLANEOUS
           Unicode and Localisation Support
           Base Structures
               "offsets", "regstclass", "data", "program"

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENCE
       REFERENCES

   perlapi(1) - autogenerated documentation for the perl public API
       DESCRIPTION
       Array Manipulation Functions
           av_clear , av_create_and_push , av_create_and_unshift_one ,
           av_delete , av_exists , av_extend , av_fetch , AvFILL , av_fill ,
           av_len , av_make , av_pop , av_push , av_shift , av_store ,
           av_tindex , av_top_index , av_undef , av_unshift , get_av , newAV ,
           sortsv , sortsv_flags

       Callback Functions
           call_argv , call_method , call_pv , call_sv , ENTER ,
           ENTER_with_name(name) , eval_pv , eval_sv , FREETMPS , LEAVE ,
           LEAVE_with_name(name) , SAVETMPS

       Character case changing
           toFOLD , toFOLD_utf8 , toFOLD_utf8_safe , toFOLD_uvchr , toLOWER ,
           toLOWER_L1 , toLOWER_LC , toLOWER_utf8 , toLOWER_utf8_safe ,
           toLOWER_uvchr , toTITLE , toTITLE_utf8 , toTITLE_utf8_safe ,
           toTITLE_uvchr , toUPPER , toUPPER_utf8 , toUPPER_utf8_safe ,
           toUPPER_uvchr

       Character classification
           isALPHA , isALPHANUMERIC , isASCII , isBLANK , isCNTRL , isDIGIT ,
           isGRAPH , isIDCONT , isIDFIRST , isLOWER , isOCTAL , isPRINT ,
           isPSXSPC , isPUNCT , isSPACE , isUPPER , isWORDCHAR , isXDIGIT

       Cloning an interpreter
           perl_clone

       Compile-time scope hooks
           BhkDISABLE , BhkENABLE , BhkENTRY_set , blockhook_register

       COP Hint Hashes
           cophh_2hv , cophh_copy , cophh_delete_pv , cophh_delete_pvn ,
           cophh_delete_pvs , cophh_delete_sv , cophh_fetch_pv ,
           cophh_fetch_pvn , cophh_fetch_pvs , cophh_fetch_sv , cophh_free ,
           cophh_new_empty , cophh_store_pv , cophh_store_pvn ,
           cophh_store_pvs , cophh_store_sv

       COP Hint Reading
           cop_hints_2hv , cop_hints_fetch_pv , cop_hints_fetch_pvn ,
           cop_hints_fetch_pvs , cop_hints_fetch_sv

       Custom Operators
           custom_op_register , custom_op_xop , XopDISABLE , XopENABLE ,
           XopENTRY , XopENTRYCUSTOM , XopENTRY_set , XopFLAGS

       CV Manipulation Functions
           caller_cx , CvSTASH , find_runcv , get_cv , get_cvn_flags

       "xsubpp" variables and internal functions
           ax , CLASS , dAX , dAXMARK , dITEMS , dUNDERBAR , dXSARGS , dXSI32
           , items , ix , RETVAL , ST , THIS , UNDERBAR , XS , XS_EXTERNAL ,
           XS_INTERNAL

       Debugging Utilities
           dump_all , dump_packsubs , op_class , op_dump , sv_dump

       Display and Dump functions
           pv_display , pv_escape , pv_pretty

       Embedding Functions
           cv_clone , cv_name , cv_undef , find_rundefsv , find_rundefsvoffset
           , intro_my , load_module , newPADNAMELIST , newPADNAMEouter ,
           newPADNAMEpvn , nothreadhook , pad_add_anon , pad_add_name_pv ,
           pad_add_name_pvn , pad_add_name_sv , pad_alloc , pad_findmy_pv ,
           pad_findmy_pvn , pad_findmy_sv , padnamelist_fetch ,
           padnamelist_store , pad_setsv , pad_sv , pad_tidy , perl_alloc ,
           perl_construct , perl_destruct , perl_free , perl_parse , perl_run
           , require_pv

       Exception Handling (simple) Macros
           dXCPT , XCPT_CATCH , XCPT_RETHROW , XCPT_TRY_END , XCPT_TRY_START

       Functions in file scope.c
           save_gp

       Functions in file vutil.c
           new_version , prescan_version , scan_version , upg_version , vcmp ,
           vnormal , vnumify , vstringify , vverify , The SV is an HV or a
           reference to an HV, The hash contains a "version" key, The
           "version" key has a reference to an AV as its value

       "Gimme" Values
           G_ARRAY , G_DISCARD , G_EVAL , GIMME , GIMME_V , G_NOARGS ,
           G_SCALAR , G_VOID

       Global Variables
           PL_check , PL_keyword_plugin

       GV Functions
           GvAV , gv_const_sv , GvCV , gv_fetchmeth , gv_fetchmethod_autoload
           , gv_fetchmeth_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_pv , gv_fetchmeth_pvn ,
           gv_fetchmeth_pvn_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_pv_autoload ,
           gv_fetchmeth_sv , gv_fetchmeth_sv_autoload , GvHV , gv_init ,
           gv_init_pv , gv_init_pvn , gv_init_sv , gv_stashpv , gv_stashpvn ,
           gv_stashpvs , gv_stashsv , GvSV , setdefout

       Handy Values
           Nullav , Nullch , Nullcv , Nullhv , Nullsv

       Hash Manipulation Functions
           cop_fetch_label , cop_store_label , get_hv , HEf_SVKEY , HeHASH ,
           HeKEY , HeKLEN , HePV , HeSVKEY , HeSVKEY_force , HeSVKEY_set ,
           HeUTF8 , HeVAL , hv_assert , hv_bucket_ratio , hv_clear ,
           hv_clear_placeholders , hv_copy_hints_hv , hv_delete ,
           hv_delete_ent , HvENAME , HvENAMELEN , HvENAMEUTF8 , hv_exists ,
           hv_exists_ent , hv_fetch , hv_fetchs , hv_fetch_ent , hv_fill ,
           hv_iterinit , hv_iterkey , hv_iterkeysv , hv_iternext ,
           hv_iternextsv , hv_iternext_flags , hv_iterval , hv_magic , HvNAME
           , HvNAMELEN , HvNAMEUTF8 , hv_scalar , hv_store , hv_stores ,
           hv_store_ent , hv_undef , newHV

       Hook manipulation
           wrap_op_checker

       Lexer interface
           lex_bufutf8 , lex_discard_to , lex_grow_linestr , lex_next_chunk ,
           lex_peek_unichar , lex_read_space , lex_read_to , lex_read_unichar
           , lex_start , lex_stuff_pv , lex_stuff_pvn , lex_stuff_pvs ,
           lex_stuff_sv , lex_unstuff , parse_arithexpr , parse_barestmt ,
           parse_block , parse_fullexpr , parse_fullstmt , parse_label ,
           parse_listexpr , parse_stmtseq , parse_termexpr , PL_parser ,
           PL_parser->bufend , PL_parser->bufptr , PL_parser->linestart ,
           PL_parser->linestr

       Locale-related functions and macros
           DECLARATION_FOR_LC_NUMERIC_MANIPULATION , RESTORE_LC_NUMERIC ,
           STORE_LC_NUMERIC_FORCE_TO_UNDERLYING ,
           STORE_LC_NUMERIC_SET_TO_NEEDED , sync_locale

       Magical Functions
           mg_clear , mg_copy , mg_find , mg_findext , mg_free , mg_free_type
           , mg_get , mg_length , mg_magical , mg_set , SvGETMAGIC , SvLOCK ,
           SvSETMAGIC , SvSetMagicSV , SvSetMagicSV_nosteal , SvSetSV ,
           SvSetSV_nosteal , SvSHARE , SvUNLOCK

       Memory Management
           Copy , CopyD , Move , MoveD , Newx , Newxc , Newxz , Poison ,
           PoisonFree , PoisonNew , PoisonWith , Renew , Renewc , Safefree ,
           savepv , savepvn , savepvs , savesharedpv , savesharedpvn ,
           savesharedpvs , savesharedsvpv , savesvpv , StructCopy , Zero ,
           ZeroD

       Miscellaneous Functions
           dump_c_backtrace , fbm_compile , fbm_instr , foldEQ , foldEQ_locale
           , form , getcwd_sv , get_c_backtrace_dump , ibcmp , ibcmp_locale ,
           is_safe_syscall , memEQ , memNE , mess , mess_sv , my_snprintf ,
           my_sprintf , my_strlcat , my_strlcpy , my_vsnprintf , ninstr ,
           PERL_SYS_INIT , PERL_SYS_INIT3 , PERL_SYS_TERM ,
           quadmath_format_needed , quadmath_format_single , READ_XDIGIT ,
           rninstr , strEQ , strGE , strGT , strLE , strLT , strNE , strnEQ ,
           strnNE , sv_destroyable , sv_nosharing , vmess

       MRO Functions
           mro_get_linear_isa , mro_method_changed_in , mro_register

       Multicall Functions
           dMULTICALL , MULTICALL , POP_MULTICALL , PUSH_MULTICALL

       Numeric functions
           grok_bin , grok_hex , grok_infnan , grok_number , grok_number_flags
           , grok_numeric_radix , grok_oct , isinfnan , Perl_signbit ,
           scan_bin , scan_hex , scan_oct

       Obsolete backwards compatibility functions
           custom_op_desc , custom_op_name , gv_fetchmethod , is_utf8_char ,
           is_utf8_char_buf , pack_cat , pad_compname_type , sv_2pvbyte_nolen
           , sv_2pvutf8_nolen , sv_2pv_nolen , sv_catpvn_mg , sv_catsv_mg ,
           sv_force_normal , sv_iv , sv_nolocking , sv_nounlocking , sv_nv ,
           sv_pv , sv_pvbyte , sv_pvbyten , sv_pvn , sv_pvutf8 , sv_pvutf8n ,
           sv_taint , sv_unref , sv_usepvn , sv_usepvn_mg , sv_uv , unpack_str
           , utf8_to_uvchr , utf8_to_uvuni

       Optree construction
           newASSIGNOP , newBINOP , newCONDOP , newDEFSVOP , newFOROP ,
           newGIVENOP , newGVOP , newLISTOP , newLOGOP , newLOOPEX , newLOOPOP
           , newMETHOP , newMETHOP_named , newNULLLIST , newOP , newPADOP ,
           newPMOP , newPVOP , newRANGE , newSLICEOP , newSTATEOP , newSVOP ,
           newUNOP , newUNOP_AUX , newWHENOP , newWHILEOP

       Optree Manipulation Functions
           alloccopstash , block_end , block_start , ck_entersub_args_list ,
           ck_entersub_args_proto , ck_entersub_args_proto_or_list ,
           cv_const_sv , cv_get_call_checker , cv_set_call_checker ,
           cv_set_call_checker_flags , LINKLIST , newCONSTSUB ,
           newCONSTSUB_flags , newXS , op_append_elem , op_append_list ,
           OP_CLASS , op_contextualize , op_convert_list , OP_DESC , op_free ,
           OpHAS_SIBLING , OpLASTSIB_set , op_linklist , op_lvalue ,
           OpMAYBESIB_set , OpMORESIB_set , OP_NAME , op_null , op_parent ,
           op_prepend_elem , op_scope , OpSIBLING , op_sibling_splice ,
           OP_TYPE_IS , OP_TYPE_IS_OR_WAS , rv2cv_op_cv

       Pack and Unpack
           packlist , unpackstring

       Pad Data Structures
           CvPADLIST , pad_add_name_pvs , PadARRAY , pad_findmy_pvs ,
           PadlistARRAY , PadlistMAX , PadlistNAMES , PadlistNAMESARRAY ,
           PadlistNAMESMAX , PadlistREFCNT , PadMAX , PadnameLEN ,
           PadnamelistARRAY , PadnamelistMAX , PadnamelistREFCNT ,
           PadnamelistREFCNT_dec , PadnamePV , PadnameREFCNT ,
           PadnameREFCNT_dec , PadnameSV , PadnameUTF8 , pad_new , PL_comppad
           , PL_comppad_name , PL_curpad

       Per-Interpreter Variables
           PL_modglobal , PL_na , PL_opfreehook , PL_peepp , PL_rpeepp ,
           PL_sv_no , PL_sv_undef , PL_sv_yes

       REGEXP Functions
           SvRX , SvRXOK

       Stack Manipulation Macros
           dMARK , dORIGMARK , dSP , EXTEND , MARK , mPUSHi , mPUSHn , mPUSHp
           , mPUSHs , mPUSHu , mXPUSHi , mXPUSHn , mXPUSHp , mXPUSHs , mXPUSHu
           , ORIGMARK , POPi , POPl , POPn , POPp , POPpbytex , POPpx , POPs ,
           POPu , POPul , PUSHi , PUSHMARK , PUSHmortal , PUSHn , PUSHp ,
           PUSHs , PUSHu , PUTBACK , SP , SPAGAIN , XPUSHi , XPUSHmortal ,
           XPUSHn , XPUSHp , XPUSHs , XPUSHu , XSRETURN , XSRETURN_EMPTY ,
           XSRETURN_IV , XSRETURN_NO , XSRETURN_NV , XSRETURN_PV ,
           XSRETURN_UNDEF , XSRETURN_UV , XSRETURN_YES , XST_mIV , XST_mNO ,
           XST_mNV , XST_mPV , XST_mUNDEF , XST_mYES

       SV-Body Allocation
           looks_like_number , newRV_noinc , newSV , newSVhek , newSViv ,
           newSVnv , newSVpv , newSVpvf , newSVpvn , newSVpvn_flags ,
           newSVpvn_share , newSVpvs , newSVpvs_flags , newSVpv_share ,
           newSVpvs_share , newSVrv , newSVsv , newSV_type , newSVuv ,
           sv_2bool , sv_2bool_flags , sv_2cv , sv_2io , sv_2iv_flags ,
           sv_2mortal , sv_2nv_flags , sv_2pvbyte , sv_2pvutf8 , sv_2pv_flags
           , sv_2uv_flags , sv_backoff , sv_bless , sv_catpv , sv_catpvf ,
           sv_catpvf_mg , sv_catpvn , sv_catpvn_flags , sv_catpvs ,
           sv_catpvs_flags , sv_catpvs_mg , sv_catpvs_nomg , sv_catpv_flags ,
           sv_catpv_mg , sv_catsv , sv_catsv_flags , sv_chop , sv_clear ,
           sv_cmp , sv_cmp_flags , sv_cmp_locale , sv_cmp_locale_flags ,
           sv_collxfrm , sv_collxfrm_flags , sv_copypv , sv_copypv_flags ,
           sv_copypv_nomg , sv_dec , sv_dec_nomg , sv_eq , sv_eq_flags ,
           sv_force_normal_flags , sv_free , sv_gets , sv_get_backrefs ,
           sv_grow , sv_inc , sv_inc_nomg , sv_insert , sv_insert_flags ,
           sv_isa , sv_isobject , sv_len , sv_len_utf8 , sv_magic ,
           sv_magicext , sv_mortalcopy , sv_newmortal , sv_newref , sv_pos_b2u
           , sv_pos_b2u_flags , sv_pos_u2b , sv_pos_u2b_flags ,
           sv_pvbyten_force , sv_pvn_force , sv_pvn_force_flags ,
           sv_pvutf8n_force , sv_ref , sv_reftype , sv_replace , sv_reset ,
           sv_rvweaken , sv_setiv , sv_setiv_mg , sv_setnv , sv_setnv_mg ,
           sv_setpv , sv_setpvf , sv_setpvf_mg , sv_setpviv , sv_setpviv_mg ,
           sv_setpvn , sv_setpvn_mg , sv_setpvs , sv_setpvs_mg ,
           sv_setpv_bufsize , sv_setpv_mg , sv_setref_iv , sv_setref_nv ,
           sv_setref_pv , sv_setref_pvn , sv_setref_pvs , sv_setref_uv ,
           sv_setsv , sv_setsv_flags , sv_setsv_mg , sv_setuv , sv_setuv_mg ,
           sv_set_undef , sv_tainted , sv_true , sv_unmagic , sv_unmagicext ,
           sv_unref_flags , sv_untaint , sv_upgrade , sv_usepvn_flags ,
           sv_utf8_decode , sv_utf8_downgrade , sv_utf8_encode ,
           sv_utf8_upgrade , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags ,
           sv_utf8_upgrade_flags_grow , sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg , sv_vcatpvf ,
           sv_vcatpvfn , sv_vcatpvfn_flags , sv_vcatpvf_mg , sv_vsetpvf ,
           sv_vsetpvfn , sv_vsetpvf_mg

       SV Flags
           SVt_INVLIST , SVt_IV , SVt_NULL , SVt_NV , SVt_PV , SVt_PVAV ,
           SVt_PVCV , SVt_PVFM , SVt_PVGV , SVt_PVHV , SVt_PVIO , SVt_PVIV ,
           SVt_PVLV , SVt_PVMG , SVt_PVNV , SVt_REGEXP , svtype

       SV Manipulation Functions
           boolSV , croak_xs_usage , get_sv , newRV_inc , newSVpadname ,
           newSVpvn_utf8 , sv_catpvn_nomg , sv_catpv_nomg , sv_catsv_nomg ,
           SvCUR , SvCUR_set , sv_derived_from , sv_derived_from_pv ,
           sv_derived_from_pvn , sv_derived_from_sv , sv_does , sv_does_pv ,
           sv_does_pvn , sv_does_sv , SvEND , SvGAMAGIC , SvGROW , SvIOK ,
           SvIOK_notUV , SvIOK_off , SvIOK_on , SvIOK_only , SvIOK_only_UV ,
           SvIOKp , SvIOK_UV , SvIsCOW , SvIsCOW_shared_hash , SvIV ,
           SvIV_nomg , SvIV_set , SvIVX , SvIVx , SvLEN , SvLEN_set ,
           SvMAGIC_set , SvNIOK , SvNIOK_off , SvNIOKp , SvNOK , SvNOK_off ,
           SvNOK_on , SvNOK_only , SvNOKp , SvNV , SvNV_nomg , SvNV_set ,
           SvNVX , SvNVx , SvOK , SvOOK , SvOOK_offset , SvPOK , SvPOK_off ,
           SvPOK_on , SvPOK_only , SvPOK_only_UTF8 , SvPOKp , SvPV , SvPVbyte
           , SvPVbyte_force , SvPVbyte_nolen , SvPVbytex , SvPVbytex_force ,
           SvPVCLEAR , SvPV_force , SvPV_force_nomg , SvPV_nolen , SvPV_nomg ,
           SvPV_nomg_nolen , SvPV_set , SvPVutf8 , SvPVutf8x , SvPVutf8x_force
           , SvPVutf8_force , SvPVutf8_nolen , SvPVX , SvPVx , SvREADONLY ,
           SvREADONLY_off , SvREADONLY_on , SvREFCNT , SvREFCNT_dec ,
           SvREFCNT_dec_NN , SvREFCNT_inc , SvREFCNT_inc_NN ,
           SvREFCNT_inc_simple , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN ,
           SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN ,
           SvREFCNT_inc_void , SvREFCNT_inc_void_NN , sv_report_used , SvROK ,
           SvROK_off , SvROK_on , SvRV , SvRV_set , sv_setsv_nomg , SvSTASH ,
           SvSTASH_set , SvTAINT , SvTAINTED , SvTAINTED_off , SvTAINTED_on ,
           SvTRUE , SvTRUE_nomg , SvTYPE , SvUOK , SvUPGRADE , SvUTF8 ,
           sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg , SvUTF8_off , SvUTF8_on , SvUV , SvUV_nomg ,
           SvUV_set , SvUVX , SvUVx , SvVOK

       Unicode Support
           BOM_UTF8 , bytes_cmp_utf8 , bytes_from_utf8 , bytes_to_utf8 ,
           DO_UTF8 , foldEQ_utf8 , is_ascii_string , is_c9strict_utf8_string ,
           is_c9strict_utf8_string_loc , is_c9strict_utf8_string_loclen ,
           isC9_STRICT_UTF8_CHAR , is_invariant_string , isSTRICT_UTF8_CHAR ,
           is_strict_utf8_string , is_strict_utf8_string_loc ,
           is_strict_utf8_string_loclen , is_utf8_fixed_width_buf_flags ,
           is_utf8_fixed_width_buf_loclen_flags ,
           is_utf8_fixed_width_buf_loc_flags , is_utf8_invariant_string ,
           is_utf8_string , is_utf8_string_flags , is_utf8_string_loc ,
           is_utf8_string_loclen , is_utf8_string_loclen_flags ,
           is_utf8_string_loc_flags , is_utf8_valid_partial_char ,
           is_utf8_valid_partial_char_flags , isUTF8_CHAR , isUTF8_CHAR_flags
           , pv_uni_display , REPLACEMENT_CHARACTER_UTF8 , sv_cat_decode ,
           sv_recode_to_utf8 , sv_uni_display , to_utf8_case , to_utf8_fold ,
           to_utf8_lower , to_utf8_title , to_utf8_upper , utf8n_to_uvchr ,
           utf8n_to_uvchr_error , "UTF8_GOT_ABOVE_31_BIT",
           "UTF8_GOT_CONTINUATION", "UTF8_GOT_EMPTY", "UTF8_GOT_LONG",
           "UTF8_GOT_NONCHAR", "UTF8_GOT_NON_CONTINUATION",
           "UTF8_GOT_OVERFLOW", "UTF8_GOT_SHORT", "UTF8_GOT_SUPER",
           "UTF8_GOT_SURROGATE", utf8n_to_uvuni , UTF8SKIP , utf8_distance ,
           utf8_hop , utf8_hop_back , utf8_hop_forward , utf8_hop_safe ,
           UTF8_IS_INVARIANT , UTF8_IS_NONCHAR , UTF8_IS_SUPER ,
           UTF8_IS_SURROGATE , utf8_length , utf8_to_bytes , utf8_to_uvchr_buf
           , utf8_to_uvuni_buf , UVCHR_IS_INVARIANT , UVCHR_SKIP ,
           uvchr_to_utf8 , uvchr_to_utf8_flags , uvoffuni_to_utf8_flags ,
           uvuni_to_utf8_flags , valid_utf8_to_uvchr

       Variables created by "xsubpp" and "xsubpp" internal functions
           newXSproto , XS_APIVERSION_BOOTCHECK , XS_VERSION ,
           XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK

       Warning and Dieing
           ckWARN , ckWARN2 , ckWARN3 , ckWARN4 , ckWARN_d , ckWARN2_d ,
           ckWARN3_d , ckWARN4_d , croak , croak_no_modify , croak_sv , die ,
           die_sv , vcroak , vwarn , warn , warn_sv

       Undocumented functions
           GetVars , Gv_AMupdate , PerlIO_clearerr , PerlIO_close ,
           PerlIO_context_layers , PerlIO_eof , PerlIO_error , PerlIO_fileno ,
           PerlIO_fill , PerlIO_flush , PerlIO_get_base , PerlIO_get_bufsiz ,
           PerlIO_get_cnt , PerlIO_get_ptr , PerlIO_read , PerlIO_seek ,
           PerlIO_set_cnt , PerlIO_set_ptrcnt , PerlIO_setlinebuf ,
           PerlIO_stderr , PerlIO_stdin , PerlIO_stdout , PerlIO_tell ,
           PerlIO_unread , PerlIO_write , amagic_call , amagic_deref_call ,
           any_dup , atfork_lock , atfork_unlock , av_arylen_p , av_iter_p ,
           block_gimme , call_atexit , call_list , calloc , cast_i32 , cast_iv
           , cast_ulong , cast_uv , ck_warner , ck_warner_d , ckwarn ,
           ckwarn_d , clear_defarray , clone_params_del , clone_params_new ,
           croak_memory_wrap , croak_nocontext , csighandler , cx_dump ,
           cx_dup , cxinc , deb , deb_nocontext , debop , debprofdump ,
           debstack , debstackptrs , delimcpy , despatch_signals ,
           die_nocontext , dirp_dup , do_aspawn , do_binmode , do_close ,
           do_gv_dump , do_gvgv_dump , do_hv_dump , do_join , do_magic_dump ,
           do_op_dump , do_open , do_open9 , do_openn , do_pmop_dump ,
           do_spawn , do_spawn_nowait , do_sprintf , do_sv_dump , doing_taint
           , doref , dounwind , dowantarray , dump_eval , dump_form ,
           dump_indent , dump_mstats , dump_sub , dump_vindent , filter_add ,
           filter_del , filter_read , foldEQ_latin1 , form_nocontext , fp_dup
           , fprintf_nocontext , free_global_struct , free_tmps , get_context
           , get_mstats , get_op_descs , get_op_names , get_ppaddr , get_vtbl
           , gp_dup , gp_free , gp_ref , gv_AVadd , gv_HVadd , gv_IOadd ,
           gv_SVadd , gv_add_by_type , gv_autoload4 , gv_autoload_pv ,
           gv_autoload_pvn , gv_autoload_sv , gv_check , gv_dump ,
           gv_efullname , gv_efullname3 , gv_efullname4 , gv_fetchfile ,
           gv_fetchfile_flags , gv_fetchpv , gv_fetchpvn_flags , gv_fetchsv ,
           gv_fullname , gv_fullname3 , gv_fullname4 , gv_handler ,
           gv_name_set , he_dup , hek_dup , hv_common , hv_common_key_len ,
           hv_delayfree_ent , hv_eiter_p , hv_eiter_set , hv_free_ent ,
           hv_ksplit , hv_name_set , hv_placeholders_get , hv_placeholders_set
           , hv_rand_set , hv_riter_p , hv_riter_set , ibcmp_utf8 ,
           init_global_struct , init_stacks , init_tm , instr , is_lvalue_sub
           , leave_scope , load_module_nocontext , magic_dump , malloc ,
           markstack_grow , mess_nocontext , mfree , mg_dup , mg_size ,
           mini_mktime , moreswitches , mro_get_from_name ,
           mro_get_private_data , mro_set_mro , mro_set_private_data , my_atof
           , my_atof2 , my_bcopy , my_bzero , my_chsize , my_cxt_index ,
           my_cxt_init , my_dirfd , my_exit , my_failure_exit , my_fflush_all
           , my_fork , my_lstat , my_memcmp , my_memset , my_pclose , my_popen
           , my_popen_list , my_setenv , my_socketpair , my_stat , my_strftime
           , newANONATTRSUB , newANONHASH , newANONLIST , newANONSUB ,
           newATTRSUB , newAVREF , newCVREF , newFORM , newGVREF , newGVgen ,
           newGVgen_flags , newHVREF , newHVhv , newIO , newMYSUB , newPROG ,
           newRV , newSUB , newSVREF , newSVpvf_nocontext , new_stackinfo ,
           op_refcnt_lock , op_refcnt_unlock , parser_dup , perl_alloc_using ,
           perl_clone_using , pmop_dump , pop_scope , pregcomp , pregexec ,
           pregfree , pregfree2 , printf_nocontext , ptr_table_fetch ,
           ptr_table_free , ptr_table_new , ptr_table_split , ptr_table_store
           , push_scope , re_compile , re_dup_guts , re_intuit_start ,
           re_intuit_string , realloc , reentrant_free , reentrant_init ,
           reentrant_retry , reentrant_size , ref , reg_named_buff_all ,
           reg_named_buff_exists , reg_named_buff_fetch ,
           reg_named_buff_firstkey , reg_named_buff_nextkey ,
           reg_named_buff_scalar , regdump , regdupe_internal , regexec_flags
           , regfree_internal , reginitcolors , regnext , repeatcpy , rsignal
           , rsignal_state , runops_debug , runops_standard , rvpv_dup ,
           safesyscalloc , safesysfree , safesysmalloc , safesysrealloc ,
           save_I16 , save_I32 , save_I8 , save_adelete , save_aelem ,
           save_aelem_flags , save_alloc , save_aptr , save_ary , save_bool ,
           save_clearsv , save_delete , save_destructor , save_destructor_x ,
           save_freeop , save_freepv , save_freesv , save_generic_pvref ,
           save_generic_svref , save_hash , save_hdelete , save_helem ,
           save_helem_flags , save_hints , save_hptr , save_int , save_item ,
           save_iv , save_list , save_long , save_mortalizesv , save_nogv ,
           save_op , save_padsv_and_mortalize , save_pptr , save_pushi32ptr ,
           save_pushptr , save_pushptrptr , save_re_context , save_scalar ,
           save_set_svflags , save_shared_pvref , save_sptr , save_svref ,
           save_vptr , savestack_grow , savestack_grow_cnt , scan_num ,
           scan_vstring , seed , set_context , set_numeric_local ,
           set_numeric_radix , set_numeric_standard , share_hek , si_dup ,
           ss_dup , stack_grow , start_subparse , str_to_version , sv_2iv ,
           sv_2pv , sv_2uv , sv_catpvf_mg_nocontext , sv_catpvf_nocontext ,
           sv_dup , sv_dup_inc , sv_peek , sv_pvn_nomg ,
           sv_setpvf_mg_nocontext , sv_setpvf_nocontext , sys_init , sys_init3
           , sys_intern_clear , sys_intern_dup , sys_intern_init , sys_term ,
           taint_env , taint_proper , unlnk , unsharepvn , utf16_to_utf8 ,
           utf16_to_utf8_reversed , uvuni_to_utf8 , vdeb , vform ,
           vload_module , vnewSVpvf , vwarner , warn_nocontext , warner ,
           warner_nocontext , whichsig , whichsig_pv , whichsig_pvn ,
           whichsig_sv

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perlintern(1) - autogenerated documentation of purely internal Perl functions
       DESCRIPTION
       Compile-time scope hooks
           BhkENTRY , BhkFLAGS , CALL_BLOCK_HOOKS

       Custom Operators
           core_prototype

       CV Manipulation Functions
           docatch

       CV reference counts and CvOUTSIDE
           CvWEAKOUTSIDE

       Embedding Functions
           cv_dump , cv_forget_slab , do_dump_pad , pad_alloc_name ,
           pad_block_start , pad_check_dup , pad_findlex ,
           pad_fixup_inner_anons , pad_free , pad_leavemy , padlist_dup ,
           padname_dup , padnamelist_dup , pad_push , pad_reset , pad_swipe

       GV Functions
           gv_try_downgrade

       Hash Manipulation Functions
           hv_ename_add , hv_ename_delete , refcounted_he_chain_2hv ,
           refcounted_he_fetch_pv , refcounted_he_fetch_pvn ,
           refcounted_he_fetch_pvs , refcounted_he_fetch_sv ,
           refcounted_he_free , refcounted_he_inc , refcounted_he_new_pv ,
           refcounted_he_new_pvn , refcounted_he_new_pvs ,
           refcounted_he_new_sv

       IO Functions
           start_glob

       Lexer interface
           validate_proto

       Magical Functions
           magic_clearhint , magic_clearhints , magic_methcall , magic_sethint
           , mg_localize

       Miscellaneous Functions
           free_c_backtrace , get_c_backtrace

       MRO Functions
           mro_get_linear_isa_dfs , mro_isa_changed_in , mro_package_moved

       Optree Manipulation Functions
           finalize_optree

       Pad Data Structures
           CX_CURPAD_SAVE , CX_CURPAD_SV , PAD_BASE_SV , PAD_CLONE_VARS ,
           PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set ,
           PAD_COMPNAME_OURSTASH , PAD_COMPNAME_PV , PAD_COMPNAME_TYPE ,
           PadnameIsOUR , PadnameIsSTATE , PadnameOURSTASH , PadnameOUTER ,
           PadnameTYPE , PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_LOCAL ,
           PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD , PAD_SETSV , PAD_SET_CUR , PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE
           , PAD_SV , PAD_SVl , SAVECLEARSV , SAVECOMPPAD , SAVEPADSV

       Per-Interpreter Variables
           PL_DBsingle , PL_DBsub , PL_DBtrace , PL_dowarn , PL_last_in_gv ,
           PL_ofsgv , PL_rs

       Stack Manipulation Macros
           djSP , LVRET

       SV-Body Allocation
           sv_2num

       SV Manipulation Functions
           sv_add_arena , sv_clean_all , sv_clean_objs , sv_free_arenas ,
           SvTHINKFIRST

       Unicode Support
           find_uninit_var , report_uninit

       Undocumented functions
           PerlIO_restore_errno , PerlIO_save_errno , Slab_Alloc , Slab_Free ,
           Slab_to_ro , Slab_to_rw , _add_range_to_invlist , _byte_dump_string
           , _core_swash_init , _get_regclass_nonbitmap_data ,
           _get_swash_invlist , _invlistEQ , _invlist_array_init ,
           _invlist_contains_cp , _invlist_dump , _invlist_intersection ,
           _invlist_intersection_maybe_complement_2nd , _invlist_invert ,
           _invlist_len , _invlist_populate_swatch , _invlist_search ,
           _invlist_subtract , _invlist_union ,
           _invlist_union_maybe_complement_2nd , _is_grapheme ,
           _load_PL_utf8_foldclosures , _mem_collxfrm , _new_invlist ,
           _new_invlist_C_array , _setup_canned_invlist ,
           _swash_inversion_hash , _swash_to_invlist , _to_fold_latin1 ,
           _to_upper_title_latin1 , _warn_problematic_locale , abort_execution
           , add_cp_to_invlist , alloc_LOGOP , alloc_maybe_populate_EXACT ,
           allocmy , amagic_is_enabled , append_utf8_from_native_byte , apply
           , av_extend_guts , av_reify , bind_match , boot_core_PerlIO ,
           boot_core_UNIVERSAL , boot_core_mro , cando , check_utf8_print ,
           ck_anoncode , ck_backtick , ck_bitop , ck_cmp , ck_concat ,
           ck_defined , ck_delete , ck_each , ck_entersub_args_core , ck_eof ,
           ck_eval , ck_exec , ck_exists , ck_ftst , ck_fun , ck_glob ,
           ck_grep , ck_index , ck_join , ck_length , ck_lfun , ck_listiob ,
           ck_match , ck_method , ck_null , ck_open , ck_prototype ,
           ck_readline , ck_refassign , ck_repeat , ck_require , ck_return ,
           ck_rfun , ck_rvconst , ck_sassign , ck_select , ck_shift ,
           ck_smartmatch , ck_sort , ck_spair , ck_split , ck_stringify ,
           ck_subr , ck_substr , ck_svconst , ck_tell , ck_trunc , closest_cop
           , compute_EXACTish , coresub_op , create_eval_scope , croak_caller
           , croak_no_mem , croak_popstack , current_re_engine ,
           custom_op_get_field , cv_ckproto_len_flags , cv_clone_into ,
           cv_const_sv_or_av , cv_undef_flags , cvgv_from_hek , cvgv_set ,
           cvstash_set , deb_stack_all , defelem_target , delete_eval_scope ,
           delimcpy_no_escape , die_unwind , do_aexec , do_aexec5 , do_eof ,
           do_exec , do_exec3 , do_execfree , do_ipcctl , do_ipcget ,
           do_msgrcv , do_msgsnd , do_ncmp , do_open6 , do_open_raw , do_print
           , do_readline , do_seek , do_semop , do_shmio , do_sysseek ,
           do_tell , do_trans , do_vecget , do_vecset , do_vop ,
           does_utf8_overflow , dofile , drand48_init_r , drand48_r ,
           dtrace_probe_call , dtrace_probe_load , dtrace_probe_op ,
           dtrace_probe_phase , dump_all_perl , dump_packsubs_perl ,
           dump_sub_perl , dump_sv_child , emulate_cop_io , feature_is_enabled
           , find_lexical_cv , find_runcv_where , find_script ,
           form_short_octal_warning , free_tied_hv_pool , get_db_sub ,
           get_debug_opts , get_hash_seed , get_invlist_iter_addr ,
           get_invlist_offset_addr , get_invlist_previous_index_addr ,
           get_no_modify , get_opargs , get_re_arg , getenv_len , grok_atoUV ,
           grok_bslash_c , grok_bslash_o , grok_bslash_x ,
           gv_fetchmeth_internal , gv_override , gv_setref ,
           gv_stashpvn_internal , gv_stashsvpvn_cached , handle_named_backref
           , hfree_next_entry , hv_backreferences_p , hv_kill_backrefs ,
           hv_placeholders_p , hv_undef_flags , init_argv_symbols ,
           init_constants , init_dbargs , init_debugger , invert ,
           invlist_array , invlist_clear , invlist_clone , invlist_highest ,
           invlist_is_iterating , invlist_iterfinish , invlist_iterinit ,
           invlist_max , invlist_previous_index , invlist_set_len ,
           invlist_set_previous_index , invlist_trim , io_close ,
           isFF_OVERLONG , isFOO_lc , is_utf8_common , is_utf8_common_with_len
           , is_utf8_cp_above_31_bits , is_utf8_overlong_given_start_byte_ok ,
           isinfnansv , jmaybe , keyword , keyword_plugin_standard , list ,
           localize , magic_clear_all_env , magic_cleararylen_p ,
           magic_clearenv , magic_clearisa , magic_clearpack , magic_clearsig
           , magic_copycallchecker , magic_existspack , magic_freearylen_p ,
           magic_freeovrld , magic_get , magic_getarylen , magic_getdebugvar ,
           magic_getdefelem , magic_getnkeys , magic_getpack , magic_getpos ,
           magic_getsig , magic_getsubstr , magic_gettaint , magic_getuvar ,
           magic_getvec , magic_killbackrefs , magic_nextpack ,
           magic_regdata_cnt , magic_regdatum_get , magic_regdatum_set ,
           magic_scalarpack , magic_set , magic_set_all_env , magic_setarylen
           , magic_setcollxfrm , magic_setdbline , magic_setdebugvar ,
           magic_setdefelem , magic_setenv , magic_setisa , magic_setlvref ,
           magic_setmglob , magic_setnkeys , magic_setpack , magic_setpos ,
           magic_setregexp , magic_setsig , magic_setsubstr , magic_settaint ,
           magic_setutf8 , magic_setuvar , magic_setvec , magic_sizepack ,
           magic_wipepack , malloc_good_size , malloced_size , mem_collxfrm ,
           mem_log_alloc , mem_log_free , mem_log_realloc , mg_find_mglob ,
           mode_from_discipline , more_bodies , mro_meta_dup , mro_meta_init ,
           multideref_stringify , my_attrs , my_clearenv , my_lstat_flags ,
           my_stat_flags , my_unexec , newATTRSUB_x , newGP ,
           newMETHOP_internal , newSTUB , newSVavdefelem , newXS_deffile ,
           newXS_len_flags , new_warnings_bitfield , nextargv , noperl_die ,
           notify_parser_that_changed_to_utf8 , oopsAV , oopsHV , op_clear ,
           op_integerize , op_lvalue_flags , op_refcnt_dec , op_refcnt_inc ,
           op_relocate_sv , op_std_init , op_unscope , opmethod_stash ,
           opslab_force_free , opslab_free , opslab_free_nopad , package ,
           package_version , pad_add_weakref , padlist_store , padname_free ,
           padnamelist_free , parse_unicode_opts , parser_free ,
           parser_free_nexttoke_ops , path_is_searchable , peep , pmruntime ,
           populate_isa , ptr_hash , qerror , re_exec_indentf , re_indentf ,
           re_op_compile , re_printf , reg_named_buff , reg_named_buff_iter ,
           reg_numbered_buff_fetch , reg_numbered_buff_length ,
           reg_numbered_buff_store , reg_qr_package , reg_skipcomment ,
           reg_temp_copy , regcurly , regprop , report_evil_fh ,
           report_redefined_cv , report_wrongway_fh , rpeep , rsignal_restore
           , rsignal_save , rxres_save , same_dirent , save_strlen , sawparens
           , scalar , scalarvoid , set_caret_X , set_padlist , should_warn_nl
           , sighandler , softref2xv , ssc_add_range , ssc_clear_locale ,
           ssc_cp_and , ssc_intersection , ssc_union , sub_crush_depth ,
           sv_add_backref , sv_buf_to_ro , sv_del_backref , sv_free2 ,
           sv_kill_backrefs , sv_len_utf8_nomg , sv_magicext_mglob ,
           sv_mortalcopy_flags , sv_only_taint_gmagic , sv_or_pv_pos_u2b ,
           sv_resetpvn , sv_sethek , sv_setsv_cow , sv_unglob , swash_fetch ,
           swash_init , tied_method , tmps_grow_p , translate_substr_offsets ,
           try_amagic_bin , try_amagic_un , unshare_hek , utilize , varname ,
           vivify_defelem , vivify_ref , wait4pid , was_lvalue_sub , watch ,
           win32_croak_not_implemented , write_to_stderr , xs_boot_epilog ,
           xs_handshake , yyerror , yyerror_pv , yyerror_pvn , yylex , yyparse
           , yyquit , yyunlex

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   perliol(1) - C API for Perl's implementation of IO in Layers.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           History and Background
           Basic Structure
           Layers vs Disciplines
           Data Structures
           Functions and Attributes
           Per-instance Data
           Layers in action.
           Per-instance flag bits
               PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE,  PERLIO_F_CANREAD,
               PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUNCATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND,
               PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF, PERLIO_F_WRBUF,
               PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF, PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN,
               PERLIO_F_FASTGETS

           Methods in Detail
               fsize, name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED, PERLIO_K_RAW,
               PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PERLIO_K_FASTGETS, PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, Pushed,
               Popped, Open, Binmode, Getarg, Fileno, Dup, Read, Write, Seek,
               Tell, Close, Flush, Fill, Eof, Error,    Clearerr, Setlinebuf,
               Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt, Set_ptrcnt

           Utilities
           Implementing PerlIO Layers
               C implementations, Perl implementations

           Core Layers
               "unix", "perlio", "stdio", "crlf", "mmap", "pending", "raw",
               "utf8"

           Extension Layers
               ":encoding", ":scalar", ":via"

       TODO

   perlapio(1) - perl's IO abstraction interface.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_PERLIO, PerlIO_stdin(), PerlIO_stdout(),
           PerlIO_stderr(), PerlIO_open(path, mode), PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode),
           PerlIO_reopen(path,mode,f), PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...),
           PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a), PerlIO_stdoutf(fmt,...),
           PerlIO_read(f,buf,count), PerlIO_write(f,buf,count),
           PerlIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s), PerlIO_putc(f,c),
           PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f), PerlIO_eof(f), PerlIO_error(f),
           PerlIO_fileno(f), PerlIO_clearerr(f), PerlIO_flush(f),
           PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence), PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p),
           PerlIO_setpos(f,p), PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(),
           PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)

           Co-existence with stdio
               PerlIO_importFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_exportFILE(f,mode),
               PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f), PerlIO_findFILE(f)

           "Fast gets" Functions
               PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f), PerlIO_get_cnt(f),
               PerlIO_get_ptr(f), PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c),
               PerlIO_canset_cnt(f), PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), PerlIO_has_base(f),
               PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)

           Other Functions
               PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers),
               PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), '<' read, '>' write, '+'
               read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)

   perlhack(1) - How to hack on Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPER QUICK PATCH GUIDE
           Check out the source repository, Ensure you're following the latest
           advice, Make your change, Test your change, Commit your change,
           Send your change to perlbug, Thank you, Next time

       BUG REPORTING
       PERL 5 PORTERS
           perl-changes mailing list
           #p5p on IRC
       GETTING THE PERL SOURCE
           Read access via Git
           Read access via the web
           Read access via rsync
           Write access via git
       PATCHING PERL
           Submitting patches
           Getting your patch accepted
               Why, What, How

           Patching a core module
           Updating perldelta
           What makes for a good patch?
       TESTING
           t/base, t/comp and t/opbasic, t/cmd, t/run, t/io and t/op,
           Everything else

           Special "make test" targets
               test_porting, minitest, test.valgrind check.valgrind,
               test_harness, test-notty test_notty

           Parallel tests
           Running tests by hand
           Using t/harness for testing
               -v, -torture, -re=PATTERN, -re LIST OF PATTERNS, PERL_CORE=1,
               PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL=2, PERL, PERL_SKIP_TTY_TEST,
               PERL_TEST_Net_Ping, PERL_TEST_NOVREXX, PERL_TEST_NUMCONVERTS,
               PERL_TEST_MEMORY

           Performance testing
       MORE READING FOR GUTS HACKERS
           perlsource, perlinterp, perlhacktut, perlhacktips, perlguts,
           perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi, Porting/pumpkin.pod

       CPAN TESTERS AND PERL SMOKERS
       WHAT NEXT?
           "The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began."
           Metaphoric Quotations
       AUTHOR

   perlsource(1) - A guide to the Perl source tree
       DESCRIPTION
       FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND
           C code
           Core modules
               lib/, ext/, dist/, cpan/

           Tests
               Module tests, t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/mro/, t/op/,
               t/opbasic/, t/re/, t/run/, t/uni/, t/win32/, t/porting/, t/lib/

           Documentation
           Hacking tools and documentation
               check*, Maintainers, Maintainers.pl, and Maintainers.pm,
               podtidy

           Build system
           AUTHORS
           MANIFEST

   perlinterp(1) - An overview of the Perl interpreter
       DESCRIPTION
       ELEMENTS OF THE INTERPRETER
           Startup
           Parsing
           Optimization
           Running
           Exception handing
           INTERNAL VARIABLE TYPES
       OP TREES
       STACKS
           Argument stack
           Mark stack
           Save stack
       MILLIONS OF MACROS
       FURTHER READING

   perlhacktut(1) - Walk through the creation of a simple C code patch
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE PATCH
           Writing the patch
           Testing the patch
           Documenting the patch
           Submit
       AUTHOR

   perlhacktips(1) - Tips for Perl core C code hacking
       DESCRIPTION
       COMMON PROBLEMS
           Perl environment problems
           Portability problems
           Problematic System Interfaces
           Security problems
       DEBUGGING
           Poking at Perl
           Using a source-level debugger
               run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx, step,
               next, continue, finish, 'enter', ptype, print

           gdb macro support
           Dumping Perl Data Structures
           Using gdb to look at specific parts of a program
           Using gdb to look at what the parser/lexer are doing
       SOURCE CODE STATIC ANALYSIS
           lint
           Coverity
           HP-UX cadvise (Code Advisor)
           cpd (cut-and-paste detector)
           gcc warnings
           Warnings of other C compilers
       MEMORY DEBUGGERS
           valgrind
           AddressSanitizer
               -Dcc=clang, -Accflags=-faddress-sanitizer,
               -Aldflags=-faddress-sanitizer, -Alddlflags=-shared\
               -faddress-sanitizer

       PROFILING
           Gprof Profiling
               -a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z

           GCC gcov Profiling
       MISCELLANEOUS TRICKS
           PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
           PERL_MEM_LOG
           DDD over gdb
           C backtrace
               Linux, OS X, get_c_backtrace, free_c_backtrace,
               get_c_backtrace_dump, dump_c_backtrace

           Poison
           Read-only optrees
           When is a bool not a bool?
           The .i Targets
       AUTHOR

   perlpolicy(1) - Various and sundry policies and commitments related to the
       Perl core
       DESCRIPTION
       GOVERNANCE
           Perl 5 Porters
       MAINTENANCE AND SUPPORT
       BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY AND DEPRECATION
           Terminology
               experimental, deprecated, discouraged, removed

       MAINTENANCE BRANCHES
           Getting changes into a maint branch
       CONTRIBUTED MODULES
           A Social Contract about Artistic Control
       DOCUMENTATION
       STANDARDS OF CONDUCT
       CREDITS

   perlgit(1) - Detailed information about git and the Perl repository
       DESCRIPTION
       CLONING THE REPOSITORY
       WORKING WITH THE REPOSITORY
           Finding out your status
           Patch workflow
           Committing your changes
           Sending patch emails
           A note on derived files
           Cleaning a working directory
           Bisecting
           Topic branches and rewriting history
           Grafts
       WRITE ACCESS TO THE GIT REPOSITORY
           Accepting a patch
           Committing to blead
           On merging and rebasing
           Committing to maintenance versions
           Merging from a branch via GitHub
           Using a smoke-me branch to test changes
           A note on camel and dromedary

   perlbook(1) - Books about and related to Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           The most popular books
               Programming Perl (the "Camel Book"):, The Perl Cookbook (the
               "Ram Book"):, Learning Perl  (the "Llama Book"), Intermediate
               Perl (the "Alpaca Book")

           References
               Perl 5 Pocket Reference, Perl Debugger Pocket Reference,
               Regular Expression Pocket Reference

           Tutorials
               Beginning Perl, Learning Perl (the "Llama Book"), Intermediate
               Perl (the "Alpaca Book"), Mastering Perl, Effective Perl
               Programming

           Task-Oriented
               Writing Perl Modules for CPAN, The Perl Cookbook, Automating
               System Administration with Perl, Real World SQL Server
               Administration with Perl

           Special Topics
               Regular Expressions Cookbook, Programming the Perl DBI, Perl
               Best Practices, Higher-Order Perl, Mastering Regular
               Expressions, Network Programming with Perl, Perl Template
               Toolkit, Object Oriented Perl, Data Munging with Perl,
               Mastering Perl/Tk, Extending and Embedding Perl, Pro Perl
               Debugging

           Free (as in beer) books
           Other interesting, non-Perl books
               Programming Pearls, More Programming Pearls

           A note on freshness
           Get your book listed

   perlcommunity(1) - a brief overview of the Perl community
       DESCRIPTION
           Where to Find the Community
           Mailing Lists and Newsgroups
           IRC
           Websites
               <http://perl.com/>, <http://blogs.perl.org/>,
               <http://perlsphere.net/>, <http://perlweekly.com/>,
               <http://use.perl.org/>, <http://www.perlmonks.org/>,
               <http://stackoverflow.com/>, <http://prepan.org/>

           User Groups
           Workshops
           Hackathons
           Conventions
           Calendar of Perl Events
       AUTHOR

   perldoc(1) - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           -h, -D, -t, -u, -m module, -l, -U, -F, -f perlfunc, -q perlfaq-
           search-regexp, -a perlapifunc, -v perlvar, -T, -d destination-
           filename, -o output-formatname, -M module-name, -w option:value or
           -w option, -X, -L language_code,
           PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL, -n some-formatter, -r, -i, -V

       SECURITY
       ENVIRONMENT
       CHANGES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   perlhist(1) - the Perl history records
       DESCRIPTION
       INTRODUCTION
       THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
           PUMPKIN?
       THE RECORDS
           SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
           SELECTED PATCH SIZES
       THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

   perldelta(1) - what is new for perl v5.14.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           [CVE-2017-12837] Heap buffer overflow in regular expression
           compiler
           [CVE-2017-12883] Buffer over-read in regular expression parser
           [CVE-2017-12814] $ENV{$key} stack buffer overflow on Windows
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               FreeBSD, Windows

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       Give Thanks
       SEE ALSO

   perl5243delta(1), perldelta - what is new for perl v5.24.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           [CVE-2017-12837] Heap buffer overflow in regular expression
           compiler
           [CVE-2017-12883] Buffer over-read in regular expression parser
           [CVE-2017-12814] $ENV{$key} stack buffer overflow on Windows
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               FreeBSD, Windows

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       Give Thanks
       SEE ALSO

   perl5260delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.26.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
           "." no longer in @INC, "do" may now warn, In regular expression
           patterns, a literal left brace "{" should be escaped

       Core Enhancements
           Lexical subroutines are no longer experimental
           Indented Here-documents
           New regular expression modifier "/xx"
           "@{^CAPTURE}", "%{^CAPTURE}", and "%{^CAPTURE_ALL}"
           Declaring a reference to a variable
           Unicode 9.0 is now supported
           Use of "\p{script}" uses the improved Script_Extensions property
           Perl can now do default collation in UTF-8 locales on platforms
           that support it
           Better locale collation of strings containing embedded "NUL"
           characters
           "CORE" subroutines for hash and array functions callable via
           reference
           New Hash Function For 64-bit Builds
       Security
           Removal of the current directory (".") from @INC
               Configure -Udefault_inc_excludes_dot, "PERL_USE_UNSAFE_INC", A
               new deprecation warning issued by "do", Script authors,
               Installing and using CPAN modules, Module Authors

           Escaped colons and relative paths in PATH
           New "-Di" switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
       Incompatible Changes
           Unescaped literal "{" characters in regular expression patterns are
           no longer permissible
           "scalar(%hash)" return signature changed
           "keys" returned from an lvalue subroutine
           The "${^ENCODING}" facility has been removed
           "POSIX::tmpnam()" has been removed
           require ::Foo::Bar is now illegal.
           Literal control character variable names are no longer permissible
           "NBSP" is no longer permissible in "\N{...}"
       Deprecations
           String delimiters that aren't stand-alone graphemes are now
           deprecated
           "\cX" that maps to a printable is no longer deprecated
       Performance Enhancements
           New Faster Hash Function on 64 bit builds, readline is faster

       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
           c2ph and pstruct
           Porting/pod_lib.pl
           Porting/sync-with-cpan
           perf/benchmarks
           Porting/checkAUTHORS.pl
           t/porting/regen.t
           utils/h2xs.PL
           perlbug
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
               NetBSD/VAX

           Platform-Specific Notes
               Darwin, EBCDIC, HP-UX, Hurd, VAX, VMS, Windows, Linux, OpenBSD
               6, FreeBSD, DragonFly BSD

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Errata From Previous Releases
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       Give Thanks
       SEE ALSO

   perl5242delta(1), perldelta - what is new for perl v5.24.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           Improved handling of '.' in @INC in base.pm
           "Escaped" colons and relative paths in PATH
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5241delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.24.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           -Di switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
           Core modules and tools no longer search "." for optional modules
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Testing
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5240delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.24.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           Postfix dereferencing is no longer experimental
           Unicode 8.0 is now supported
           perl will now croak when closing an in-place output file fails
           New "\b{lb}" boundary in regular expressions
           "qr/(?[ ])/" now works in UTF-8 locales
           Integer shift ("<<" and ">>") now more explicitly defined
           printf and sprintf now allow reordered precision arguments
           More fields provided to "sigaction" callback with "SA_SIGINFO"
           Hashbang redirection to Perl 6
       Security
           Set proper umask before calling mkstemp(3)
           Fix out of boundary access in Win32 path handling
           Fix loss of taint in canonpath
           Avoid accessing uninitialized memory in win32 "crypt()"
           Remove duplicate environment variables from "environ"
       Incompatible Changes
           The "autoderef" feature has been removed
           Lexical $_ has been removed
           "qr/\b{wb}/" is now tailored to Perl expectations
           Regular expression compilation errors
           "qr/\N{}/" now disallowed under "use re "strict""
           Nested declarations are now disallowed
           The "/\C/" character class has been removed.
           "chdir('')" no longer chdirs home
           ASCII characters in variable names must now be all visible
           An off by one issue in $Carp::MaxArgNums has been fixed
           Only blanks and tabs are now allowed within "[...]" within
           "(?[...])".
       Deprecations
           Using code points above the platform's "IV_MAX" is now deprecated
           Doing bitwise operations on strings containing code points above
           0xFF is deprecated
           "sysread()", "syswrite()", "recv()" and "send()" are deprecated on
           :utf8 handles
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               AmigaOS, Cygwin, EBCDIC, UTF-EBCDIC extended, EBCDIC "cmp()"
               and "sort()" fixed for UTF-EBCDIC strings, EBCDIC "tr///" and
               "y///" fixed for "\N{}", and "use utf8" ranges, FreeBSD, IRIX,
               MacOS X, Solaris, Tru64, VMS, Win32, ppc64el, floating point

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5224delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.22.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           Improved handling of '.' in @INC in base.pm
           "Escaped" colons and relative paths in PATH
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5223delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.22.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           -Di switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
           Core modules and tools no longer search "." for optional modules
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Testing
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5222delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.22.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           Fix out of boundary access in Win32 path handling
           Fix loss of taint in "canonpath()"
           Set proper umask before calling mkstemp(3)
           Avoid accessing uninitialized memory in Win32 "crypt()"
           Remove duplicate environment variables from "environ"
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               Darwin, OS X/Darwin, ppc64el, Tru64

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5221delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.22.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Bounds Checking Constructs
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               IRIX

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5220delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.22.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           New bitwise operators
           New double-diamond operator
           New "\b" boundaries in regular expressions
           Non-Capturing Regular Expression Flag
           "use re 'strict'"
           Unicode 7.0 (with correction) is now supported
           "use locale" can restrict which locale categories are affected
           Perl now supports POSIX 2008 locale currency additions
           Better heuristics on older platforms for determining locale
           UTF-8ness
           Aliasing via reference
           "prototype" with no arguments
           New ":const" subroutine attribute
           "fileno" now works on directory handles
           List form of pipe open implemented for Win32
           Assignment to list repetition
           Infinity and NaN (not-a-number) handling improved
           Floating point parsing has been improved
           Packing infinity or not-a-number into a character is now fatal
           Experimental C Backtrace API
       Security
           Perl is now compiled with "-fstack-protector-strong" if available
           The Safe module could allow outside packages to be replaced
           Perl is now always compiled with "-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2" if available
       Incompatible Changes
           Subroutine signatures moved before attributes
           "&" and "\&" prototypes accepts only subs
           "use encoding" is now lexical
           List slices returning empty lists
           "\N{}" with a sequence of multiple spaces is now a fatal error
           "use UNIVERSAL '...'" is now a fatal error
           In double-quotish "\cX", X must now be a printable ASCII character
           Splitting the tokens "(?" and "(*" in regular expressions is now a
           fatal compilation error.
           "qr/foo/x" now ignores all Unicode pattern white space
           Comment lines within "(?[ ])" are now ended only by a "\n"
           "(?[...])" operators now follow standard Perl precedence
           Omitting "%" and "@" on hash and array names is no longer permitted
           "$!" text is now in English outside the scope of "use locale"
           "$!" text will be returned in UTF-8 when appropriate
           Support for "?PATTERN?" without explicit operator has been removed
           "defined(@array)" and "defined(%hash)" are now fatal errors
           Using a hash or an array as a reference are now fatal errors
           Changes to the "*" prototype
       Deprecations
           Setting "${^ENCODING}" to anything but "undef"
           Use of non-graphic characters in single-character variable names
           Inlining of "sub () { $var }" with observable side-effects
           Use of multiple "/x" regexp modifiers
           Using a NO-BREAK space in a character alias for "\N{...}" is now
           deprecated
           A literal "{" should now be escaped in a pattern
           Making all warnings fatal is discouraged
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
           Diagnostic Removals
       Utility Changes
           find2perl, s2p and a2p removal
           h2ph
           encguess
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Regained Platforms
               IRIX and Tru64 platforms are working again, z/OS running EBCDIC
               Code Page 1047

           Discontinued Platforms
               NeXTSTEP/OPENSTEP

           Platform-Specific Notes
               EBCDIC, HP-UX, Android, VMS, Win32, OpenBSD, Solaris

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5203delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.20.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Utility Changes
           h2ph
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               Win32

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5202delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.20.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Regained Platforms
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Errata From Previous Releases
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5201delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.20.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               Android, OpenBSD, Solaris, VMS, Windows

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5200delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.20.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           Experimental Subroutine signatures
           "sub"s now take a "prototype" attribute
           More consistent prototype parsing
           "rand" now uses a consistent random number generator
           New slice syntax
           Experimental Postfix Dereferencing
           Unicode 6.3 now supported
           New "\p{Unicode}" regular expression pattern property
           Better 64-bit support
           "use locale" now works on UTF-8 locales
           "use locale" now compiles on systems without locale ability
           More locale initialization fallback options
           "-DL" runtime option now added for tracing locale setting
           -F now implies -a and -a implies -n
           $a and $b warnings exemption
       Security
           Avoid possible read of free()d memory during parsing
       Incompatible Changes
           "do" can no longer be used to call subroutines
           Quote-like escape changes
           Tainting happens under more circumstances; now conforms to
           documentation
           "\p{}", "\P{}" matching has changed for non-Unicode code points.
           "\p{All}" has been expanded to match all possible code points
           Data::Dumper's output may change
           Locale decimal point character no longer leaks outside of
           "use locale" scope
           Assignments of Windows sockets error codes to $! now prefer errno.h
           values over WSAGetLastError() values
           Functions "PerlIO_vsprintf" and "PerlIO_sprintf" have been removed
       Deprecations
           The "/\C/" character class
           Literal control characters in variable names
           References to non-integers and non-positive integers in $/
           Character matching routines in POSIX
           Interpreter-based threads are now discouraged
           Module removals
               CGI and its associated CGI:: packages, inc::latest,
               Package::Constants, Module::Build and its associated
               Module::Build:: packages

           Utility removals
               find2perl, s2p, a2p

       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
               Android, Bitrig, FreeMiNT, Synology

           Discontinued Platforms
               "sfio", AT&T 3b1, DG/UX, EBCDIC

           Platform-Specific Notes
               Cygwin, GNU/Hurd, Linux, Mac OS, MidnightBSD, Mixed-endian
               platforms, VMS, Win32, WinCE

       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Regular Expressions
           Perl 5 Debugger and -d
           Lexical Subroutines
           Everything Else
       Known Problems
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5184delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.18.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               Win32

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5182delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.18.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5181delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.18.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               AIX, MidnightBSD

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5180delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.18.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           New mechanism for experimental features
           Hash overhaul
           Upgrade to Unicode 6.2
           Character name aliases may now include non-Latin1-range characters
           New DTrace probes
           "${^LAST_FH}"
           Regular Expression Set Operations
           Lexical subroutines
           Computed Labels
           More CORE:: subs
           "kill" with negative signal names
       Security
           See also: hash overhaul
           "Storable" security warning in documentation
           "Locale::Maketext" allowed code injection via a malicious template
           Avoid calling memset with a negative count
       Incompatible Changes
           See also: hash overhaul
           An unknown character name in "\N{...}" is now a syntax error
           Formerly deprecated characters in "\N{}" character name aliases are
           now errors.
           "\N{BELL}" now refers to U+1F514 instead of U+0007
           New Restrictions in Multi-Character Case-Insensitive Matching in
           Regular Expression Bracketed Character Classes
           Explicit rules for variable names and identifiers
           Vertical tabs are now whitespace
           "/(?{})/" and "/(??{})/" have been heavily reworked
           Stricter parsing of substitution replacement
           "given" now aliases the global $_
           The smartmatch family of features are now experimental
           Lexical $_ is now experimental
           readline() with "$/ = \N" now reads N characters, not N bytes
           Overridden "glob" is now passed one argument
           Here doc parsing
           Alphanumeric operators must now be separated from the closing
           delimiter of regular expressions
           qw(...) can no longer be used as parentheses
           Interaction of lexical and default warnings
           "state sub" and "our sub"
           Defined values stored in environment are forced to byte strings
           "require" dies for unreadable files
           "gv_fetchmeth_*" and SUPER
           "split"'s first argument is more consistently interpreted
       Deprecations
           Module removals
               encoding, Archive::Extract, B::Lint, B::Lint::Debug, CPANPLUS
               and all included "CPANPLUS::*" modules, Devel::InnerPackage,
               Log::Message, Log::Message::Config, Log::Message::Handlers,
               Log::Message::Item, Log::Message::Simple, Module::Pluggable,
               Module::Pluggable::Object, Object::Accessor, Pod::LaTeX,
               Term::UI, Term::UI::History

           Deprecated Utilities
               cpanp, "cpanp-run-perl", cpan2dist, pod2latex

           PL_sv_objcount
           Five additional characters should be escaped in patterns with "/x"
           User-defined charnames with surprising whitespace
           Various XS-callable functions are now deprecated
           Certain rare uses of backslashes within regexes are now deprecated
           Splitting the tokens "(?" and "(*" in regular expressions
           Pre-PerlIO IO implementations
       Future Deprecations
           DG/UX, NeXT

       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           Discontinued Platforms
               BeOS, UTS Global, VM/ESA, MPE/IX, EPOC, Rhapsody

           Platform-Specific Notes
       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5163delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.16.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
           CVE-2013-1667: memory exhaustion with arbitrary hash keys
           wrap-around with IO on long strings
           memory leak in Encode
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5162delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.16.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Configuration and Compilation
           configuration should no longer be confused by ls colorization

       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               AIX

       Selected Bug Fixes
           fix /\h/ equivalence with /[\h]/

       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5161delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.16.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           an off-by-two error in Scalar-List-Util has been fixed
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
               VMS

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5160delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.16.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Core Enhancements
           "use VERSION"
           "__SUB__"
           New and Improved Built-ins
           Unicode Support
           XS Changes
           Changes to Special Variables
           Debugger Changes
           The "CORE" Namespace
           Other Changes
       Security
           Use "is_utf8_char_buf()" and not "is_utf8_char()"
           Malformed UTF-8 input could cause attempts to read beyond the end
           of the buffer
           "File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
           (CVE-2011-2728).
           Privileges are now set correctly when assigning to $(
       Deprecations
           Don't read the Unicode data base files in lib/unicore
           XS functions "is_utf8_char()", "utf8_to_uvchr()" and
           "utf8_to_uvuni()"
       Future Deprecations
           Core Modules
           Platforms with no supporting programmers
           Other Future Deprecations
       Incompatible Changes
           Special blocks called in void context
           The "overloading" pragma and regexp objects
           Two XS typemap Entries removed
           Unicode 6.1 has incompatibilities with Unicode 6.0
           Borland compiler
           Certain deprecated Unicode properties are no longer supported by
           default
           Dereferencing IO thingies as typeglobs
           User-defined case-changing operations
           XSUBs are now 'static'
           Weakening read-only references
           Tying scalars that hold typeglobs
           IPC::Open3 no longer provides "xfork()", "xclose_on_exec()" and
           "xpipe_anon()"
           $$ no longer caches PID
           $$ and "getppid()" no longer emulate POSIX semantics under
           LinuxThreads
           $<, $>, $( and $) are no longer cached
           Which Non-ASCII characters get quoted by "quotemeta" and "\Q" has
           changed
       Performance Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Deprecated Modules
               Version::Requirements

           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
           Removed Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Removed Errors
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           Platform-Specific Notes
       Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Array and hash
           C API fixes
           Compile-time hints
           Copy-on-write scalars
           The debugger
           Dereferencing operators
           Filehandle, last-accessed
           Filetests and "stat"
           Formats
           "given" and "when"
           The "glob" operator
           Lvalue subroutines
           Overloading
           Prototypes of built-in keywords
           Regular expressions
           Smartmatching
           The "sort" operator
           The "substr" operator
           Support for embedded nulls
           Threading bugs
           Tied variables
           Version objects and vstrings
           Warnings, redefinition
           Warnings, "Uninitialized"
           Weak references
           Other notable fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5144delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.14.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
           CVE-2013-1667: memory exhaustion with arbitrary hash keys
           memory leak in Encode
           [perl #111594] Socket::unpack_sockaddr_un heap-buffer-overflow
           [perl #111586] SDBM_File: fix off-by-one access to global ".dir"
           off-by-two error in List::Util
           [perl #115994] fix segv in regcomp.c:S_join_exact()
           [perl #115992] PL_eval_start use-after-free
           wrap-around with IO on long strings
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
               Socket, SDBM_File, List::Util

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
           Discontinued Platforms
           Platform-Specific Notes
               VMS

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5143delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.14.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
           "Digest" unsafe use of eval (CVE-2011-3597)
           Heap buffer overrun in 'x' string repeat operator (CVE-2012-5195)
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
           Discontinued Platforms
           Platform-Specific Notes
               FreeBSD, Solaris and NetBSD, HP-UX, Linux, Mac OS X, GNU/Hurd,
               NetBSD

       Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5142delta(3), perldelta - what is new for perl v5.14.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
           "File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
           (CVE-2011-2728).
           "Encode" decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow (CVE-2011-2939)
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
           Discontinued Platforms
           Platform-Specific Notes
               HP-UX PA-RISC/64 now supports gcc-4.x, Building on OS X 10.7
               Lion and Xcode 4 works again

       Bug Fixes
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5141delta(1), perldelta - what is new for perl v5.14.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
       Security
       Incompatible Changes
       Deprecations
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragmata
           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Testing
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
           Discontinued Platforms
           Platform-Specific Notes
       Internal Changes
       Bug Fixes
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5140delta(1), perldelta - what is new for perl v5.14.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode
           Regular Expressions
           Syntactical Enhancements
           Exception Handling
           Other Enhancements
               "-d:-foo", "-d:-foo=bar"

           New C APIs
       Security
           User-defined regular expression properties
       Incompatible Changes
           Regular Expressions and String Escapes
           Stashes and Package Variables
           Changes to Syntax or to Perl Operators
           Threads and Processes
           Configuration
       Deprecations
           Omitting a space between a regular expression and subsequent word
           "\cX"
           "\b{" and "\B{"
           Perl 4-era .pl libraries
           List assignment to $[
           Use of qw(...) as parentheses
           "\N{BELL}"
           "?PATTERN?"
           Tie functions on scalars holding typeglobs
           User-defined case-mapping
           Deprecated modules
               Devel::DProf

       Performance Enhancements
           "Safe signals" optimisation
           Optimisation of shift() and pop() calls without arguments
           Optimisation of regexp engine string comparison work
           Regular expression compilation speed-up
           String appending is 100 times faster
           Eliminate "PL_*" accessor functions under ithreads
           Freeing weak references
           Lexical array and hash assignments
           @_ uses less memory
           Size optimisations to SV and HV structures
           Memory consumption improvements to Exporter
           Memory savings for weak references
           "%+" and "%-" use less memory
           Multiple small improvements to threads
           Adjacent pairs of nextstate opcodes are now optimized away
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules and Pragma
               much less configuration dialog hassle, support for
               META/MYMETA.json, support for local::lib, support for
               HTTP::Tiny to reduce the dependency on FTP sites, automatic
               mirror selection, iron out all known bugs in
               configure_requires, support for distributions compressed with
               bzip2(1), allow Foo/Bar.pm on the command line to mean
               "Foo::Bar", charinfo(), charscript(), charblock()

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
               Closure prototype called, Insecure user-defined property %s,
               panic: gp_free failed to free glob pointer - something is
               repeatedly re-creating entries, Parsing code internal error
               (%s), refcnt: fd %d%s, Regexp modifier "/%c" may not appear
               twice, Regexp modifiers "/%c" and "/%c" are mutually exclusive,
               Using !~ with %s doesn't make sense, "\b{" is deprecated; use
               "\b\{" instead, "\B{" is deprecated; use "\B\{" instead,
               Operation "%s" returns its argument for .., Use of qw(...) as
               parentheses is deprecated

           Changes to Existing Diagnostics
       Utility Changes
       Configuration and Compilation
       Platform Support
           New Platforms
               AIX

           Discontinued Platforms
               Apollo DomainOS, MacOS Classic

           Platform-Specific Notes
       Internal Changes
           New APIs
           C API Changes
           Deprecated C APIs
               "Perl_ptr_table_clear", "sv_compile_2op",
               "find_rundefsvoffset", "CALL_FPTR" and "CPERLscope"

           Other Internal Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
           I/O
           Regular Expression Bug Fixes
           Syntax/Parsing Bugs
           Stashes, Globs and Method Lookup
               Aliasing packages by assigning to globs [perl #77358], Deleting
               packages by deleting their containing stash elements,
               Undefining the glob containing a package ("undef *Foo::"),
               Undefining an ISA glob ("undef *Foo::ISA"), Deleting an ISA
               stash element ("delete $Foo::{ISA}"), Sharing @ISA arrays
               between classes (via "*Foo::ISA = \@Bar::ISA" or "*Foo::ISA =
               *Bar::ISA") [perl #77238]

           Unicode
           Ties, Overloading and Other Magic
           The Debugger
           Threads
           Scoping and Subroutines
           Signals
           Miscellaneous Memory Leaks
           Memory Corruption and Crashes
           Fixes to Various Perl Operators
           Bugs Relating to the C API
       Known Problems
       Errata
           keys(), values(), and each() work on arrays
           split() and @_
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5125delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.12.5
       DESCRIPTION
       Security
           "Encode" decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow (CVE-2011-2939)
           "File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
           (CVE-2011-2728).
           Heap buffer overrun in 'x' string repeat operator (CVE-2012-5195)
       Incompatible Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules
       Changes to Existing Documentation
           perlebcdic
           perlunicode
           perluniprops
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Platform Specific Changes
               Mac OS X, NetBSD

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Errata
           split() and @_
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5124delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.12.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Modules and Pragmata
       Testing
       Documentation
       Platform Specific Notes
           Linux

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5123delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.12.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           "keys", "values" work on arrays
       Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Notes
           Solaris, VMS, VOS

       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5122delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.12.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Pragmata Changes
           Updated Modules
               "Carp", "CPANPLUS", "File::Glob", "File::Copy", "File::Spec"

       Utility Changes
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Configuration improvements
           Compilation improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Notes
           AIX
           Windows
           VMS
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5121delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.12.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Pragmata Changes
           Updated Modules
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Testing
           Testing Improvements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Configuration improvements
       Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Notes
           HP-UX
           AIX
           FreeBSD 7
           VMS
       Known Problems
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5120delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.12.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           New "package NAME VERSION" syntax
           The "..." operator
           Implicit strictures
           Unicode improvements
           Y2038 compliance
           qr overloading
           Pluggable keywords
           APIs for more internals
           Overridable function lookup
           A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
           "\N" experimental regex escape
           DTrace support
           Support for "configure_requires" in CPAN module metadata
           "each", "keys", "values" are now more flexible
           "when" as a statement modifier
           $, flexibility
           // in when clauses
           Enabling warnings from your shell environment
           "delete local"
           New support for Abstract namespace sockets
           32-bit limit on substr arguments removed
       Potentially Incompatible Changes
           Deprecations warn by default
           Version number formats
           @INC reorganization
           REGEXPs are now first class
           Switch statement changes
               flip-flop operators, defined-or operator

           Smart match changes
           Other potentially incompatible changes
       Deprecations
           suidperl, Use of ":=" to mean an empty attribute list,
           "UNIVERSAL->import()", Use of "goto" to jump into a construct,
           Custom character names in \N{name} that don't look like names,
           Deprecated Modules, Class::ISA, Pod::Plainer, Shell, Switch,
           Assignment to $[, Use of the attribute :locked on subroutines, Use
           of "locked" with the attributes pragma, Use of "unique" with the
           attributes pragma, Perl_pmflag, Numerous Perl 4-era libraries

       Unicode overhaul
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
               "autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "overloading", "parent",
               "Parse::CPAN::Meta", "VMS::DCLsym", "VMS::Stdio",
               "XS::APItest::KeywordRPN"

           Updated Pragmata
               "base", "bignum", "charnames", "constant", "diagnostics",
               "feature", "less", "lib", "mro", "overload", "threads",
               "threads::shared", "version", "warnings"

           Updated Modules
               "Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers",
               "AutoLoader", "B::Concise", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse",
               "B::Lint", "CGI", "Class::ISA", "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "CPAN",
               "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build", "Data::Dumper", "DB_File",
               "Devel::PPPort", "Digest", "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA",
               "Encode", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder",
               "ExtUtils::Command", "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Install",
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest",
               "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "File::Fetch", "File::Path", "File::Temp",
               "Filter::Simple", "Filter::Util::Call", "Getopt::Long", "IO",
               "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::SysV", "Locale::Maketext",
               "Locale::Maketext::Simple", "Log::Message",
               "Log::Message::Simple", "Math::BigInt",
               "Math::BigInt::FastCalc", "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex",
               "Memoize", "MIME::Base64", "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList",
               "Module::Load", "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded",
               "Module::Pluggable", "Net::Ping", "NEXT", "Object::Accessor",
               "Package::Constants", "PerlIO", "Pod::Parser", "Pod::Perldoc",
               "Pod::Plainer", "Pod::Simple", "Safe", "SelfLoader",
               "Storable", "Switch", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor",
               "Term::UI", "Test", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple",
               "Text::Balanced", "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Soundex",
               "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "Tie::RefHash",
               "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece",
               "Unicode::Collate", "Unicode::Normalize", "Win32",
               "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"

           Removed Modules and Pragmata
               "attrs", "CPAN::API::HOWTO", "CPAN::DeferedCode",
               "CPANPLUS::inc", "DCLsym", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes",
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish", "Stdio",
               "Test::Harness::Assert", "Test::Harness::Iterator",
               "Test::Harness::Point", "Test::Harness::Results",
               "Test::Harness::Straps", "Test::Harness::Util", "XSSymSet"

           Deprecated Modules and Pragmata
       Documentation
           New Documentation
           Changes to Existing Documentation
       Selected Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Internal Changes
       Testing
           Testing improvements
               Parallel tests, Test harness flexibility, Test watchdog

           New Tests
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           New Diagnostics
           Changed Diagnostics
               "Illegal character in prototype for %s : %s", "Prototype after
               '%c' for %s : %s"

       Utility Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
       Platform Specific Changes
           New Platforms
               Haiku, MirOS BSD

           Discontinued Platforms
               Domain/OS, MiNT, Tenon MachTen

           Updated Platforms
               AIX, Cygwin, Darwin (Mac OS X), DragonFly BSD, FreeBSD, Irix,
               NetBSD, OpenVMS, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Windows

       Known Problems
       Errata
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5101delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.10.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Switch statement changes
               flip-flop operators, defined-or operator

           Smart match changes
           Other incompatible changes
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Character Database 5.1.0
           A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
           The "overloading" pragma
           Parallel tests
           DTrace support
           Support for "configure_requires" in CPAN module metadata
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
               "autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "parent",
               "Parse::CPAN::Meta"

           Pragmata Changes
               "attributes", "attrs", "base", "bigint", "bignum", "bigrat",
               "charnames", "constant", "feature", "fields", "lib", "open",
               "overload", "overloading", "version"

           Updated Modules
               "Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers",
               "AutoLoader", "AutoSplit", "B", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse",
               "B::Lint", "B::Xref", "Benchmark", "Carp", "CGI",
               "Compress::Zlib", "CPAN", "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build",
               "Cwd", "Data::Dumper", "DB", "DB_File", "Devel::PPPort",
               "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "DirHandle", "Dumpvalue",
               "DynaLoader", "Encode", "Errno", "Exporter",
               "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "ExtUtils::Command",
               "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Embed", "ExtUtils::Install",
               "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest",
               "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "Fatal", "File::Basename",
               "File::Compare", "File::Copy", "File::Fetch", "File::Find",
               "File::Path", "File::Spec", "File::stat", "File::Temp",
               "FileCache", "FileHandle", "Filter::Simple",
               "Filter::Util::Call", "FindBin", "GDBM_File", "Getopt::Long",
               "Hash::Util::FieldHash", "I18N::Collate", "IO",
               "IO::Compress::*", "IO::Dir", "IO::Handle", "IO::Socket",
               "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::Open3", "IPC::SysV", "lib",
               "List::Util", "Locale::MakeText", "Log::Message",
               "Math::BigFloat", "Math::BigInt", "Math::BigInt::FastCalc",
               "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex", "Math::Trig", "Memoize",
               "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load",
               "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded",
               "Module::Pluggable", "NDBM_File", "Net::Ping", "NEXT",
               "Object::Accessor", "OS2::REXX", "Package::Constants",
               "PerlIO", "PerlIO::via", "Pod::Man", "Pod::Parser",
               "Pod::Simple", "Pod::Text", "POSIX", "Safe", "Scalar::Util",
               "SelectSaver", "SelfLoader", "Socket", "Storable", "Switch",
               "Symbol", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor", "Term::ReadLine",
               "Term::UI", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple",
               "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Tabs", "Text::Wrap",
               "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "threads",
               "threads::shared", "Tie::RefHash", "Tie::StdHandle",
               "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece",
               "Unicode::Normalize", "Unicode::UCD", "UNIVERSAL", "Win32",
               "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"

       Utility Changes
           h2ph, h2xs, perl5db.pl, perlthanks

       New Documentation
           perlhaiku, perlmroapi, perlperf, perlrepository, perlthanks

       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           ext/ reorganisation
           Configuration improvements
           Compilation improvements
           Platform Specific Changes
               AIX, Cygwin, FreeBSD, Irix, Haiku, MirOS BSD, NetBSD, Stratus
               VOS, Symbian, Win32, VMS

       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "panic: sv_chop %s", "Can't locate package %s for the parents of
           %s", "v-string in use/require is non-portable", "Deep recursion on
           subroutine "%s""

       Changed Internals
           "SVf_UTF8", "SVs_TEMP"

       New Tests
           t/comp/retainedlines.t, t/io/perlio_fail.t, t/io/perlio_leaks.t,
           t/io/perlio_open.t, t/io/perlio.t, t/io/pvbm.t,
           t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/index_thr.t,
           t/op/pat_thr.t, t/op/qr_gc.t, t/op/reg_email_thr.t,
           t/op/regexp_qr_embed_thr.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop.t,
           t/op/regexp_unicode_prop_thr.t, t/op/reg_nc_tie.t,
           t/op/reg_posixcc.t, t/op/re.t, t/op/setpgrpstack.t,
           t/op/substr_thr.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/uni/lex_utf8.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Deprecations
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl5100delta(1) - what is new for perl 5.10.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           The "feature" pragma
           New -E command-line switch
           Defined-or operator
           Switch and Smart Match operator
           Regular expressions
               Recursive Patterns, Named Capture Buffers, Possessive
               Quantifiers, Backtracking control verbs, Relative
               backreferences, "\K" escape, Vertical and horizontal
               whitespace, and linebreak, Optional pre-match and post-match
               captures with the /p flag

           "say()"
           Lexical $_
           The "_" prototype
           UNITCHECK blocks
           New Pragma, "mro"
           readdir() may return a "short filename" on Windows
           readpipe() is now overridable
           Default argument for readline()
           state() variables
           Stacked filetest operators
           UNIVERSAL::DOES()
           Formats
           Byte-order modifiers for pack() and unpack()
           "no VERSION"
           "chdir", "chmod" and "chown" on filehandles
           OS groups
           Recursive sort subs
           Exceptions in constant folding
           Source filters in @INC
           New internal variables
               "${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS}", "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}",
               "${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}", "${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT}"

           Miscellaneous
           UCD 5.0.0
           MAD
           kill() on Windows
       Incompatible Changes
           Packing and UTF-8 strings
           Byte/character count feature in unpack()
           The $* and $# variables have been removed
           substr() lvalues are no longer fixed-length
           Parsing of "-f _"
           ":unique"
           Effect of pragmas in eval
           chdir FOO
           Handling of .pmc files
           $^V is now a "version" object instead of a v-string
           @- and @+ in patterns
           $AUTOLOAD can now be tainted
           Tainting and printf
           undef and signal handlers
           strictures and dereferencing in defined()
           "(?p{})" has been removed
           Pseudo-hashes have been removed
           Removal of the bytecode compiler and of perlcc
           Removal of the JPL
           Recursive inheritance detected earlier
           warnings::enabled and warnings::warnif changed to favor users of
           modules
       Modules and Pragmata
           Upgrading individual core modules
           Pragmata Changes
               "feature", "mro", Scoping of the "sort" pragma, Scoping of
               "bignum", "bigint", "bigrat", "base", "strict" and "warnings",
               "version", "warnings", "less"

           New modules
           Selected Changes to Core Modules
               "Attribute::Handlers", "B::Lint", "B", "Thread"

       Utility Changes
           perl -d, ptar, ptardiff, shasum, corelist, h2ph and h2xs, perlivp,
           find2perl, config_data, cpanp, cpan2dist, pod2html

       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
           In-place sorting
           Lexical array access
           XS-assisted SWASHGET
           Constant subroutines
           "PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV"
           Weak references are cheaper
           sort() enhancements
           Memory optimisations
           UTF-8 cache optimisation
           Sloppy stat on Windows
           Regular expressions optimisations
               Engine de-recursivised, Single char char-classes treated as
               literals, Trie optimisation of literal string alternations,
               Aho-Corasick start-point optimisation

       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Configuration improvements
               "-Dusesitecustomize", Relocatable installations, strlcat() and
               strlcpy(), "d_pseudofork" and "d_printf_format_null", Configure
               help

           Compilation improvements
               Parallel build, Borland's compilers support, Static build on
               Windows, ppport.h files, C++ compatibility, Support for
               Microsoft 64-bit compiler, Visual C++, Win32 builds

           Installation improvements
               Module auxiliary files

           New Or Improved Platforms
       Selected Bug Fixes
           strictures in regexp-eval blocks, Calling CORE::require(),
           Subscripts of slices, "no warnings 'category'" works correctly with
           -w, threads improvements, chr() and negative values, PERL5SHELL and
           tainting, Using *FILE{IO}, Overloading and reblessing, Overloading
           and UTF-8, eval memory leaks fixed, Random device on Windows,
           PERLIO_DEBUG, PerlIO::scalar and read-only scalars, study() and
           UTF-8, Critical signals, @INC-hook fix, "-t" switch fix, Duping
           UTF-8 filehandles, Localisation of hash elements

       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Use of uninitialized value, Deprecated use of my() in false
           conditional, !=~ should be !~, Newline in left-justified string,
           Too late for "-T" option, "%s" variable %s masks earlier
           declaration, readdir()/closedir()/etc. attempted on invalid
           dirhandle, Opening dirhandle/filehandle %s also as a
           file/directory, Use of -P is deprecated, v-string in use/require is
           non-portable, perl -V

       Changed Internals
           Reordering of SVt_* constants
           Elimination of SVt_PVBM
           New type SVt_BIND
           Removal of CPP symbols
           Less space is used by ops
           New parser
           Use of "const"
           Mathoms
           "AvFLAGS" has been removed
           "av_*" changes
           $^H and %^H
           B:: modules inheritance changed
           Anonymous hash and array constructors
       Known Problems
           UTF-8 problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl589delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.9
       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Character Database 5.1.0.
           stat and -X on directory handles
           Source filters in @INC
           Exceptions in constant folding
           "no VERSION"
           Improved internal UTF-8 caching code
           Runtime relocatable installations
           New internal variables
               "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^UTF8CACHE}"

           "readpipe" is now overridable
           simple exception handling macros
           -D option enhancements
           XS-assisted SWASHGET
           Constant subroutines
       New Platforms
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules
           Updated Modules
       Utility Changes
           debugger upgraded to version 1.31
           perlthanks
           perlbug
           h2xs
           h2ph
       New Documentation
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Relocatable installations
           Configuration improvements
           Compilation improvements
           Installation improvements.
           Platform Specific Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Unicode
           PerlIO
           Magic
           Reblessing overloaded objects now works
           "strict" now propagates correctly into string evals
           Other fixes
           Platform Specific Fixes
           Smaller fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           panic: sv_chop %s
           Maximal count of pending signals (%s) exceeded
           panic: attempt to call %s in %s
           FETCHSIZE returned a negative value
           Can't upgrade %s (%d) to %d
           %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or a subroutine
           Cannot make the non-overridable builtin %s fatal
           Unrecognized character '%s' in column %d
           Offset outside string
           Invalid escape in the specified encoding in regexp; marked by <--
           HERE in m/%s/
           Your machine doesn't support dump/undump.
       Changed Internals
           Macro cleanups
       New Tests
           ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t, t/comp/fold.t, t/io/pvbm.t,
           t/lib/proxy_constant_subs.t, t/op/attrhand.t, t/op/dbm.t,
           t/op/inccode-tie.t, t/op/incfilter.t, t/op/kill0.t, t/op/qrstack.t,
           t/op/qr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed.t, t/op/regexp_qr.t, t/op/rxcode.t,
           t/op/studytied.t, t/op/substT.t, t/op/symbolcache.t,
           t/op/upgrade.t, t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/pod/twice.t,
           t/run/cloexec.t, t/uni/cache.t, t/uni/chr.t, t/uni/greek.t,
           t/uni/latin2.t, t/uni/overload.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Notes
           Win32
           OS/2
           VMS
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl588delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.8
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           "h2xs" enhancements
           "perlivp" enhancements
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w
           Remove over-optimisation
           sprintf() fixes
           Debugger and Unicode slowdown
           Smaller fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Attempt to set length of freed array
           Non-string passed as bitmask
           Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as search
           pattern
       Changed Internals
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl587delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.7
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
           suidperl less insecure
           Optional site customization script
           "Config.pm" is now much smaller.
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           find2perl enhancements
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl586delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.6
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       Performance Enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl585delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.5
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           Perl's debugger
           h2ph
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl584delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.4
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Malloc wrapping
           Unicode Character Database 4.0.1
           suidperl less insecure
           format
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated modules
               Attribute::Handlers, B, Benchmark, CGI, Carp, Cwd, Exporter,
               File::Find, IO, IPC::Open3, Local::Maketext, Math::BigFloat,
               Math::BigInt, Math::BigRat, MIME::Base64, ODBM_File, POSIX,
               Shell, Socket, Storable, Switch, Sys::Syslog, Term::ANSIColor,
               Time::HiRes, Unicode::UCD, Win32, base, open, threads, utf8

       Performance Enhancements
       Utility Changes
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Future Directions
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl583delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.3
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           CGI, Cwd, Digest, Digest::MD5, Encode, File::Spec, FindBin,
           List::Util, Math::BigInt, PodParser, Pod::Perldoc, POSIX,
           Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Test::Harness,
           threads::shared

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Configuration and Building
       Platform Specific Problems
       Known Problems
       Future Directions
       Obituary
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl582delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.2
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
           Hash Randomisation
           Threading
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules And Pragmata
               Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, I18N::LangTags, libnet,
               MIME::Base64, Pod::Perldoc, strict, Tie::Hash, Time::HiRes,
               Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, UNIVERSAL

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Changed Internals
       Platform Specific Problems
       Future Directions
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl581delta(1) - what is new for perl v5.8.1
       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
           Hash Randomisation
           UTF-8 On Filehandles No Longer Activated By Locale
           Single-number v-strings are no longer v-strings before "=>"
           (Win32) The -C Switch Has Been Repurposed
           (Win32) The /d Switch Of cmd.exe
       Core Enhancements
           UTF-8 no longer default under UTF-8 locales
           Unsafe signals again available
           Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
           local ${$x}
           Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
           Deprecation Warnings
           Miscellaneous Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
           Updated Modules And Pragmata
               base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Benchmark,
               ByteLoader, bytes, CGI, charnames, CPAN, Data::Dumper, DB_File,
               Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, Encode, fields, libnet,
               Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64, NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar,
               podlators, Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util,
               Storable, strict, Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness, Test::More,
               Test::Simple, Text::Balanced, Time::HiRes, threads,
               threads::shared, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
               Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Platform-specific enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Closures, eval and lexicals
           Generic fixes
           Platform-specific fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           Changed "A thread exited while %d threads were running"
           Removed "Attempt to clear a restricted hash"
           New "Illegal declaration of anonymous subroutine"
           Changed "Invalid range "%s" in transliteration operator"
           New "Missing control char name in \c"
           New "Newline in left-justified string for %s"
           New "Possible precedence problem on bitwise %c operator"
           New "Pseudo-hashes are deprecated"
           New "read() on %s filehandle %s"
           New "5.005 threads are deprecated"
           New "Tied variable freed while still in use"
           New "To%s: illegal mapping '%s'"
           New "Use of freed value in iteration"
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           Tied hashes in scalar context
           Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
           B::C
       Platform Specific Problems
           EBCDIC Platforms
           Cygwin 1.5 problems
           HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
           IRIX: t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
           Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
           Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
           Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite
       Future Directions
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

   perl570delta(1) - what's new for perl v5.7.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Highlights In 5.8.0
       Incompatible Changes
           Binary Incompatibility
           64-bit platforms and malloc
           AIX Dynaloading
           Attributes for "my" variables now handled at run-time
           Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
           IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
           New Unicode Semantics (no more "use utf8", almost)
           New Unicode Properties
           REF(...) Instead Of SCALAR(...)
           pack/unpack D/F recycled
           glob() now returns filenames in alphabetical order
           Deprecations
       Core Enhancements
           Unicode Overhaul
           PerlIO is Now The Default
           ithreads
           Restricted Hashes
           Safe Signals
           Understanding of Numbers
           Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings [561]
           Miscellaneous Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules and Pragmata
           Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           Generic Improvements
           New Or Improved Platforms
       Selected Bug Fixes
           Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Security Vulnerability Closed [561]
       New Tests
       Known Problems
           The Compiler Suite Is Still Very Experimental
           Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
           Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
           Modifying $_ Inside for(..)
           mod_perl 1.26 Doesn't Build With Threaded Perl
           lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
           libwww-perl (LWP) fails base/date #51
           PDL failing some tests
           Perl_get_sv
           Self-tying Problems
           ext/threads/t/libc
           Failure of Thread (5.005-style) tests
           Timing problems
           Tied/Magical Array/Hash Elements Do Not Autovivify
           Unicode in package/class and subroutine names does not work
       Platform Specific Problems
           AIX
           Alpha systems with old gccs fail several tests
           AmigaOS
           BeOS
           Cygwin "unable to remap"
           Cygwin ndbm tests fail on FAT
           DJGPP Failures
           FreeBSD built with ithreads coredumps reading large directories
           FreeBSD Failing locale Test 117 For ISO 8859-15 Locales
           IRIX fails ext/List/Util/t/shuffle.t or Digest::MD5
           HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
           Linux with glibc 2.2.5 fails t/op/int subtest #6 with -Duse64bitint
           Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
           Mac OS X
           Mac OS X dyld undefined symbols
           OS/2 Test Failures
           op/sprintf tests 91, 129, and 130
           SCO
           Solaris 2.5
           Solaris x86 Fails Tests With -Duse64bitint
           SUPER-UX (NEC SX)
           Term::ReadKey not working on Win32
           UNICOS/mk
           UTS
           VOS (Stratus)
           VMS
           Win32
           XML::Parser not working
           z/OS (OS/390)
           Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
           Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl561delta(1) - what's new for perl v5.6.x
       DESCRIPTION
       Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
           Security Issues
           Core bug fixes
               "UNIVERSAL::isa()", Memory leaks, Numeric conversions,
               qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in regular expressions, "slurp" mode,
               Autovivification of symbolic references to special variables,
               Lexical warnings, Spurious warnings and errors, glob(),
               Tainting, sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes,
               map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT, chop(), Unicode support, 64-bit
               support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines, IO::Socket, File::Find,
               xsubpp, "no Module;", Tests

           Core features
           Configuration issues
           Documentation
           Bundled modules
               B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI,
               CPAN, Class::Struct, DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find,
               Getopt::Long, IO::Poll, IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat,
               Math::Complex, Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser, Pod::Text,
               SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash, Tie::SubstrHash

           Platform-specific improvements
               NCR MP-RAS, NonStop-UX

       Core Enhancements
           Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
           Lexically scoped warning categories
           Unicode and UTF-8 support
           Support for interpolating named characters
           "our" declarations
           Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
           Improved Perl version numbering system
           New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
           File and directory handles can be autovivified
           open() with more than two arguments
           64-bit support
           Large file support
           Long doubles
           "more bits"
           Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
           "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
           File globbing implemented internally
           Support for CHECK blocks
           POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
           Better pseudo-random number generator
           Improved "qw//" operator
           Better worst-case behavior of hashes
           pack() format 'Z' supported
           pack() format modifier '!' supported
           pack() and unpack() support counted strings
           Comments in pack() templates
           Weak references
           Binary numbers supported
           Lvalue subroutines
           Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
           Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
           exists() is supported on subroutine names
           exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
           Pseudo-hashes work better
           Automatic flushing of output buffers
           Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
           Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
           eof() has the same old magic as <>
           binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
           "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
           system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
           Improved diagnostics
           Diagnostics follow STDERR
           More consistent close-on-exec behavior
           syswrite() ease-of-use
           Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
           Bit operators support full native integer width
           Improved security features
           More functional bareword prototype (*)
           "require" and "do" may be overridden
           $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
           New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
           New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
           Optional Y2K warnings
           Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
           @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex submatches
       Modules and Pragmata
           Modules
               attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames,
               Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek,
               Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare,
               File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions,
               Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex,
               Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker,
               podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect,
               Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File,
               Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local,
               Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

           Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           dprofpp
           find2perl
           h2xs
           perlcc
           perldoc
           The Perl Debugger
       Improved Documentation
           perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod,
           perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod,
           perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod,
           perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod,
           perlunicode.pod

       Performance enhancements
           Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
           Optimized assignments to lexical variables
           Faster subroutine calls
           delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           -Dusethreads means something different
           New Configure flags
           Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
           Long Doubles
           -Dusemorebits
           -Duselargefiles
           installusrbinperl
           SOCKS support
           "-A" flag
           Enhanced Installation Directories
           gcc automatically tried if 'cc' does not seem to be working
       Platform specific changes
           Supported platforms
           DOS
           OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
           VMS
           Win32
       Significant bug fixes
           <HANDLE> on empty files
           "eval '...'" improvements
           All compilation errors are true errors
           Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
           Behavior of list slices is more consistent
           "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
           "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
           "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
           Failures in DESTROY()
           Locale bugs fixed
           Memory leaks
           Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
           Taint failures under "-U"
           END blocks and the "-c" switch
           Potential to leak DATA filehandles
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not
           yet implemented, "our" variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only
           after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A
           or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric
           type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/:
           Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/
           should probably be written as "%s", %s() called too early to check
           prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument
           is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a
           subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future
           reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to
           join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored,
           Bareword found in conditional, Binary number >
           0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size >
           32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check
           filesystem of script "%s", Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in
           "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing
           to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read
           CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s
           from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character
           class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside
           character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s,
           CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated,
           defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did
           you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data,
           entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp,
           Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle
           %s, Global symbol "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal
           number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value
           "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary
           digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits
           in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s,
           Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid
           separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator
           character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
           failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not
           permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped
           open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s specified for -%c, No package
           name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c,
           no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number
           > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen
           errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around
           "%s" list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string,
           Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME :
           ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in
           pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of
           freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take
           arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching
           effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ
           elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s),
           Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process
           %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c
           passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list,
           Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in
           subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list,
           Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version number must be a
           constant number

       New tests
       Incompatible Changes
           Perl Source Incompatibilities
               CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has
               changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different,
               Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed
               pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys
               has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec
               bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to
               mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and
               "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
               Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been
               removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator,
               Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics
               of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More
               builtins taint their results

           C Source Incompatibilities
               "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

           Compatible C Source API Changes
               "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

           Binary Incompatibilities
       Known Problems
           Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
           Known test failures
           EBCDIC platforms not fully supported
           UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
           Arrow operator and arrays
           Experimental features
               Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak
               references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite,
               Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The
               regular expression code constructs:

       Obsolete Diagnostics
           Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions,
           Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now
           must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp
           too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl56delta(1) - what's new for perl v5.6.0
       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
           Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
           Lexically scoped warning categories
           Unicode and UTF-8 support
           Support for interpolating named characters
           "our" declarations
           Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
           Improved Perl version numbering system
           New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
           File and directory handles can be autovivified
           open() with more than two arguments
           64-bit support
           Large file support
           Long doubles
           "more bits"
           Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
           "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
           File globbing implemented internally
           Support for CHECK blocks
           POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
           Better pseudo-random number generator
           Improved "qw//" operator
           Better worst-case behavior of hashes
           pack() format 'Z' supported
           pack() format modifier '!' supported
           pack() and unpack() support counted strings
           Comments in pack() templates
           Weak references
           Binary numbers supported
           Lvalue subroutines
           Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
           Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
           exists() is supported on subroutine names
           exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
           Pseudo-hashes work better
           Automatic flushing of output buffers
           Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
           Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
           eof() has the same old magic as <>
           binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
           "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
           system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
           Improved diagnostics
           Diagnostics follow STDERR
           More consistent close-on-exec behavior
           syswrite() ease-of-use
           Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
           Bit operators support full native integer width
           Improved security features
           More functional bareword prototype (*)
           "require" and "do" may be overridden
           $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
           New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
           New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
           Optional Y2K warnings
           Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
           @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex matches
       Modules and Pragmata
           Modules
               attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames,
               Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek,
               Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare,
               File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions,
               Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex,
               Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker,
               podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect,
               Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File,
               Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local,
               Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

           Pragmata
       Utility Changes
           dprofpp
           find2perl
           h2xs
           perlcc
           perldoc
           The Perl Debugger
       Improved Documentation
           perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod,
           perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod,
           perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod,
           perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod,
           perlunicode.pod

       Performance enhancements
           Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
           Optimized assignments to lexical variables
           Faster subroutine calls
           delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
           -Dusethreads means something different
           New Configure flags
           Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
           Long Doubles
           -Dusemorebits
           -Duselargefiles
           installusrbinperl
           SOCKS support
           "-A" flag
           Enhanced Installation Directories
       Platform specific changes
           Supported platforms
           DOS
           OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
           VMS
           Win32
       Significant bug fixes
           <HANDLE> on empty files
           "eval '...'" improvements
           All compilation errors are true errors
           Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
           Behavior of list slices is more consistent
           "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
           "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
           "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
           Failures in DESTROY()
           Locale bugs fixed
           Memory leaks
           Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
           Taint failures under "-U"
           END blocks and the "-c" switch
           Potential to leak DATA filehandles
       New or Changed Diagnostics
           "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not
           yet implemented, "our" variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only
           after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A
           or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric
           type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/:
           Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/
           should probably be written as "%s", %s() called too early to check
           prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument
           is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a
           subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future
           reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to
           join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored,
           Bareword found in conditional, Binary number >
           0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size >
           32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check
           filesystem of script "%s", Can't declare class for non-scalar %s in
           "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal CHLD, forcing
           to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read
           CRTL environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s
           from lvalue subroutine, Can't weaken a nonreference, Character
           class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside
           character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s,
           CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated,
           defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did
           you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data,
           entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp,
           Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle
           %s, Global symbol "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal
           number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value
           "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary
           digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits
           in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s,
           Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid
           separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator
           character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
           failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not
           permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped
           open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s specified for -%c, No package
           name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c,
           no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number
           > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen
           errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around
           "%s" list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string,
           Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME :
           ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in
           pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of
           freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can't take
           arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching
           effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ
           elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s),
           Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process
           %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c
           passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list,
           Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in
           subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list,
           Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version number must be a
           constant number

       New tests
       Incompatible Changes
           Perl Source Incompatibilities
               CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has
               changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different,
               Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed
               pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys
               has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec
               bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to
               mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and
               "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
               Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been
               removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator,
               Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics
               of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More
               builtins taint their results

           C Source Incompatibilities
               "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

           Compatible C Source API Changes
               "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

           Binary Incompatibilities
       Known Problems
           Thread test failures
           EBCDIC platforms not supported
           In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
           NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX test failure
           Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1) lib/sdbm test failure with
           gcc
           UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
           Arrow operator and arrays
           Experimental features
               Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak
               references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite,
               Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The
               regular expression code constructs:

       Obsolete Diagnostics
           Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions,
           Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now
           must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp
           too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl5005delta(1) - what's new for perl5.005
       DESCRIPTION
       About the new versioning system
       Incompatible Changes
           WARNING:  This version is not binary compatible with Perl 5.004.
           Default installation structure has changed
           Perl Source Compatibility
           C Source Compatibility
           Binary Compatibility
           Security fixes may affect compatibility
           Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004
           Licensing
       Core Changes
           Threads
           Compiler
           Regular Expressions
               Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes, New
               regular expression constructs, New operator for precompiled
               regular expressions, Other improvements, Incompatible changes

           Improved malloc()
           Quicksort is internally implemented
           Reliable signals
           Reliable stack pointers
           More generous treatment of carriage returns
           Memory leaks
           Better support for multiple interpreters
           Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-defined
           "%!" is transparently tied to the Errno module
           Pseudo-hashes are supported
           "EXPR foreach EXPR" is supported
           Keywords can be globally overridden
           $^E is meaningful on Win32
           "foreach (1..1000000)" optimized
           "Foo::" can be used as implicitly quoted package name
           "exists $Foo::{Bar::}" tests existence of a package
           Better locale support
           Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
           prototype() returns useful results on builtins
           Extended support for exception handling
           Re-blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY() methods
           All "printf" format conversions are handled internally
           New "INIT" keyword
           New "lock" keyword
           New "qr//" operator
           "our" is now a reserved word
           Tied arrays are now fully supported
           Tied handles support is better
           4th argument to substr
           Negative LENGTH argument to splice
           Magic lvalues are now more magical
           <> now reads in records
       Supported Platforms
           New Platforms
           Changes in existing support
       Modules and Pragmata
           New Modules
               B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec,
               ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal, IPC::SysV,
               Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread, attrs, fields, re

           Changes in existing modules
               Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, POSIX,
               DB_File, MakeMaker, CPAN, Cwd

       Utility Changes
       Documentation Changes
       New Diagnostics
           Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or use &,
           Bad index while coercing array into hash, Bareword "%s" refers to
           nonexistent package, Can't call method "%s" on an undefined value,
           Can't check filesystem of script "%s" for nosuid, Can't coerce
           array into hash, Can't goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't
           localize pseudo-hash element, Can't use %%! because Errno.pm is not
           available, Cannot find an opnumber for "%s", Character class syntax
           [. .] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [:
           :] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [= =]
           is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure
           regular expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', %s:
           Eval-group not allowed at run time, Explicit blessing to ''
           (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No such array
           field, No such field "%s" in variable %s of type %s, Out of memory
           during ridiculously large request, Range iterator outside integer
           range, Recursive inheritance detected while looking for method '%s'
           %s, Reference found where even-sized list expected, Undefined value
           assigned to typeglob, Use of reserved word "%s" is deprecated,
           perl: warning: Setting locale failed

       Obsolete Diagnostics
           Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for -e: %s, Cannot open
           temporary file, regexp too big

       Configuration Changes
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perl5004delta(1) - what's new for perl5.004
       DESCRIPTION
       Supported Environments
       Core Changes
           List assignment to %ENV works
           Change to "Can't locate Foo.pm in @INC" error
           Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
           $PERL5OPT environment variable
           Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
           More precise warnings
           Deprecated: Inherited "AUTOLOAD" for non-methods
           Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
           Subroutine arguments created only when they're modified
           Group vector changeable with $)
           Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
           Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
           No resetting of $. on implicit close
           "wantarray" may return undef
           "eval EXPR" determines value of EXPR in scalar context
           Changes to tainting checks
               No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH, $ENV,
               $BASH_ENV, No spawning if tainted $TERM doesn't look like a
               terminal name

           New Opcode module and revised Safe module
           Embedding improvements
           Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
           Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
           New and changed syntax
               $coderef->(PARAMS)

           New and changed builtin constants
               __PACKAGE__

           New and changed builtin variables
               $^E, $^H, $^M

           New and changed builtin functions
               delete on slices, flock, printf and sprintf, keys as an lvalue,
               my() in Control Structures, pack() and unpack(), sysseek(), use
               VERSION, use Module VERSION LIST, prototype(FUNCTION), srand,
               $_ as Default, "m//gc" does not reset search position on
               failure, "m//x" ignores whitespace before ?*+{}, nested "sub{}"
               closures work now, formats work right on changing lexicals

           New builtin methods
               isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

           TIEHANDLE now supported
               TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST,
               READ this LIST, READLINE this, GETC this, DESTROY this

           Malloc enhancements
               -DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC, -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE

           Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements
       Support for More Operating Systems
           Win32
           Plan 9
           QNX
           AmigaOS
       Pragmata
           use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use blib 'dir',
           use constant NAME => VALUE, use locale, use ops, use vmsish

       Modules
           Required Updates
           Installation directories
           Module information summary
           Fcntl
           IO
           Math::Complex
           Math::Trig
           DB_File
           Net::Ping
           Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators
       Utility Changes
           pod2html
               Sends converted HTML to standard output

           xsubpp
               "void" XSUBs now default to returning nothing

       C Language API Changes
           "gv_fetchmethod" and "perl_call_sv", "perl_eval_pv", Extended API
           for manipulating hashes

       Documentation Changes
           perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio, perlmodlib,
           perldebug, perlsec

       New Diagnostics
           "my" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same scope, %s
           argument is not a HASH element or slice, Allocation too large: %lx,
           Allocation too large, Applying %s to %s will act on scalar(%s),
           Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to use reference
           as lvalue in substr, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package,
           Can't redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can't use bareword ("%s")
           as %s ref while "strict refs" in use, Cannot resolve method `%s'
           overloading `%s' in package `%s', Constant subroutine %s redefined,
           Constant subroutine %s undefined, Copy method did not return a
           reference, Died, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Identifier too long,
           Illegal character %s (carriage return), Illegal switch in PERL5OPT:
           %s, Integer overflow in hex number, Integer overflow in octal
           number, internal error: glob failed, Invalid conversion in %s:
           "%s", Invalid type in pack: '%s', Invalid type in unpack: '%s',
           Name "%s::%s" used only once: possible typo, Null picture in
           formline, Offset outside string, Out of memory!, Out of memory
           during request for %s, panic: frexp, Possible attempt to put
           comments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate words with
           commas, Scalar value @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Stub found
           while resolving method `%s' overloading `%s' in %s, Too late for
           "-T" option, untie attempted while %d inner references still exist,
           Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork, Use of
           "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated, Value of %s can be
           "0"; test with defined(), Variable "%s" may be unavailable,
           Variable "%s" will not stay shared, Warning: something's wrong,
           Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from
           DosAllocMem, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long,
           Process terminated by SIG%s

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perlexperiment(1) - A listing of experimental features in Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Current experiments
               "our" can now have an experimental optional attribute "unique",
               Smart match ("~~"), Pluggable keywords, Regular Expression Set
               Operations, Subroutine signatures, Aliasing via reference, The
               "const" attribute, use re 'strict';, String- and number-
               specific bitwise operators, The <:win32> IO pseudolayer,
               Declaring a reference to a variable, There is an "installhtml"
               target in the Makefile, Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC

           Accepted features
               64-bit support, die accepts a reference, DB module, Weak
               references, Internal file glob, fork() emulation,
               -Dusemultiplicity -Duseithreads, Support for long doubles, The
               "\N" regex character class, "(?{code})" and "(??{ code })",
               Linux abstract Unix domain sockets, Lvalue subroutines,
               Backtracking control verbs, The <:pop> IO pseudolayer, "\s" in
               regexp matches vertical tab, Postfix dereference syntax,
               Lexical subroutines

           Removed features
               5.005-style threading, perlcc, The pseudo-hash data type,
               GetOpt::Long Options can now take multiple values at once
               (experimental), Assertions, Test::Harness::Straps, "legacy",
               Lexical $_, Array and hash container functions accept
               references

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

   perlartistic - the Perl Artistic License
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       The "Artistic License"
           Preamble
           Definitions
               "Package", "Standard Version", "Copyright Holder", "You",
               "Reasonable copying fee", "Freely Available"

           Conditions
               a), b), c), d), a), b), c), d)

   perlgpl(1) - the GNU General Public License, version 1
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

   perlaix(1), README.aix - Perl version 5 on IBM AIX (UNIX) systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
           Supported Compilers
           Incompatibility with AIX Toolbox lib gdbm
           Perl 5 was successfully compiled and tested on:
           Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
           Using Large Files with Perl
           Threaded Perl
           64-bit Perl
           Long doubles
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/32-bit)
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (32-bit)
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/64-bit)
           Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (64-bit)
           Compiling Perl 5 on AIX 7.1.0
           Compiling Perl 5 on older AIX versions up to 4.3.3
           OS level
           Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX < 5L
           The IBM ANSI C Compiler
           The usenm option
           Using GNU's gcc for building Perl
           Using Large Files with Perl < 5L
           Threaded Perl < 5L
           64-bit Perl < 5L
           AIX 4.2 and extensions using C++ with statics
       AUTHORS

   perlamiga(1) - Perl under Amiga OS
       NOTE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Prerequisites for running Perl 5.22.1 under AmigaOS 4.1
               AmigaOS 4.1 update 6 with all updates applied as of 9th October
               2013, newlib.library version 53.28 or greater, AmigaOS SDK,
               abc-shell

           Starting Perl programs under AmigaOS 4.1
           Limitations of Perl under AmigaOS 4.1
               Nested Piped programs can crash when run from older abc-shells,
               Incorrect or unexpected command line unescaping, Starting
               subprocesses via open has limitations, If you find any other
               limitations or bugs then let me know

       INSTALLATION
       Amiga Specific Modules
           Amiga::ARexx
           Amiga::Exec
       BUILDING
       CHANGES
           August 2015, Port to Perl 5.22, Add handling of NIL: to afstat(),
           Fix inheritance of environment variables by subprocesses, Fix exec,
           and exit in "forked" subprocesses, Fix issue with newlib's unlink,
           which could cause infinite loops, Add flock() emulation using
           IDOS->LockRecord thanks to Tony Cook for the suggestion, Fix issue
           where kill was using the wrong kind of process ID, 27th November
           2013, Create new installation system based on installperl links and
           Amiga protection bits now set correctly, Pod now defaults to text,
           File::Spec should now recognise an Amiga style absolute path as
           well as an Unix style one. Relative paths must always be Unix
           style, 20th November 2013, Configured to use SDK:Local/C/perl to
           start standard scripts, Added Amiga::Exec module with support for
           Wait() and AmigaOS signal numbers, 10th October 13

       SEE ALSO

   perlandroid(1) - Perl under Android
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Cross-compilation
           Get the Android Native Development Kit (NDK)
           Determine the architecture you'll be cross-compiling for
           Set up a standalone toolchain
           adb or ssh?
           Configure and beyond
       Native Builds
       AUTHOR

   perlbs2000(1) - building and installing Perl for BS2000.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           gzip on BS2000
           bison on BS2000
           Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
           Compiling Perl on BS2000
           Testing Perl on BS2000
           Installing Perl on BS2000
           Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
           Using Perl in "native" BS2000
           Floating point anomalies on BS2000
           Using PerlIO and different encodings on ASCII and EBCDIC partitions
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
           Mailing list
       HISTORY

   perlce(1) - Perl for WinCE
       Building Perl for WinCE
           WARNING
           DESCRIPTION
           General explanations on cross-compiling WinCE
           CURRENT BUILD INSTRUCTIONS
           OLD BUILD INSTRUCTIONS
               Microsoft Embedded Visual Tools, Microsoft Visual C++, Rainer
               Keuchel's celib-sources, Rainer Keuchel's console-sources, go
               to ./win32 subdirectory, edit file
               ./win32/ce-helpers/compile.bat, run   compile.bat, run
               compile.bat dist

       Using Perl on WinCE
           DESCRIPTION
           LIMITATIONS
           ENVIRONMENT
               PERL5LIB, PATH, TMP, UNIXROOTPATH, ROWS/COLS, HOME,
               CONSOLEFONTSIZE

           REGISTRY
           XS
           BUGS
           INSTALLATION
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       History of WinCE port
       AUTHORS
           Rainer Keuchel <coyxc@rainer-keuchel.de>, Vadim Konovalov, Daniel
           Dragan

   perlcygwin(1), README.cygwin - Perl for Cygwin
       SYNOPSIS
       PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN
           Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it)
           Cygwin Configuration
               "PATH", nroff

       CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN
           Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
           Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin
               "-lcrypt", "-lgdbm_compat" ("use GDBM_File"), "-ldb" ("use
               DB_File"), "cygserver" ("use IPC::SysV"), "-lutil"

           Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin
               "-Uusedl", "-Dusemymalloc", "-Uuseperlio", "-Dusemultiplicity",
               "-Uuse64bitint", "-Duselongdouble", "-Uuseithreads",
               "-Duselargefiles", "-Dmksymlinks"

           Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin
               Win9x and "d_eofnblk", Compiler/Preprocessor defines

       MAKE ON CYGWIN
       TEST ON CYGWIN
           File Permissions on Cygwin
           NDBM_File and ODBM_File do not work on FAT filesystems
           "fork()" failures in io_* tests
       Specific features of the Cygwin port
           Script Portability on Cygwin
               Pathnames, Text/Binary, PerlIO, .exe, Cygwin vs. Windows
               process ids, Cygwin vs. Windows errors, rebase errors on fork
               or system, "chown()", Miscellaneous

           Prebuilt methods:
               "Cwd::cwd", "Cygwin::pid_to_winpid", "Cygwin::winpid_to_pid",
               "Cygwin::win_to_posix_path", "Cygwin::posix_to_win_path",
               "Cygwin::mount_table()", "Cygwin::mount_flags",
               "Cygwin::is_binmount", "Cygwin::sync_winenv"

       INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
       MANIFEST ON CYGWIN
           Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests, Compiled
           Perl Source, Compiled Module Source, Perl Modules/Scripts, Perl
           Module Tests

       BUGS ON CYGWIN
       AUTHORS
       HISTORY

   perldos(1) - Perl under DOS, W31, W95.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on DOS
               DJGPP, Pthreads

           Shortcomings of Perl under DOS
           Building Perl on DOS
           Testing Perl on DOS
           Installation of Perl on DOS
       BUILDING AND INSTALLING MODULES ON DOS
           Building Prerequisites for Perl on DOS
           Unpacking CPAN Modules on DOS
           Building Non-XS Modules on DOS
           Building XS Modules on DOS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlfreebsd(1), README.freebsd - Perl version 5 on FreeBSD systems
       DESCRIPTION
           FreeBSD core dumps from readdir_r with ithreads
           $^X doesn't always contain a full path in FreeBSD
       AUTHOR

   perlhaiku(1), README.haiku - Perl version 5.10+ on Haiku
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD AND INSTALL
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
       CONTACT

   perlhpux(1), README.hpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard Unix (HP-UX)
       systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
           Using perl from HP's porting centre
           Other prebuilt perl binaries
           Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
           PA-RISC
           Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
           PA-RISC 1.0
           PA-RISC 1.1
           PA-RISC 2.0
           Itanium Processor Family (IPF) and HP-UX
           Itanium, Itanium 2 & Madison 6
           HP-UX versions
           Building Dynamic Extensions on HP-UX
           The HP ANSI C Compiler
           The GNU C Compiler
           Using Large Files with Perl on HP-UX
           Threaded Perl on HP-UX
           64-bit Perl on HP-UX
           Oracle on HP-UX
           GDBM and Threads on HP-UX
           NFS filesystems and utime(2) on HP-UX
           HP-UX Kernel Parameters (maxdsiz) for Compiling Perl
       nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
       error: pasting ")" and "l" does not give a valid preprocessing token
       Redeclaration of "sendpath" with a different storage class specifier
       Miscellaneous
       AUTHOR

   perlhurd(1), README.hurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd
       DESCRIPTION
           Known Problems with Perl on Hurd
       AUTHOR

   perlirix(1), README.irix - Perl version 5 on Irix systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Building 32-bit Perl in Irix
           Building 64-bit Perl in Irix
           About Compiler Versions of Irix
           Linker Problems in Irix
           Malloc in Irix
           Building with threads in Irix
           Irix 5.3
       AUTHOR

   perllinux(1), README.linux - Perl version 5 on Linux systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Experimental Support for Sun Studio Compilers for Linux OS
       AUTHOR

   perlmacos(1), README.macos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   perlmacosx(1), README.macosx - Perl under Mac OS X
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Installation Prefix
           SDK support
           Universal Binary support
           64-bit PPC support
           libperl and Prebinding
           Updating Apple's Perl
           Known problems
           Cocoa
       Starting From Scratch
       AUTHOR
       DATE

   perlnetware(1) - Perl for NetWare
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD
           Tools & SDK
           Setup
               SetNWBld.bat, Buildtype.bat

           Make
           Interpreter
           Extensions
       INSTALL
       BUILD NEW EXTENSIONS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
       DATE

   perlopenbsd(1), README.openbsd - Perl version 5 on OpenBSD systems
       DESCRIPTION
           OpenBSD core dumps from getprotobyname_r and getservbyname_r with
           ithreads
       AUTHOR

   perlos2(1) - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Target
           Other OSes
           Prerequisites
               EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh

           Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
           Starting OS/2 (and DOS) programs under Perl
       Frequently asked questions
           "It does not work"
           I cannot run external programs
           I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my
           program.
               Is your program EMX-compiled with "-Zmt -Zcrtdll"?, Did you use
               ExtUtils::Embed?

           "``" and pipe-"open" do not work under DOS.
           Cannot start "find.exe "pattern" file"
       INSTALLATION
           Automatic binary installation
               "PERL_BADLANG", "PERL_BADFREE", Config.pm

           Manual binary installation
               Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked), Perl_ VIO
               executable (statically linked), Executables for Perl utilities,
               Main Perl library, Additional Perl modules, Tools to compile
               Perl modules, Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for
               Perl modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual in
               .INF format, Pdksh

           Warning
       Accessing documentation
           OS/2 .INF file
           Plain text
           Manpages
           HTML
           GNU "info" files
           PDF files
           "LaTeX" docs
       BUILD
           The short story
           Prerequisites
           Getting perl source
           Application of the patches
           Hand-editing
           Making
           Testing
               A lot of "bad free", Process terminated by SIGTERM/SIGINT,
               op/fs.t, 18, 25, op/stat.t

           Installing the built perl
           "a.out"-style build
       Building a binary distribution
       Building custom .EXE files
           Making executables with a custom collection of statically loaded
           extensions
           Making executables with a custom search-paths
       Build FAQ
           Some "/" became "\" in pdksh.
           'errno' - unresolved external
           Problems with tr or sed
           Some problem (forget which ;-)
           Library ... not found
           Segfault in make
           op/sprintf test failure
       Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port
           "setpriority", "getpriority"
           "system()"
           "extproc" on the first line
           Additional modules:
           Prebuilt methods:
               "File::Copy::syscopy", "DynaLoader::mod2fname",
               "Cwd::current_drive()",
                "Cwd::sys_chdir(name)",  "Cwd::change_drive(name)",
               "Cwd::sys_is_absolute(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name)",
               "Cwd::sys_is_relative(name)", "Cwd::sys_cwd(name)",
               "Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir)",  "Cwd::extLibpath([type])",
               "Cwd::extLibpath_set( path [, type ] )",
               "OS2::Error(do_harderror,do_exception)",
               "OS2::Errors2Drive(drive)", OS2::SysInfo(), OS2::BootDrive(),
               "OS2::MorphPM(serve)", "OS2::UnMorphPM(serve)",
               "OS2::Serve_Messages(force)", "OS2::Process_Messages(force [,
               cnt])", "OS2::_control87(new,mask)", OS2::get_control87(),
               "OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)",
               "OS2::DLLname([how [, \&xsub]])"

           Prebuilt variables:
               $OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver, $OS2::is_aout,
               $OS2::can_fork, $OS2::nsyserror

           Misfeatures
           Modifications
               "popen", "tmpnam", "tmpfile", "ctermid", "stat", "mkdir",
               "rmdir", "flock"

           Identifying DLLs
           Centralized management of resources
               "HAB", "HMQ", Treating errors reported by OS/2 API,
               "CheckOSError(expr)", "CheckWinError(expr)",
               "SaveWinError(expr)",
               "SaveCroakWinError(expr,die,name1,name2)",
               "WinError_2_Perl_rc", "FillWinError", "FillOSError(rc)",
               Loading DLLs and ordinals in DLLs

       Perl flavors
           perl.exe
           perl_.exe
           perl__.exe
           perl___.exe
           Why strange names?
           Why dynamic linking?
           Why chimera build?
       ENVIRONMENT
           "PERLLIB_PREFIX"
           "PERL_BADLANG"
           "PERL_BADFREE"
           "PERL_SH_DIR"
           "USE_PERL_FLOCK"
           "TMP" or "TEMP"
       Evolution
           Text-mode filehandles
           Priorities
           DLL name mangling: pre 5.6.2
           DLL name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond
               Global DLLs, specific DLLs, "BEGINLIBPATH" and "ENDLIBPATH", .
               from "LIBPATH"

           DLL forwarder generation
           Threading
           Calls to external programs
           Memory allocation
           Threads
               "COND_WAIT", os2.c

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   perlos390(1), README.os390 - building and installing Perl for OS/390 and z/OS
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Tools
           Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
           Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
           Configure Perl on OS/390
           Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
           Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
           Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
           Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
           Mailing list for Perl on OS/390
       HISTORY

   perlos400(1), README.os400 - Perl version 5 on OS/400
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl for OS/400 PASE
           Installing Perl in OS/400 PASE
           Using Perl in OS/400 PASE
           Known Problems
           Perl on ILE
       AUTHORS

   perlplan9(1) - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl
       DESCRIPTION
           Invoking Perl
           What's in Plan 9 Perl
           What's not in Plan 9 Perl
           Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
           Signals in Plan 9 Perl
       COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9
           Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
       BUGS
       Revision date
       AUTHOR

   perlqnx(1), README.qnx - Perl version 5 on QNX
       DESCRIPTION
           Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4
               /bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make

           Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
           QNX auxiliary files
               qnx/ar, qnx/cpp

           Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
           Cross-compilation
       AUTHOR

   perlriscos(1), README.riscos - Perl version 5 for RISC OS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD
       AUTHOR

   perlsolaris(1), README.solaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Solaris Version Numbers.
       RESOURCES
           Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation

       SETTING UP
           File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
           Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
           Environment for Compiling perl on Solaris
       RUN CONFIGURE.
           64-bit perl on Solaris.
           Threads in perl on Solaris.
           Malloc Issues with perl on Solaris.
       MAKE PROBLEMS.
           Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld, ld.so.1: ./perl:
           fatal: relocation error:, dlopen: stub interception failed, #error
           "No DATAMODEL_NATIVE specified", sh: ar: not found

       MAKE TEST
           op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
           nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
       CROSS-COMPILATION
       PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
       RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.
           Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.
       SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
       SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.
           Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
           BSD::Resource on Solaris
           Net::SSLeay on Solaris
       SunOS 4.x
       AUTHOR

   perlsymbian(1), README.symbian - Perl version 5 on Symbian OS
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl on Symbian
           Compilation problems
           PerlApp
           sisify.pl
           Using Perl in Symbian
       TO DO
       WARNING
       NOTE
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE
       HISTORY

   perlsynology(1) - Perl 5 on Synology DSM systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Setting up the build environment
           Compiling Perl 5
           Known problems
               Error message "No error definitions found",
               ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t

           Smoke testing Perl 5
           Adding libraries
       REVISION
       AUTHOR

   perltru64(1) - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as Digital UNIX
       formerly known as DEC OSF/1) systems
       DESCRIPTION
           Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
           Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
           Threaded Perl on Tru64
           Long Doubles on Tru64
           DB_File tests failing on Tru64
           64-bit Perl on Tru64
           Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64
       Testing Perl on Tru64
       ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
       Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
       read_cur_obj_info: bad file magic number
       AUTHOR

   perlvms(1) - VMS-specific documentation for Perl
       DESCRIPTION
       Installation
       Organization of Perl Images
           Core Images
           Perl Extensions
           Installing static extensions
           Installing dynamic extensions
       File specifications
           Syntax
           Filename Case
           Symbolic Links
           Wildcard expansion
           Pipes
       PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
       The Perl Forked Debugger
       PERL_VMS_EXCEPTION_DEBUG
       Command line
           I/O redirection and backgrounding
           Command line switches
               -i, -S, -u

       Perl functions
           File tests, backticks, binmode FILEHANDLE, crypt PLAINTEXT, USER,
           die, dump, exec LIST, fork, getpwent, getpwnam, getpwuid, gmtime,
           kill, qx//, select (system call), stat EXPR, system LIST, time,
           times, unlink LIST, utime LIST, waitpid PID,FLAGS

       Perl variables
           %ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[LOCAL], Any other string, $!, $^E, $?, $|

       Standard modules with VMS-specific differences
           SDBM_File
       Revision date
       AUTHOR

   perlvos(1), README.vos - Perl for Stratus VOS
       SYNOPSIS
       BUILDING PERL FOR OPENVOS
       INSTALLING PERL IN OPENVOS
       USING PERL IN OPENVOS
           Restrictions of Perl on OpenVOS
       TEST STATUS
       SUPPORT STATUS
       AUTHOR
       LAST UPDATE

   perlwin32(1) - Perl under Windows
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           <http://mingw.org>, <http://mingw-w64.org>

           Setting Up Perl on Windows
               Make, Command Shell, Microsoft Visual C++, Microsoft Visual C++
               2008-2017 Express/Community Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ 2005
               Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ Toolkit 2003, Microsoft
               Platform SDK 64-bit Compiler, MinGW release 3 with gcc, Intel
               C++ Compiler

           Building
           Testing Perl on Windows
           Installation of Perl on Windows
           Usage Hints for Perl on Windows
               Environment Variables, File Globbing, Using perl from the
               command line, Building Extensions, Command-line Wildcard
               Expansion, Notes on 64-bit Windows

           Running Perl Scripts
           Miscellaneous Things
       BUGS AND CAVEATS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
           Gary Ng <71564.1743@CompuServe.COM>, Gurusamy Sarathy
           <gsar@activestate.com>, Nick Ing-Simmons <nick@ing-simmons.net>,
           Jan Dubois <jand@activestate.com>, Steve Hay
           <steve.m.hay@googlemail.com>

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   perlboot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
       DESCRIPTION

   perlbot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
       DESCRIPTION

   perlrepository - Links to current information on the Perl source repository
       DESCRIPTION

   perltodo - Link to the Perl to-do list
       DESCRIPTION

   perltooc - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
       DESCRIPTION

   perltoot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
       DESCRIPTION


PRAGMA DOCUMENTATION

   arybase(3) - Set indexing base via $[
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       HISTORY
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   attributes(3) - get/set subroutine or variable attributes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           What "import" does
           Built-in Attributes
               lvalue, method, prototype(..), locked, const, shared, unique

           Available Subroutines
               get, reftype

           Package-specific Attribute Handling
               FETCH_type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_type_ATTRIBUTES

           Syntax of Attribute Lists
       EXPORTS
           Default exports
           Available exports
           Export tags defined
       EXAMPLES
       MORE EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO

   autodie(3) - Replace functions with ones that succeed or die with lexical
       scope
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXCEPTIONS
       CATEGORIES
       FUNCTION SPECIFIC NOTES
           print
           flock
           system/exec
       GOTCHAS
       DIAGNOSTICS
           :void cannot be used with lexical scope, No user hints defined for
           %s

       BUGS
           autodie and string eval
           REPORTING BUGS
       FEEDBACK
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

   autodie::Scope::Guard(3) - Wrapper class for calling subs at end of scope
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   autodie::Scope::GuardStack(3) -  Hook stack for managing scopes via %^H
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   autodie::ScopeUtil(3) - Utilities for managing %^H scopes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   autodie::exception(3) - Exceptions from autodying functions.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Common Methods
       Advanced methods
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE
       AUTHOR

   autodie::exception::system(3) - Exceptions from autodying system().
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       stringify
       LICENSE
       AUTHOR

   autodie::hints(3) - Provide hints about user subroutines to autodie
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Introduction
           What are hints?
           Example hints
       Manually setting hints from within your program
       Adding hints to your module
       Insisting on hints
       Diagnostics
           Attempts to set_hints_for unidentifiable subroutine, fail hints
           cannot be provided with either scalar or list hints for %s, %s hint
           missing for %s

       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   autodie::skip(3) - Skip a package when throwing autodie exceptions
       SYNPOSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   autouse(3) - postpone load of modules until a function is used
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       WARNING
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   base(3) - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Base class package "%s" is empty, Class 'Foo' tried to inherit from
           itself

       HISTORY
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO

   bigint(3) - Transparent BigInteger support for Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           use integer vs. use bigint
           Options
               a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, hex, oct, l, lib,
               try or only, v or version

           Math Library
           Internal Format
           Sign
           Method calls
           Methods
               inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

       CAVEATS
           Operator vs literal overloading, ranges, in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       MODULES USED
       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   bignum(3) - Transparent BigNumber support for Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Options
               a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct,
               v or version

           Methods
           Caveats
               inf(), NaN(), e, PI(), bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

           Math Library
           INTERNAL FORMAT
           SIGN
       CAVEATS
           Operator vs literal overloading, in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       MODULES USED
       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   bigrat(3) - Transparent BigNumber/BigRational support for Perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Modules Used
           Math Library
           Sign
           Methods
               inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

           MATH LIBRARY
           Caveat
           Options
               a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct,
               v or version

       CAVEATS
           Operator vs literal overloading, in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   blib(3) - Use MakeMaker's uninstalled version of a package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   bytes(3) - Perl pragma to force byte semantics rather than character semantics
       NOTICE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO

   charnames(3) - access to Unicode character names and named character
       sequences; also define character names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LOOSE MATCHES
       ALIASES
       CUSTOM ALIASES
       charnames::string_vianame(name)
       charnames::vianame(name)
       charnames::viacode(code)
       CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
       BUGS

   constant(3) - Perl pragma to declare constants
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
           List constants
           Defining multiple constants at once
           Magic constants
       TECHNICAL NOTES
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   deprecate(3) - Perl pragma for deprecating the core version of a module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           EXPORT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   diagnostics(3), splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The "diagnostics" Pragma
           The splain Program
       EXAMPLES
       INTERNALS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   encoding(3) - allows you to write your script in non-ascii or non-utf8
       WARNING
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "use encoding ['ENCNAME'] ;", "use encoding ENCNAME Filter=>1;",
           "no encoding;"

       OPTIONS
           Setting "STDIN" and/or "STDOUT" individually
           The ":locale" sub-pragma
       CAVEATS
           SIDE EFFECTS
           DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS
           Prior to Perl v5.22
           Prior to Encode version 1.87
           Prior to Perl v5.8.1
               "NON-EUC" doublebyte encodings, "tr///", Legend of characters
               above

       EXAMPLE - Greekperl
       BUGS
           Thread safety, Can't be used by more than one module in a single
           program, Other modules using "STDIN" and "STDOUT" get the encoded
           stream, literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes, EBCDIC,
           "format", See also "CAVEATS"

       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

   encoding::warnings(3) - Warn on implicit encoding conversions
       VERSION
       NOTICE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overview of the problem
           Detecting the problem
           Solving the problem
               Upgrade both sides to unicode-strings, Downgrade both sides to
               byte-strings, Specify the encoding for implicit byte-string
               upgrading, PerlIO layers for STDIN and STDOUT, Literal
               conversions, Implicit upgrading for byte-strings

       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   experimental(3) - Experimental features made easy
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Ordering matters
           Disclaimer
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   feature(3) - Perl pragma to enable new features
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Lexical effect
           "no feature"
       AVAILABLE FEATURES
           The 'say' feature
           The 'state' feature
           The 'switch' feature
           The 'unicode_strings' feature
           The 'unicode_eval' and 'evalbytes' features
           The 'current_sub' feature
           The 'array_base' feature
           The 'fc' feature
           The 'lexical_subs' feature
           The 'postderef' and 'postderef_qq' features
           The 'signatures' feature
           The 'refaliasing' feature
           The 'bitwise' feature
           The 'declared_refs' feature
       FEATURE BUNDLES
       IMPLICIT LOADING

   fields(3) - compile-time class fields
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           new, phash

       SEE ALSO

   filetest(3) - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Consider this carefully
           The "access" sub-pragma
           Limitation with regard to "_"

   if(3) - "use" a Perl module if a condition holds
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           EXAMPLES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

   integer(3) - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of floating point
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   less(3) - perl pragma to request less of something
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FOR MODULE AUTHORS
           "BOOLEAN = less->of( FEATURE )"
           "FEATURES = less->of()"
       CAVEATS
           This probably does nothing, This works only on 5.10+

   lib(3) - manipulate @INC at compile time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Adding directories to @INC
           Deleting directories from @INC
           Restoring original @INC
       CAVEATS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   locale(3) - Perl pragma to use and avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations
       WARNING
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   mro(3) - Method Resolution Order
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       The C3 MRO
           What is C3?
           How does C3 work
       Functions
           mro::get_linear_isa($classname[, $type])
           mro::set_mro ($classname, $type)
           mro::get_mro($classname)
           mro::get_isarev($classname)
           mro::is_universal($classname)
           mro::invalidate_all_method_caches()
           mro::method_changed_in($classname)
           mro::get_pkg_gen($classname)
           next::method
           next::can
           maybe::next::method
       SEE ALSO
           The original Dylan paper
               <http://haahr.tempdomainname.com/dylan/linearization-oopsla96.html>

           Pugs
           Parrot
               <http://use.perl.org/~autrijus/journal/25768>

           Python 2.3 MRO related links
               <http://www.python.org/2.3/mro.html>,
               <http://www.python.org/2.2.2/descrintro.html#mro>

           Class::C3
               Class::C3

       AUTHOR

   ok(3) - Alternative to Test::More::use_ok
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CC0 1.0 Universal

   open(3) - perl pragma to set default PerlIO layers for input and output
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NONPERLIO FUNCTIONALITY
       IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
       SEE ALSO

   ops(3) - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   overload(3) - Package for overloading Perl operations
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Fundamentals
           Overloadable Operations
               "not", "neg", "++", "--", Assignments, Non-mutators with a
               mutator variant, "int", String, numeric, boolean, and regexp
               conversions, Iteration, File tests, Matching, Dereferencing,
               Special

           Magic Autogeneration
           Special Keys for "use overload"
               defined, but FALSE, "undef", TRUE

           How Perl Chooses an Operator Implementation
           Losing Overloading
           Inheritance and Overloading
               Method names in the "use overload" directive, Overloading of an
               operation is inherited by derived classes

           Run-time Overloading
           Public Functions
               overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg),
               overload::Method(obj,op)

           Overloading Constants
               integer, float, binary, q, qr

       IMPLEMENTATION
       COOKBOOK
           Two-face Scalars
           Two-face References
           Symbolic Calculator
           Really Symbolic Calculator
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, '%s' is not an
           overloadable type, '%s' is not a code reference, overload arg '%s'
           is invalid

       BUGS AND PITFALLS

   overloading(3) - perl pragma to lexically control overloading
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "no overloading", "no overloading @ops", "use overloading", "use
           overloading @ops"

   parent(3) - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       HISTORY
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS
       MAINTAINER
       LICENSE

   re(3) - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           'taint' mode
           'eval' mode
           'strict' mode
           '/flags' mode
           'debug' mode
           'Debug' mode
               Compile related options, COMPILE, PARSE, OPTIMISE, TRIEC, DUMP,
               FLAGS, TEST, Execute related options, EXECUTE, MATCH, TRIEE,
               INTUIT, Extra debugging options, EXTRA, BUFFERS, TRIEM, STATE,
               STACK, GPOS, OPTIMISEM, OFFSETS, OFFSETSDBG, Other useful
               flags, ALL, All, MORE, More

           Exportable Functions
               is_regexp($ref), regexp_pattern($ref), regmust($ref),
               regname($name,$all), regnames($all), regnames_count()

       SEE ALSO

   sigtrap(3) - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           SIGNAL HANDLERS
               stack-trace, die, handler your-handler

           SIGNAL LISTS
               normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals

           OTHER
               untrapped, any, signal, number

       EXAMPLES

   sort(3) - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS

   strict(3) - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "strict refs", "strict vars", "strict subs"

       HISTORY

   subs(3) - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   threads(3) - Perl interpreter-based threads
       VERSION
       WARNING
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $thr = threads->create(FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr->join(),
           $thr->detach(), threads->detach(), threads->self(), $thr->tid(),
           threads->tid(), "$thr", threads->object($tid), threads->yield(),
           threads->list(), threads->list(threads::all),
           threads->list(threads::running), threads->list(threads::joinable),
           $thr1->equal($thr2), async BLOCK;, $thr->error(), $thr->_handle(),
           threads->_handle()

       EXITING A THREAD
           threads->exit(), threads->exit(status), die(), exit(status), use
           threads 'exit' => 'threads_only', threads->create({'exit' =>
           'thread_only'}, ...), $thr->set_thread_exit_only(boolean),
           threads->set_thread_exit_only(boolean)

       THREAD STATE
           $thr->is_running(), $thr->is_joinable(), $thr->is_detached(),
           threads->is_detached()

       THREAD CONTEXT
           Explicit context
           Implicit context
           $thr->wantarray()
           threads->wantarray()
       THREAD STACK SIZE
           threads->get_stack_size();, $size = $thr->get_stack_size();,
           $old_size = threads->set_stack_size($new_size);, use threads
           ('stack_size' => VALUE);, $ENV{'PERL5_ITHREADS_STACK_SIZE'},
           threads->create({'stack_size' => VALUE}, FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr2 =
           $thr1->create(FUNCTION, ARGS)

       THREAD SIGNALLING
           $thr->kill('SIG...');

       WARNINGS
           Perl exited with active threads:, Thread creation failed:
           pthread_create returned #, Thread # terminated abnormally: ..,
           Using minimum thread stack size of #, Thread creation failed:
           pthread_attr_setstacksize(SIZE) returned 22

       ERRORS
           This Perl not built to support threads, Cannot change stack size of
           an existing thread, Cannot signal threads without safe signals,
           Unrecognized signal name: ..

       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
           Thread-safe modules, Using non-thread-safe modules, Memory
           consumption, Current working directory, Environment variables,
           Catching signals, Parent-child threads, Creating threads inside
           special blocks, Unsafe signals, Perl has been built with
           "PERL_OLD_SIGNALS" (see "perl -V"), The environment variable
           "PERL_SIGNALS" is set to "unsafe" (see "PERL_SIGNALS" in perlrun),
           The module Perl::Unsafe::Signals is used, Returning closures from
           threads, Returning objects from threads, END blocks in threads,
           Open directory handles, Detached threads and global destruction,
           Perl Bugs and the CPAN Version of threads

       REQUIREMENTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

   threads::shared(3) - Perl extension for sharing data structures between
       threads
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
           share VARIABLE, shared_clone REF, is_shared VARIABLE, lock
           VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR,
           cond_timedwait VARIABLE, ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait CONDVAR,
           ABS_TIMEOUT, LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

       OBJECTS
       NOTES
       WARNINGS
           cond_broadcast() called on unlocked variable, cond_signal() called
           on unlocked variable

       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   utf8(3) - Perl pragma to enable/disable UTF-8 (or UTF-EBCDIC) in source code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Utility functions
               "$num_octets = utf8::upgrade($string)", "$success =
               utf8::downgrade($string[, $fail_ok])", "utf8::encode($string)",
               "$success = utf8::decode($string)", "$unicode =
               utf8::native_to_unicode($code_point)", "$native =
               utf8::unicode_to_native($code_point)", "$flag =
               utf8::is_utf8($string)", "$flag = utf8::valid($string)"

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   vars(3) - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names (obsolete)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   version(3) - Perl extension for Version Objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       TYPES OF VERSION OBJECTS
           Decimal Versions, Dotted Decimal Versions

       DECLARING VERSIONS
           How to convert a module from decimal to dotted-decimal
           How to "declare()" a dotted-decimal version
       PARSING AND COMPARING VERSIONS
           How to "parse()" a version
           How to check for a legal version string
               "is_lax()", "is_strict()"

           How to compare version objects
       OBJECT METHODS
           is_alpha()
           is_qv()
           normal()
           numify()
           stringify()
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
           qv()
           is_lax()
           is_strict()
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   version::Internals(3) - Perl extension for Version Objects
       DESCRIPTION
       WHAT IS A VERSION?
           Decimal versions, Dotted-Decimal versions

           Decimal Versions
           Dotted-Decimal Versions
           Alpha Versions
           Regular Expressions for Version Parsing
               $version::LAX, $version::STRICT, v1.234.5

       IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
           Equivalence between Decimal and Dotted-Decimal Versions
           Quoting Rules
           What about v-strings?
           Version Object Internals
               original, qv, alpha, version

           Replacement UNIVERSAL::VERSION
       USAGE DETAILS
           Using modules that use version.pm
               Decimal versions always work, Dotted-Decimal version work
               sometimes

           Object Methods
               new(), qv(), Normal Form, Numification, Stringification,
               Comparison operators, Logical Operators

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   vmsish(3) - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "vmsish status", "vmsish exit", "vmsish time", "vmsish hushed"

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Default Warnings and Optional Warnings
           What's wrong with -w and $^W
           Controlling Warnings from the Command Line
               -w , -W , -X

           Backward Compatibility
           Category Hierarchy
           Fatal Warnings
           Reporting Warnings from a Module
       FUNCTIONS
           use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(),
           warnings::enabled($category), warnings::enabled($object),
           warnings::fatal_enabled(), warnings::fatal_enabled($category),
           warnings::fatal_enabled($object), warnings::warn($message),
           warnings::warn($category, $message), warnings::warn($object,
           $message), warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($category,
           $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message),
           warnings::register_categories(@names)

   warnings::register(3) - warnings import function
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION


MODULE DOCUMENTATION

   AnyDBM_File(3) - provide framework for multiple DBMs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           DBM Comparisons
               [0], [1], [2], [3]

       SEE ALSO

   App::Cpan(3) - easily interact with CPAN from the command line
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Options
               -a, -A module [ module ... ], -c module, -C module [ module ...
               ], -D module [ module ... ], -f, -F, -g module [ module ... ],
               -G module [ module ... ], -h, -i module [ module ... ], -I, -j
               Config.pm, -J, -l, -L author [ author ... ], -m, -M
               mirror1,mirror2,.., -n, -O, -p, -P, -r, -s, -t module [ module
               ... ], -T, -u, -v, -V, -w, -x module [ module ... ], -X

           Examples
           Environment variables
               NONINTERACTIVE_TESTING, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, CPAN_OPTS,
               CPANSCRIPT_LOGLEVEL, GIT_COMMAND

           Methods

       run()

       EXIT VALUES
       TO DO
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       SOURCE AVAILABILITY
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   App::Prove(3) - Implements the "prove" command.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Attributes
           "archive", "argv", "backwards", "blib", "color", "directives",
           "dry", "exec", "extensions", "failures", "comments", "formatter",
           "harness", "ignore_exit", "includes", "jobs", "lib", "merge",
           "modules", "parse", "plugins", "quiet", "really_quiet", "recurse",
           "rules", "show_count", "show_help", "show_man", "show_version",
           "shuffle", "state", "state_class", "taint_fail", "taint_warn",
           "test_args", "timer", "verbose", "warnings_fail", "warnings_warn",
           "tapversion", "trap"

       PLUGINS
           Sample Plugin
       SEE ALSO

   App::Prove::State(3) - State storage for the "prove" command.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "store", "extensions" (optional), "result_class" (optional)

       "result_class"
       "extensions"
       "results"
       "commit"
       Instance Methods
           "last", "failed", "passed", "all", "hot", "todo", "slow", "fast",
           "new", "old", "save"

   App::Prove::State::Result(3) - Individual test suite results.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       "state_version"
       "test_class"

   App::Prove::State::Result::Test(3) - Individual test results.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods

   Archive::Tar(3) - module for manipulations of tar archives
      SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Object Methods
           Archive::Tar->new( [$file, $compressed] )
       $tar->read ( $filename|$handle, [$compressed, {opt => 'val'}] )
           limit, filter, md5, extract

       $tar->contains_file( $filename )
       $tar->extract( [@filenames] )
       $tar->extract_file( $file, [$extract_path] )
       $tar->list_files( [\@properties] )
       $tar->get_files( [@filenames] )
       $tar->get_content( $file )
       $tar->replace_content( $file, $content )
       $tar->rename( $file, $new_name )
       $tar->chmod( $file, $mode )
       $tar->chown( $file, $uname [, $gname] )
       $tar->remove (@filenamelist)
       $tar->clear
       $tar->write ( [$file, $compressed, $prefix] )
       $tar->add_files( @filenamelist )
       $tar->add_data ( $filename, $data, [$opthashref] )
           FILE, HARDLINK, SYMLINK, CHARDEV, BLOCKDEV, DIR, FIFO, SOCKET

       $tar->error( [$BOOL] )
       $tar->setcwd( $cwd );
       Class Methods
           Archive::Tar->create_archive($file, $compressed, @filelist)
       Archive::Tar->iter( $filename, [ $compressed, {opt => $val} ] )
       Archive::Tar->list_archive($file, $compressed, [\@properties])
       Archive::Tar->extract_archive($file, $compressed)
       $bool = Archive::Tar->has_io_string
       $bool = Archive::Tar->has_perlio
       $bool = Archive::Tar->has_zlib_support
       $bool = Archive::Tar->has_bzip2_support
       Archive::Tar->can_handle_compressed_files
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $Archive::Tar::FOLLOW_SYMLINK
           $Archive::Tar::CHOWN
           $Archive::Tar::CHMOD
           $Archive::Tar::SAME_PERMISSIONS
           $Archive::Tar::DO_NOT_USE_PREFIX
           $Archive::Tar::DEBUG
           $Archive::Tar::WARN
           $Archive::Tar::error
           $Archive::Tar::INSECURE_EXTRACT_MODE
           $Archive::Tar::HAS_PERLIO
           $Archive::Tar::HAS_IO_STRING
           $Archive::Tar::ZERO_PAD_NUMBERS
           Tuning the way RESOLVE_SYMLINK will works
       FAQ What's the minimum perl version required to run Archive::Tar?,
           Isn't Archive::Tar slow?, Isn't Archive::Tar heavier on memory than
           /bin/tar?, Can you lazy-load data instead?, How much memory will an
           X kb tar file need?, What do you do with unsupported filetypes in
           an archive?, I'm using WinZip, or some other non-POSIX client, and
           files are not being extracted properly!, How do I extract only
           files that have property X from an archive?, How do I access .tar.Z
           files?, How do I handle Unicode strings?

       CAVEATS
       TODO
           Check if passed in handles are open for read/write, Allow archives
           to be passed in as string, Facilitate processing an opened
           filehandle of a compressed archive

       SEE ALSO
           The GNU tar specification, The PAX format specification, A
           comparison of GNU and POSIX tar standards;
           "http://www.delorie.com/gnu/docs/tar/tar_114.html", GNU tar intends
           to switch to POSIX compatibility, A Comparison between various tar
           implementations

       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       COPYRIGHT

   Archive::Tar::File(3) - a subclass for in-memory extracted file from
       Archive::Tar
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Accessors
               name, mode, uid, gid, size, mtime, chksum, type, linkname,
               magic, version, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix, raw

       Methods
           Archive::Tar::File->new( file => $path )
           Archive::Tar::File->new( data => $path, $data, $opt )
           Archive::Tar::File->new( chunk => $chunk )
       $bool = $file->extract( [ $alternative_name ] )
       $path = $file->full_path
       $bool = $file->validate
       $bool = $file->has_content
       $content = $file->get_content
       $cref = $file->get_content_by_ref
       $bool = $file->replace_content( $content )
       $bool = $file->rename( $new_name )
       $bool = $file->chmod $mode)
       $bool = $file->chown( $user [, $group])
       Convenience methods
           $file->is_file, $file->is_dir, $file->is_hardlink,
           $file->is_symlink, $file->is_chardev, $file->is_blockdev,
           $file->is_fifo, $file->is_socket, $file->is_longlink,
           $file->is_label, $file->is_unknown

   Attribute::Handlers(3) - Simpler definition of attribute handlers
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]

           Typed lexicals
           Type-specific attribute handlers
           Non-interpretive attribute handlers
           Phase-specific attribute handlers
           Attributes as "tie" interfaces
       EXAMPLES
       UTILITY FUNCTIONS
           findsym

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s)", "Attribute handler %s doesn't
           handle %s attributes", "Declaration of %s attribute in package %s
           may clash with future reserved word", "Can't have two ATTR
           specifiers on one subroutine", "Can't autotie a %s", "Internal
           error: %s symbol went missing", "Won't be able to apply END
           handler"

       AUTHOR
       BUGS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   AutoLoader(3) - load subroutines only on demand
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Subroutine Stubs
           Using AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
           Overriding AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
           Package Lexicals
           Not Using AutoLoader
           AutoLoader vs. SelfLoader
           Forcing AutoLoader to Load a Function
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   AutoSplit(3) - split a package for autoloading
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $keep, $check, $modtime

           Multiple packages
       DIAGNOSTICS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   B(3) - The Perl Compiler Backend
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       Utility Functions
           Functions Returning "B::SV", "B::AV", "B::HV", and "B::CV" objects
               sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, svref_2object(SVREF),
               amagic_generation, init_av, check_av, unitcheck_av, begin_av,
               end_av, comppadlist, regex_padav, main_cv

           Functions for Examining the Symbol Table
               walksymtable(SYMREF, METHOD, RECURSE, PREFIX)

           Functions Returning "B::OP" objects or for walking op trees
               main_root, main_start, walkoptree(OP, METHOD),
               walkoptree_debug(DEBUG)

           Miscellaneous Utility Functions
               ppname(OPNUM), hash(STR), cast_I32(I), minus_c, cstring(STR),
               perlstring(STR), safename(STR), class(OBJ), threadsv_names

           Exported utility variables
               @optype, @specialsv_name

       OVERVIEW OF CLASSES
           SV-RELATED CLASSES
           B::SV Methods
               REFCNT, FLAGS, object_2svref

           B::IV Methods
               IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv

           B::NV Methods
               NV, NVX, COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH

           B::RV Methods
               RV

           B::PV Methods
               PV, RV, PVX, CUR, LEN

           B::PVMG Methods
               MAGIC, SvSTASH

           B::MAGIC Methods
               MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR, REGEX

           B::PVLV Methods
               TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

           B::BM Methods
               USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

           B::REGEXP Methods
               REGEX, precomp, qr_anoncv, compflags

           B::GV Methods
               is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV,
               CVGEN, LINE, FILE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS, GPFLAGS

           B::IO Methods
               LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV, FMT_NAME,
               FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS,
               IsSTD

           B::AV Methods
               FILL, MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, OFF, AvFLAGS

           B::CV Methods
               STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUTSIDE,
               OUTSIDE_SEQ, XSUB, XSUBANY, CvFLAGS, const_sv, NAME_HEK

           B::HV Methods
               FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, ARRAY, PMROOT

           OP-RELATED CLASSES
           B::OP Methods
               next, sibling, parent, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, opt,
               flags, private, spare

           B::UNOP Method
               first

           B::UNOP_AUX Methods (since 5.22)
               aux_list(cv), string(cv)

           B::BINOP Method
               last

           B::LOGOP Method
               other

           B::LISTOP Method
               children

           B::PMOP Methods
               pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmflags, extflags, precomp,
               pmoffset, code_list, pmregexp

           B::SVOP Methods
               sv, gv

           B::PADOP Method
               padix

           B::PVOP Method
               pv

           B::LOOP Methods
               redoop, nextop, lastop

           B::COP Methods
               label, stash, stashpv, stashoff (threaded only), file, cop_seq,
               arybase, line, warnings, io, hints, hints_hash

           B::METHOP Methods (Since Perl 5.22)
               first, meth_sv

           PAD-RELATED CLASSES
           B::PADLIST Methods
               MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, NAMES, REFCNT, id, outid

           B::PADNAMELIST Methods
               MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, REFCNT

           B::PADNAME Methods
               PV, PVX, LEN, REFCNT, FLAGS, TYPE, SvSTASH, OURSTASH, PROTOCV,
               COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH, PARENT_PAD_INDEX,
               PARENT_FAKELEX_FLAGS

           $B::overlay
       AUTHOR

   B::Concise(3) - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info about ops
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       OPTIONS
           Options for Opcode Ordering
               -basic, -exec, -tree

           Options for Line-Style
               -concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env

           Options for tree-specific formatting
               -compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii

           Options controlling sequence numbering
               -basen, -bigendian, -littleendian

           Other options
               -src, -stash="somepackage", -main, -nomain, -nobanner, -banner,
               -banneris => subref

           Option Stickiness
       ABBREVIATIONS
           OP class abbreviations
           OP flags abbreviations
       FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS
           Special Patterns
               (x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*), (*(text1;text2)*),
               (?(text1#varText2)?), ~

           # Variables
               #var, #varN, #Var, #addr, #arg, #class, #classsym, #coplabel,
               #exname, #extarg, #firstaddr, #flags, #flagval, #hints,
               #hintsval, #hyphseq, #label, #lastaddr, #name, #NAME, #next,
               #nextaddr, #noise, #private, #privval, #seq, #seqnum, #opt,
               #sibaddr, #svaddr, #svclass, #svval, #targ, #targarg,
               #targarglife, #typenum

       One-Liner Command tips
           perl -MO=Concise,bar foo.pl, perl -MDigest::MD5=md5 -MO=Concise,md5
           -e1, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,_POSIX_ARG_MAX -e1, perl -MPOSIX
           -MO=Concise,a -e 'print _POSIX_SAVED_IDS', perl -MPOSIX
           -MO=Concise,a -e 'sub a{_POSIX_SAVED_IDS}', perl -MB::Concise -e
           'B::Concise::compile("-exec","-src", \%B::Concise::)->()'

       Using B::Concise outside of the O framework
           Example: Altering Concise Renderings
           set_style()
           set_style_standard($name)
           add_style ()
           add_callback ()
           Running B::Concise::compile()
           B::Concise::reset_sequence()
           Errors
       AUTHOR

   B::Debug(3) - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing debug info about ops
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   B::Deparse(3) - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           -d, -fFILE, -l, -p, -P, -q, -sLETTERS, C, iNUMBER, T, vSTRING.,
           -xLEVEL

       USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE
           Synopsis
           Description
           new
           ambient_pragmas
               strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings, hint_bits,
               warning_bits, %^H

           coderef2text
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   B::Lint(3) - Perl lint
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           %bits
           %defines
           %labels
           %ops_using

   B::Showlex(3) - Show lexical variables used in functions or files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
           OPTIONS
       SEE ALSO
       TODO
       AUTHOR

   B::Terse(3) - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about ops
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   B::Xref(3) - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           i, &, s, r

       OPTIONS
           "-oFILENAME", "-r", "-d", "-D[tO]"

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Benchmark(3) - benchmark running times of Perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods
               new, debug, iters

           Standard Exports
               timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE, [ STYLE
               ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), timediff (
               T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )

           Optional Exports
               clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese ( COUNT,
               CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), cmpthese ( RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ]
               ), countit(TIME, CODE), disablecache ( ), enablecache ( ),
               timesum ( T1, T2 )

           :hireswallclock
       Benchmark Object
           cpu_p, cpu_c, cpu_a, real, iters

       NOTES
       EXAMPLES
       INHERITANCE
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       MODIFICATION HISTORY

   CORE(3) - Pseudo-namespace for Perl's core routines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDING CORE FUNCTIONS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   CPAN(3) - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           CPAN::shell([$prompt, $command]) Starting Interactive Mode
               Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules,
               "get", "make", "test", "install", "clean" modules or
               distributions, "readme", "perldoc", "look" module or
               distribution, "ls" author, "ls" globbing_expression, "failed",
               Persistence between sessions, The "force" and the "fforce"
               pragma, Lockfile, Signals

           CPAN::Shell
           autobundle
           hosts
               install_tested, is_tested

           mkmyconfig
           r [Module|/Regexp/]...
           recent ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
           recompile
           report Bundle|Distribution|Module
           smoke ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
           upgrade [Module|/Regexp/]...
           The four "CPAN::*" Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribution
           Integrating local directories
           Redirection
           Plugin support ***EXPERIMENTAL***
       CONFIGURATION
           completion support, displaying some help: o conf help, displaying
           current values: o conf [KEY], changing of scalar values: o conf KEY
           VALUE, changing of list values: o conf KEY
           SHIFT|UNSHIFT|PUSH|POP|SPLICE|LIST, reverting to saved: o conf
           defaults, saving the config: o conf commit

           Config Variables
               "o conf <scalar option>", "o conf <scalar option> <value>", "o
               conf <list option>", "o conf <list option> [shift|pop]", "o
               conf <list option> [unshift|push|splice] <list>", interactive
               editing: o conf init [MATCH|LIST]

           CPAN::anycwd($path): Note on config variable getcwd
               cwd, getcwd, fastcwd, getdcwd, backtickcwd

           Note on the format of the urllist parameter
           The urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
           Maintaining the urllist parameter
           The "requires" and "build_requires" dependency declarations
           Configuration for individual distributions (Distroprefs)
           Filenames
           Fallback Data::Dumper and Storable
           Blueprint
           Language Specs
               comment [scalar], cpanconfig [hash], depends [hash] ***
               EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, disabled [boolean], features [array]
               *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, goto [string], install [hash],
               make [hash], match [hash], patches [array], pl [hash], test
               [hash]

           Processing Instructions
               args [array], commandline, eexpect [hash], env [hash], expect
               [array]

           Schema verification with "Kwalify"
           Example Distroprefs Files
       PROGRAMMER'S INTERFACE
           expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Programming Examples

           Methods in the other Classes
               CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Author::as_string(),
               CPAN::Author::email(), CPAN::Author::fullname(),
               CPAN::Author::name(), CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(),
               CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(),
               CPAN::Bundle::contains(), CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args),
               CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_file(),
               CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(), CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(),
               CPAN::Bundle::install(), CPAN::Bundle::make(),
               CPAN::Bundle::readme(), CPAN::Bundle::test(),
               CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(),
               CPAN::Distribution::as_string(), CPAN::Distribution::author,
               CPAN::Distribution::pretty_id(), CPAN::Distribution::base_id(),
               CPAN::Distribution::clean(),
               CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(),
               CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import(), CPAN::Distribution::dir(),
               CPAN::Distribution::force($method,@args),
               CPAN::Distribution::get(), CPAN::Distribution::install(),
               CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl(), CPAN::Distribution::look(),
               CPAN::Distribution::make(), CPAN::Distribution::perldoc(),
               CPAN::Distribution::prefs(), CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm(),
               CPAN::Distribution::readme(), CPAN::Distribution::reports(),
               CPAN::Distribution::read_yaml(), CPAN::Distribution::test(),
               CPAN::Distribution::uptodate(), CPAN::Index::force_reload(),
               CPAN::Index::reload(), CPAN::InfoObj::dump(),
               CPAN::Module::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Module::as_string(),
               CPAN::Module::clean(), CPAN::Module::cpan_file(),
               CPAN::Module::cpan_version(), CPAN::Module::cvs_import(),
               CPAN::Module::description(), CPAN::Module::distribution(),
               CPAN::Module::dslip_status(),
               CPAN::Module::force($method,@args), CPAN::Module::get(),
               CPAN::Module::inst_file(), CPAN::Module::available_file(),
               CPAN::Module::inst_version(),
               CPAN::Module::available_version(), CPAN::Module::install(),
               CPAN::Module::look(), CPAN::Module::make(),
               CPAN::Module::manpage_headline(), CPAN::Module::perldoc(),
               CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Module::reports(),
               CPAN::Module::test(), CPAN::Module::uptodate(),
               CPAN::Module::userid()

           Cache Manager
           Bundles
       PREREQUISITES
       UTILITIES
           Finding packages and VERSION
           Debugging
               o debug package.., o debug -package.., o debug all, o debug
               number

           Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
           Basic Utilities for Programmers
               has_inst($module), use_inst($module), has_usable($module),
               instance($module), frontend(), frontend($new_frontend)

       SECURITY
           Cryptographically signed modules
       EXPORT
       ENVIRONMENT
       POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
       WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS
           Three basic types of firewalls
               http firewall, ftp firewall, One-way visibility, SOCKS, IP
               Masquerade

           Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall
       FAQ 1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10), 11), 12), 13), 14), 15),
           16), 17), 18)

       COMPATIBILITY
           OLD PERL VERSIONS
           CPANPLUS
           CPANMINUS
       SECURITY ADVICE
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       TRANSLATIONS
       SEE ALSO

   CPAN::API::HOWTO(3) - a recipe book for programming with CPAN.pm
       RECIPES
           What distribution contains a particular module?
           What modules does a particular distribution contain?
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE
       AUTHOR

   CPAN::Debug(3) - internal debugging for CPAN.pm
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Distroprefs(3) -- read and match distroprefs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       INTERFACE
           a CPAN::Distroprefs::Result object, "undef", indicating that no
           prefs files remain to be found

       RESULTS
           Common
           Errors
           Successes
       PREFS
       LICENSE

   CPAN::FirstTime(3) - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initialization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       auto_commit, build_cache, build_dir, build_dir_reuse,
       build_requires_install_policy, cache_metadata, check_sigs,
       cleanup_after_install, colorize_output, colorize_print, colorize_warn,
       colorize_debug, commandnumber_in_prompt, connect_to_internet_ok,
       ftp_passive, ftpstats_period, ftpstats_size, getcwd, halt_on_failure,
       histfile, histsize, inactivity_timeout, index_expire,
       inhibit_startup_message, keep_source_where, load_module_verbosity,
       makepl_arg, make_arg, make_install_arg, make_install_make_command,
       mbuildpl_arg, mbuild_arg, mbuild_install_arg,
       mbuild_install_build_command, pager, prefer_installer, prefs_dir,
       prerequisites_policy, randomize_urllist, recommends_policy, scan_cache,
       shell, show_unparsable_versions, show_upload_date, show_zero_versions,
       suggests_policy, tar_verbosity, term_is_latin, term_ornaments,
       test_report, perl5lib_verbosity, prefer_external_tar,
       trust_test_report_history, use_prompt_default, use_sqlite,
       version_timeout, yaml_load_code, yaml_module

       LICENSE

   CPAN::HandleConfig(3) - internal configuration handling for CPAN.pm
       "CLASS->safe_quote ITEM"
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Kwalify(3) - Interface between CPAN.pm and Kwalify.pm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           _validate($schema_name, $data, $file, $doc), yaml($schema_name)

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta(3) - the distribution metadata for a CPAN dist
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           create
           load_file
           load_yaml_string
           load_json_string
           load_string
           save
           meta_spec_version
           effective_prereqs
           should_index_file
           should_index_package
           features
           feature
           as_struct
           as_string
       STRING DATA
       LIST DATA
       MAP DATA
       CUSTOM DATA
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
           Bugs / Feature Requests
           Source Code
       AUTHORS
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Converter(3) - Convert CPAN distribution metadata structures
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           convert
           upgrade_fragment
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Feature(3) - an optional feature provided by a CPAN distribution
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           identifier
           description
           prereqs
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::History(3) - history of CPAN Meta Spec changes
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       HISTORY
           Version 2
           Version 1.4
           Version 1.3
           Version 1.2
           Version 1.1
           Version 1.0
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_0(3) - Version 1.0 metadata specification for
       META.yml
       PREFACE
       DESCRIPTION
       Format
       Fields
           name, version, license, perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd,
           open_source, unrestricted, restrictive, distribution_type,
           requires, recommends, build_requires, conflicts, dynamic_config,
           generated_by

       Related Projects
           DOAP

       History

   CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_1(3) - Version 1.1 metadata specification for
       META.yml
       PREFACE
       DESCRIPTION
       Format
       Fields
           name, version, license, perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd,
           open_source, unrestricted, restrictive, license_uri,
           distribution_type, private, requires, recommends, build_requires,
           conflicts, dynamic_config, generated_by

           Ingy's suggestions
               short_description, description, maturity, author_id, owner_id,
               categorization, keyword, chapter_id, URL for further
               information, namespaces

       History

   CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_2(3) - Version 1.2 metadata specification for
       META.yml
       PREFACE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FORMAT
       TERMINOLOGY
           distribution, module

       VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
       HEADER
       FIELDS
           meta-spec
           name
           version
           abstract
           author
           license
               perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted,
               restrictive

           distribution_type
           requires
           recommends
           build_requires
           conflicts
           dynamic_config
           private
           provides
           no_index
           keywords
           resources
               homepage, license, bugtracker

           generated_by
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY
           March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November
           16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005,
           August 23, 2005

   CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_3(3) - Version 1.3 metadata specification for
       META.yml
       PREFACE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FORMAT
       TERMINOLOGY
           distribution, module

       HEADER
       FIELDS
           meta-spec
           name
           version
           abstract
           author
           license
               apache, artistic, bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source,
               perl, restrictive, unrestricted

           distribution_type
           requires
           recommends
           build_requires
           conflicts
           dynamic_config
           private
           provides
           no_index
           keywords
           resources
               homepage, license, bugtracker

           generated_by
       VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY
           March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November
           16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005,
           August 23, 2005

   CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_4(3) - Version 1.4 metadata specification for
       META.yml
       PREFACE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FORMAT
       TERMINOLOGY
           distribution, module

       HEADER
       FIELDS
           meta-spec
           name
           version
           abstract
           author
           license
               apache, artistic, bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source,
               perl, restrictive, unrestricted

           distribution_type
           requires
           recommends
           build_requires
           configure_requires
           conflicts
           dynamic_config
           private
           provides
           no_index
           keywords
           resources
               homepage, license, bugtracker

           generated_by
       VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY
           March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November
           16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005,
           August 23, 2005, June 12, 2007

   CPAN::Meta::Merge(3) - Merging CPAN Meta fragments
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           merge(@fragments)
       MERGE STRATEGIES
           identical, set_addition, uniq_map, improvise

       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Prereqs(3) - a set of distribution prerequisites by phase and type
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           requirements_for
           phases
           types_in
           with_merged_prereqs
           merged_requirements
           as_string_hash
           is_finalized
           finalize
           clone
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Requirements(3) - a set of version requirements for a CPAN dist
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           add_minimum
           add_maximum
           add_exclusion
           exact_version
           add_requirements
           accepts_module
           clear_requirement
           requirements_for_module
           structured_requirements_for_module
           required_modules
           clone
           is_simple
           is_finalized
           finalize
           as_string_hash
           add_string_requirement
               >= 1.3, <= 1.3, != 1.3, > 1.3, < 1.3, >= 1.3, != 1.5, <= 2.0

           from_string_hash
       SUPPORT
           Bugs / Feature Requests
           Source Code
       AUTHORS
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Spec(3) - specification for CPAN distribution metadata
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       TERMINOLOGY
           distribution, module, package, consumer, producer, must, should,
           may, etc

       DATA TYPES
           Boolean
           String
           List
           Map
           License String
           URL
           Version
           Version Range
       STRUCTURE
           REQUIRED FIELDS
               version, url, stable, testing, unstable

           OPTIONAL FIELDS
               file, directory, package, namespace, description, prereqs,
               file, version, homepage, license, bugtracker, repository

           DEPRECATED FIELDS
       VERSION NUMBERS
           Version Formats
               Decimal versions, Dotted-integer versions

           Version Ranges
       PREREQUISITES
           Prereq Spec
               configure, build, test, runtime, develop, requires, recommends,
               suggests, conflicts

           Merging and Resolving Prerequisites
       SERIALIZATION
       NOTES FOR IMPLEMENTORS
           Extracting Version Numbers from Perl Modules
           Comparing Version Numbers
           Prerequisites for dynamically configured distributions
           Indexing distributions a la PAUSE
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::Validator(3) - validate CPAN distribution metadata structures
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           is_valid
           errors
           Check Methods
           Validator Methods
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   CPAN::Meta::YAML(3) - Read and write a subset of YAML for CPAN Meta files
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       new( LOCAL_FILE_NAME )

       continents()

       countries( [CONTINENTS] )

       mirrors( [COUNTRIES] )

       get_mirrors_by_countries( [COUNTRIES] )

       get_mirrors_by_continents( [CONTINENTS] )

       get_countries_by_continents( [CONTINENTS] )

       default_mirror

       best_mirrors

       get_n_random_mirrors_by_continents( N, [CONTINENTS] )

       get_mirrors_timings( MIRROR_LIST, SEEN, CALLBACK );

       find_best_continents( HASH_REF );

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Nox(3) - Wrapper around CPAN.pm without using any XS module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   CPAN::Plugin(3) - Base class for CPAN shell extensions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Alpha Status
           How Plugins work?
       METHODS
           plugin_requires
           distribution_object
           distribution
           distribution_info
           build_dir
           is_xs
       AUTHOR

   CPAN::Plugin::Specfile(3) - Proof of concept implementation of a trivial
       CPAN::Plugin
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           OPTIONS
       AUTHOR

   CPAN::Queue(3) - internal queue support for CPAN.pm
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Tarzip(3) - internal handling of tar archives for CPAN.pm
       LICENSE

   CPAN::Version(3) - utility functions to compare CPAN versions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LICENSE

   Carp(3) - alternative warn and die for modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Forcing a Stack Trace
           Stack Trace formatting
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $Carp::MaxEvalLen
           $Carp::MaxArgLen
           $Carp::MaxArgNums
           $Carp::Verbose
           $Carp::RefArgFormatter
           @CARP_NOT
           %Carp::Internal
           %Carp::CarpInternal
           $Carp::CarpLevel
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       CONTRIBUTING
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

   Class::Struct(3) - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl classes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The "struct()" function
           Class Creation at Compile Time
           Element Types and Accessor Methods
               Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%' or '*%'),
               Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')

           Initializing with "new"
       EXAMPLES
           Example 1, Example 2, Example 3

       Author and Modification History

   Compress::Raw::Bzip2(3) - Low-Level Interface to bzip2 compression library
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Compression
           ($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bzip2 $appendOutput,
           $blockSize100k, $workfactor;
               $appendOutput, $blockSize100k, $workfactor

           $status = $bz->bzdeflate($input, $output);
           $status = $bz->bzflush($output);
           $status = $bz->bzclose($output);
           Example
       Uncompression
           ($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bunzip2 $appendOutput,
           $consumeInput, $small, $verbosity, $limitOutput;
               $appendOutput, $consumeInput, $small, $limitOutput, $verbosity

           $status = $z->bzinflate($input, $output);
       Misc
           my $version = Compress::Raw::Bzip2::bzlibversion();
       Constants
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Compress::Raw::Zlib(3) - Low-Level Interface to zlib compression library
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate
           ($d, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate( [OPT] )
               -Level, -Method, -WindowBits, -MemLevel, -Strategy,
               -Dictionary, -Bufsize, -AppendOutput, -CRC32, -ADLER32

           $status = $d->deflate($input, $output)
           $status = $d->flush($output [, $flush_type])
           $status = $d->deflateReset()
           $status = $d->deflateParams([OPT])
               -Level, -Strategy, -BufSize

           $status = $d->deflateTune($good_length, $max_lazy, $nice_length,
           $max_chain)
           $d->dict_adler()
           $d->crc32()
           $d->adler32()
           $d->msg()
           $d->total_in()
           $d->total_out()
           $d->get_Strategy()
           $d->get_Level()
           $d->get_BufSize()
           Example
       Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate
            ($i, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate( [OPT] )
               -WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary, -AppendOutput, -CRC32,
               -ADLER32, -ConsumeInput, -LimitOutput

            $status = $i->inflate($input, $output [,$eof])
           $status = $i->inflateSync($input)
           $status = $i->inflateReset()
           $i->dict_adler()
           $i->crc32()
           $i->adler32()
           $i->msg()
           $i->total_in()
           $i->total_out()
           $d->get_BufSize()
           Examples
       CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
       Misc
           my $version = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlib_version();
           my $flags = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlibCompileFlags();
       The LimitOutput option.
       ACCESSING ZIP FILES
       FAQ
           Compatibility with Unix compress/uncompress.
           Accessing .tar.Z files
           Zlib Library Version Support
       CONSTANTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Compress::Zlib(3) - Interface to zlib compression library
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Notes for users of Compress::Zlib version 1
       GZIP INTERFACE
           $gz = gzopen($filename, $mode), $gz = gzopen($filehandle, $mode),
           $bytesread = $gz->gzread($buffer [, $size]) ;, $bytesread =
           $gz->gzreadline($line) ;, $byteswritten = $gz->gzwrite($buffer) ;,
           $status = $gz->gzflush($flush_type) ;, $offset = $gz->gztell() ;,
           $status = $gz->gzseek($offset, $whence) ;, $gz->gzclose,
           $gz->gzsetparams($level, $strategy, $level, $strategy,
           $gz->gzerror, $gzerrno

           Examples
           Compress::Zlib::memGzip
           Compress::Zlib::memGunzip
       COMPRESS/UNCOMPRESS
           $dest = compress($source [, $level] ) ;, $dest =
           uncompress($source) ;

       Deflate Interface
           ($d, $status) = deflateInit( [OPT] )
               -Level, -Method, -WindowBits, -MemLevel, -Strategy,
               -Dictionary, -Bufsize

           ($out, $status) = $d->deflate($buffer)
           ($out, $status) = $d->flush() =head2 ($out, $status) =
           $d->flush($flush_type)
           $status = $d->deflateParams([OPT])
               -Level, -Strategy

           $d->dict_adler()
           $d->msg()
           $d->total_in()
           $d->total_out()
           Example
       Inflate Interface
           ($i, $status) = inflateInit()
               -WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary

           ($out, $status) = $i->inflate($buffer)
           $status = $i->inflateSync($buffer)
           $i->dict_adler()
           $i->msg()
           $i->total_in()
           $i->total_out()
           Example
       CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
       Misc
           my $version = Compress::Zlib::zlib_version();
       CONSTANTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Config(3) - access Perl configuration information
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           myconfig(), config_sh(), config_re($regex), config_vars(@names),
           bincompat_options(), non_bincompat_options(), compile_date(),
           local_patches(), header_files()

       EXAMPLE
       WARNING
       GLOSSARY
       _

       "_a", "_exe", "_o"

       a

       "afs", "afsroot", "alignbytes", "ansi2knr", "aphostname",
       "api_revision", "api_subversion", "api_version", "api_versionstring",
       "ar", "archlib", "archlibexp", "archname", "archname64", "archobjs",
       "asctime_r_proto", "awk"

       b

       "baserev", "bash", "bin", "bin_ELF", "binexp", "bison", "byacc",
       "byteorder"

       c

       "c", "castflags", "cat", "cc", "cccdlflags", "ccdlflags", "ccflags",
       "ccflags_uselargefiles", "ccname", "ccsymbols", "ccversion", "cf_by",
       "cf_email", "cf_time", "charbits", "charsize", "chgrp", "chmod",
       "chown", "clocktype", "comm", "compress", "config_arg0", "config_argc",
       "config_args", "contains", "cp", "cpio", "cpp", "cpp_stuff",
       "cppccsymbols", "cppflags", "cpplast", "cppminus", "cpprun",
       "cppstdin", "cppsymbols", "crypt_r_proto", "cryptlib", "csh",
       "ctermid_r_proto", "ctime_r_proto"

       d

       "d__fwalk", "d_access", "d_accessx", "d_acosh", "d_aintl", "d_alarm",
       "d_archlib", "d_asctime64", "d_asctime_r", "d_asinh", "d_atanh",
       "d_atolf", "d_atoll", "d_attribute_deprecated", "d_attribute_format",
       "d_attribute_malloc", "d_attribute_nonnull", "d_attribute_noreturn",
       "d_attribute_pure", "d_attribute_unused",
       "d_attribute_warn_unused_result", "d_backtrace", "d_bcmp", "d_bcopy",
       "d_bsd", "d_bsdgetpgrp", "d_bsdsetpgrp", "d_builtin_choose_expr",
       "d_builtin_expect", "d_bzero", "d_c99_variadic_macros", "d_casti32",
       "d_castneg", "d_cbrt", "d_charvspr", "d_chown", "d_chroot", "d_chsize",
       "d_class", "d_clearenv", "d_closedir", "d_cmsghdr_s", "d_const",
       "d_copysign", "d_copysignl", "d_cplusplus", "d_crypt", "d_crypt_r",
       "d_csh", "d_ctermid", "d_ctermid_r", "d_ctime64", "d_ctime_r",
       "d_cuserid", "d_dbl_dig", "d_dbminitproto", "d_difftime",
       "d_difftime64", "d_dir_dd_fd", "d_dirfd", "d_dirnamlen", "d_dladdr",
       "d_dlerror", "d_dlopen", "d_dlsymun", "d_double_has_inf",
       "d_double_has_nan", "d_double_has_negative_zero",
       "d_double_has_subnormals", "d_double_style_cray", "d_double_style_ibm",
       "d_double_style_ieee", "d_double_style_vax", "d_dosuid", "d_drand48_r",
       "d_drand48proto", "d_dup2", "d_duplocale", "d_eaccess", "d_endgrent",
       "d_endgrent_r", "d_endhent", "d_endhostent_r", "d_endnent",
       "d_endnetent_r", "d_endpent", "d_endprotoent_r", "d_endpwent",
       "d_endpwent_r", "d_endsent", "d_endservent_r", "d_eofnblk", "d_erf",
       "d_erfc", "d_eunice", "d_exp2", "d_expm1", "d_faststdio", "d_fchdir",
       "d_fchmod", "d_fchown", "d_fcntl", "d_fcntl_can_lock", "d_fd_macros",
       "d_fd_set", "d_fdclose", "d_fdim", "d_fds_bits", "d_fegetround",
       "d_fgetpos", "d_finite", "d_finitel", "d_flexfnam", "d_flock",
       "d_flockproto", "d_fma", "d_fmax", "d_fmin", "d_fork", "d_fp_class",
       "d_fp_classify", "d_fp_classl", "d_fpathconf", "d_fpclass",
       "d_fpclassify", "d_fpclassl", "d_fpgetround", "d_fpos64_t",
       "d_freelocale", "d_frexpl", "d_fs_data_s", "d_fseeko", "d_fsetpos",
       "d_fstatfs", "d_fstatvfs", "d_fsync", "d_ftello", "d_ftime",
       "d_futimes", "d_gai_strerror", "d_Gconvert",
       "d_gdbm_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_gdbmndbm_h_uses_prototypes",
       "d_getaddrinfo", "d_getcwd", "d_getespwnam", "d_getfsstat",
       "d_getgrent", "d_getgrent_r", "d_getgrgid_r", "d_getgrnam_r",
       "d_getgrps", "d_gethbyaddr", "d_gethbyname", "d_gethent", "d_gethname",
       "d_gethostbyaddr_r", "d_gethostbyname_r", "d_gethostent_r",
       "d_gethostprotos", "d_getitimer", "d_getlogin", "d_getlogin_r",
       "d_getmnt", "d_getmntent", "d_getnameinfo", "d_getnbyaddr",
       "d_getnbyname", "d_getnent", "d_getnetbyaddr_r", "d_getnetbyname_r",
       "d_getnetent_r", "d_getnetprotos", "d_getpagsz", "d_getpbyname",
       "d_getpbynumber", "d_getpent", "d_getpgid", "d_getpgrp", "d_getpgrp2",
       "d_getppid", "d_getprior", "d_getprotobyname_r",
       "d_getprotobynumber_r", "d_getprotoent_r", "d_getprotoprotos",
       "d_getprpwnam", "d_getpwent", "d_getpwent_r", "d_getpwnam_r",
       "d_getpwuid_r", "d_getsbyname", "d_getsbyport", "d_getsent",
       "d_getservbyname_r", "d_getservbyport_r", "d_getservent_r",
       "d_getservprotos", "d_getspnam", "d_getspnam_r", "d_gettimeod",
       "d_gmtime64", "d_gmtime_r", "d_gnulibc", "d_grpasswd", "d_hasmntopt",
       "d_htonl", "d_hypot", "d_ilogb", "d_ilogbl", "d_inc_version_list",
       "d_index", "d_inetaton", "d_inetntop", "d_inetpton", "d_int64_t",
       "d_ip_mreq", "d_ip_mreq_source", "d_ipv6_mreq", "d_ipv6_mreq_source",
       "d_isascii", "d_isblank", "d_isfinite", "d_isfinitel", "d_isinf",
       "d_isinfl", "d_isless", "d_isnan", "d_isnanl", "d_isnormal", "d_j0",
       "d_j0l", "d_killpg", "d_lc_monetary_2008", "d_lchown", "d_ldbl_dig",
       "d_ldexpl", "d_lgamma", "d_lgamma_r", "d_libm_lib_version",
       "d_libname_unique", "d_link", "d_llrint", "d_llrintl", "d_llround",
       "d_llroundl", "d_localtime64", "d_localtime_r",
       "d_localtime_r_needs_tzset", "d_locconv", "d_lockf", "d_log1p",
       "d_log2", "d_logb", "d_longdbl", "d_long_double_style_ieee",
       "d_long_double_style_ieee_doubledouble",
       "d_long_double_style_ieee_extended", "d_long_double_style_ieee_std",
       "d_long_double_style_vax", "d_longlong", "d_lrint", "d_lrintl",
       "d_lround", "d_lroundl", "d_lseekproto", "d_lstat", "d_madvise",
       "d_malloc_good_size", "d_malloc_size", "d_mblen", "d_mbstowcs",
       "d_mbtowc", "d_memchr", "d_memcmp", "d_memcpy", "d_memmem",
       "d_memmove", "d_memset", "d_mkdir", "d_mkdtemp", "d_mkfifo",
       "d_mkstemp", "d_mkstemps", "d_mktime", "d_mktime64", "d_mmap",
       "d_modfl", "d_modflproto", "d_mprotect", "d_msg", "d_msg_ctrunc",
       "d_msg_dontroute", "d_msg_oob", "d_msg_peek", "d_msg_proxy",
       "d_msgctl", "d_msgget", "d_msghdr_s", "d_msgrcv", "d_msgsnd",
       "d_msync", "d_munmap", "d_mymalloc", "d_nan", "d_ndbm",
       "d_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_nearbyint", "d_newlocale",
       "d_nextafter", "d_nexttoward", "d_nice", "d_nl_langinfo",
       "d_nv_preserves_uv", "d_nv_zero_is_allbits_zero", "d_off64_t",
       "d_old_pthread_create_joinable", "d_oldpthreads", "d_oldsock",
       "d_open3", "d_pathconf", "d_pause", "d_perl_otherlibdirs",
       "d_phostname", "d_pipe", "d_poll", "d_portable", "d_prctl",
       "d_prctl_set_name", "d_PRId64", "d_PRIeldbl", "d_PRIEUldbl",
       "d_PRIfldbl", "d_PRIFUldbl", "d_PRIgldbl", "d_PRIGUldbl", "d_PRIi64",
       "d_printf_format_null", "d_PRIo64", "d_PRIu64", "d_PRIx64",
       "d_PRIXU64", "d_procselfexe", "d_pseudofork", "d_pthread_atfork",
       "d_pthread_attr_setscope", "d_pthread_yield", "d_ptrdiff_t", "d_pwage",
       "d_pwchange", "d_pwclass", "d_pwcomment", "d_pwexpire", "d_pwgecos",
       "d_pwpasswd", "d_pwquota", "d_qgcvt", "d_quad", "d_querylocale",
       "d_random_r", "d_re_comp", "d_readdir", "d_readdir64_r", "d_readdir_r",
       "d_readlink", "d_readv", "d_recvmsg", "d_regcmp", "d_regcomp",
       "d_remainder", "d_remquo", "d_rename", "d_rewinddir", "d_rint",
       "d_rmdir", "d_round", "d_safebcpy", "d_safemcpy", "d_sanemcmp",
       "d_sbrkproto", "d_scalbn", "d_scalbnl", "d_sched_yield",
       "d_scm_rights", "d_SCNfldbl", "d_seekdir", "d_select", "d_sem",
       "d_semctl", "d_semctl_semid_ds", "d_semctl_semun", "d_semget",
       "d_semop", "d_sendmsg", "d_setegid", "d_seteuid", "d_setgrent",
       "d_setgrent_r", "d_setgrps", "d_sethent", "d_sethostent_r",
       "d_setitimer", "d_setlinebuf", "d_setlocale", "d_setlocale_r",
       "d_setnent", "d_setnetent_r", "d_setpent", "d_setpgid", "d_setpgrp",
       "d_setpgrp2", "d_setprior", "d_setproctitle", "d_setprotoent_r",
       "d_setpwent", "d_setpwent_r", "d_setregid", "d_setresgid",
       "d_setresuid", "d_setreuid", "d_setrgid", "d_setruid", "d_setsent",
       "d_setservent_r", "d_setsid", "d_setvbuf", "d_shm", "d_shmat",
       "d_shmatprototype", "d_shmctl", "d_shmdt", "d_shmget", "d_sigaction",
       "d_siginfo_si_addr", "d_siginfo_si_band", "d_siginfo_si_errno",
       "d_siginfo_si_fd", "d_siginfo_si_pid", "d_siginfo_si_status",
       "d_siginfo_si_uid", "d_siginfo_si_value", "d_signbit", "d_sigprocmask",
       "d_sigsetjmp", "d_sin6_scope_id", "d_sitearch", "d_snprintf",
       "d_sockaddr_in6", "d_sockaddr_sa_len", "d_sockatmark",
       "d_sockatmarkproto", "d_socket", "d_socklen_t", "d_sockpair",
       "d_socks5_init", "d_sprintf_returns_strlen", "d_sqrtl", "d_srand48_r",
       "d_srandom_r", "d_sresgproto", "d_sresuproto", "d_stat", "d_statblks",
       "d_statfs_f_flags", "d_statfs_s", "d_static_inline", "d_statvfs",
       "d_stdio_cnt_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval",
       "d_stdio_ptr_lval_nochange_cnt", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_sets_cnt",
       "d_stdio_stream_array", "d_stdiobase", "d_stdstdio", "d_strchr",
       "d_strcoll", "d_strctcpy", "d_strerrm", "d_strerror", "d_strerror_l",
       "d_strerror_r", "d_strftime", "d_strlcat", "d_strlcpy", "d_strtod",
       "d_strtol", "d_strtold", "d_strtoll", "d_strtoq", "d_strtoul",
       "d_strtoull", "d_strtouq", "d_strxfrm", "d_suidsafe", "d_symlink",
       "d_syscall", "d_syscallproto", "d_sysconf", "d_sysernlst",
       "d_syserrlst", "d_system", "d_tcgetpgrp", "d_tcsetpgrp", "d_telldir",
       "d_telldirproto", "d_tgamma", "d_time", "d_timegm", "d_times",
       "d_tm_tm_gmtoff", "d_tm_tm_zone", "d_tmpnam_r", "d_trunc",
       "d_truncate", "d_truncl", "d_ttyname_r", "d_tzname", "d_u32align",
       "d_ualarm", "d_umask", "d_uname", "d_union_semun", "d_unordered",
       "d_unsetenv", "d_uselocale", "d_usleep", "d_usleepproto", "d_ustat",
       "d_vendorarch", "d_vendorbin", "d_vendorlib", "d_vendorscript",
       "d_vfork", "d_void_closedir", "d_voidsig", "d_voidtty", "d_volatile",
       "d_vprintf", "d_vsnprintf", "d_wait4", "d_waitpid", "d_wcscmp",
       "d_wcstombs", "d_wcsxfrm", "d_wctomb", "d_writev", "d_xenix", "date",
       "db_hashtype", "db_prefixtype", "db_version_major", "db_version_minor",
       "db_version_patch", "default_inc_excludes_dot", "direntrytype",
       "dlext", "dlsrc", "doubleinfbytes", "doublekind", "doublemantbits",
       "doublenanbytes", "doublesize", "drand01", "drand48_r_proto", "dtrace",
       "dtraceobject", "dtracexnolibs", "dynamic_ext"

       e

       "eagain", "ebcdic", "echo", "egrep", "emacs", "endgrent_r_proto",
       "endhostent_r_proto", "endnetent_r_proto", "endprotoent_r_proto",
       "endpwent_r_proto", "endservent_r_proto", "eunicefix", "exe_ext",
       "expr", "extensions", "extern_C", "extras"

       f

       "fflushall", "fflushNULL", "find", "firstmakefile", "flex", "fpossize",
       "fpostype", "freetype", "from", "full_ar", "full_csh", "full_sed"

       g

       "gccansipedantic", "gccosandvers", "gccversion", "getgrent_r_proto",
       "getgrgid_r_proto", "getgrnam_r_proto", "gethostbyaddr_r_proto",
       "gethostbyname_r_proto", "gethostent_r_proto", "getlogin_r_proto",
       "getnetbyaddr_r_proto", "getnetbyname_r_proto", "getnetent_r_proto",
       "getprotobyname_r_proto", "getprotobynumber_r_proto",
       "getprotoent_r_proto", "getpwent_r_proto", "getpwnam_r_proto",
       "getpwuid_r_proto", "getservbyname_r_proto", "getservbyport_r_proto",
       "getservent_r_proto", "getspnam_r_proto", "gidformat", "gidsign",
       "gidsize", "gidtype", "glibpth", "gmake", "gmtime_r_proto",
       "gnulibc_version", "grep", "groupcat", "groupstype", "gzip"

       h

       "h_fcntl", "h_sysfile", "hint", "hostcat", "hostgenerate",
       "hostosname", "hostperl", "html1dir", "html1direxp", "html3dir",
       "html3direxp"

       i

       "i16size", "i16type", "i32size", "i32type", "i64size", "i64type",
       "i8size", "i8type", "i_arpainet", "i_assert", "i_bfd", "i_bsdioctl",
       "i_crypt", "i_db", "i_dbm", "i_dirent", "i_dlfcn", "i_execinfo",
       "i_fcntl", "i_fenv", "i_float", "i_fp", "i_fp_class", "i_gdbm",
       "i_gdbm_ndbm", "i_gdbmndbm", "i_grp", "i_ieeefp", "i_inttypes",
       "i_langinfo", "i_libutil", "i_limits", "i_locale", "i_machcthr",
       "i_malloc", "i_mallocmalloc", "i_math", "i_memory", "i_mntent",
       "i_ndbm", "i_netdb", "i_neterrno", "i_netinettcp", "i_niin", "i_poll",
       "i_prot", "i_pthread", "i_pwd", "i_quadmath", "i_rpcsvcdbm", "i_sgtty",
       "i_shadow", "i_socks", "i_stdarg", "i_stdbool", "i_stddef", "i_stdint",
       "i_stdlib", "i_string", "i_sunmath", "i_sysaccess", "i_sysdir",
       "i_sysfile", "i_sysfilio", "i_sysin", "i_sysioctl", "i_syslog",
       "i_sysmman", "i_sysmode", "i_sysmount", "i_sysndir", "i_sysparam",
       "i_syspoll", "i_sysresrc", "i_syssecrt", "i_sysselct", "i_syssockio",
       "i_sysstat", "i_sysstatfs", "i_sysstatvfs", "i_systime", "i_systimek",
       "i_systimes", "i_systypes", "i_sysuio", "i_sysun", "i_sysutsname",
       "i_sysvfs", "i_syswait", "i_termio", "i_termios", "i_time", "i_unistd",
       "i_ustat", "i_utime", "i_values", "i_varargs", "i_varhdr", "i_vfork",
       "i_xlocale", "ignore_versioned_solibs", "inc_version_list",
       "inc_version_list_init", "incpath", "incpth", "inews",
       "initialinstalllocation", "installarchlib", "installbin",
       "installhtml1dir", "installhtml3dir", "installman1dir",
       "installman3dir", "installprefix", "installprefixexp",
       "installprivlib", "installscript", "installsitearch", "installsitebin",
       "installsitehtml1dir", "installsitehtml3dir", "installsitelib",
       "installsiteman1dir", "installsiteman3dir", "installsitescript",
       "installstyle", "installusrbinperl", "installvendorarch",
       "installvendorbin", "installvendorhtml1dir", "installvendorhtml3dir",
       "installvendorlib", "installvendorman1dir", "installvendorman3dir",
       "installvendorscript", "intsize", "issymlink", "ivdformat", "ivsize",
       "ivtype"

       k

       "known_extensions", "ksh"

       l

       "ld", "ld_can_script", "lddlflags", "ldflags", "ldflags_uselargefiles",
       "ldlibpthname", "less", "lib_ext", "libc", "libperl", "libpth", "libs",
       "libsdirs", "libsfiles", "libsfound", "libspath", "libswanted",
       "libswanted_uselargefiles", "line", "lint", "lkflags", "ln", "lns",
       "localtime_r_proto", "locincpth", "loclibpth", "longdblinfbytes",
       "longdblkind", "longdblmantbits", "longdblnanbytes", "longdblsize",
       "longlongsize", "longsize", "lp", "lpr", "ls", "lseeksize", "lseektype"

       m

       "mail", "mailx", "make", "make_set_make", "mallocobj", "mallocsrc",
       "malloctype", "man1dir", "man1direxp", "man1ext", "man3dir",
       "man3direxp", "man3ext", "mips_type", "mistrustnm", "mkdir",
       "mmaptype", "modetype", "more", "multiarch", "mv", "myarchname",
       "mydomain", "myhostname", "myuname"

       n

       "n", "need_va_copy", "netdb_hlen_type", "netdb_host_type",
       "netdb_name_type", "netdb_net_type", "nm", "nm_opt", "nm_so_opt",
       "nonxs_ext", "nroff", "nv_overflows_integers_at",
       "nv_preserves_uv_bits", "nveformat", "nvEUformat", "nvfformat",
       "nvFUformat", "nvgformat", "nvGUformat", "nvmantbits", "nvsize",
       "nvtype"

       o

       "o_nonblock", "obj_ext", "old_pthread_create_joinable", "optimize",
       "orderlib", "osname", "osvers", "otherlibdirs"

       p

       "package", "pager", "passcat", "patchlevel", "path_sep", "perl",
       "perl5"

       P

       "PERL_API_REVISION", "PERL_API_SUBVERSION", "PERL_API_VERSION",
       "PERL_CONFIG_SH", "PERL_PATCHLEVEL", "perl_patchlevel",
       "PERL_REVISION", "perl_static_inline", "PERL_SUBVERSION",
       "PERL_VERSION", "perladmin", "perllibs", "perlpath", "pg", "phostname",
       "pidtype", "plibpth", "pmake", "pr", "prefix", "prefixexp", "privlib",
       "privlibexp", "procselfexe", "prototype", "ptrsize"

       q

       "quadkind", "quadtype"

       r

       "randbits", "randfunc", "random_r_proto", "randseedtype", "ranlib",
       "rd_nodata", "readdir64_r_proto", "readdir_r_proto", "revision", "rm",
       "rm_try", "rmail", "run", "runnm"

       s

       "sched_yield", "scriptdir", "scriptdirexp", "sed", "seedfunc",
       "selectminbits", "selecttype", "sendmail", "setgrent_r_proto",
       "sethostent_r_proto", "setlocale_r_proto", "setnetent_r_proto",
       "setprotoent_r_proto", "setpwent_r_proto", "setservent_r_proto",
       "sGMTIME_max", "sGMTIME_min", "sh", "shar", "sharpbang", "shmattype",
       "shortsize", "shrpenv", "shsharp", "sig_count", "sig_name",
       "sig_name_init", "sig_num", "sig_num_init", "sig_size", "signal_t",
       "sitearch", "sitearchexp", "sitebin", "sitebinexp", "sitehtml1dir",
       "sitehtml1direxp", "sitehtml3dir", "sitehtml3direxp", "sitelib",
       "sitelib_stem", "sitelibexp", "siteman1dir", "siteman1direxp",
       "siteman3dir", "siteman3direxp", "siteprefix", "siteprefixexp",
       "sitescript", "sitescriptexp", "sizesize", "sizetype", "sleep",
       "sLOCALTIME_max", "sLOCALTIME_min", "smail", "so", "sockethdr",
       "socketlib", "socksizetype", "sort", "spackage", "spitshell",
       "sPRId64", "sPRIeldbl", "sPRIEUldbl", "sPRIfldbl", "sPRIFUldbl",
       "sPRIgldbl", "sPRIGUldbl", "sPRIi64", "sPRIo64", "sPRIu64", "sPRIx64",
       "sPRIXU64", "srand48_r_proto", "srandom_r_proto", "src", "sSCNfldbl",
       "ssizetype", "st_ino_sign", "st_ino_size", "startperl", "startsh",
       "static_ext", "stdchar", "stdio_base", "stdio_bufsiz", "stdio_cnt",
       "stdio_filbuf", "stdio_ptr", "stdio_stream_array", "strerror_r_proto",
       "strings", "submit", "subversion", "sysman", "sysroot"

       t

       "tail", "tar", "targetarch", "targetdir", "targetenv", "targethost",
       "targetmkdir", "targetport", "targetsh", "tbl", "tee", "test",
       "timeincl", "timetype", "tmpnam_r_proto", "to", "touch", "tr", "trnl",
       "troff", "ttyname_r_proto"

       u

       "u16size", "u16type", "u32size", "u32type", "u64size", "u64type",
       "u8size", "u8type", "uidformat", "uidsign", "uidsize", "uidtype",
       "uname", "uniq", "uquadtype", "use5005threads", "use64bitall",
       "use64bitint", "usecbacktrace", "usecrosscompile", "usedevel", "usedl",
       "usedtrace", "usefaststdio", "useithreads", "usekernprocpathname",
       "uselargefiles", "uselongdouble", "usemallocwrap", "usemorebits",
       "usemultiplicity", "usemymalloc", "usenm", "usensgetexecutablepath",
       "useopcode", "useperlio", "useposix", "usequadmath", "usereentrant",
       "userelocatableinc", "useshrplib", "usesitecustomize", "usesocks",
       "usethreads", "usevendorprefix", "useversionedarchname", "usevfork",
       "usrinc", "uuname", "uvoformat", "uvsize", "uvtype", "uvuformat",
       "uvxformat", "uvXUformat"

       v

       "vaproto", "vendorarch", "vendorarchexp", "vendorbin", "vendorbinexp",
       "vendorhtml1dir", "vendorhtml1direxp", "vendorhtml3dir",
       "vendorhtml3direxp", "vendorlib", "vendorlib_stem", "vendorlibexp",
       "vendorman1dir", "vendorman1direxp", "vendorman3dir",
       "vendorman3direxp", "vendorprefix", "vendorprefixexp", "vendorscript",
       "vendorscriptexp", "version", "version_patchlevel_string",
       "versiononly", "vi"

       x

       "xlibpth"

       y

       "yacc", "yaccflags"

       z

       "zcat", "zip"

       GIT DATA
       NOTE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           dynamic, nonxs, static

       AUTHOR

   Config::Perl::V(3) - Structured data retrieval of perl -V output
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $conf = myconfig ()
           $conf = plv2hash ($text [, ...])
           $info = summary ([$conf])
           $md5 = signature ([$conf])
           The hash structure
               build, osname, stamp, options, derived, patches, environment,
               config, inc

       REASONING
       BUGS
       TODO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Cwd(3) - get pathname of current working directory
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           getcwd and friends
               getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd, getdcwd

           abs_path and friends
               abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path

           $ENV{PWD}
       NOTES
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   DB(3) - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Global Variables
                $DB::sub,  %DB::sub,  $DB::single,  $DB::signal,  $DB::trace,  @DB::args,
               @DB::dbline,  %DB::dbline,  $DB::package,  $DB::filename,  $DB::subname,
               $DB::lineno

           API Methods
               CLIENT->register(), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING),
               CLIENT->skippkg('D::hide'), CLIENT->run(), CLIENT->step(),
               CLIENT->next(), CLIENT->done()

           Client Callback Methods
               CLIENT->init(), CLIENT->prestop([STRING]), CLIENT->stop(),
               CLIENT->idle(), CLIENT->poststop([STRING]),
               CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->cleanup(),
               CLIENT->output(LIST)

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter(3) -- Filter DBM keys/values
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       What is a DBM Filter?
           So what's new?
       METHODS
           $db->Filter_Push() / $db->Filter_Key_Push() /
           $db->Filter_Value_Push()
               Filter_Push, Filter_Key_Push, Filter_Value_Push

           $db->Filter_Pop()
           $db->Filtered()
       Writing a Filter
           Immediate Filters
           Canned Filters
               "name", params

       Filters Included
           utf8, encode, compress, int32, null

       NOTES
           Maintain Round Trip Integrity
           Don't mix filtered & non-filtered data in the same database file.
       EXAMPLE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::compress(3) - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::encode(3) - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::int32(3) - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::null(3) - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DBM_Filter::utf8(3) - filter for DBM_Filter
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   DB_File(3) - Perl5 access to Berkeley DB version 1.x
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           DB_HASH, DB_BTREE, DB_RECNO

           Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
           Interface to Berkeley DB
           Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
           Default Parameters
           In Memory Databases
       DB_HASH
           A Simple Example
       DB_BTREE
           Changing the BTREE sort order
           Handling Duplicate Keys
           The get_dup() Method
           The find_dup() Method
           The del_dup() Method
           Matching Partial Keys
       DB_RECNO
           The 'bval' Option
           A Simple Example
           Extra RECNO Methods
               $X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift,
               $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length, $X->splice(offset, length,
               elements);

           Another Example
       THE API INTERFACE
           $status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status =
           $X->put($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->del($key [,
           $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status = $X->seq($key, $value,
           $flags) ;, $status = $X->sync([$flags]) ;

       DBM FILTERS
           DBM Filter Low-level API
               filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key,
               filter_fetch_value

           The Filter
           An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
           Another Example -- Key is a C int.
       HINTS AND TIPS
           Locking: The Trouble with fd
           Safe ways to lock a database
               Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock

           Sharing Databases With C Applications
           The untie() Gotcha
       COMMON QUESTIONS
           Why is there Perl source in my database?
           How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
           What does "wide character in subroutine entry" mean?
           What does "Invalid Argument" mean?
           What does "Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed" mean?
       REFERENCES
       HISTORY
       BUGS
       AVAILABILITY
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Data::Dumper(3) - stringified perl data structures, suitable for both printing
       and "eval"
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods
               PACKAGE->new(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dump  or
               PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]),
               $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset

           Functions
               Dumper(LIST)

           Configuration Variables or Methods
           Exports
               Dumper

       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
           NOTE
       AUTHOR
       VERSION
       SEE ALSO

   Devel::PPPort(3) - Perl/Pollution/Portability
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Why use ppport.h?
           How to use ppport.h
           Running ppport.h
       FUNCTIONS
           WriteFile
           GetFileContents
       COMPATIBILITY
           Provided Perl compatibility API
           Perl API not supported by ppport.h
               perl 5.24.0, perl 5.23.9, perl 5.23.8, perl 5.22.0, perl
               5.21.10, perl 5.21.8, perl 5.21.7, perl 5.21.6, perl 5.21.5,
               perl 5.21.4, perl 5.21.2, perl 5.21.1, perl 5.19.10, perl
               5.19.9, perl 5.19.7, perl 5.19.4, perl 5.19.3, perl 5.19.2,
               perl 5.19.1, perl 5.18.0, perl 5.17.9, perl 5.17.8, perl
               5.17.7, perl 5.17.6, perl 5.17.4, perl 5.17.2, perl 5.15.9,
               perl 5.15.8, perl 5.15.7, perl 5.15.6, perl 5.15.4, perl
               5.15.1, perl 5.14.0, perl 5.13.10, perl 5.13.8, perl 5.13.7,
               perl 5.13.6, perl 5.13.5, perl 5.13.3, perl 5.13.2, perl
               5.13.1, perl 5.11.5, perl 5.11.4, perl 5.11.2, perl 5.11.1,
               perl 5.11.0, perl 5.10.1, perl 5.10.0, perl 5.9.5, perl 5.9.4,
               perl 5.9.3, perl 5.9.2, perl 5.9.1, perl 5.9.0, perl 5.8.3,
               perl 5.8.1, perl 5.8.0, perl 5.7.3, perl 5.7.2, perl 5.7.1,
               perl 5.6.1, perl 5.6.0, perl 5.005_03, perl 5.005, perl
               5.004_05, perl 5.004, perl 5.003_07

       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Devel::Peek(3) - A data debugging tool for the XS programmer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Runtime debugging
           Memory footprint debugging
       EXAMPLES
           A simple scalar string
           A simple scalar number
           A simple scalar with an extra reference
           A reference to a simple scalar
           A reference to an array
           A reference to a hash
           Dumping a large array or hash
           A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
           A reference to a subroutine
       EXPORTS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Devel::SelfStubber(3) - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Digest(3) - Modules that calculate message digests
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           binary, hex, base64

       OO INTERFACE
           $ctx = Digest->XXX($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new(XXX => $arg,...),
           $ctx = Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $other_ctx = $ctx->clone,
           $ctx->reset, $ctx->add( $data ), $ctx->add( $chunk1, $chunk2, ...
           ), $ctx->addfile( $io_handle ), $ctx->add_bits( $data, $nbits ),
           $ctx->add_bits( $bitstring ), $ctx->digest, $ctx->hexdigest,
           $ctx->b64digest

       Digest speed
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Digest::MD5(3) - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...), md5_base64($data,...)

       METHODS
           $md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->clone,
           $md5->add($data,...), $md5->addfile($io_handle),
           $md5->add_bits($data, $nbits), $md5->add_bits($bitstring),
           $md5->digest, $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest, @ctx =
           $md5->context, $md5->context(@ctx)

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHORS

   Digest::SHA(3) - Perl extension for SHA-1/224/256/384/512
       SYNOPSIS
       SYNOPSIS (HMAC-SHA)
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       UNICODE AND SIDE EFFECTS
       NIST STATEMENT ON SHA-1
       PADDING OF BASE64 DIGESTS
       EXPORT
       EXPORTABLE FUNCTIONS
           sha1($data, ...), sha224($data, ...), sha256($data, ...),
           sha384($data, ...), sha512($data, ...), sha512224($data, ...),
           sha512256($data, ...), sha1_hex($data, ...), sha224_hex($data,
           ...), sha256_hex($data, ...), sha384_hex($data, ...),
           sha512_hex($data, ...), sha512224_hex($data, ...),
           sha512256_hex($data, ...), sha1_base64($data, ...),
           sha224_base64($data, ...), sha256_base64($data, ...),
           sha384_base64($data, ...), sha512_base64($data, ...),
           sha512224_base64($data, ...), sha512256_base64($data, ...),
           new($alg), reset($alg), hashsize, algorithm, clone, add($data,
           ...), add_bits($data, $nbits), add_bits($bits), addfile(*FILE),
           addfile($filename [, $mode]), getstate, putstate($str),
           dump($filename), load($filename), digest, hexdigest, b64digest,
           hmac_sha1($data, $key), hmac_sha224($data, $key),
           hmac_sha256($data, $key), hmac_sha384($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512($data, $key), hmac_sha512224($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512256($data, $key), hmac_sha1_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha224_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha256_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha384_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512224_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512256_hex($data, $key),
           hmac_sha1_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha224_base64($data, $key),
           hmac_sha256_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha384_base64($data, $key),
           hmac_sha512_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512224_base64($data,
           $key), hmac_sha512256_base64($data, $key)

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Digest::base(3) - Digest base class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Digest::file(3) - Calculate digests of files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           digest_file( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_hex(
           $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_base64( $file,
           $algorithm, [$arg,...]  )

       SEE ALSO

   DirHandle(3) - supply object methods for directory handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Dumpvalue(3) - provides screen dump of Perl data.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Creation
               "arrayDepth", "hashDepth", "compactDump", "veryCompact",
               "globPrint", "dumpDBFiles", "dumpPackages", "dumpReused",
               "tick", "quoteHighBit", "printUndef", "usageOnly", unctrl,
               subdump, bareStringify, quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal

           Methods
               dumpValue, dumpValues, stringify, dumpvars, set_quote,
               set_unctrl, compactDump, veryCompact, set, get

   DynaLoader(3) - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           @dl_library_path, @dl_resolve_using, @dl_require_symbols,
           @dl_librefs, @dl_modules, @dl_shared_objects, dl_error(),
           $dl_debug, $dl_dlext, dl_findfile(), dl_expandspec(),
           dl_load_file(), dl_unload_file(), dl_load_flags(),
           dl_find_symbol(), dl_find_symbol_anywhere(), dl_undef_symbols(),
           dl_install_xsub(), bootstrap()

       AUTHOR

   Encode(3) - character encodings
       SYNOPSIS
           Table of Contents
               Encode::Alias - Alias definitions to encodings,
               Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class,
               Encode::Supported - List of Supported Encodings, Encode::CN -
               Simplified Chinese Encodings, Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings,
               Encode::KR - Korean Encodings, Encode::TW - Traditional Chinese
               Encodings

       DESCRIPTION
           TERMINOLOGY
       THE PERL ENCODING API
           Basic methods
           Listing available encodings
           Defining Aliases
           Finding IANA Character Set Registry names
       Encoding via PerlIO
       Handling Malformed Data
           List of CHECK values
               perlqq mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_PERLQQ), HTML charref mode
               (CHECK = Encode::FB_HTMLCREF), XML charref mode (CHECK =
               Encode::FB_XMLCREF)

           coderef for CHECK
       Defining Encodings
       The UTF8 flag
           Goal #1:, Goal #2:, Goal #3:, Goal #4:

           Messing with Perl's Internals
       UTF-8 vs. utf8 vs. UTF8
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       COPYRIGHT

   Encode::Alias(3) - alias definitions to encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:,
           As a code reference, e.g.:

           Alias overloading
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Byte(3) - Single Byte Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::CJKConstants(3) -- Internally used by Encode::??::ISO_2022_*
   Encode::CN - China-based Chinese Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::CN::HZ -- internally used by Encode::CN
   Encode::Config -- internally used by Encode
   Encode::EBCDIC - EBCDIC Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Encoder(3) -- Object Oriented Encoder
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       Description
           Predefined Methods
               $e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);, encoder(),
               $e->data([$data]), $e->encoding([$encoding]),
               $e->bytes([$encoding])

           Example: base64 transcoder
           Operator Overloading
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Encoding(3) - Encode Implementation Base Class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods you should implement
               ->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets [,$check]),
               ->cat_decode($destination, $octets, $offset, $terminator
               [,$check])

           Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings
               ->name, ->mime_name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(),
               ->needs_lines()

           Example: Encode::ROT13
       Why the heck Encode API is different?
           Compiled Encodings
       SEE ALSO
           Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

   Encode::GSM0338(3) -- ESTI GSM 03.38 Encoding
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Guess(3) -- Guesses encoding from data
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
           Encode::Guess->set_suspects, Encode::Guess->add_suspects,
           Encode::decode("Guess" ...), Encode::Guess->guess($data),
           guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])

       CAVEATS
       TO DO
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::JP(3) - Japanese Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       Note on ISO-2022-JP(-1)?
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::JP::H2Z -- internally used by Encode::JP::2022_JP*
   Encode::JP::JIS7 -- internally used by Encode::JP
   Encode::KR - Korean Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::KR::2022_KR -- internally used by Encode::KR
   Encode::MIME::Header(3) -- MIME 'B' and 'Q' header encoding
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::MIME::Name(3), Encode::MIME::NAME -- internally used by Encode
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::PerlIO(3) -- a detailed document on Encode and PerlIO
       Overview
       How does it work?
       Line Buffering
           How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Supported(3) -- Encodings supported by Encode
       DESCRIPTION
           Encoding Names
       Supported Encodings
           Built-in Encodings
           Encode::Unicode -- other Unicode encodings
           Encode::Byte -- Extended ASCII
               ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 - De Facto
               Standard for the Cyrillic world

           gsm0338 - Hentai Latin 1
               gsm0338 support before 2.19

           CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)
               Encode::CN -- Continental China, Encode::JP -- Japan,
               Encode::KR -- Korea, Encode::TW -- Taiwan, Encode::HanExtra --
               More Chinese via CPAN, Encode::JIS2K -- JIS X 0213 encodings
               via CPAN

           Miscellaneous encodings
               Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols, Encode::MIME::Header,
               Encode::Guess

       Unsupported encodings
             ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
           Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
           System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
           Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

       Encoding vs. Charset -- terminology
       Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)
           Microsoft-related naming mess
               KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS

       Glossary
           character repertoire, coded character set (CCS), character encoding
           scheme (CES), charset (in MIME context), EUC, ISO-2022, UCS, UCS-2,
           Unicode, UTF, UTF-16

       See Also
       References
           ECMA, ECMA-035 (eq "ISO-2022"), IANA, Assigned Charset Names by
           IANA, ISO, RFC, UC, Unicode Glossary

           Other Notable Sites
               czyborra.com, CJK.inf, Jungshik Shin's Hangul FAQ, debian.org:
               "Introduction to i18n"

           Offline sources
               "CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde

   Encode::Symbol(3) - Symbol Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::TW - Taiwan-based Chinese Encodings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Unicode(3) -- Various Unicode Transformation Formats
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
           <http://www.unicode.org/glossary/> says:, Quick Reference

       Size, Endianness, and BOM
           by size
           by endianness
               BOM as integer when fetched in network byte order

       Surrogate Pairs
       Error Checking
       SEE ALSO

   Encode::Unicode::UTF7(3) -- UTF-7 encoding
       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       In Practice
       SEE ALSO

   English(3) - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctuation variables
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       PERFORMANCE

   Env(3) - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or arrays
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIMITATIONS
       AUTHOR

   Errno(3) - System errno constants
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Exporter(3) - Implements default import method for modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           How to Export
           Selecting What to Export
           How to Import
               "use YourModule;", "use YourModule ();", "use YourModule
               qw(...);"

       Advanced Features
           Specialised Import Lists
           Exporting Without Using Exporter's import Method
           Exporting Without Inheriting from Exporter
           Module Version Checking
           Managing Unknown Symbols
           Tag Handling Utility Functions
           Generating Combined Tags
           "AUTOLOAD"ed Constants
       Good Practices
           Declaring @EXPORT_OK and Friends
           Playing Safe
           What Not to Export
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE

   Exporter::Heavy(3) - Exporter guts
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::CBuilder(3) - Compile and link C code for Perl modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new, have_compiler, have_cplusplus, compile, "object_file",
           "include_dirs", "extra_compiler_flags", "C++", link, lib_file,
           module_name, extra_linker_flags, link_executable, exe_file,
           object_file, lib_file, exe_file, prelink, need_prelink,
           extra_link_args_after_prelink

       TO DO
       HISTORY
       SUPPORT
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows(3) - Builder class for Windows platforms
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::Command(3) - utilities to replace common UNIX commands in Makefiles
       etc.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           FUNCTIONS

       cat

       eqtime

       rm_rf

       rm_f

       touch

       mv

       cp

       chmod

       mkpath

       test_f

       test_d

       dos2unix

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Command::MM(3) - Commands for the MM's to use in Makefiles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           test_harness

       pod2man

       warn_if_old_packlist

       perllocal_install

       uninstall

       test_s

       cp_nonempty

   ExtUtils::Constant(3) - generate XS code to import C header constants
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF

       FUNCTIONS

       constant_types

       XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

       autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

       WriteMakefileSnippet

       WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME, DEFAULT_TYPE,
       BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, PROXYSUBS, C_FH, C_FILE, XS_FH, XS_FILE,
       XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Constant::Base(3) - base class for ExtUtils::Constant objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE

       header

       memEQ_clause args_hashref

       dump_names arg_hashref, ITEM..

       assign arg_hashref, VALUE..

       return_clause arg_hashref, ITEM

       switch_clause arg_hashref, NAMELEN, ITEMHASH, ITEM..

       params WHAT

       dogfood arg_hashref, ITEM..

       normalise_items args, default_type, seen_types, seen_items, ITEM..

       C_constant arg_hashref, ITEM.., name, type, value, macro, default, pre,
       post, def_pre, def_post, utf8, weight

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Constant::Utils(3) - helper functions for ExtUtils::Constant
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           C_stringify NAME

       perl_stringify NAME

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Constant::XS(3) - generate C code for XS modules' constants.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Embed(3) - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C++ applications
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       @EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
           xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(), ccflags(),
           ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(), xsi_protos(@modules),
           xsi_body(@modules)

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Install(3) - install files from here to there
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
           _chmod($$;$), _warnonce(@), _choke(@)

       _move_file_at_boot( $file, $target, $moan  )

       _unlink_or_rename( $file, $tryhard, $installing )

       Functions
           _get_install_skip

       _have_write_access

       _can_write_dir($dir)

       _mkpath($dir,$show,$mode,$verbose,$dry_run)

       _copy($from,$to,$verbose,$dry_run)

       _chdir($from)

       install

       _do_cleanup

       install_rooted_file( $file ), install_rooted_dir( $dir )

       forceunlink( $file, $tryhard )

       directory_not_empty( $dir )

       install_default DISCOURAGED

       uninstall

       inc_uninstall($filepath,$libdir,$verbose,$dry_run,$ignore,$results)

       run_filter($cmd,$src,$dest)

       pm_to_blib

       _autosplit

       _invokant

       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_INSTALL_ROOT, EU_INSTALL_IGNORE_SKIP,
           EU_INSTALL_SITE_SKIPFILE, EU_INSTALL_ALWAYS_COPY

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Installed(3) - Inventory management of installed modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
       METHODS
           new(), modules(), files(), directories(), directory_tree(),
           validate(), packlist(), version()

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::Liblist(3) - determine libraries to use and how to use them
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           For static extensions, For dynamic extensions at build/link time,
           For dynamic extensions at load time

           EXTRALIBS
           LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH
           BSLOADLIBS
       PORTABILITY
           VMS implementation
           Win32 implementation
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM(3) - OS adjusted ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::MM_AIX(3) - AIX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_Any(3) - Platform-agnostic MM methods
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Cross-platform helper methods
       Targets
       Init methods
       Tools
       File::Spec wrappers
       Misc
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MM_BeOS(3) - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       os_flavor

       init_linker

   ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin(3) - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           os_flavor

       cflags

       replace_manpage_separator

       init_linker

       maybe_command

       dynamic_lib

       install

       all_target

   ExtUtils::MM_DOS(3) - DOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
               os_flavor

       replace_manpage_separator

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_Darwin(3) - special behaviors for OS X
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overriden Methods

   ExtUtils::MM_MacOS(3) - once produced Makefiles for MacOS Classic
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::MM_NW5(3) - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       os_flavor

       init_platform, platform_constants

       static_lib_pure_cmd

       dynamic_lib

   ExtUtils::MM_OS2(3) - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           init_dist

       init_linker

       os_flavor

   ExtUtils::MM_QNX(3) - QNX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_UWIN(3) - U/WIN specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
               os_flavor

       replace_manpage_separator

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_Unix(3) - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Methods
           os_flavor

       c_o (o)

       xs_obj_opt

       cflags (o)

       const_cccmd (o)

       const_config (o)

       const_loadlibs (o)

       constants (o)

       depend (o)

       init_DEST

       init_dist

       dist (o)

       dist_basics (o)

       dist_ci (o)

       dist_core (o)

       dist_target

       tardist_target

       zipdist_target

       tarfile_target

       zipfile_target

       uutardist_target

       shdist_target

       dlsyms (o)

       dynamic_bs (o)

       dynamic_lib (o)

       xs_dynamic_lib_macros

       xs_make_dynamic_lib

       exescan

       extliblist

       find_perl

       fixin

       force (o)

       guess_name

       has_link_code

       init_dirscan

       init_MANPODS

       init_MAN1PODS

       init_MAN3PODS

       init_PM

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_main

       init_tools

       init_linker

       init_lib2arch

       init_PERL

       init_platform, platform_constants

       init_PERM

       init_xs

       install (o)

       installbin (o)

       linkext (o)

       lsdir

       macro (o)

       makeaperl (o)

       makefile (o)

       maybe_command

       needs_linking (o)

       parse_abstract

       parse_version

       pasthru (o)

       perl_script

       perldepend (o)

       pm_to_blib

       ppd

       prefixify

       processPL (o)

       specify_shell

       quote_paren

       replace_manpage_separator

       cd

       oneliner

       quote_literal

       escape_newlines

       max_exec_len

       static (o)

       xs_make_static_lib

       static_lib_closures

       static_lib_fixtures

       static_lib_pure_cmd

       staticmake (o)

       subdir_x (o)

       subdirs (o)

       test (o)

       test_via_harness (override)

       test_via_script (override)

       tool_xsubpp (o)

       all_target

       top_targets (o)

       writedoc

       xs_c (o)

       xs_cpp (o)

       xs_o (o)

       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_VMS(3) - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Methods always loaded
               wraplist

       Methods
           guess_name (override)

       find_perl (override)

       _fixin_replace_shebang (override)

       maybe_command (override)

       pasthru (override)

       pm_to_blib (override)

       perl_script (override)

       replace_manpage_separator

       init_DEST

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_main (override)

       init_tools (override)

       init_platform (override)

       platform_constants

       init_VERSION (override)

       constants (override)

       special_targets

       cflags (override)

       const_cccmd (override)

       tools_other (override)

       init_dist (override)

       c_o (override)

       xs_c (override)

       xs_o (override)

       _xsbuild_replace_macro (override)

       _xsbuild_value (override)

       dlsyms (override)

       xs_obj_opt

       dynamic_lib (override)

       xs_make_static_lib (override)

       extra_clean_files

       zipfile_target, tarfile_target, shdist_target

       install (override)

       perldepend (override)

       makeaperl (override)

       maketext_filter (override)

       prefixify (override)

       cd

       oneliner

       echo

       quote_literal

       escape_dollarsigns

       escape_all_dollarsigns

       escape_newlines

       max_exec_len

       init_linker

       catdir (override), catfile (override)

       eliminate_macros

       fixpath

       os_flavor

       is_make_type (override)

       make_type (override)

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MM_VOS(3) - VOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MM_Win32(3) - methods to override UN*X behaviour in
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Overridden methods
           dlsyms

       xs_dlsyms_ext

       replace_manpage_separator

       maybe_command

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_tools

       init_others

       init_platform, platform_constants

       specify_shell

       constants

       special_targets

       static_lib_pure_cmd

       dynamic_lib

       extra_clean_files

       init_linker

       perl_script

       quote_dep

       xs_obj_opt

       pasthru

       arch_check (override)

       oneliner

       cd

       max_exec_len

       os_flavor

       cflags

       make_type

   ExtUtils::MM_Win95(3) - method to customize MakeMaker for Win9X
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Overridden methods
               max_exec_len

       os_flavor

       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MY(3) - ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass for customization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::MakeMaker(3) - Create a module Makefile
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           How To Write A Makefile.PL
           Default Makefile Behaviour
           make test
           make testdb
           make install
           INSTALL_BASE
           PREFIX and LIB attribute
           AFS users
           Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
           Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
           Which architecture dependent directory?
           Using Attributes and Parameters
               ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION,
               BUILD_REQUIRES, C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE,
               CONFIGURE_REQUIRES, DEFINE, DESTDIR, DIR, DISTNAME, DISTVNAME,
               DLEXT, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT, EXE_FILES,
               FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, FULLPERLRUN, FULLPERLRUNINST,
               FUNCLIST, H, IMPORTS, INC, INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB,
               INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS, INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR,
               INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITEARCH, INSTALLSITEBIN,
               INSTALLSITELIB, INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR, INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR,
               INSTALLSITESCRIPT, INSTALLVENDORARCH, INSTALLVENDORBIN,
               INSTALLVENDORLIB, INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR, INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR,
               INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN, INST_LIB,
               INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LD, LDDLFLAGS, LDFROM,
               LIB, LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LICENSE, LINKTYPE, MAGICXS, MAKE,
               MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE_OLD, MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET,
               META_ADD, META_MERGE, MIN_PERL_VERSION, MYEXTLIB, NAME,
               NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO, NORECURS, NO_META, NO_MYMETA,
               NO_PACKLIST, NO_PERLLOCAL, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE, PERL,
               PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB, PERL_MALLOC_OK,
               PERLPREFIX, PERLRUN, PERLRUNINST, PERL_SRC, PERM_DIR, PERM_RW,
               PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS, PM_FILTER, POLLUTE,
               PPM_INSTALL_EXEC, PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT, PPM_UNINSTALL_EXEC,
               PPM_UNINSTALL_SCRIPT, PREFIX, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PM,
               PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ, SITEPREFIX, SIGN, SKIP,
               TEST_REQUIRES, TYPEMAPS, VENDORPREFIX, VERBINST, VERSION,
               VERSION_FROM, VERSION_SYM, XS, XSBUILD, XSMULTI, XSOPT,
               XSPROTOARG, XS_VERSION

           Additional lowercase attributes
               clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro, postamble,
               realclean, test, tool_autosplit

           Overriding MakeMaker Methods
           The End Of Cargo Cult Programming
               "MAN3PODS => ' '"

           Hintsfile support
           Distribution Support
                  make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make distclean,    make veryclean,
                  make manifest,    make distdir,   make disttest,    make tardist,
               make dist,    make uutardist,    make shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

           Module Meta-Data (META and MYMETA)
           Disabling an extension
           Other Handy Functions
               prompt

           Supported versions of Perl
       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, PERL_CORE

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config(3) - Wrapper around Config.pm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ(3) - Frequently Asked Questions About MakeMaker
       DESCRIPTION
           Module Installation
               How do I install a module into my home directory?, How do I get
               MakeMaker and Module::Build to install to the same place?, How
               do I keep from installing man pages?, How do I use a module
               without installing it?, How can I organize tests into
               subdirectories and have them run?, PREFIX vs INSTALL_BASE from
               Module::Build::Cookbook, Generating *.pm files with
               substitutions eg of $VERSION

           Common errors and problems
               "No rule to make target `/usr/lib/perl5/CORE/config.h', needed
               by `Makefile'"

           Philosophy and History
               Why not just use <insert other build config tool here>?, What
               is Module::Build and how does it relate to MakeMaker?, pure
               perl.   no make, no shell commands, easier to customize,
               cleaner internals, less cruft

           Module Writing
               How do I keep my $VERSION up to date without resetting it
               manually?, What's this META.yml thing and how did it get in my
               MANIFEST?!, How do I delete everything not in my MANIFEST?,
               Which tar should I use on Windows?, Which zip should I use on
               Windows for '[ndg]make zipdist'?

           XS
       DESIGN
           MakeMaker object hierarchy (simplified)
           MakeMaker object hierarchy (real)
           The MM_* hierarchy
       PATCHING
           make a pull request on the MakeMaker github repository, raise a
           issue on the MakeMaker github repository, file an RT ticket, email
           makemaker@perl.org

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Locale(3) - bundled Encode::Locale
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           decode_argv( ), decode_argv( Encode::FB_CROAK ), env( $uni_key ),
           env( $uni_key => $uni_value ), reinit( ), reinit( $encoding ),
           $ENCODING_LOCALE, $ENCODING_LOCALE_FS, $ENCODING_CONSOLE_IN,
           $ENCODING_CONSOLE_OUT

       NOTES
           Windows
           Mac OS X
           POSIX (Linux and other Unixes)
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial(3) - Writing a module with MakeMaker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The Mantra
           The Layout
               Makefile.PL, MANIFEST, lib/, t/, Changes, README, INSTALL,
               MANIFEST.SKIP, bin/

       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::Manifest(3) - utilities to write and check a MANIFEST file
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Functions
               mkmanifest

       manifind

       manicheck

       filecheck

       fullcheck

       skipcheck

       maniread

       maniskip

       manicopy

       maniadd

       MANIFEST
       MANIFEST.SKIP
           #!include_default, #!include /Path/to/another/manifest.skip

       EXPORT_OK
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
       DIAGNOSTICS
           "Not in MANIFEST:" file, "Skipping" file, "No such file:" file,
           "MANIFEST:" $!, "Added to MANIFEST:" file

       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Miniperl(3) - write the C code for perlmain.c
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap(3) - make a bootstrap file for use by DynaLoader
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::Mksymlists(3) - write linker options files for dynamic extension
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME

       AUTHOR
       REVISION
           mkfh()

       __find_relocations

   ExtUtils::Packlist(3) - manage .packlist files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
       FUNCTIONS
           new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR

   ExtUtils::ParseXS(3) - converts Perl XS code into C code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORT
       METHODS
           $pxs->new(), $pxs->process_file(), C++, hiertype, except, typemap,
           prototypes, versioncheck, linenumbers, optimize, inout, argtypes,
           s, $pxs->report_error_count()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   ExtUtils::ParseXS::Constants(3) - Initialization values for some globals
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   ExtUtils::ParseXS::Eval - Clean package to evaluate code in
       SYNOPSIS
       SUBROUTINES
           $pxs->eval_output_typemap_code($typemapcode, $other_hashref)
       $pxs->eval_input_typemap_code($typemapcode, $other_hashref)
       TODO

   ExtUtils::ParseXS::Utilities(3) - Subroutines used with ExtUtils::ParseXS
       SYNOPSIS
       SUBROUTINES
           "standard_typemap_locations()"
               Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "trim_whitespace()"
           Purpose, Argument, Return Value

       "C_string()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "valid_proto_string()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "process_typemaps()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "map_type()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "standard_XS_defs()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "assign_func_args()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "analyze_preprocessor_statements()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "set_cond()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "current_line_number()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "Warn()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "blurt()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "death()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "check_conditional_preprocessor_statements()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "escape_file_for_line_directive()"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

       "report_typemap_failure"
           Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

   ExtUtils::Typemaps(3) - Read/Write/Modify Perl/XS typemap files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       new
       file
       add_typemap
       add_inputmap
       add_outputmap
       add_string
       remove_typemap
       remove_inputmap
       remove_inputmap
       get_typemap
       get_inputmap
       get_outputmap
       write
       as_string
       as_embedded_typemap
       merge
       is_empty
       list_mapped_ctypes
       _get_typemap_hash
       _get_inputmap_hash
       _get_outputmap_hash
       _get_prototype_hash
       clone
       tidy_type
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Typemaps::Cmd(3) - Quick commands for handling typemaps
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
           embeddable_typemap
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Typemaps::InputMap(3) - Entry in the INPUT section of a typemap
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       new
       code
       xstype
       cleaned_code
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap(3) - Entry in the OUTPUT section of a typemap
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       new
       code
       xstype
       cleaned_code
       targetable
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap(3)ExtUtils::Typemaps::Type(3) - Entry in the TYPEMAP section of a typemap
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       new
       proto
       xstype
       ctype
       tidy_ctype
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

  ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap(3)ExtUtils::XSSymSet(3) - keep sets of symbol names palatable to the VMS linker
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           new([$maxlen[,$silent]]), addsym($name[,$maxlen[,$silent]]),
           trimsym($name[,$maxlen[,$silent]]), delsym($name),
           get_orig($trimmed), get_trimmed($name), all_orig(), all_trimmed()

       AUTHOR
       REVISION

   ExtUtils::testlib(3) - add blib/* directories to @INC
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Fatal(3) - Replace functions with equivalents which succeed or die
       SYNOPSIS
       BEST PRACTICE
       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bad subroutine name for Fatal: %s, %s is not a Perl subroutine, %s
           is neither a builtin, nor a Perl subroutine, Cannot make the non-
           overridable %s fatal, Internal error: %s

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Fcntl(3) - load the C Fcntl.h defines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       EXPORTED SYMBOLS

   File::Basename(3) - Parse file paths into directory, filename and suffix.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       "fileparse"

       "basename"

       "dirname"

       "fileparse_set_fstype"

       SEE ALSO

   File::Compare(3) - Compare files or filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       RETURN
       AUTHOR

   File::Copy(3) - Copy files or filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           copy  , move   , syscopy , rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

       RETURN
       NOTES
       AUTHOR

   File::DosGlob(3) - DOS like globbing and then some
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS (by request only)
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

   File::Fetch(3) - A generic file fetching mechanism
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           $ff->uri, $ff->scheme, $ff->host, $ff->vol, $ff->share, $ff->path,
           $ff->file, $ff->file_default

       $ff->output_file

       METHODS
           $ff = File::Fetch->new( uri => 'http://some.where.com/dir/file.txt'
           );
       $where = $ff->fetch( [to => /my/output/dir/ | \$scalar] )
       $ff->error([BOOL])
       HOW IT WORKS
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
           $File::Fetch::FROM_EMAIL
           $File::Fetch::USER_AGENT
           $File::Fetch::FTP_PASSIVE
           $File::Fetch::TIMEOUT
           $File::Fetch::WARN
           $File::Fetch::DEBUG
           $File::Fetch::BLACKLIST
           $File::Fetch::METHOD_FAIL
       MAPPING
       FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
           So how do I use a proxy with File::Fetch?
           I used 'lynx' to fetch a file, but its contents is all wrong!
           Files I'm trying to fetch have reserved characters or non-ASCII
           characters in them. What do I do?
       TODO
           Implement $PREFER_BIN

       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   File::Find(3) - Traverse a directory tree.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           find, finddepth

           %options
               "wanted", "bydepth", "preprocess", "postprocess", "follow",
               "follow_fast", "follow_skip", "dangling_symlinks", "no_chdir",
               "untaint", "untaint_pattern", "untaint_skip"

           The wanted function
               $File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_ is the
               current filename within that directory, $File::Find::name is
               the complete pathname to the file

       WARNINGS
       CAVEAT
           $dont_use_nlink, symlinks

       BUGS AND CAVEATS
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

   File::Glob(3) - Perl extension for BSD glob routine
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           META CHARACTERS
           EXPORTS
           POSIX FLAGS
               "GLOB_ERR", "GLOB_LIMIT", "GLOB_MARK", "GLOB_NOCASE",
               "GLOB_NOCHECK", "GLOB_NOSORT", "GLOB_BRACE", "GLOB_NOMAGIC",
               "GLOB_QUOTE", "GLOB_TILDE", "GLOB_CSH", "GLOB_ALPHASORT"

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "GLOB_NOSPACE", "GLOB_ABEND"

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   File::GlobMapper(3) - Extend File Glob to Allow Input and Output Files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Behind The Scenes
           Limitations
           Input File Glob
               ~, ~user, ., *, ?, \,  [],  {,},  ()

           Output File Glob
               "*", #1

           Returned Data
       EXAMPLES
           A Rename script
           A few example globmaps
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   File::Path(3) - Create or remove directory trees
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           make_path( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), make_path( $dir1, $dir2, ....,
           \%opts ), mode => $num, chmod => $num, verbose => $bool, error =>
           \$err, owner => $owner, user => $owner, uid => $owner, group =>
           $group, mkpath( $dir ), mkpath( $dir, $verbose, $mode ), mkpath(
           [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( $dir1, $dir2,...,
           \%opt ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, ....  ), remove_tree( $dir1,
           $dir2, ...., \%opts ), verbose => $bool, safe => $bool, keep_root
           => $bool, result => \$res, error => \$err, rmtree( $dir ), rmtree(
           $dir, $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose,
           $safe ), rmtree( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt )

           ERROR HANDLING
               NOTE:

           NOTES
       DIAGNOSTICS
           mkdir [path]: [errmsg] (SEVERE), No root path(s) specified, No such
           file or directory, cannot fetch initial working directory:
           [errmsg], cannot stat initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot
           chdir to [dir]: [errmsg], directory [dir] changed before chdir,
           expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting.
           (FATAL), cannot make directory [dir] read+writeable: [errmsg],
           cannot read [dir]: [errmsg], cannot reset chmod [dir]: [errmsg],
           cannot remove [dir] when cwd is [dir], cannot chdir to [parent-dir]
           from [child-dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), cannot stat prior
           working directory [dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), previous
           directory [parent-dir] changed before entering [child-dir],
           expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting.
           (FATAL), cannot make directory [dir] writeable: [errmsg], cannot
           remove directory [dir]: [errmsg], cannot restore permissions of
           [dir] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], cannot make file [file] writeable:
           [errmsg], cannot unlink file [file]: [errmsg], cannot restore
           permissions of [file] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], unable to map [owner] to
           a uid, ownership not changed");, unable to map [group] to a gid,
           group ownership not changed

       SEE ALSO
       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
           MULTITHREAD APPLICATIONS
           NFS Mount Points
           REPORTING BUGS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
       CONTRIBUTORS
           <bulkdd@cpan.org>, Craig A. Berry <craigberry@mac.com>, Richard
           Elberger <riche@cpan.org>, Ryan Yee <ryee@cpan.org>, Skye Shaw
           <shaw@cpan.org>, Tom Lutz <tommylutz@gmail.com>

       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

   File::Spec(3) - portably perform operations on file names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           canonpath , catdir , catfile , curdir , devnull , rootdir , tmpdir
           , updir , no_upwards, case_tolerant, file_name_is_absolute, path ,
           join , splitpath  , splitdir
            , catpath(), abs2rel , rel2abs()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   File::Spec::AmigaOS(3) - File::Spec for AmigaOS
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           tmpdir

       file_name_is_absolute

   File::Spec::Cygwin(3) - methods for Cygwin file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath

       file_name_is_absolute

       tmpdir (override)

       case_tolerant

       COPYRIGHT

   File::Spec::Epoc(3) - methods for Epoc file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::Functions(3) - portably perform operations on file names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Exports
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::Mac(3) - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           canonpath

       catdir()

       catfile

       curdir

       devnull

       rootdir

       tmpdir

       updir

       file_name_is_absolute

       path

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath

       abs2rel

       rel2abs

       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::OS2(3) - methods for OS/2 file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           tmpdir, splitpath

       COPYRIGHT

   File::Spec::Unix(3) - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           canonpath()

       catdir()

       catfile

       curdir

       devnull

       rootdir

       tmpdir

       updir

       no_upwards

       case_tolerant

       file_name_is_absolute

       path

       join

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath()

       abs2rel

       rel2abs()

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::VMS(3) - methods for VMS file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath (override)

       catdir (override)

       catfile (override)

       curdir (override)

       devnull (override)

       rootdir (override)

       tmpdir (override)

       updir (override)

       case_tolerant (override)

       path (override)

       file_name_is_absolute (override)

       splitpath (override)

       splitdir (override)

       catpath (override)

       abs2rel (override)

       rel2abs (override)

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Spec::Win32(3) - methods for Win32 file specs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           devnull

       tmpdir

       case_tolerant

       file_name_is_absolute

       catfile

       canonpath

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath

       Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   File::Temp(3) - return name and handle of a temporary file safely
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       PORTABILITY
       OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE
           new, newdir, filename, dirname, unlink_on_destroy, DESTROY

       FUNCTIONS
           tempfile, tempdir

       MKTEMP FUNCTIONS
           mkstemp, mkstemps, mkdtemp, mktemp

       POSIX FUNCTIONS
           tmpnam, tmpfile

       ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
           tempnam

       UTILITY FUNCTIONS
           unlink0, cmpstat, unlink1, cleanup

       PACKAGE VARIABLES
           safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH, TopSystemUID, $KEEP_ALL, $DEBUG

       WARNING
           Temporary files and NFS
           Forking
           Directory removal
           Taint mode
           BINMODE
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
           Bugs / Feature Requests
           Source Code
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   File::stat(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in stat() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       ERRORS
           -%s is not implemented on a File::stat object

       WARNINGS
           File::stat ignores use filetest 'access', File::stat ignores VMS
           ACLs

       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   FileCache(3) - keep more files open than the system permits
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           cacheout EXPR, cacheout MODE, EXPR

       CAVEATS
       BUGS

   FileHandle(3) - supply object methods for filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

       SEE ALSO

   Filter::Simple(3) - Simplified source filtering
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The Problem
           A Solution
           Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
           All-in-one interface
           Filtering only specific components of source code
               "code", "code_no_comments", "executable",
               "executable_no_comments", "quotelike", "string", "regex", "all"

           Filtering only the code parts of source code
           Using Filter::Simple with an explicit "import" subroutine
           Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
           How it works
       AUTHOR
       CONTACT
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Filter::Util::Call(3) - Perl Source Filter Utility Module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           use Filter::Util::Call
           import()
           filter_add()
           filter() and anonymous sub
               $_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact, filter_del,
               real_import, unimport()

       LIMITATIONS
           __DATA__ is ignored, Max. codesize limited to 32-bit

       EXAMPLES
           Example 1: A simple filter.
           Example 2: Using the context
           Example 3: Using the context within the filter
           Example 4: Using filter_del
       Filter::Simple
       AUTHOR
       DATE
       LICENSE

   FindBin(3) - Locate directory of original perl script
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
       KNOWN ISSUES
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   GDBM_File(3) - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AVAILABILITY
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Getopt::Long(3) - Extended processing of command line options
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Command Line Options, an Introduction
       Getting Started with Getopt::Long
           Simple options
           A little bit less simple options
           Mixing command line option with other arguments
           Options with values
           Options with multiple values
           Options with hash values
           User-defined subroutines to handle options
           Options with multiple names
           Case and abbreviations
           Summary of Option Specifications
               !, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [ desttype ], :
               + [ desttype ]

       Advanced Possibilities
           Object oriented interface
           Thread Safety
           Documentation and help texts
           Parsing options from an arbitrary array
           Parsing options from an arbitrary string
           Storing options values in a hash
           Bundling
           The lonesome dash
           Argument callback
       Configuring Getopt::Long
           default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, gnu_compat,
           gnu_getopt, require_order, permute, bundling (default: disabled),
           bundling_override (default: disabled), ignore_case  (default:
           enabled), ignore_case_always (default: disabled), auto_version
           (default:disabled), auto_help (default:disabled), pass_through
           (default: disabled), prefix, prefix_pattern, long_prefix_pattern,
           debug (default: disabled)

       Exportable Methods
           VersionMessage, "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-output",
           HelpMessage

       Return values and Errors
       Legacy
           Default destinations
           Alternative option starters
           Configuration variables
       Tips and Techniques
           Pushing multiple values in a hash option
       Troubleshooting
           GetOptions does not return a false result when an option is not
           supplied
           GetOptions does not split the command line correctly
           Undefined subroutine &main::GetOptions called
           How do I put a "-?" option into a Getopt::Long?
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

   Getopt::Std(3), getopt, getopts - Process single-character switches with
       switch clustering
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       "--help" and "--version"

   HTTP::Tiny(3) - A small, simple, correct HTTP/1.1 client
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new
           get|head|put|post|delete
           post_form
           mirror
           request
           www_form_urlencode
           can_ssl
           connected
       SSL SUPPORT
       PROXY SUPPORT
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
           Bugs / Feature Requests
           Source Code
       AUTHORS
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Hash::Util(3) - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Restricted hashes
               lock_keys, unlock_keys

       lock_keys_plus

       lock_value, unlock_value

       lock_hash, unlock_hash

       lock_hash_recurse, unlock_hash_recurse

       hashref_locked, hash_locked

       hashref_unlocked, hash_unlocked

       legal_keys, hidden_keys, all_keys, hash_seed, hash_value, bucket_info,
       bucket_stats, bucket_array

       bucket_stats_formatted

       hv_store, hash_traversal_mask, bucket_ratio, used_buckets, num_buckets

       Operating on references to hashes.
           lock_ref_keys, unlock_ref_keys, lock_ref_keys_plus, lock_ref_value,
           unlock_ref_value, lock_hashref, unlock_hashref,
           lock_hashref_recurse, unlock_hashref_recurse, hash_ref_unlocked,
           legal_ref_keys, hidden_ref_keys

       CAVEATS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Hash::Util::FieldHash(3) - Support for Inside-Out Classes
       SYNOPSIS
       FUNCTIONS
           id, id_2obj, register, idhash, idhashes, fieldhash, fieldhashes

       DESCRIPTION
           The Inside-out Technique
           Problems of Inside-out
           Solutions
           More Problems
           The Generic Object
           How to use Field Hashes
           Garbage-Collected Hashes
       EXAMPLES
           "init()", "first()", "last()", "name()", "Name_hash", "Name_id",
           "Name_idhash", "Name_id_reg", "Name_idhash_reg", "Name_fieldhash"

           Example 1
           Example 2
       GUTS
           The "PERL_MAGIC_uvar" interface for hashes
           Weakrefs call uvar magic
           How field hashes work
           Internal function Hash::Util::FieldHash::_fieldhash
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   I18N::Collate(3) - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the current locale
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   I18N::LangTags(3) - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style language tags
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       the function is_language_tag($lang1)

       the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

       the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

       the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

       the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

       the function super_languages($lang1)

       the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

       the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

       the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

       the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

       the function implicate_supers( ...languages... ), the function
       implicate_supers_strictly( ...languages... )

       ABOUT LOWERCASING
       ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

   I18N::LangTags::Detect(3) - detect the user's language preferences
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
       ENVIRONMENT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

   I18N::LangTags::List(3) -- tags and names for human languages
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
       LIST OF LANGUAGES
           {ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada} : Adangme,
           {ady} : Adyghe, {aa} : Afar, {afh} : Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans,
           [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic (Other)], {ak} : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq}
           : Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian languages], [{tut} :
           Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami, [{apa} : Apache
           languages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Aramaic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn}
           : Araucanian, {arw} : Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, {an} : Aragonese,
           [{art} : Artificial (Other)], {ast} : Asturian, {as} : Assamese,
           [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian languages],
           [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {av} : Avaric, {ae} : Avestan,
           {awa} : Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara, {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} :
           Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic (Other)], {bal} : Baluchi, {bm} :
           Bambara, [{bai} : Bamileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} :
           Bantu (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque, {btk}
           : Batak (Indonesia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belarusian, {bem} :
           Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri,
           {bh} : Bihari, {bik} : Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bislama, {bs} :
           Bosnian, {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} :
           Bulgarian, {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Burmese, {cad} :
           Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} : Catalan, [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)],
           {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} : Celtic (Other)], [{cai} : Central
           American Indian (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic
           languages], {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee,
           {chy} : Cheyenne, {chb} : Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} : Chinese,
           {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan, {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} :
           Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese, {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Coptic,
           {kw} : Cornish, {co} : Corsican, {cr} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe}
           : English-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-based
           Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpp} : Portuguese-based Creoles and
           pidgins (Other)], [{crp} : Creoles and pidgins (Other)], {hr} :
           Croatian, [{cus} : Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} : Dakota,
           {da} : Danish, {dar} : Dargwa, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} : Default
           (Fallthru) Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} : Dinka, {dv} :
           Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} : Dogrib, [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)],
           {dua} : Duala, {nl} : Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350),
           {dyu} : Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient
           Egyptian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} : English, {enm} :
           Old English (1100-1500), {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100),
           {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artificial), {myv} : Erzya, {eo} :
           Esperanto, {et} : Estonian, {ee} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} :
           Fang, {fat} : Fanti, {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish,
           [{fiu} : Finno-Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm} :
           Middle French (ca.1400-1600), {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400),
           {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ff} : Fulah, {gaa} : Ga, {gd} :
           Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan, {lg} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} :
           Gbaya, {gez} : Geez, {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle
           High German (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German (ca.750-1050),
           [{gem} : Germanic (Other)], {gil} : Gilbertese, {gon} : Gondi,
           {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} : Gothic, {grb} : Grebo, {grc} : Ancient
           Greek, {el} : Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi}
           : Gwich'in, {hai} : Haida, {ht} : Haitian, {ha} : Hausa, {haw} :
           Hawaiian, {he} : Hebrew, {hz} : Herero, {hil} : Hiligaynon, {him} :
           Himachali, {hi} : Hindi, {ho} : Hiri Motu, {hit} : Hittite, {hmn} :
           Hmong, {hu} : Hungarian, {hup} : Hupa, {iba} : Iban, {is} :
           Icelandic, {io} : Ido, {ig} : Igbo, {ijo} : Ijo, {ilo} : Iloko,
           [{inc} : Indic (Other)], [{ine} : Indo-European (Other)], {id} :
           Indonesian, {inh} : Ingush, {ia} : Interlingua (International
           Auxiliary Language Association), {ie} : Interlingue, {iu} :
           Inuktitut, {ik} : Inupiaq, [{ira} : Iranian (Other)], {ga} : Irish,
           {mga} : Middle Irish (900-1200), {sga} : Old Irish (to 900), [{iro}
           : Iroquoian languages], {it} : Italian, {ja} : Japanese, {jv} :
           Javanese, {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic, {jpr} : Judeo-Persian, {kbd} :
           Kabardian, {kab} : Kabyle, {kac} : Kachin, {kl} : Kalaallisut,
           {xal} : Kalmyk, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} : Kannada, {kr} : Kanuri, {krc}
           : Karachay-Balkar, {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} :
           Kashmiri, {csb} : Kashubian, {kaw} : Kawi, {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} :
           Khasi, {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} : Khotanese,
           {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} : Kinyarwanda, {ky} :
           Kirghiz, {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv} : Komi, {kg} : Kongo, {kok} :
           Konkani, {ko} : Korean, {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} :
           Kru, {kj} : Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} : Kurdish, {kru} :
           Kurukh, {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} :
           Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} :
           Letzeburgesch, {lez} : Lezghian, {li} : Limburgish, {ln} : Lingala,
           {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German, {art-lojban} : Lojban
           (Artificial), {loz} : Lozi, {lu} : Luba-Katanga, {lua} : Luba-
           Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun} : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and
           Tanzania), {lus} : Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese,
           {mag} : Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} : Makasar, {mg} : Malagasy,
           {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Maltese, {mnc} : Manchu,
           {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo, {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo
           languages], {gv} : Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} :
           Mari, {mh} : Marshall, {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} :
           Mayan languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Micmac, {min} :
           Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous languages],
           {moh} : Mohawk, {mdf} : Moksha, {mo} : Moldavian, [{mkh} : Mon-
           Khmer (Other)], {lol} : Mongo, {mn} : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi,
           [{mul} : Multiple languages], [{mun} : Munda languages], {nah} :
           Nahuatl, {nap} : Neapolitan, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} :
           North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne} : Nepali,
           {new} : Newari, {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-Kordofanian (Other)],
           [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)], {niu} : Niuean, {nog} : Nogai,
           {non} : Old Norse, [{nai} : North American Indian], {no} :
           Norwegian, {nb} : Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk,
           [{nub} : Nubian languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole,
           {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} : Occitan (post 1500), {oj} :
           Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa} : Osage, {os} : Ossetian;
           Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} :
           Paiwan, {pau} : Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} :
           Pangasinan, {pa} : Panjabi, {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} : Papuan
           (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian (ca.600-400 B.C.),
           [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} : Phoenician, {pon} :
           Pohnpeian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} : Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit
           languages], {pro} : Old Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} :
           Quechua, {rm} : Raeto-Romance, {raj} : Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui,
           {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local use.], [{roa}
           : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom} : Romany, {rn} : Rundi,
           {ru} : Russian, [{sal} : Salishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan
           Aramaic, {se} : Northern Sami, {sma} : Southern Sami, {smn} : Inari
           Sami, {smj} : Lule Sami, {sms} : Skolt Sami, [{smi} : Sami
           languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe, {sg} : Sango,
           {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} : Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak,
           {sco} : Scots, {sel} : Selkup, [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} :
           Serbian, {srr} : Serer, {shn} : Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo,
           {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd} : Sindhi, {si} :
           Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)], [{sio} : Siouan
           languages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan), [{sla} : Slavic (Other)],
           {sk} : Slovak, {sl} : Slovenian, {sog} : Sogdian, {so} : Somali,
           {son} : Songhai, {snk} : Soninke, {wen} : Sorbian languages, {nso}
           : Northern Sotho, {st} : Southern Sotho, [{sai} : South American
           Indian (Other)], {es} : Spanish, {suk} : Sukuma, {sux} : Sumerian,
           {su} : Sundanese, {sus} : Susu, {sw} : Swahili, {ss} : Swati, {sv}
           : Swedish, {syr} : Syriac, {tl} : Tagalog, {ty} : Tahitian, [{tai}
           : Tai (Other)], {tg} : Tajik, {tmh} : Tamashek, {ta} : Tamil,
           {i-tao} : Tao, {tt} : Tatar, {i-tay} : Tayal, {te} : Telugu, {ter}
           : Tereno, {tet} : Tetum, {th} : Thai, {bo} : Tibetan, {tig} :
           Tigre, {ti} : Tigrinya, {tem} : Timne, {tiv} : Tiv, {tli} :
           Tlingit, {tpi} : Tok Pisin, {tkl} : Tokelau, {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa),
           {to} : Tonga (Tonga Islands), {tsi} : Tsimshian, {ts} : Tsonga,
           {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, [{tup} : Tupi
           languages], {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928),
           {crh} : Crimean Turkish, {tk} : Turkmen, {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} :
           Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {udm} : Udmurt, {uga} : Ugaritic, {ug} :
           Uighur, {uk} : Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined,
           {ur} : Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ve} : Venda, {vi} :
           Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk, {vot} : Votic, [{wak} : Wakashan
           languages], {wa} : Walloon, {wal} : Walamo, {war} : Waray, {was} :
           Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} : Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-
           Private Use), {xh} : Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} :
           Yapese, {ii} : Sichuan Yi, {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} :
           Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} : Zapotec], {zen} : Zenaga,
           {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni

       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
       AUTHOR

   I18N::Langinfo(3) - query locale information
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           EXPORT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO(3) - load various IO modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DEPRECATED

   IO::Compress::Base(3) - Base Class for IO::Compress modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Bzip2(3) - Write bzip2 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           bzip2 $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
           [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "BlockSize100K => number", "WorkFactor => number",
               "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Deflate(3) - Write RFC 1950 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           deflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
           deflateParams
       Importing
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

  IO::Compress::FAQ(3) -- Frequently Asked Questions about IO::Compress
       DESCRIPTION
       GENERAL
           Compatibility with Unix compress/uncompress.
           Accessing .tar.Z files
           How do I recompress using a different compression?
       ZIP
           What Compression Types do IO::Compress::Zip & IO::Uncompress::Unzip
           support?
               Store (method 0), Deflate (method 8), Bzip2 (method 12), Lzma
               (method 14)

           Can I Read/Write Zip files larger the 4 Gig?
           Can I write more that 64K entries is a Zip files?
           Zip Resources
       GZIP
           Gzip Resources
           Dealing with concatenated gzip files
           Reading bgzip files with IO::Uncompress::Gunzip
       ZLIB
           Zlib Resources
       Bzip2
           Bzip2 Resources
           Dealing with Concatenated bzip2 files
           Interoperating with Pbzip2
       HTTP & NETWORK
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Compressed files and Net::FTP
       MISC
           Using "InputLength" to uncompress data embedded in a larger
           file/buffer.
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Gzip(3) - Write RFC 1952 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           gzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
           [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Minimal =>
               0|1", "Comment => $comment", "Name => $string", "Time =>
               $number", "TextFlag => 0|1", "HeaderCRC => 0|1", "OS_Code =>
               $value", "ExtraField => $data", "ExtraFlags => $value", "Strict
               => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
           deflateParams
       Importing
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::RawDeflate(3) - Write RFC 1951 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           rawdeflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
           deflateParams
       Importing
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Compress::Zip(3) - Write zip files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           zip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
           [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A
               Filehandle, "Name => $string", "CanonicalName => 0|1",
               "FilterName => sub { ... }", "Time => $number", "ExtAttr =>
               $attr", "exTime => [$atime, $mtime, $ctime]", "exUnix2 =>
               [$uid, $gid]", "exUnixN => [$uid, $gid]", "Comment =>
               $comment", "ZipComment => $comment", "Method => $method",
               "Stream => 0|1", "Zip64 => 0|1", "TextFlag => 0|1",
               "ExtraFieldLocal => $data", "ExtraFieldCentral => $data",
               "Minimal => 1|0", "BlockSize100K => number", "WorkFactor =>
               number", "Preset => number", "Extreme => 0|1", -Level,
               -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           print
           printf
           syswrite
           write
           flush
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           newStream([OPTS])
           deflateParams
       Importing
           :all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy, :zip_method

       EXAMPLES
           Apache::GZip Revisited
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Dir(3) - supply object methods for directory handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell
           (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash, 'IO::Dir', DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::File(3) - supply object methods for filehandles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

       METHODS
           open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS ),
           binmode( [LAYER] )

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   IO::Handle(3) - supply object methods for I/O handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

       METHODS
           $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines,
           $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ),
           $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync, $io->flush, $io->printflush (
           ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       HISTORY

   IO::Pipe(3) - supply object methods for pipes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [READER, WRITER] )

       METHODS
           reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Poll(3) - Object interface to system poll call
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ),
           remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Seekable(3) - supply seek based methods for I/O objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0
           (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1 (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek(
           POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

   IO::Select(3) - OO interface to the select system call
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HANDLES ] )

       METHODS
           add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles,
           can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception
           ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(), select ( READ, WRITE, EXCEPTION
           [, TIMEOUT ] )

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Socket(3) - Object interface to socket communications
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
           accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark,
           connected, protocol, sockdomain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]),
           getsockopt(LEVEL, OPT), setsockopt(LEVEL, OPT, VAL), socktype,
           timeout([VAL])

       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Socket::INET(3) - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

           METHODS
               sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport
               (), peerhost ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Socket::IP(3), "IO::Socket::IP" - Family-neutral IP socket supporting both
       IPv4 and IPv6
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       REPLACING "IO::Socket" DEFAULT BEHAVIOUR
       CONSTRUCTORS
       $sock = IO::Socket::IP->new( %args )
           PeerHost => STRING, PeerService => STRING, PeerAddr => STRING,
           PeerPort => STRING, PeerAddrInfo => ARRAY, LocalHost => STRING,
           LocalService => STRING, LocalAddr => STRING, LocalPort => STRING,
           LocalAddrInfo => ARRAY, Family => INT, Type => INT, Proto => STRING
           or INT, GetAddrInfoFlags => INT, Listen => INT, ReuseAddr => BOOL,
           ReusePort => BOOL, Broadcast => BOOL, Sockopts => ARRAY, V6Only =>
           BOOL, MultiHomed, Blocking => BOOL, Timeout => NUM

       $sock = IO::Socket::IP->new( $peeraddr )
       METHODS
       ( $host, $service ) = $sock->sockhost_service( $numeric )
       $addr = $sock->sockhost
       $port = $sock->sockport
       $host = $sock->sockhostname
       $service = $sock->sockservice
       $addr = $sock->sockaddr
       ( $host, $service ) = $sock->peerhost_service( $numeric )
       $addr = $sock->peerhost
       $port = $sock->peerport
       $host = $sock->peerhostname
       $service = $sock->peerservice
       $addr = $peer->peeraddr
       $inet = $sock->as_inet
       NON-BLOCKING
       "PeerHost" AND "LocalHost" PARSING
           ( $host, $port ) = IO::Socket::IP->split_addr( $addr )
       $addr = IO::Socket::IP->join_addr( $host, $port )
       "IO::Socket::INET" INCOMPATIBILITES
       TODO
       AUTHOR

   IO::Socket::UNIX(3) - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
           hostpath(), peerpath()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate(3) - Uncompress zlib-based (zip, gzip) file/buffer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip (RFC 1952), zip

       Functional Interface
           anyinflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1",
               "ParseExtra => 0|1" If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present
               and this option is set, it will force the module to check that
               it conforms to the sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress(3) - Uncompress gzip, zip, bzip2 or lzop
       file/buffer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip (RFC 1952), zip, bzip2, lzop,
           lzf, lzma, xz

       Functional Interface
           anyuncompress $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1",
               "UnLzma => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Base(3) - Base Class for IO::Uncompress modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2(3) - Read bzip2 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           bunzip2 $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "Small => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Gunzip(3) - Read RFC 1952 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           gunzip $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "ParseExtra => 0|1"
               If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present and this option is
               set, it will force the module to check that it conforms to the
               sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
               Name, Comment

           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Inflate(3) - Read RFC 1950 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           inflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::RawInflate(3) - Read RFC 1951 files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           rawinflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
           $output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string",
               "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength =>
               $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Uncompress::Unzip(3) - Read zip files/buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functional Interface
           unzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
           [, OPTS]
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array
               reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle,
               A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

           Notes
           Optional Parameters
               "AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A
               Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1",
               "TrailingData => $scalar"

           Examples
       OO Interface
           Constructor
               A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

           Constructor Options
               "Name => "membername"", "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream =>
               0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize =>
               $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

           Examples
       Methods
           read
           read
           getline
           getc
           ungetc
           inflateSync
           getHeaderInfo
           tell
           eof
           seek
           binmode
           opened
           autoflush
           input_line_number
           fileno
           close
           nextStream
           trailingData
       Importing
           :all

       EXAMPLES
           Working with Net::FTP
           Walking through a zip file
           Unzipping a complete zip file to disk
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       MODIFICATION HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   IO::Zlib(3) - IO:: style interface to Compress::Zlib
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ARGS] )

       OBJECT METHODS
           open ( FILENAME, MODE ), opened, close, getc, getline, getlines,
           print ( ARGS... ), read ( BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET] ), eof, seek (
           OFFSET, WHENCE ), tell, setpos ( POS ), getpos ( POS )

       USING THE EXTERNAL GZIP
       CLASS METHODS
           has_Compress_Zlib, gzip_external, gzip_used, gzip_read_open,
           gzip_write_open

       DIAGNOSTICS
           IO::Zlib::getlines: must be called in list context,
           IO::Zlib::gzopen_external: mode '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import:
           '...'  is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: ':gzip_external' requires an
           argument, IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_read_open' requires an argument,
           IO::Zlib::import: 'gzip_read' '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import:
           'gzip_write_open' requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import:
           'gzip_write_open' '...' is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: no
           Compress::Zlib and no external gzip, IO::Zlib::open: needs a
           filename, IO::Zlib::READ: NBYTES must be specified,
           IO::Zlib::WRITE: too long LENGTH

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::Cmd(3) - finding and running system commands made easy
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CLASS METHODS
           $ipc_run_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_run( [VERBOSE] )
       $ipc_open3_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_open3( [VERBOSE] )
       $bool = IPC::Cmd->can_capture_buffer
       $bool = IPC::Cmd->can_use_run_forked
       FUNCTIONS
           $path = can_run( PROGRAM );
       $ok | ($ok, $err, $full_buf, $stdout_buff, $stderr_buff) = run( command
       => COMMAND, [verbose => BOOL, buffer => \$SCALAR, timeout => DIGIT] );
           command, verbose, buffer, timeout, success, error message,
           full_buffer, out_buffer, error_buffer

       $hashref = run_forked( COMMAND, { child_stdin => SCALAR, timeout =>
       DIGIT, stdout_handler => CODEREF, stderr_handler => CODEREF} );
           "timeout", "child_stdin", "stdout_handler", "stderr_handler",
           "discard_output", "terminate_on_parent_sudden_death", "exit_code",
           "timeout", "stdout", "stderr", "merged", "err_msg"

       $q = QUOTE
       HOW IT WORKS
       Global Variables
           $IPC::Cmd::VERBOSE
           $IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_RUN
           $IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_OPEN3
           $IPC::Cmd::WARN
           $IPC::Cmd::INSTANCES
           $IPC::Cmd::ALLOW_NULL_ARGS
       Caveats
           Whitespace and IPC::Open3 / system(), Whitespace and IPC::Run, IO
           Redirect, Interleaving STDOUT/STDERR

       See Also
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::Msg(3) - SysV Msg IPC object class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ),
           remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ),
           snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::Open2(3) - open a process for both reading and writing using open2()
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       WARNING
       SEE ALSO

   IPC::Open3(3) - open a process for reading, writing, and error handling using
       open3()
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       See Also
           IPC::Open2, IPC::Run

       WARNING

   IPC::Semaphore(3) - SysV Semaphore IPC object class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM
           ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set
           ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall (
           VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::SharedMem(3) - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS ), id, read ( POS, SIZE ), write ( STRING,
           POS, SIZE ), remove, is_removed, stat, attach ( [FLAG] ), detach,
           addr

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   IPC::SysV(3) - System V IPC constants and system calls
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           ftok( PATH ), ftok( PATH, ID ), shmat( ID, ADDR, FLAG ), shmdt(
           ADDR ), memread( ADDR, VAR, POS, SIZE ), memwrite( ADDR, STRING,
           POS, SIZE )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   Internals(3) - Reserved special namespace for internals related functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           FUNCTIONS
               SvREFCNT(THING [, $value]), SvREADONLY(THING, [, $value]),
               hv_clear_placeholders(%hash)

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   JSON::PP(3) - JSON::XS compatible pure-Perl module.
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION
       NOTE
       DESCRIPTION
           FEATURES
               correct unicode handling, round-trip integrity, strict checking
               of JSON correctness

       FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE
           encode_json
           decode_json
           JSON::PP::is_bool
           JSON::PP::true
           JSON::PP::false
           JSON::PP::null
       HOW DO I DECODE A DATA FROM OUTER AND ENCODE TO OUTER
       METHODS
           new
           ascii
           latin1
           utf8
           pretty
           indent
           space_before
           space_after
           relaxed
               list items can have an end-comma, shell-style '#'-comments

           canonical
           allow_nonref
           allow_unknown
           allow_blessed
           convert_blessed
           filter_json_object
           filter_json_single_key_object
           shrink
           max_depth
           max_size
           encode
           decode
           decode_prefix
       INCREMENTAL PARSING
           incr_parse
           incr_text
           incr_skip
           incr_reset
       JSON::PP OWN METHODS
           allow_singlequote
           allow_barekey
           allow_bignum
           loose
           escape_slash
           indent_length
           sort_by
       INTERNAL
           PP_encode_box, PP_decode_box

       MAPPING
           JSON -> PERL
               object, array, string, number, true, false, null

           PERL -> JSON
               hash references, array references, other references,
               JSON::PP::true, JSON::PP::false, JSON::PP::null, blessed
               objects, simple scalars, Big Number

       UNICODE HANDLING ON PERLS
           Perl 5.8 and later
           Perl 5.6
           Perl 5.005
       TODO
           speed, memory saving

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   JSON::PP::Boolean(3) - dummy module providing JSON::PP::Boolean
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   List::Util(3) - A selection of general-utility list subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIST-REDUCTION FUNCTIONS
       $result = reduce { BLOCK } @list
       any
       all
       none
       notall
       first
       max
       maxstr
       min
       minstr
       product
       sum
       sum0
       KEY/VALUE PAIR LIST FUNCTIONS
       pairs
       unpairs
       pairkeys
       pairvalues
       pairgrep
       pairfirst
       pairmap
       OTHER FUNCTIONS
       shuffle
       uniq
       uniqnum
       uniqstr
       KNOWN BUGS
           RT #95409
           uniqnum() on oversized bignums
       SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   List::Util::XS(3) - Indicate if List::Util was compiled with a C compiler
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes(3) - a distribution of modules to handle locale codes
       DESCRIPTION
           Locale::Codes::Country, Locale::Country, Locale::Codes::Language,
           Locale::Language, Locale::Codes::Currency, Locale::Currency,
           Locale::Codes::Script, Locale::Script, Locale::Codes::LangExt,
           Locale::Codes::LangVar, Locale::Codes::LangFam, Locale::Codes,
           Locale::Codes::Constants, Locale::Codes::Country_codes,
           Locale::Codes::Language_codes, Locale::Codes::Currency_codes,
           Locale::Codes::Script_codes, Locale::Codes::LangExt_codes,
           Locale::Codes::LangVar_codes, Locale::Codes::LangFam_codes

       NEW CODE SETS
           General-use code set, An official source of data, A free source of
           the data, A reliable source of data

       COMMON ALIASES
       DEPRECATED CODES
       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes::API, Locale::Codes::Country,
           Locale::Codes::Language, Locale::Codes::Script,
           Locale::Codes::Currency, Locale::Codes::LangExt,
           Locale::Codes::LangVar, Locale::Codes::LangFam,
           Locale::Codes::Changes

       BUGS AND QUESTIONS
           Direct email, CPAN Bug Tracking, GitHub, Locale::Codes version

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::API(3) - a description of the callable function in each module
       DESCRIPTION
       ROUTINES
           code2XXX ( CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired'] ), XXX2code ( NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired'] ), XXX_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2
           ), all_XXX_codes ( [CODESET] [,'retired'] ), all_XXX_names (
           [CODESET] [,'retired'] )

       SEMI-PRIVATE ROUTINES
           MODULE::rename_XXX  ( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] ), MODULE::add_XXX
           ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] ), MODULE::delete_XXX  ( CODE [,CODESET] ),
           MODULE::add_XXX_alias  ( NAME ,NEW_NAME ), MODULE::delete_XXX_alias
           ( NAME ), MODULE::rename_XXX_code  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ),
           MODULE::add_XXX_code_alias  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] ),
           MODULE::delete_XXX_code_alias  ( CODE [,CODESET] )

       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
           Relationship between code sets, Non-ASCII characters not supported

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Changes(3) - details changes to Locale::Codes
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION 3.46  (planned 2017-12-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.45  (planned 2017-09-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.44  (planned 2017-06-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.43  (planned 2017-03-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.42  (2016-11-30; sbeck)
           Added Czech republic aliases back in

       VERSION 3.41  (2016-11-18; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.40  (2016-09-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.39  (2016-05-31; sbeck)
           Added UN codes back in, Added GENC codes

       VERSION 3.38  (2016-03-02; sbeck)
           Tests reworked

       VERSION 3.37  (2015-12-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.36  (2015-09-01; sbeck)
           (!) Removed alias_code function

       VERSION 3.35  (2015-06-01; sbeck)
           Documentation improvements

       VERSION 3.34  (2015-03-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.33  (2014-12-01; sbeck)
           Filled out LOCALE_LANG_TERM codeset, Moved repository to GitHub

       VERSION 3.32  (2014-09-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.31  (2014-06-01; sbeck)
           Bug fixes

       VERSION 3.30  (2014-03-04; sbeck)
           alias_code remove date set, Bug fixes

       VERSION 3.29  (2014-01-27; sbeck)
           ISO 3166 country codes improved, Bug fixes

       VERSION 3.28  (2013-12-02; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.27  (2013-09-03; sbeck)
           * FIPS-10 country codes removed

       VERSION 3.26  (2013-06-03; sbeck)
           Documentation fixes

       VERSION 3.25  (2013-03-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.24  (2012-12-03; sbeck)
           Syria alias, FIPS-10 country codes deprecated, Domain country codes
           now come from ISO 3166

       VERSION 3.23  (2012-09-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.22  (2012-06-01; sbeck)
           Updated perl version required, Sorted deprecated codes

       VERSION 3.21  (2012-03-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.20  (2011-12-01; sbeck)
           Added limited support for deprecated codes, Fixed capitalization,
           Pod tests off by default, Codesets may be specified by name,
           alias_code deprecated, Code cleanup, Added LangFam module

       VERSION 3.18  (2011-08-31; sbeck)
           No longer use CIA data

       VERSION 3.17  (2011-06-28; sbeck)
           Added new types of codes, Added new codeset(s), Bug fixes,
           Reorganized code

       VERSION 3.16  (2011-03-01; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.15  (2010-12-02; sbeck)
           Minor fixes

       VERSION 3.14  (2010-09-28; sbeck)
           Bug fixes

       VERSION 3.13  (2010-06-04; sbeck)
       VERSION 3.12  (2010-04-06; sbeck)
           Reorganized code

       VERSION 3.11  (2010-03-01; sbeck)
           Added new codeset(s), Bug fixes

       VERSION 3.10  (2010-02-18; sbeck)
           Reorganized code, (!) Changed XXX_code2code behavior slightly,
           Added many semi-private routines, New aliases

       VERSION 3.01  (2010-02-15; sbeck)
           Fixed Makefile.PL and Build.PL

       VERSION 3.00  (2010-02-10; sbeck)
           (*) New maintainer, (*) (!) All codes are generated from standards,
           Added new codeset(s), (*) (!) Locale::Script changed, Added missing
           functions, (!) Dropped support for _alias_code, (!) All functions
           return the standard value, (!) rename_country function altered

       VERSION 2.07  (2004-06-10; neilb)
       VERSION 2.06  (2002-07-15; neilb)
       VERSION 2.05  (2002-07-08; neilb)
       VERSION 2.04  (2002-05-23; neilb)
       VERSION 2.03  (2002-03-24; neilb)
       VERSION 2.02  (2002-03-09; neilb)
       VERSION 2.01  (2002-02-18; neilb)
       VERSION 2.00  (2002-02-17; neilb)
       VERSION 1.06  (2001-03-04; neilb)
       VERSION 1.05  (2001-02-13; neilb)
       VERSION 1.04  (2000-12-21; neilb)
       VERSION 1.03  (2000-12-??; neilb)
       VERSION 1.02  (2000-05-04; neilb)
       VERSION 1.00  (1998-03-09; neilb)
       VERSION 0.003  (1997-05-09; neilb)
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Country(3) - standard codes for country identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3,
           numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC, dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM, un-alpha-3,
           LOCALE_CODE_UN_ALPHA_3, un-numeric, LOCALE_CODE_UN_NUMERIC,
           genc-alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_ALPHA_2, genc-alpha-3,
           LOCALE_CODE_GENC_ALPHA_3, genc-numeric, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_NUMERIC

       ROUTINES
           code2country(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_country_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_country_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Country::add_country(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, Locale::SubCountry,
           <http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm>,
           "/www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/iso-3166-1_decoding_t
           able.htm" in http:, <http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/>,
           <http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm>,
           <https://nsgreg.nga.mil/genc/discovery>,
           "/www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/prin
           t_appendix-d.html" in https:, <http://www.statoids.com/wab.html>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Currency(3) - standard codes for currency identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha, LOCALE_CURR_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_CURR_NUMERIC

       ROUTINES
           code2currency(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_currency_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_currency_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::Currency::rename_currency(CODE ,NEW_NAME
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::add_currency(CODE ,NAME
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::delete_currency(CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::add_currency_alias(NAME
           ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::Currency::delete_currency_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::Currency::rename_currency_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Currency::add_currency_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Currency::delete_currency_code_alias( CODE
           [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.iso.org/iso/support/currency_codes_list-1.htm>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::LangExt(3) - standard codes for language extension
       identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha

       ROUTINES
           code2langext(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langext2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langext_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_langext_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_langext_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::rename_langext(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::add_langext(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::delete_langext(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::add_langext_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::delete_langext_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::rename_langext_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangExt::add_langext_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangExt::delete_langext_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::LangFam(3) - standard codes for language extension
       identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha

       ROUTINES
           code2langfam(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langfam2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langfam_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_langfam_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_langfam_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::rename_langfam(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::add_langfam(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::delete_langfam(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::add_langfam_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::delete_langfam_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::rename_langfam_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangFam::add_langfam_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangFam::delete_langfam_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-5/id.php>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::LangVar(3) - standard codes for language variation
       identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha

       ROUTINES
           code2langvar(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langvar2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), langvar_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_langvar_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_langvar_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::rename_langvar(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::add_langvar(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::delete_langvar(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::add_langvar_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::delete_langvar_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::rename_langvar_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::LangVar::add_langvar_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::LangVar::delete_langvar_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Language(3) - standard codes for language identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha-2, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_3, term,
           LOCALE_LANG_TERM

       ROUTINES
           code2language(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_language_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_language_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::Language::rename_language(CODE ,NEW_NAME
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::add_language(CODE ,NAME
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::delete_language(CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::add_language_alias(NAME
           ,NEW_NAME), Locale::Codes::Language::delete_language_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::Language::rename_language_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Language::add_language_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Language::delete_language_code_alias(CODE
           [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/>,
           <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-5/>,
           <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Codes::Script(3) - standard codes for script identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha, LOCALE_SCRIPT_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_SCRIPT_NUMERIC

       ROUTINES
           code2script(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_script_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_script_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Codes::Script::rename_script(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Script::add_script(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Script::delete_script(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Script::add_script_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Codes::Script::delete_script_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Codes::Script::rename_script_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Codes::Script::add_script_code_alias(CODE
           ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Codes::Script::delete_script_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.unicode.org/iso15924/>,
           <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Country(3) - standard codes for country identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3,
           numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC, dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM, un-alpha-3,
           LOCALE_CODE_UN_ALPHA_3, un-numeric, LOCALE_CODE_UN_NUMERIC,
           genc-alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_ALPHA_2, genc-alpha-3,
           LOCALE_CODE_GENC_ALPHA_3, genc-numeric, LOCALE_CODE_GENC_NUMERIC

       ROUTINES
           code2country(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), country_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_country_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_country_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Country::rename_country(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Country::add_country(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Country::delete_country(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Country::add_country_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Country::delete_country_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Country::rename_country_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Country::add_country_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Country::delete_country_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API, Locale::SubCountry,
           <http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm>,
           "/www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/iso-3166-1_decoding_t
           able.htm" in http:, <http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/>,
           <http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm>,
           <https://nsgreg.nga.mil/genc/discovery>,
           "/www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/prin
           t_appendix-d.html" in https:, <http://www.statoids.com/wab.html>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Currency(3) - standard codes for currency identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha, LOCALE_CURR_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_CURR_NUMERIC

       ROUTINES
           code2currency(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), currency_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_currency_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_currency_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Currency::rename_currency(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Currency::add_currency(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Currency::delete_currency(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Currency::add_currency_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Currency::delete_currency_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Currency::rename_currency_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Currency::add_currency_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Currency::delete_currency_code_alias( CODE
           [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.iso.org/iso/support/currency_codes_list-1.htm>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Language(3) - standard codes for language identification
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha-2, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_2, alpha-3, LOCALE_LANG_ALPHA_3, term,
           LOCALE_LANG_TERM

       ROUTINES
           code2language(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), language_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_language_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_language_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Language::rename_language(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Language::add_language(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Language::delete_language(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Language::add_language_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Language::delete_language_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Language::rename_language_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Language::add_language_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE
           [,CODESET]), Locale::Language::delete_language_code_alias(CODE
           [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/>,
           <http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-5/>,
           <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Locale::Maketext(3) - framework for localization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK OVERVIEW
       METHODS
           Construction Methods
           The "maketext" Method
               $lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with(PARAM),
               $lh->failure_handler_auto, $lh->blacklist(@list),
               $lh->whitelist(@list)

           Utility Methods
               $language->quant($number, $singular), $language->quant($number,
               $singular, $plural), $language->quant($number, $singular,
               $plural, $negative), $language->numf($number),
               $language->numerate($number, $singular, $plural, $negative),
               $language->sprintf($format, @items), $language->language_tag(),
               $language->encoding()

           Language Handle Attributes and Internals
       LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
       ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
       BRACKET NOTATION
       BRACKET NOTATION SECURITY
       AUTO LEXICONS
       READONLY LEXICONS
       CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
       HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
       AUTHOR

   Locale::Maketext::Cookbook(3) - recipes for using Locale::Maketext
       INTRODUCTION
       ONESIDED LEXICONS
       DECIMAL PLACES IN NUMBER FORMATTING

   Locale::Maketext::Guts(3) - Deprecated module to load Locale::Maketext utf8
       code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader(3) - Deprecated module to load Locale::Maketext
       utf8 code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Locale::Maketext::Simple(3) - Simple interface to Locale::Maketext::Lexicon
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
           Class
           Path
           Style
           Export
           Subclass
           Decode
           Encoding
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
           The "MIT" License

   Locale::Maketext::TPJ13(3) -- article about software localization
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes
           A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
           The Linguistic View
           Breaking gettext
           Replacing gettext
           Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
           Buzzword: Isomorphism
           Buzzword: Inheritance
           Buzzword: Concision
           The Devil in the Details
           The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
           References

   Log::Message::Item(3)  - Message objects for Log::Message
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SUPPORTED CODE SETS
           alpha, LOCALE_SCRIPT_ALPHA, num, LOCALE_SCRIPT_NUMERIC

       ROUTINES
           code2script(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script2code(NAME
           [,CODESET] [,'retired']), script_code2code(CODE ,CODESET
           ,CODESET2), all_script_codes([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           all_script_names([CODESET] [,'retired']),
           Locale::Script::rename_script(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Script::add_script(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Script::delete_script(CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Script::add_script_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME),
           Locale::Script::delete_script_alias(NAME),
           Locale::Script::rename_script_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Script::add_script_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET]),
           Locale::Script::delete_script_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

       SEE ALSO
           Locale::Codes, Locale::Codes::API,
           <http://www.unicode.org/iso15924/>,
           <http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry>

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   MIME::Base64(3) - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           encode_base64( $bytes ), encode_base64( $bytes, $eol );,
           decode_base64( $str ), encode_base64url( $bytes ),
           decode_base64url( $str ), encoded_base64_length( $bytes ),
           encoded_base64_length( $bytes, $eol ), decoded_base64_length( $str
           )

       EXAMPLES
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   MIME::QuotedPrint(3) - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           encode_qp( $str), encode_qp( $str, $eol), encode_qp( $str, $eol,
           $binmode ), decode_qp( $str )

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigFloat(3) - Arbitrary size floating point math package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Input
           Output
       METHODS
           Configuration methods
               accuracy(), precision()

           Constructor methods
               from_hex(), from_oct(), from_bin(), bpi()

           Arithmetic methods
               bmuladd(), bdiv(), bmod(), bexp(), bnok(), bsin(), bcos(),
               batan(), batan2(), as_float()

           ACCURACY AND PRECISION
           Rounding
               bfround ( +$scale ), bfround ( -$scale ), bfround ( 0 ), bround
               ( +$scale ), bround  ( -$scale ) and bround ( 0 )

       Autocreating constants
           Math library
           Using Math::BigInt::Lite
       EXPORTS
       CAVEATS
           stringify, bstr(), brsft(), Modifying and =, precision() vs.
           accuracy()

       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing
           list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list,
           Subscribe/Unsubscribe

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   Math::BigInt(3) - Arbitrary size integer/float math package
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Input
           Output
       METHODS
           Configuration methods
               accuracy(), precision(), div_scale(), round_mode(), upgrade(),
               downgrade(), modify(), config()

           Constructor methods
               new(), from_hex(), from_oct(), from_bin(), from_bytes(),
               bzero(), bone(), binf(), bnan(), bpi(), copy(), as_int(),
               as_number()

           Boolean methods
               is_zero(), is_one( [ SIGN ]), is_finite(), is_inf( [ SIGN ] ),
               is_nan(), is_positive(), is_pos(), is_negative(), is_neg(),
               is_odd(), is_even(), is_int()

           Comparison methods
               bcmp(), bacmp(), beq(), bne(), blt(), ble(), bgt(), bge()

           Arithmetic methods
               bneg(), babs(), bsgn(), bnorm(), binc(), bdec(), badd(),
               bsub(), bmul(), bmuladd(), bdiv(), btdiv(), bmod(), btmod(),
               bmodinv(), bmodpow(), bpow(), blog(), bexp(), bnok(), bsin(),
               bcos(), batan(), batan2(), bsqrt(), broot(), bfac(), brsft(),
               blsft()

           Bitwise methods
               band(), bior(), bxor(), bnot()

           Rounding methods
               round(), bround(), bfround(), bfloor(), bceil(), bint()

           Other mathematical methods
               bgcd(), blcm()

           Object property methods
               sign(), digit(), length(), mantissa(), exponent(), parts(),
               sparts(), nparts(), eparts(), dparts()

           String conversion methods
               bstr(), bsstr(), bnstr(), bestr(), bdstr(), as_hex(), as_bin(),
               as_oct(), as_bytes()

           Other conversion methods
               numify()

       ACCURACY and PRECISION
           Precision P
           Accuracy A
           Fallback F
           Rounding mode R
               'trunc', 'even', 'odd', '+inf', '-inf', 'zero', 'common',
               Precision, Accuracy (significant digits), Setting/Accessing,
               Creating numbers, Usage, Precedence, Overriding globals, Local
               settings, Rounding, Default values, Remarks

       Infinity and Not a Number
           oct()/hex()

       INTERNALS
           MATH LIBRARY
           SIGN
       EXAMPLES
       Autocreating constants
       PERFORMANCE
           Alternative math libraries
       SUBCLASSING
           Subclassing Math::BigInt
       UPGRADING
           Auto-upgrade
       EXPORTS
       CAVEATS
           Comparing numbers as strings, int(), Modifying and =, Overloading
           -$x, Mixing different object types

       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing
           list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list,
           Subscribe/Unsubscribe

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   Math::BigInt::Calc(3) - Pure Perl module to support Math::BigInt
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigInt::CalcEmu - Emulate low-level math with BigInt code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           __emu_bxor, __emu_band, __emu_bior

       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing
           list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list,
           Subscribe/Unsubscribe

       LICENSE
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigInt::CalcEmu(3) - Emulate low-level math with BigInt code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       STORAGE
       METHODS
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing
           list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list,
           Subscribe/Unsubscribe

       LICENSE
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigInt::FastCalc(3) - Math::BigInt::Calc with some XS for more speed
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           General Notes
               api_version(), _new(STR), _zero(), _one(), _two(), _ten(),
               _from_bin(STR), _from_oct(STR), _from_hex(STR),
               _from_bytes(STR), _add(OBJ1, OBJ2), _mul(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _div(OBJ1, OBJ2), _sub(OBJ1, OBJ2, FLAG), _sub(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _dec(OBJ), _inc(OBJ), _mod(OBJ1, OBJ2), _sqrt(OBJ), _root(OBJ,
               N), _fac(OBJ), _pow(OBJ1, OBJ2), _modinv(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _modpow(OBJ1, OBJ2, OBJ3), _rsft(OBJ, N, B), _lsft(OBJ, N, B),
               _log_int(OBJ, B), _gcd(OBJ1, OBJ2), _lcm(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _and(OBJ1, OBJ2), _or(OBJ1, OBJ2), _xor(OBJ1, OBJ2),
               _is_zero(OBJ), _is_one(OBJ), _is_two(OBJ), _is_ten(OBJ),
               _is_even(OBJ), _is_odd(OBJ), _acmp(OBJ1, OBJ2), _str(OBJ),
               _as_bin(OBJ), _as_oct(OBJ), _as_hex(OBJ), _as_bytes(OBJ),
               _num(OBJ), _copy(OBJ), _len(OBJ), _zeros(OBJ), _digit(OBJ, N),
               _check(OBJ)

           API version 2
               _1ex(N), _nok(OBJ1, OBJ2), _alen(OBJ)

           API optional methods
               _signed_or(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2), _signed_and(OBJ1, OBJ2,
               SIGN1, SIGN2), _signed_xor(OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2)

       WRAP YOUR OWN
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing
           list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list,
           Subscribe/Unsubscribe

       LICENSE
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Math::BigRat(3) - Arbitrary big rational numbers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           MATH LIBRARY
       METHODS
           new(), numerator(), denominator(), parts(), numify(),
           as_int()/as_number(), as_float(), as_hex(), as_bin(), as_oct(),
           from_hex(), from_oct(), from_bin(), bnan(), bzero(), binf(),
           bone(), length(), digit(), bnorm(), bfac(),
           bround()/round()/bfround(), bmod(), bmodinv(), bmodpow(), bneg(),
           is_one(), is_zero(), is_pos()/is_positive(),
           is_neg()/is_negative(), is_int(), is_odd(), is_even(), bceil(),
           bfloor(), bint(), bsqrt(), broot(), badd(), bmul(), bsub(), bdiv(),
           bdec(), binc(), copy(), bstr()/bsstr(), bcmp(), bacmp(), beq(),
           bne(), blt(), ble(), bgt(), bge(), blsft()/brsft(), band(), bior(),
           bxor(), bnot(), bpow(), blog(), bexp(), bnok(), config()

       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           RT: CPAN's request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation,
           CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing
           list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list,
           Subscribe/Unsubscribe

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   Math::Complex(3) - complex numbers and associated mathematical functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPERATIONS
       CREATION
       DISPLAYING
           CHANGED IN PERL 5.6
       USAGE
       CONSTANTS
           PI
           Inf
       ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
       ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   Math::Trig(3) - trigonometric functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
           tan

           ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO
           SIMPLE (REAL) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS
       PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS
           deg2rad, grad2rad, rad2deg, grad2deg, deg2grad, rad2grad, rad2rad,
           deg2deg, grad2grad

       RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS
           COORDINATE SYSTEMS
           3-D ANGLE CONVERSIONS
               cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical,
               cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylindrical_to_spherical,
               spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical

       GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS
           great_circle_distance
           great_circle_direction
           great_circle_bearing
           great_circle_destination
           great_circle_midpoint
           great_circle_waypoint
       EXAMPLES
           CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
           Real-valued asin and acos
               asin_real, acos_real

       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

   Memoize(3) - Make functions faster by trading space for time
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DETAILS
       OPTIONS
           INSTALL
           NORMALIZER
           "SCALAR_CACHE", "LIST_CACHE"
               "MEMORY", "HASH", "TIE", "FAULT", "MERGE"

       OTHER FACILITIES
           "unmemoize"
           "flush_cache"
       CAVEATS
       PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
       EXPIRATION SUPPORT
       BUGS
       MAILING LIST
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       THANK YOU

   Memoize::AnyDBM_File(3) - glue to provide EXISTS for AnyDBM_File for Storable
       use
       DESCRIPTION

   Memoize::Expire(3) - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of memoized
       values
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       INTERFACE
            TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE

       ALTERNATIVES
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Memoize::ExpireFile(3) - test for Memoize expiration semantics
       DESCRIPTION

   Memoize::ExpireTest(3) - test for Memoize expiration semantics
       DESCRIPTION

   Memoize::NDBM_File(3) - glue to provide EXISTS for NDBM_File for Storable use
       DESCRIPTION

   Memoize::SDBM_File(3) - glue to provide EXISTS for SDBM_File for Storable use
       DESCRIPTION

   Memoize::Storable(3) - store Memoized data in Storable database
       DESCRIPTION

   Module::CoreList(3) - what modules shipped with versions of perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS API
           "first_release( MODULE )", "first_release_by_date( MODULE )",
           "find_modules( REGEX, [ LIST OF PERLS ] )", "find_version(
           PERL_VERSION )", "is_core( MODULE, [ MODULE_VERSION, [ PERL_VERSION
           ] ] )", "is_deprecated( MODULE, PERL_VERSION )", "deprecated_in(
           MODULE )", "removed_from( MODULE )", "removed_from_by_date( MODULE
           )", "changes_between( PERL_VERSION, PERL_VERSION )"

       DATA STRUCTURES
           %Module::CoreList::version, %Module::CoreList::delta,
           %Module::CoreList::released, %Module::CoreList::families,
           %Module::CoreList::deprecated, %Module::CoreList::upstream,
           %Module::CoreList::bug_tracker

       CAVEATS
       HISTORY
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Module::CoreList::Utils(3) - what utilities shipped with versions of perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS API
           "utilities", "first_release( UTILITY )", "first_release_by_date(
           UTILITY )", "removed_from( UTILITY )", "removed_from_by_date(
           UTILITY )"

       DATA STRUCTURES
           %Module::CoreList::Utils::utilities

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Module::Load(3) - runtime require of both modules and files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Difference between "load" and "autoload"
       FUNCTIONS
           load, autoload, load_remote, autoload_remote

       Rules
       IMPORTS THE FUNCTIONS
           "load","autoload","load_remote","autoload_remote", 'all',
           '','none',undef

       Caveats
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Module::Load::Conditional(3) - Looking up module information / loading at
       runtime
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Methods
           $href = check_install( module => NAME [, version => VERSION,
           verbose => BOOL ] );
               module, version, verbose, file, dir, version, uptodate

       $bool = can_load( modules => { NAME => VERSION [,NAME => VERSION] },
       [verbose => BOOL, nocache => BOOL, autoload => BOOL] )
           modules, verbose, nocache, autoload

       @list = requires( MODULE );
       Global Variables
           $Module::Load::Conditional::VERBOSE
           $Module::Load::Conditional::FIND_VERSION
           $Module::Load::Conditional::CHECK_INC_HASH
           $Module::Load::Conditional::FORCE_SAFE_INC
           $Module::Load::Conditional::CACHE
           $Module::Load::Conditional::ERROR
           $Module::Load::Conditional::DEPRECATED
       See Also
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Module::Loaded(3) - mark modules as loaded or unloaded
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           $bool = mark_as_loaded( PACKAGE );
       $bool = mark_as_unloaded( PACKAGE );
       $loc = is_loaded( PACKAGE );
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Module::Metadata(3) - Gather package and POD information from perl module
       files
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CLASS METHODS
           "new_from_file($filename, collect_pod => 1)"
           "new_from_handle($handle, $filename, collect_pod => 1)"
           "new_from_module($module, collect_pod => 1, inc => \@dirs)"
           "find_module_by_name($module, \@dirs)"
           "find_module_dir_by_name($module, \@dirs)"
           "provides( %options )"
               version (required), dir, files, prefix

           "package_versions_from_directory($dir, \@files?)"
           "log_info (internal)"
       OBJECT METHODS
           "name()"
           "version($package)"
           "filename()"
           "packages_inside()"
           "pod_inside()"
           "contains_pod()"
           "pod($section)"
           "is_indexable($package)" or "is_indexable()"
       SUPPORT
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   NDBM_File(3) - Tied access to ndbm files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
           "ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

   NEXT(3) - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT (et al) that allows method redispatch
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Enforcing redispatch
           Avoiding repetitions
           Invoking all versions of a method with a single call
           Using "EVERY" methods
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Cmd(3) - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USER METHODS
           debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (), datasend (
           DATA ), dataend ()

       CLASS METHODS
           debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( DIR, TEXT ), command ( CMD
           [, ARGS, ... ]), unsupported (), response (), parse_response ( TEXT
           ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ), rawdatasend ( DATA ),
           read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()

       PSEUDO RESPONSES
           Initial value, Connection closed, Timeout

       EXPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Config(3) - Local configuration data for libnet
       SYNOPSYS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           requires_firewall ( HOST )

       NetConfig VALUES
           nntp_hosts, snpp_hosts, pop3_hosts, smtp_hosts, ph_hosts,
           daytime_hosts, time_hosts, inet_domain, ftp_firewall,
           ftp_firewall_type, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, ftp_ext_passive,
           ftp_int_passive, local_netmask, test_hosts, test_exists

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Domain(3) - Attempt to evaluate the current host's internet name and
       domain
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           hostfqdn (), domainname (), hostname (), hostdomain ()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::FTP(3) - FTP Client class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ([ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

       METHODS
           login ([LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT] ] ]), starttls (), stoptls (),
           prot ( LEVEL ), host (), account( ACCT ), authorize ( [AUTH [,
           RESP]]), site (ARGS), ascii (), binary (), type ( [ TYPE ] ),
           rename ( OLDNAME, NEWNAME ), delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ] ),
           cdup (), passive ( [ PASSIVE ] ), pwd (), restart ( WHERE ), rmdir
           ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), alloc ( SIZE [,
           RECORD_SIZE] ), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ), get ( REMOTE_FILE
           [, LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ),
           put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), append ( LOCAL_FILE [,
           REMOTE_FILE ] ), unique_name (), mdtm ( FILE ), size ( FILE ),
           supported ( CMD ), hash ( [FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF],[
           BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK] ), feature ( NAME ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list (
           [ DIR ] ), retr ( FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe ( FILE
           ), port ( [ PORT ] ), eprt ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (), epsv (),
           pasv_xfer ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ),
           pasv_xfer_unique ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ),
           pasv_wait ( NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()

           Methods for the adventurous
               quot (CMD [,ARGS]), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

       THE dataconn CLASS
       UNIMPLEMENTED
           SMNT, HELP, MODE, SYST, STAT, STRU, REIN

       REPORTING BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       USE EXAMPLES
           http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/

       CREDITS
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::NNTP(3) - NNTP Client class
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

       METHODS
           host (), starttls (), article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), body ( [
           MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), head ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), articlefh
           ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), bodyfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), headfh ( [
           MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), nntpstat ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), group ( [ GROUP ]
           ), help ( ), ihave ( MSGID [, MESSAGE ]), last (), date (), postok
           (), authinfo ( USER, PASS ), authinfo_simple ( USER, PASS ), list
           (), newgroups ( SINCE [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]), newnews ( SINCE [,
           GROUPS [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]]), next (), post ( [ MESSAGE ] ), postfh
           (), slave (), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

           Extension methods
               newsgroups ( [ PATTERN ] ), distributions (),
               distribution_patterns (), subscriptions (), overview_fmt (),
               active_times (), active ( [ PATTERN ] ), xgtitle ( PATTERN ),
               xhdr ( HEADER, MESSAGE-SPEC ), xover ( MESSAGE-SPEC ), xpath (
               MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN, MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover (),
               listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ), reader ()

       UNSUPPORTED
       DEFINITIONS
           MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, "[^]-]", *bdc, "[0-9a-zA-Z]",
           "a??d"

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Netrc(3) - OO interface to users netrc file
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       THE .netrc FILE
           machine name, default, login name, password string, account string,
           macdef name

       CONSTRUCTOR
           lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])

       METHODS
           login (), password (), account (), lpa ()

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::POP3(3) - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class (RFC1939)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

       METHODS
           host (), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), user ( USER ), pass ( PASS ),
           login ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), starttls ( SSLARGS ), apop ( [ USER [,
           PASS ]] ), banner (), capa (),  capabilities (), top ( MSGNUM [,
           NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] ), getfh (
           MSGNUM ), last (), popstat (), ping ( USER ), uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ),
           delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Ping(3) - check a remote host for reachability
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Functions
               Net::Ping->new([proto, timeout, bytes, device, tos, ttl,
               family,          host, port, bind, gateway, retrans,
               pingstring,
                    source_verify econnrefused dontfrag
               IPV6_USE_MIN_MTU IPV6_RECVPATHMTU]), $p->ping($host [, $timeout
               [, $family]]);, $p->source_verify( { 0 | 1 } );,
               $p->service_check( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->tcp_service_check( { 0 | 1
               } );, $p->hires( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->time,
               $p->socket_blocking_mode( $fh, $mode );, $p->IPV6_USE_MIN_MTU,
               $p->IPV6_RECVPATHMTU, $p->IPV6_HOPLIMIT, $p->IPV6_REACHCONF
               NYI, $p->bind($local_addr);, $p->open($host);, $p->ack( [ $host
               ] );, $p->nack( $failed_ack_host );, $p->ack_unfork($host),
               $p->ping_icmp([$host, $timeout, $family]),
               $p->ping_icmpv6([$host, $timeout, $family]) NYI,
               $p->ping_stream([$host, $timeout, $family]),
               $p->ping_syn([$host, $ip, $start_time, $stop_time]),
               $p->ping_syn_fork([$host, $timeout, $family]),
               $p->ping_tcp([$host, $timeout, $family]), $p->ping_udp([$host,
               $timeout, $family]), $p->ping_external([$host, $timeout,
               $family]), $p->tcp_connect([$ip, $timeout]), $p->tcp_echo([$ip,
               $timeout, $pingstring]), $p->close();,
               $p->port_number([$port_number]), $p->mselect, $p->ntop,
               $p->checksum($msg), $p->icmp_result, pingecho($host [,
               $timeout]);, wakeonlan($mac, [$host, [$port]])

       NOTES
       INSTALL
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::SMTP(3) - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       CONSTRUCTOR
           new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

       METHODS
           banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), host (), etrn ( DOMAIN ),
           starttls ( SSLARGS ), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), auth ( SASL ),
           mail ( ADDRESS [, OPTIONS] ), send ( ADDRESS ), send_or_mail (
           ADDRESS ), send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ), reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS
           [, ADDRESS, [...]] [, OPTIONS ] ), to ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]]
           ), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), bcc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS
           [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), bdat ( DATA ), bdatlast ( DATA ),
           expand ( ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS ), help ( [ $subject ] ), quit
           (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

       ADDRESSES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::Time(3) - time and daytime network client interface
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           inet_time ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]]), inet_daytime ( [HOST
           [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]])

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Net::hostent(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gethost*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Net::libnetFAQ(3), libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Questions
       DESCRIPTION
           Where to get this document
           How to contribute to this document
       Author and Copyright Information
           Disclaimer
       Obtaining and installing libnet
           What is libnet ?
           Which version of perl do I need ?
           What other modules do I need ?
           What machines support libnet ?
           Where can I get the latest libnet release
       Using Net::FTP
           How do I download files from an FTP server ?
           How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
           How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
           How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP
           server ?
           How can I change the permissions of a file on a remote server ?
           Can I do a reget operation like the ftp command ?
           How do I get a directory listing from an FTP server ?
           Changing directory to "" does not fail ?
           I am behind a SOCKS firewall, but the Firewall option does not work
           ?
           I am behind an FTP proxy firewall, but cannot access machines
           outside ?
           My ftp proxy firewall does not listen on port 21
           Is it possible to change the file permissions of a file on an FTP
           server ?
           I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it
           documented ?
           Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods
       Using Net::SMTP
           Why can't the part of an Email address after the @ be used as the
           hostname ?
           Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
           The verify method always returns true ?
       Debugging scripts
           How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

   Net::netent(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Net::protoent(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getproto*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Net::servent(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getserv*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   O(3) - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONVENTIONS
       IMPLEMENTATION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Opcode(3) - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       WARNING
       Operator Names and Operator Lists
           an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a negated
           opname or optag, an operator set (opset)

       Opcode Functions
           opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET), opset_to_hex
           (OPSET), full_opset, empty_opset, invert_opset (OPSET),
           verify_opset (OPSET, ...), define_optag (OPTAG, OPSET), opmask_add
           (OPSET), opmask, opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)

       Manipulating Opsets
       TO DO (maybe)
       Predefined Opcode Tags
           :base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig,
           :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read, :sys_db,
           :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :subprocess, :ownprocess,
           :others, :load, :still_to_be_decided, :dangerous

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

   POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       FUNCTIONS
           "_exit", "abort", "abs", "access", "acos", "acosh", "alarm",
           "asctime", "asin", "asinh", "assert", "atan", "atanh", "atan2",
           "atexit", "atof", "atoi", "atol", "bsearch", "calloc", "cbrt",
           "ceil", "chdir", "chmod", "chown", "clearerr", "clock", "close",
           "closedir", "cos", "cosh", "copysign", "creat", "ctermid", "ctime",
           "cuserid", "difftime", "div", "dup", "dup2", "erf", "erfc",
           "errno", "execl", "execle", "execlp", "execv", "execve", "execvp",
           "exit", "exp", "expm1", "fabs", "fclose", "fcntl", "fdopen",
           "feof", "ferror", "fflush", "fgetc", "fgetpos", "fgets", "fileno",
           "floor", "fdim", "fegetround", "fesetround", "fma", "fmax", "fmin",
           "fmod", "fopen", "fork", "fpathconf", "fpclassify", "fprintf",
           "fputc", "fputs", "fread", "free", "freopen", "frexp", "fscanf",
           "fseek", "fsetpos", "fstat", "fsync", "ftell", "fwrite", "getc",
           "getchar", "getcwd", "getegid", "getenv", "geteuid", "getgid",
           "getgrgid", "getgrnam", "getgroups", "getlogin", "getpayload",
           "getpgrp", "getpid", "getppid", "getpwnam", "getpwuid", "gets",
           "getuid", "gmtime", "hypot", "ilogb", "Inf", "isalnum", "isalpha",
           "isatty", "iscntrl", "isdigit", "isfinite", "isgraph", "isgreater",
           "isinf", "islower", "isnan", "isnormal", "isprint", "ispunct",
           "issignaling", "isspace", "isupper", "isxdigit", "j0", "j1", "jn",
           "y0", "y1", "yn", "kill", "labs", "lchown", "ldexp", "ldiv",
           "lgamma", "log1p", "log2", "logb", "link", "localeconv",
           "localtime", "log", "log10", "longjmp", "lseek", "lrint", "lround",
           "malloc", "mblen", "mbstowcs", "mbtowc", "memchr", "memcmp",
           "memcpy", "memmove", "memset", "mkdir", "mkfifo", "mktime", "modf",
           "NaN", "nan", "nearbyint", "nextafter", "nexttoward", "nice",
           "offsetof", "open", "opendir", "pathconf", "pause", "perror",
           "pipe", "pow", "printf", "putc", "putchar", "puts", "qsort",
           "raise", "rand", "read", "readdir", "realloc", "remainder",
           "remove", "remquo", "rename", "rewind", "rewinddir", "rint",
           "rmdir", "round", "scalbn", "scanf", "setgid", "setjmp",
           "setlocale", "setpayload", "setpayloadsig", "setpgid", "setsid",
           "setuid", "sigaction", "siglongjmp", "signbit", "sigpending",
           "sigprocmask", "sigsetjmp", "sigsuspend", "sin", "sinh", "sleep",
           "sprintf", "sqrt", "srand", "sscanf", "stat", "strcat", "strchr",
           "strcmp", "strcoll", "strcpy", "strcspn", "strerror", "strftime",
           "strlen", "strncat", "strncmp", "strncpy", "strpbrk", "strrchr",
           "strspn", "strstr", "strtod", "strtok", "strtol", "strtold",
           "strtoul", "strxfrm", "sysconf", "system", "tan", "tanh",
           "tcdrain", "tcflow", "tcflush", "tcgetpgrp", "tcsendbreak",
           "tcsetpgrp", "tgamma", "time", "times", "tmpfile", "tmpnam",
           "tolower", "toupper", "trunc", "ttyname", "tzname", "tzset",
           "umask", "uname", "ungetc", "unlink", "utime", "vfprintf",
           "vprintf", "vsprintf", "wait", "waitpid", "wcstombs", "wctomb",
           "write"

       CLASSES
           "POSIX::SigAction"
               "new", "handler", "mask", "flags", "safe"

           "POSIX::SigRt"
               %SIGRT, "SIGRTMIN", "SIGRTMAX"

           "POSIX::SigSet"
               "new", "addset", "delset", "emptyset", "fillset", "ismember"

           "POSIX::Termios"
               "new", "getattr", "getcc", "getcflag", "getiflag", "getispeed",
               "getlflag", "getoflag", "getospeed", "setattr", "setcc",
               "setcflag", "setiflag", "setispeed", "setlflag", "setoflag",
               "setospeed", Baud rate values, Terminal interface values,
               "c_cc" field values, "c_cflag" field values, "c_iflag" field
               values, "c_lflag" field values, "c_oflag" field values

       PATHNAME CONSTANTS
           Constants

       POSIX CONSTANTS
           Constants

       SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
           Constants

       ERRNO
           Constants

       FCNTL
           Constants

       FLOAT
           Constants

       FLOATING-POINT ENVIRONMENT
           Constants

       LIMITS
           Constants

       LOCALE
           Constants

       MATH
           Constants

       SIGNAL
           Constants

       STAT
           Constants, Macros

       STDLIB
           Constants

       STDIO
           Constants

       TIME
           Constants

       UNISTD
           Constants

       WAIT
           Constants, "WNOHANG", "WUNTRACED", Macros, "WIFEXITED",
           "WEXITSTATUS", "WIFSIGNALED", "WTERMSIG", "WIFSTOPPED", "WSTOPSIG"

       WINSOCK
           Constants

   Params::Check(3) - A generic input parsing/checking mechanism.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Template
           default, required, strict_type, defined, no_override, store, allow

       Functions
           check( \%tmpl, \%args, [$verbose] );
               Template, Arguments, Verbose

       allow( $test_me, \@criteria );
           string, regexp, subroutine, array ref

       last_error()
       Global Variables
           $Params::Check::VERBOSE
           $Params::Check::STRICT_TYPE
           $Params::Check::ALLOW_UNKNOWN
           $Params::Check::STRIP_LEADING_DASHES
           $Params::Check::NO_DUPLICATES
           $Params::Check::PRESERVE_CASE
           $Params::Check::ONLY_ALLOW_DEFINED
           $Params::Check::SANITY_CHECK_TEMPLATE
           $Params::Check::WARNINGS_FATAL
           $Params::Check::CALLER_DEPTH
       Acknowledgements
       BUG REPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

   Parse::CPAN::Meta(3) - Parse META.yml and META.json CPAN metadata files
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           load_file
           load_yaml_string
           load_json_string
           load_string
           yaml_backend
           json_backend
           json_decoder
       FUNCTIONS
           Load
           LoadFile
       ENVIRONMENT
           CPAN_META_JSON_DECODER
           CPAN_META_JSON_BACKEND
           PERL_JSON_BACKEND
           PERL_YAML_BACKEND
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Perl::OSType(3) - Map Perl operating system names to generic types
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           os_type()
           is_os_type()
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
           Bugs / Feature Requests
           Source Code
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   PerlIO(3) - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of PerlIO::* name
       space
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           :unix, :stdio, :perlio, :crlf, :utf8, :bytes, :raw, :pop, :win32

           Custom Layers
               :encoding, :mmap, :via

           Alternatives to raw
           Defaults and how to override them
           Querying the layers of filehandles
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   PerlIO::encoding(3) - encoding layer
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   PerlIO::mmap(3) - Memory mapped IO
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

   PerlIO::scalar(3) - in-memory IO, scalar IO
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

   PerlIO::via(3) - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in perl
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPECTED METHODS
           $class->PUSHED([$mode,[$fh]]), $obj->POPPED([$fh]),
           $obj->UTF8($belowFlag,[$fh]), $obj->OPEN($path,$mode,[$fh]),
           $obj->BINMODE([$fh]), $obj->FDOPEN($fd,[$fh]),
           $obj->SYSOPEN($path,$imode,$perm,[$fh]), $obj->FILENO($fh),
           $obj->READ($buffer,$len,$fh), $obj->WRITE($buffer,$fh),
           $obj->FILL($fh), $obj->CLOSE($fh), $obj->SEEK($posn,$whence,$fh),
           $obj->TELL($fh), $obj->UNREAD($buffer,$fh), $obj->FLUSH($fh),
           $obj->SETLINEBUF($fh), $obj->CLEARERR($fh), $obj->ERROR($fh),
           $obj->EOF($fh)

       EXAMPLES
           Example - a Hexadecimal Handle

   PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint(3) - PerlIO layer for quoted-printable strings
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       REQUIRED MODULES
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       COPYRIGHT

   Pod::Checker(3) - check pod documents for syntax errors
       SYNOPSIS
       OPTIONS/ARGUMENTS
           podchecker()
               -warnings => val, -quiet => val

       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Errors
               empty =headn, =over on line N without closing =back, You forgot
               a '=back' before '=headN', =over is the last thing in the
               document?!, '=item' outside of any '=over', =back without
               =over, Can't have a 0 in =over N, =over should be: '=over' or
               '=over positive_number', =begin TARGET without matching =end
               TARGET, =begin without a target?, =end TARGET without matching
               =begin, '=end' without a target?, '=end TARGET' is invalid,
               =end CONTENT doesn't match =begin TARGET, =for without a
               target?, unresolved internal link NAME, Unknown directive: CMD,
               Deleting unknown formatting code SEQ, Unterminated SEQ<>
               sequence, An E<...> surrounding strange content, An empty E<>,
               An empty "L<>", An empty X<>, A non-empty Z<>, Spurious text
               after =pod / =cut, =back doesn't take any parameters, but you
               said =back ARGUMENT, =pod directives shouldn't be over one line
               long!   Ignoring all N lines of content, =cut found outside a
               pod block, Invalid =encoding syntax: CONTENT

           Warnings
               nested commands CMD<...CMD<...>...>, multiple occurrences (N)
               of link target name, line containing nothing but whitespace in
               paragraph, =item has no contents, You can't have =items (as at
               line N) unless the first thing after the =over is an =item,
               Expected '=item EXPECTED VALUE', Expected '=item *', Possible
               =item type mismatch: 'x' found leading a supposed definition
               =item, You have '=item x' instead of the expected '=item N',
               Unknown E content in E<CONTENT>, empty =over/=back block, empty
               section in previous paragraph, Verbatim paragraph in NAME
               section, =headn without preceding higher level

           Hyperlinks
               ignoring leading/trailing whitespace in link, alternative
               text/node '%s' contains non-escaped | or /

       RETURN VALUE
       EXAMPLES
       SCRIPTS
       INTERFACE

       "Pod::Checker->new( %options )"

       "$checker->poderror( @args )", "$checker->poderror( {%opts}, @args )"

       "$checker->num_errors()"

       "$checker->num_warnings()"

       "$checker->name()"

       "$checker->node()"

       "$checker->idx()"

       "$checker->hyperlinks()"

       line()

       type()

       page()

       node()

       AUTHOR

   Pod::Escapes - for resolving Pod E<...> sequences
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       GOODIES
           e2char($e_content), e2charnum($e_content), $Name2character{name},
           $Name2character_number{name}, $Latin1Code_to_fallback{integer},
           $Latin1Char_to_fallback{character}, $Code2USASCII{integer}

       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       REPOSITORY
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Find(3) - find POD documents in directory trees
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       "pod_find( { %opts } , @directories )"
           "-verbose => 1", "-perl => 1", "-script => 1", "-inc => 1"

       "simplify_name( $str )"
       "pod_where( { %opts }, $pod )"
           "-inc => 1", "-dirs => [ $dir1, $dir2, ... ]", "-verbose => 1"

       "contains_pod( $file , $verbose )"
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Pod::Html(3) - module to convert pod files to HTML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           pod2html
               backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, htmldir,
               htmlroot, index, infile, outfile, poderrors, podpath, podroot,
               quiet, recurse, title, verbose

           htmlify
           anchorify
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Pod::InputObjects(3) - objects representing POD input paragraphs, commands,
       etc.
       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
           package Pod::InputSource, package Pod::Paragraph, package
           Pod::InteriorSequence, package Pod::ParseTree

       Pod::InputSource
       new()
       name()
       handle()
       was_cutting()
       Pod::Paragraph
       Pod::Paragraph->new()
       $pod_para->cmd_name()
       $pod_para->text()
       $pod_para->raw_text()
       $pod_para->cmd_prefix()
       $pod_para->cmd_separator()
       $pod_para->parse_tree()
       $pod_para->file_line()
       Pod::InteriorSequence
       Pod::InteriorSequence->new()
       $pod_seq->cmd_name()
       $pod_seq->prepend()
       $pod_seq->append()
       $pod_seq->nested()
       $pod_seq->raw_text()
       $pod_seq->left_delimiter()
       $pod_seq->right_delimiter()
       $pod_seq->parse_tree()
       $pod_seq->file_line()
       Pod::InteriorSequence::DESTROY()
       Pod::ParseTree
       Pod::ParseTree->new()
       $ptree->top()
       $ptree->children()
       $ptree->prepend()
       $ptree->append()
       $ptree->raw_text()
       Pod::ParseTree::DESTROY()
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Man(3) - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           center, date, errors, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic,
           fixedbolditalic, lquote, rquote, name, nourls, quotes, release,
           section, stderr, utf8

       DIAGNOSTICS
           roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not "%s", Invalid errors setting
           "%s", Invalid quote specification "%s", POD document had syntax
           errors

       ENVIRONMENT
           PERL_CORE, POD_MAN_DATE, SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH

       BUGS
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Pod::ParseLink(3) - Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::ParseUtils(3) - helpers for POD parsing and conversion
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Pod::List
           Pod::List->new()

       $list->file()

       $list->start()

       $list->indent()

       $list->type()

       $list->rx()

       $list->item()

       $list->parent()

       $list->tag()

       Pod::Hyperlink
           Pod::Hyperlink->new()

       $link->parse($string)

       $link->markup($string)

       $link->text()

       $link->warning()

       $link->file(), $link->line()

       $link->page()

       $link->node()

       $link->alttext()

       $link->type()

       $link->link()

       Pod::Cache
           Pod::Cache->new()

       $cache->item()

       $cache->find_page($name)

       Pod::Cache::Item
           Pod::Cache::Item->new()

       $cacheitem->page()

       $cacheitem->description()

       $cacheitem->path()

       $cacheitem->file()

       $cacheitem->nodes()

       $cacheitem->find_node($name)

       $cacheitem->idx()

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Pod::Parser(3) - base class for creating POD filters and translators
       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK OVERVIEW
       PARSING OPTIONS
           -want_nonPODs (default: unset), -process_cut_cmd (default: unset),
           -warnings (default: unset)

       RECOMMENDED SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
       command()
           $cmd, $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       verbatim()
           $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       textblock()
           $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       interior_sequence()
       OPTIONAL SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
       new()
       initialize()
       begin_pod()
       begin_input()
       end_input()
       end_pod()
       preprocess_line()
       preprocess_paragraph()
       METHODS FOR PARSING AND PROCESSING
       parse_text()
           -expand_seq => code-ref|method-name, -expand_text => code-
           ref|method-name, -expand_ptree => code-ref|method-name

       interpolate()
       parse_paragraph()
       parse_from_filehandle()
       parse_from_file()
       ACCESSOR METHODS
       errorsub()
       cutting()
       parseopts()
       output_file()
       output_handle()
       input_file()
       input_handle()
       input_streams()
       top_stream()
       PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
       _push_input_stream()
       _pop_input_stream()
       TREE-BASED PARSING
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   Pod::Perldoc(3) - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo(3) - Base for Pod::Perldoc formatters
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo(3) - Base for Pod::Perldoc formatters
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Call Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO::getopts($object, \@ARGV, $truth),
           Given -n, if there's a opt_n_with, it'll call $object->opt_n_with(
           ARGUMENT ) (e.g., "-n foo" => $object->opt_n_with('foo').    Ditto
           "-nfoo"), Otherwise (given -n) if there's an opt_n, we'll call it
           $object->opt_n($truth) (Truth defaults to 1), Otherwise we try
           calling $object->handle_unknown_option('n')    (and we increment
           the error count by the return value of it), If there's no
           handle_unknown_option, then we just warn, and then increment    the
           error counter

       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO(3) - Customized option parser for Pod::Perldoc
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker(3) - let Perldoc check Pod for errors
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToMan(3) - let Perldoc render Pod as man pages
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff(3) - let Perldoc convert Pod to nroff
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToPod(3) - let Perldoc render Pod as ... Pod!
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf(3) - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf(3) - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       PAGER FORMATTING
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToText(3) - let Perldoc render Pod as plaintext
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToTk(3) - let Perldoc use Tk::Pod to render Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Perldoc::ToXml(3) - let Perldoc render Pod as XML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

   Pod::PlainText(3) - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           alt, indent, loose, sentence, width

       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bizarre space in item, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Unknown
           escape: %s, Unknown sequence: %s, Unmatched =back

       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Select(3), podselect() - extract selected sections of POD from input
       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
       SECTION SPECIFICATIONS
       RANGE SPECIFICATIONS
       OBJECT METHODS
       curr_headings()
       select()
       add_selection()
       clear_selections()
       match_section()
       is_selected()
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
       podselect()
           -output, -sections, -ranges

       PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
       _compile_section_spec()
       $self->{_SECTION_HEADINGS}
       $self->{_SELECTED_SECTIONS}
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Pod::Simple(3) - framework for parsing Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       MAIN METHODS
           "$parser = SomeClass->new();", "$parser->output_fh( *OUT );",
           "$parser->output_string( \$somestring );", "$parser->parse_file(
           $some_filename );", "$parser->parse_file( *INPUT_FH );",
           "$parser->parse_string_document( $all_content );",
           "$parser->parse_lines( ...@lines..., undef );",
           "$parser->content_seen", "SomeClass->filter( $filename );",
           "SomeClass->filter( *INPUT_FH );", "SomeClass->filter(
           \$document_content );"

       SECONDARY METHODS
           "$parser->parse_characters( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_whining(
           SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->source_filename", "$parser->doc_has_started",
           "$parser->source_dead", "$parser->strip_verbatim_indent( SOMEVALUE
           )"

       TERTIARY METHODS
           "$parser->abandon_output_fh()", "$parser->abandon_output_string()",
           "$parser->accept_code( @codes )", "$parser->accept_codes( @codes
           )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( @directives )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( @directives )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( @directives )",
           "$parser->accept_target( @targets )",
           "$parser->accept_target_as_text( @targets )",
           "$parser->accept_targets( @targets )",
           "$parser->accept_targets_as_text( @targets )",
           "$parser->any_errata_seen()", "$parser->errata_seen()",
           "$parser->detected_encoding()", "$parser->encoding()",
           "$parser->parse_from_file( $source, $to )", "$parser->scream(
           @error_messages )", "$parser->unaccept_code( @codes )",
           "$parser->unaccept_codes( @codes )", "$parser->unaccept_directive(
           @directives )", "$parser->unaccept_directives( @directives )",
           "$parser->unaccept_target( @targets )", "$parser->unaccept_targets(
           @targets )", "$parser->version_report()", "$parser->whine(
           @error_messages )"

       ENCODING
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org", Gabor Szabo
           "szabgab@gmail.com", Shawn H Corey  "SHCOREY at cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Checker(3) -- check the Pod syntax of a document
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Debug(3) -- put Pod::Simple into trace/debug mode
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       GUTS
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::DumpAsText(3) -- dump Pod-parsing events as text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML(3) -- turn Pod into XML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::HTML(3) - convert Pod to HTML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CALLING FROM THE COMMAND LINE
       CALLING FROM PERL
           Minimal code
           More detailed example
       METHODS
           html_css
           html_javascript
           title_prefix
           title_postfix
           html_header_before_title
           top_anchor
           html_h_level
           index
           html_header_after_title
           html_footer
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch(3) - convert several Pod files to several HTML files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           FROM THE COMMAND LINE
       MAIN METHODS
           $batchconv = Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch->new;,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( indirs, outdir );,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( undef    , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( q{@INC}, ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( \@dirs , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( "somedir" , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( 'somedir:someother:also' , ...);,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , undef );,
           $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , 'somedir' );

           ACCESSOR METHODS
               $batchconv->verbose( nonnegative_integer );, $batchconv->index(
               true-or-false );, $batchconv->contents_file( filename );,
               $batchconv->contents_page_start( HTML_string );,
               $batchconv->contents_page_end( HTML_string );,
               $batchconv->add_css( $url );, $batchconv->add_javascript( $url
               );, $batchconv->css_flurry( true-or-false );,
               $batchconv->javascript_flurry( true-or-false );,
               $batchconv->no_contents_links( true-or-false );,
               $batchconv->html_render_class( classname );,
               $batchconv->search_class( classname );

       NOTES ON CUSTOMIZATION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::LinkSection(3) -- represent "section" attributes of L codes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Methody(3) -- turn Pod::Simple events into method calls
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHOD CALLING
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParser(3) -- a pull-parser interface to parsing Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           my $token = $parser->get_token, $parser->unget_token( $token ),
           $parser->unget_token( $token1, $token2, ... ), $parser->set_source(
           $filename ), $parser->set_source( $filehandle_object ),
           $parser->set_source( \$document_source ), $parser->set_source(
           \@document_lines ), $parser->parse_file(...),
           $parser->parse_string_document(...), $parser->filter(...),
           $parser->parse_from_file(...), my $title_string =
           $parser->get_title, my $title_string = $parser->get_short_title,
           $author_name  = $parser->get_author, $description_name =
           $parser->get_description, $version_block = $parser->get_version

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken(3) -- end-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...),
           $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring)

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken(3) -- start-tokens from
       Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...),
           $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring),
           $token->attr(attrname), $token->attr(attrname, newvalue),
           $token->attr_hash

       SEE ALSO
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken(3) -- text-tokens from
       Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->text, $token->text(somestring), $token->text_r()

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::PullParserToken(3) -- tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           $token->type, $token->is_start, $token->is_text, $token->is_end,
           $token->dump

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::RTF(3) -- format Pod as RTF
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FORMAT CONTROL ATTRIBUTES
           $parser->head1_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->head2_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->head3_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->head4_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->codeblock_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->header_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->normal_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );,
           $parser->no_proofing_exemptions( true_or_false );,
           $parser->doc_lang( microsoft_decimal_language_code )

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Search(3) - find POD documents in directory trees
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
       ACCESSORS
           $search->inc( true-or-false );, $search->verbose( nonnegative-
           number );, $search->limit_glob( some-glob-string );,
           $search->callback( \&some_routine );, $search->laborious( true-or-
           false );, $search->recurse( true-or-false );, $search->shadows(
           true-or-false );, $search->limit_re( some-regxp );,
           $search->dir_prefix( some-string-value );, $search->progress( some-
           progress-object );, $name2path = $self->name2path;, $path2name =
           $self->path2name;

       MAIN SEARCH METHODS
           "$search->survey( @directories )"
               "name2path", "path2name"

           "$search->simplify_name( $str )"
           "$search->find( $pod )"
           "$search->find( $pod, @search_dirs )"
           "$self->contains_pod( $file )"
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::SimpleTree(3) -- parse Pod into a simple parse tree
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Tree Contents
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Subclassing(3) -- write a formatter as a Pod::Simple subclass
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Pod::Simple, Pod::Simple::Methody, Pod::Simple::PullParser,
           Pod::Simple::SimpleTree

       Events
           "$parser->_handle_element_start( element_name, attr_hashref )",
           "$parser->_handle_element_end( element_name  )",
           "$parser->_handle_text(    text_string    )", events with an
           element_name of Document, events with an element_name of Para,
           events with an element_name of B, C, F, or I, events with an
           element_name of S, events with an element_name of X, events with an
           element_name of L, events with an element_name of E or Z, events
           with an element_name of Verbatim, events with an element_name of
           head1 .. head4, events with an element_name of encoding, events
           with an element_name of over-bullet, events with an element_name of
           over-number, events with an element_name of over-text, events with
           an element_name of over-block, events with an element_name of over-
           empty, events with an element_name of item-bullet, events with an
           element_name of item-number, events with an element_name of item-
           text, events with an element_name of for, events with an
           element_name of Data

       More Pod::Simple Methods
           "$parser->accept_targets( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->accept_targets_as_text(  SOMEVALUE  )",
           "$parser->accept_codes( Codename, Codename...  )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( directive_name )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( directive_name )",
           "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( directive_name )",
           "$parser->nbsp_for_S( BOOLEAN );", "$parser->version_report()",
           "$parser->pod_para_count()", "$parser->line_count()",
           "$parser->nix_X_codes(  SOMEVALUE  )",
           "$parser->keep_encoding_directive(  SOMEVALUE  )",
           "$parser->merge_text(  SOMEVALUE  )", "$parser->code_handler(
           CODE_REF  )", "$parser->cut_handler(  CODE_REF  )",
           "$parser->pod_handler(  CODE_REF  )", "$parser->whiteline_handler(
           CODE_REF  )", "$parser->whine( linenumber, complaint string )",
           "$parser->scream( linenumber, complaint string )",
           "$parser->source_dead(1)", "$parser->hide_line_numbers( SOMEVALUE
           )", "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->bare_output(
           SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->preserve_whitespace( SOMEVALUE )",
           "$parser->parse_empty_lists( SOMEVALUE )"

       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::Text(3) -- format Pod as plaintext
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::TextContent(3) -- get the text content of Pod
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::XHTML(3) -- format Pod as validating XHTML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Minimal code
       METHODS
           perldoc_url_prefix
           perldoc_url_postfix
           man_url_prefix
           man_url_postfix
           title_prefix, title_postfix
           html_css
           html_javascript
           html_doctype
           html_charset
           html_header_tags
           html_h_level
           default_title
           force_title
           html_header, html_footer
           index
           anchor_items
           backlink
       SUBCLASSING
       handle_text
       handle_code
       accept_targets_as_html
       resolve_pod_page_link
       resolve_man_page_link
       idify
       batch_mode_page_object_init
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream(3) -- turn Pod into XML
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       ABOUT EXTENDING POD
       SEE ALSO
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR
           Allison Randal "allison@perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey
           "hdp@cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler@cpan.org"

   Pod::Text(3) - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           alt, code, errors, indent, loose, margin, nourls, quotes, sentence,
           stderr, utf8, width

       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can't open %s for
           reading: %s, Invalid errors setting "%s", Invalid quote
           specification "%s", POD document had syntax errors

       BUGS
       CAVEATS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::Text::Color(3) - Convert POD data to formatted color ASCII text
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::Text::Overstrike, =for stopwords overstrike
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Pod::Text::Termcap(3) - Convert POD data to ASCII text with format escapes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ENVIRONMENT
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   SDBM_File(3) - Tied access to sdbm files
       SYNOPSIS
       ARGUMENTS
           "-message" string, "-msg" string, "-exitval" value, "-verbose"
           value, "-sections" spec, "-output" handle, "-input" handle,
           "-pathlist" string, "-noperldoc", "-perlcmd", "-perldoc" path-to-
           perldoc, "-perldocopt" string

           Formatting base class
           Pass-through options
       DESCRIPTION
           Scripts
       EXAMPLES
           Recommended Use
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       SEE ALSO

   SDBM_File(3) - Tied access to sdbm files
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Tie
       EXPORTS
       DIAGNOSTICS
           "sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

   Safe(3) - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           a new namespace, an operator mask

       WARNING
       METHODS
           permit (OP, ...)
           permit_only (OP, ...)
           deny (OP, ...)
           deny_only (OP, ...)
           trap (OP, ...), untrap (OP, ...)
           share (NAME, ...)
           share_from (PACKAGE, ARRAYREF)
           varglob (VARNAME)
           reval (STRING, STRICT)
           rdo (FILENAME)
           root (NAMESPACE)
           mask (MASK)
           wrap_code_ref (CODEREF)
           wrap_code_refs_within (...)
       RISKS
           Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

       AUTHOR

   Scalar::Util(3) - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS FOR REFERENCES
           blessed
           refaddr
           reftype
           weaken
           unweaken
           isweak
       OTHER FUNCTIONS
           dualvar
           isdual
           isvstring
           looks_like_number
           openhandle
           readonly
           set_prototype
           tainted
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Weak references are not implemented in the version of perl,
           Vstrings are not implemented in the version of perl

       KNOWN BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Search::Dict(3), look - search for key in dictionary file
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   SelectSaver(3) - save and restore selected file handle
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   SelfLoader(3) - load functions only on demand
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           The __DATA__ token
           SelfLoader autoloading
           Autoloading and package lexicals
           SelfLoader and AutoLoader
           __DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
           Classes and inherited methods.
       Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
           a), b)

   Socket(3), "Socket" - networking constants and support functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTANTS
       PF_INET, PF_INET6, PF_UNIX, ...
       AF_INET, AF_INET6, AF_UNIX, ...
       SOCK_STREAM, SOCK_DGRAM, SOCK_RAW, ...
       SOCK_NONBLOCK. SOCK_CLOEXEC
       SOL_SOCKET
       SO_ACCEPTCONN, SO_BROADCAST, SO_ERROR, ...
       IP_OPTIONS, IP_TOS, IP_TTL, ...
       IPTOS_LOWDELAY, IPTOS_THROUGHPUT, IPTOS_RELIABILITY, ...
       MSG_BCAST, MSG_OOB, MSG_TRUNC, ...
       SHUT_RD, SHUT_RDWR, SHUT_WR
       INADDR_ANY, INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOPBACK, INADDR_NONE
       IPPROTO_IP, IPPROTO_IPV6, IPPROTO_TCP, ...
       TCP_CORK, TCP_KEEPALIVE, TCP_NODELAY, ...
       IN6ADDR_ANY, IN6ADDR_LOOPBACK
       IPV6_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, IPV6_MTU, IPV6_V6ONLY, ...
       STRUCTURE MANIPULATORS
       $family = sockaddr_family $sockaddr
       $sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_in $port, $ip_address
       ($port, $ip_address) = unpack_sockaddr_in $sockaddr
       $sockaddr = sockaddr_in $port, $ip_address
       ($port, $ip_address) = sockaddr_in $sockaddr
       $sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_in6 $port, $ip6_address, [$scope_id,
       [$flowinfo]]
       ($port, $ip6_address, $scope_id, $flowinfo) = unpack_sockaddr_in6
       $sockaddr
       $sockaddr = sockaddr_in6 $port, $ip6_address, [$scope_id, [$flowinfo]]
       ($port, $ip6_address, $scope_id, $flowinfo) = sockaddr_in6 $sockaddr
       $sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_un $path
       ($path) = unpack_sockaddr_un $sockaddr
       $sockaddr = sockaddr_un $path
       ($path) = sockaddr_un $sockaddr
       $ip_mreq = pack_ip_mreq $multiaddr, $interface
       ($multiaddr, $interface) = unpack_ip_mreq $ip_mreq
       $ip_mreq_source = pack_ip_mreq_source $multiaddr, $source, $interface
       ($multiaddr, $source, $interface) = unpack_ip_mreq_source $ip_mreq
       $ipv6_mreq = pack_ipv6_mreq $multiaddr6, $ifindex
       ($multiaddr6, $ifindex) = unpack_ipv6_mreq $ipv6_mreq
       FUNCTIONS
       $ip_address = inet_aton $string
       $string = inet_ntoa $ip_address
       $address = inet_pton $family, $string
       $string = inet_ntop $family, $address
       ($err, @result) = getaddrinfo $host, $service, [$hints]
           flags => INT, family => INT, socktype => INT, protocol => INT,
           family => INT, socktype => INT, protocol => INT, addr => STRING,
           canonname => STRING, AI_PASSIVE, AI_CANONNAME, AI_NUMERICHOST

       ($err, $hostname, $servicename) = getnameinfo $sockaddr, [$flags,
       [$xflags]]
           NI_NUMERICHOST, NI_NUMERICSERV, NI_NAMEREQD, NI_DGRAM, NIx_NOHOST,
           NIx_NOSERV

       getaddrinfo() / getnameinfo() ERROR CONSTANTS
           EAI_AGAIN, EAI_BADFLAGS, EAI_FAMILY, EAI_NODATA, EAI_NONAME,
           EAI_SERVICE

       EXAMPLES
           Lookup for connect()
           Making a human-readable string out of an address
           Resolving hostnames into IP addresses
           Accessing socket options
       AUTHOR

   Storable(3) - persistence for Perl data structures
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       MEMORY STORE
       ADVISORY LOCKING
       SPEED
       CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
       CODE REFERENCES
       FORWARD COMPATIBILITY
           utf8 data, restricted hashes, files from future versions of
           Storable

       ERROR REPORTING
       WIZARDS ONLY
           Hooks
               "STORABLE_freeze" obj, cloning, "STORABLE_thaw" obj, cloning,
               serialized, .., "STORABLE_attach" class, cloning, serialized

           Predicates
               "Storable::last_op_in_netorder", "Storable::is_storing",
               "Storable::is_retrieving"

           Recursion
           Deep Cloning
       Storable magic
           $info = Storable::file_magic( $filename ), "version", "version_nv",
           "major", "minor", "hdrsize", "netorder", "byteorder", "intsize",
           "longsize", "ptrsize", "nvsize", "file", $info =
           Storable::read_magic( $buffer ), $info = Storable::read_magic(
           $buffer, $must_be_file )

       EXAMPLES
       SECURITY WARNING
       WARNING
       BUGS
           64 bit data in perl 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Sub::Util(3) - A selection of utility subroutines for subs and CODE references
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
       prototype
       set_prototype
       subname
       set_subname
       AUTHOR

   Symbol(3) - manipulate Perl symbols and their names
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS

   Sys::Hostname(3) - Try every conceivable way to get hostname
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   Sys::Syslog(3) - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS
       FUNCTIONS
           openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility), syslog($priority, $message),
           syslog($priority, $format, @args), Note,
           setlogmask($mask_priority), setlogsock(), Note, closelog()

       THE RULES OF SYS::SYSLOG
       EXAMPLES
       CONSTANTS
           Facilities
           Levels
       DIAGNOSTICS
           "Invalid argument passed to setlogsock", "eventlog passed to
           setlogsock, but no Win32 API available", "no connection to syslog
           available", "stream passed to setlogsock, but %s is not writable",
           "stream passed to setlogsock, but could not find any device", "tcp
           passed to setlogsock, but tcp service unavailable", "syslog:
           expecting argument %s", "syslog: invalid level/facility: %s",
           "syslog: too many levels given: %s", "syslog: too many facilities
           given: %s", "syslog: level must be given", "udp passed to
           setlogsock, but udp service unavailable", "unix passed to
           setlogsock, but path not available"

       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
           Other modules
           Manual Pages
           RFCs
           Articles
           Event Log
       AUTHORS & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
           Perl Documentation, MetaCPAN, Search CPAN, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN
           documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN's request tracker

       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

   TAP::Base(3) - Base class that provides common functionality to TAP::Parser
       and TAP::Harness
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Formatter::Base(3) - Base class for harness output delegates
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "verbosity", "verbose", "timer", "failures", "comments",
               "quiet", "really_quiet", "silent", "errors", "directives",
               "stdout", "color", "jobs", "show_count"

   TAP::Formatter::Color(3) - Run Perl test scripts with color
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Formatter::Console(3) - Harness output delegate for default console
       output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
           "open_test"

   TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession(3) - Harness output delegate for
       parallel console output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods

   TAP::Formatter::Console::Session(3) - Harness output delegate for default
       console output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       "clear_for_close"
       "close_test"
       "header"
       "result"

   TAP::Formatter::File(3) - Harness output delegate for file output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
           "open_test"

   TAP::Formatter::File::Session(3) - Harness output delegate for file output
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           result
       close_test

   TAP::Formatter::Session(3) - Abstract base class for harness output delegate
       VERSION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "formatter", "parser", "name", "show_count"

   TAP::Harness(3) - Run test scripts with statistics
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "verbosity", "timer", "failures", "comments", "show_count",
               "normalize", "lib", "switches", "test_args", "color", "exec",
               "merge", "sources", "aggregator_class", "version",
               "formatter_class", "multiplexer_class", "parser_class",
               "scheduler_class", "formatter", "errors", "directives",
               "ignore_exit", "jobs", "rules", "rulesfiles", "stdout", "trap"

       Instance Methods

       the source name of a test to run, a reference to a [ source name,
       display name ] array

       CONFIGURING
           Plugins
           "Module::Build"
           "ExtUtils::MakeMaker"
           "prove"
       WRITING PLUGINS
           Customize how TAP gets into the parser, Customize how TAP results
           are output from the parser

       SUBCLASSING
           Methods
               "new", "runtests", "summary"

       REPLACING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Harness::Beyond(3), Test::Harness::Beyond - Beyond make test
       Beyond make test
           Saved State
           Parallel Testing
           Non-Perl Tests
           Mixing it up
           Rolling My Own
           Deeper Customisation
           Callbacks
           Parsing TAP
           Getting Support

   TAP::Harness::Env(3) - Parsing harness related environmental variables where
       appropriate
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           create( \%args )

       ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES
           "HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES", "HARNESS_VERBOSE", "HARNESS_SUBCLASS",
           "HARNESS_OPTIONS", "j<n>", "c", "a<file.tgz>",
           "fPackage-With-Dashes", "HARNESS_TIMER", "HARNESS_COLOR",
           "HARNESS_IGNORE_EXIT"

   TAP::Object(3) - Base class that provides common functionality to all "TAP::*"
       modules
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser(3) - Parse TAP output
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
               "source", "tap", "exec", "sources", "callback", "switches",
               "test_args", "spool", "merge", "grammar_class",
               "result_factory_class", "iterator_factory_class"

       Instance Methods
       INDIVIDUAL RESULTS
           Result types
               Version, Plan, Pragma, Test, Comment, Bailout, Unknown

           Common type methods
           "plan" methods
           "pragma" methods
           "comment" methods
           "bailout" methods
           "unknown" methods
           "test" methods
       TOTAL RESULTS
           Individual Results
       Pragmas
       Summary Results
       "ignore_exit"

       Misplaced plan, No plan, More than one plan, Test numbers out of
       sequence

       CALLBACKS
           "test", "version", "plan", "comment", "bailout", "yaml", "unknown",
           "ELSE", "ALL", "EOF"

       TAP GRAMMAR
       BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY
           Differences
               TODO plans, 'Missing' tests

       SUBCLASSING
           Parser Components
               option 1, option 2

       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
           Michael Schwern, Andy Lester, chromatic, GEOFFR, Shlomi Fish,
           Torsten Schoenfeld, Jerry Gay, Aristotle, Adam Kennedy, Yves Orton,
           Adrian Howard, Sean & Lil, Andreas J. Koenig, Florian Ragwitz,
           Corion, Mark Stosberg, Matt Kraai, David Wheeler, Alex Vandiver,
           Cosimo Streppone, Ville Skyttae

       AUTHORS
       BUGS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

   TAP::Parser::Aggregator(3) - Aggregate TAP::Parser results
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       Summary methods
           failed, parse_errors, passed, planned, skipped, todo, todo_passed,
           wait, exit

       Failed tests, Parse errors, Bad exit or wait status

       See Also

   TAP::Parser::Grammar(3) - A grammar for the Test Anything Protocol.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       TAP GRAMMAR
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator(3) - Base class for TAP source iterators
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array(3) - Iterator for array-based TAP sources
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process(3) - Iterator for process-based TAP sources
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Iterator::Stream(3) - Iterator for filehandle-based TAP sources
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::IteratorFactory(3) - Figures out which SourceHandler objects to
       use for a given Source
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       AUTHORS
       ATTRIBUTION
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Multiplexer(3) - Multiplex multiple TAP::Parsers
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       See Also

   TAP::Parser::Result(3) - Base class for TAP::Parser output objects
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
           DESCRIPTION
           METHODS
       Boolean methods
           "is_plan", "is_pragma", "is_test", "is_comment", "is_bailout",
           "is_version", "is_unknown", "is_yaml"

       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout(3) - Bailout result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Comment(3) - Comment result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Plan(3) - Plan result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Pragma(3) - TAP pragma token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Test(3) - Test result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown(3) - Unknown result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

   TAP::Parser::Result::Version(3) - TAP syntax version token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Result::YAML(3) - YAML result token.
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDDEN METHODS
           "as_string", "raw"

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::ResultFactory(3) - Factory for creating TAP::Parser output
       objects
       SYNOPSIS
       VERSION
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Scheduler(3) - Schedule tests during parallel testing
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Rules data structure
               By default, all tests are eligible to be run in parallel.
               Specifying any of your own rules removes this one, "First match
               wins". The first rule that matches a test will be the one that
               applies, Any test which does not match a rule will be run in
               sequence at the end of the run, The existence of a rule does
               not imply selecting a test. You must still specify the tests to
               run, Specifying a rule to allow tests to run in parallel does
               not make the run in parallel. You still need specify the number
               of parallel "jobs" in your Harness object

       Instance Methods

   TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job(3) - A single testing job.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       Attributes

   TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner(3) - A no-op job.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::Source(3) - a TAP source & meta data about it
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       Instance Methods
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler(3) - Base class for different TAP source handlers
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable(3) - Stream output from an executable
       TAP source
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File(3) - Stream TAP from a text file.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       CONFIGURATION
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle(3) - Stream TAP from an IO::Handle or a
       GLOB.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl(3) - Stream TAP from a Perl executable
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
           Example
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::RawTAP(3) - Stream output from raw TAP in a
       scalar/array ref.
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
       SUBCLASSING
       SEE ALSO

   TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader(3) - Read YAMLish data from iterator
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer(3) - Write YAMLish data
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           Class Methods
           Instance Methods
               a reference to a scalar to append YAML to, the handle of an
               open file, a reference to an array into which YAML will be
               pushed, a code reference

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

   Term::ANSIColor(3) - Color screen output using ANSI escape sequences
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Supported Colors
           Function Interface
               color(ATTR[, ATTR ...]), colored(STRING, ATTR[, ATTR ...]),
               colored(ATTR-REF, STRING[, STRING...]), uncolor(ESCAPE),
               colorstrip(STRING[, STRING ...]), colorvalid(ATTR[, ATTR ...]),
               coloralias(ALIAS[, ATTR])

           Constant Interface
           The Color Stack
       DIAGNOSTICS
           Bad color mapping %s, Bad escape sequence %s, Bareword "%s" not
           allowed while "strict subs" in use, Cannot alias standard color %s,
           Cannot alias standard color %s in %s, Invalid alias name %s,
           Invalid alias name %s in %s, Invalid attribute name %s, Invalid
           attribute name %s in %s, Name "%s" used only once: possible typo,
           No comma allowed after filehandle, No name for escape sequence %s

       ENVIRONMENT
           ANSI_COLORS_ALIASES, ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED

       COMPATIBILITY
       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

   Term::Cap(3) - Perl termcap interface
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           METHODS

       Tgetent, OSPEED, TERM

       Tpad, $string, $cnt, $FH

       Tputs, $cap, $cnt, $FH

       Tgoto, $cap, $col, $row, $FH

       Trequire

       EXAMPLES
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Term::Complete(3) - Perl word completion module
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           <tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

       DIAGNOSTICS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Term::ReadLine(3) - Perl interface to various "readline" packages. If no real
       package is found, substitutes stubs instead of basic functions.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Minimal set of supported functions
           "ReadLine", "new", "readline", "addhistory", "IN", "OUT",
           "MinLine", "findConsole", Attribs, "Features"

       Additional supported functions
           "tkRunning", "event_loop", "ornaments", "newTTY"

       EXPORTS
       ENVIRONMENT

   Test(3) - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK START GUIDE
           Functions
               "plan(...)", "tests => number", "todo => [1,5,14]", "onfail =>
               sub { ... }", "onfail => \&some_sub"

       _to_value

       "ok(...)"

       "skip(skip_if_true, args...)"

       TEST TYPES
           NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

       ONFAIL
       BUGS and CAVEATS
       ENVIRONMENT
       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

   Test2(3) - Framework for writing test tools that all work together.
       DESCRIPTION
           WHAT IS NEW?
               Easier to test new testing tools, Better diagnostics
               capabilities, Event driven, More complete API, Support for
               output other than TAP, Subtest implementation is more sane,
               Support for threading/forking

       GETTING STARTED

   Test2, This describes the namespace layout for the Test2 ecosystem. Not all
       the namespaces listed here are part of the Test2 distribution, some are
       implemented in Test2::Suite.
       Test2::Tools::
       Test2::Plugin::
       Test2::Bundle::
       Test2::Require::
       Test2::Formatter::
       Test2::Event::
       Test2::Hub::
       Test2::IPC::
       Test2::Util::
       Test2::API::
       Test2::
       SEE ALSO
       CONTACTING US
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::API(3) - Primary interface for writing Test2 based testing tools.
       ***INTERNALS NOTE***
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
           WRITING A TOOL
           TESTING YOUR TOOLS
           OTHER API FUNCTIONS
       MAIN API EXPORTS
           context(...)
               $ctx = context(), $ctx = context(%params), level => $int,
               wrapped => $int, stack => $stack, hub => $hub, on_init => sub {
               ... }, on_release => sub { ... }

           release($;$)
               release $ctx;, release $ctx, ...;

           context_do(&;@)
           no_context(&;$)
               no_context { ... };, no_context { ... } $hid;

           intercept(&)
           run_subtest(...)
               $NAME, \&CODE, $BUFFERED or \%PARAMS, 'buffered' => $bool,
               'inherit_trace' => $bool, @ARGS, Things not effected by this
               flag, Things that are effected by this flag, Things that are
               formatter dependant

       OTHER API EXPORTS
           STATUS AND INITIALIZATION STATE
               $bool = test2_init_done(), $bool = test2_load_done(),
               test2_set_is_end(), test2_set_is_end($bool), $bool =
               test2_get_is_end(), $stack = test2_stack(), $bool =
               test2_no_wait(), test2_no_wait($bool)

           BEHAVIOR HOOKS
               test2_add_callback_exit(sub { ... }),
               test2_add_callback_post_load(sub { ... }),
               test2_add_callback_context_acquire(sub { ... }),
               test2_add_callback_context_init(sub { ... }),
               test2_add_callback_context_release(sub { ... }), @list =
               test2_list_context_acquire_callbacks(), @list =
               test2_list_context_init_callbacks(), @list =
               test2_list_context_release_callbacks(), @list =
               test2_list_exit_callbacks(), @list =
               test2_list_post_load_callbacks()

           IPC AND CONCURRENCY
               $ipc = test2_ipc(), test2_ipc_add_driver($DRIVER), @drivers =
               test2_ipc_drivers(), $bool = test2_ipc_polling(),
               test2_ipc_enable_polling(), test2_ipc_disable_polling(),
               test2_ipc_enable_shm(), test2_ipc_set_pending($uniq_val),
               $pending = test2_ipc_get_pending()

           MANAGING FORMATTERS
               $formatter = test2_formatter,
               test2_formatter_set($class_or_instance), @formatters =
               test2_formatters(), test2_formatter_add($class_or_instance)

       OTHER EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       MAGIC
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::API::Breakage(3) - What breaks at what version
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           %mod_ver = upgrade_suggested(), %mod_ver =
           Test2::API::Breakage->upgrade_suggested(), %mod_ver =
           upgrade_required(), %mod_ver =
           Test2::API::Breakage->upgrade_required(), %mod_ver =
           known_broken(), %mod_ver = Test2::API::Breakage->known_broken()

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::API::Context(3) - Object to represent a testing context.
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       CRITICAL DETAILS
           you MUST always use the context() sub from Test2::API, You MUST
           always release the context when done with it, You MUST NOT pass
           context objects around, You MUST NOT store or cache a context for
           later, You SHOULD obtain your context as soon as possible in a
           given tool

       METHODS
           $ctx->done_testing;, $clone = $ctx->snapshot(), $ctx->release(),
           $ctx->throw($message), $ctx->alert($message), $stack =
           $ctx->stack(), $hub = $ctx->hub(), $dbg = $ctx->trace(),
           $ctx->do_in_context(\&code, @args);, $ctx->restore_error_vars(), $!
           = $ctx->errno(), $? = $ctx->child_error(), $@ = $ctx->eval_error()

           EVENT PRODUCTION METHODS
               $event = $ctx->ok($bool, $name), $event = $ctx->ok($bool,
               $name, \@on_fail), $event = $ctx->info($renderer, diagnostics
               => $bool, %other_params), $event = $ctx->note($message), $event
               = $ctx->diag($message), $event = $ctx->plan($max), $event =
               $ctx->plan(0, 'SKIP', $reason), $event = $ctx->skip($name,
               $reason);, $event = $ctx->bail($reason), $event =
               $ctx->send_event($Type, %parameters), $event =
               $ctx->build_event($Type, %parameters)

       HOOKS
           INIT HOOKS
           RELEASE HOOKS
       THIRD PARTY META-DATA
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>, Kent Fredric <kentnl@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::API::Instance(3) - Object used by Test2::API under the hood
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
           $pid = $obj->pid, $obj->tid, $obj->reset(), $obj->load(), $bool =
           $obj->loaded, $arrayref = $obj->post_load_callbacks,
           $obj->add_post_load_callback(sub { ... }), $hashref =
           $obj->contexts(), $arrayref = $obj->context_acquire_callbacks,
           $arrayref = $obj->context_init_callbacks, $arrayref =
           $obj->context_release_callbacks,
           $obj->add_context_init_callback(sub { ... }),
           $obj->add_context_release_callback(sub { ... }), $obj->set_exit(),
           $obj->ipc_enable_shm(), $shm_id = $obj->ipc_shm_id(), $shm_size =
           $obj->ipc_shm_size(), $shm_last_val = $obj->ipc_shm_last(),
           $obj->set_ipc_pending($val), $pending = $obj->get_ipc_pending(),
           $drivers = $obj->ipc_drivers, $obj->add_ipc_driver($DRIVER_CLASS),
           $bool = $obj->ipc_polling, $obj->enable_ipc_polling,
           $obj->disable_ipc_polling, $bool = $obj->no_wait, $bool =
           $obj->set_no_wait($bool), $arrayref = $obj->exit_callbacks,
           $obj->add_exit_callback(sub { ... }), $bool = $obj->finalized, $ipc
           = $obj->ipc, $stack = $obj->stack, $formatter = $obj->formatter,
           $bool = $obj->formatter_set(), $obj->add_formatter($class),
           $obj->add_formatter($obj)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::API::Stack(3) - Object to manage a stack of Test2::Hub instances.
       ***INTERNALS NOTE***
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $stack = Test2::API::Stack->new(), $hub = $stack->new_hub(), $hub =
           $stack->new_hub(%params), $hub = $stack->new_hub(%params, class =>
           $class), $hub = $stack->top(), $hub = $stack->peek(), $stack->cull,
           @hubs = $stack->all, $stack->clear, $stack->push($hub),
           $stack->pop($hub)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event(3) - Base class for events
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $trace = $e->trace, $bool = $e->causes_fail, $bool =
           $e->increments_count, $e->callback($hub), $call = $e->created, $num
           = $e->nested, $bool = $e->global, $code = $e->terminate, $todo =
           $e->todo, $e->set_todo($todo), $bool = $e->diag_todo,
           $e->diag_todo($todo), $msg = $e->summary, ($count, $directive,
           $reason) = $e->sets_plan(), $bool = $e->diagnostics, $bool =
           $e->no_display, $id = $e->in_subtest, $id = $e->subtest_id,
           $hashref = $e->TO_JSON, $e = Test2::Event->from_json(%$hashref)

       THIRD PARTY META-DATA
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Bail(3) - Bailout!
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $reason = $e->reason

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Diag(3) - Diag event type
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       ACCESSORS
           $diag->message

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Encoding(3) - Set the encoding for the output stream
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $encoding = $e->encoding

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Exception(3) - Exception event
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $reason = $e->error

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Generic(3) - Generic event type.
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $e->callback($hub), $e->set_callback(sub { ... }), $bool =
           $e->causes_fail, $e->set_causes_fail($bool), $bool =
           $e->diagnostics, $e->set_diagnostics($bool), $bool_or_undef =
           $e->global, @bool_or_empty = $e->global,
           $e->set_global($bool_or_undef), $bool = $e->increments_count,
           $e->set_increments_count($bool), $bool = $e->no_display,
           $e->set_no_display($bool), @plan = $e->sets_plan,
           $e->set_sets_plan(\@plan), $summary = $e->summary,
           $e->set_summary($summary_or_undef), $int_or_undef = $e->terminate,
           @int_or_empty = $e->terminate, $e->set_terminate($int_or_undef)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Info(3) - Info event base class
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       FORMATS
           'text', 'ansi', 'html'

       ACCESSORS
           $bool = $info->diagnostics(), $info->set_diagnostics($bool)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Note(3) - Note event type
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       ACCESSORS
           $note->message

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Ok(3) - Ok event type
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       ACCESSORS
           $rb = $e->pass, $name = $e->name, $b = $e->effective_pass, $b =
           $e->allow_bad_name

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Plan(3) - The event of a plan
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       ACCESSORS
           $num = $plan->max, $dir = $plan->directive, $reason = $plan->reason

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Skip(3) - Skip event type
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       ACCESSORS
           $reason = $e->reason

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Subtest(3) - Event for subtest types
       DESCRIPTION
       ACCESSORS
           $arrayref = $e->subevents, $bool = $e->buffered

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::TAP::Version(3) - Event for TAP version.
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $version = $e->version

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Event::Waiting(3) - Tell all procs/threads it is time to be done
       DESCRIPTION
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Formatter(3) - Namespace for formatters.
       DESCRIPTION
       CREATING FORMATTERS
           The number of tests that were planned, The number of tests actually
           seen, The number of tests which failed, A boolean indicating
           whether or not the test suite passed, A boolean indicating whether
           or not this call is for a subtest

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Formatter::TAP(3) - Standard TAP formatter
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $bool = $tap->no_numbers, $tap->set_no_numbers($bool), $arrayref =
           $tap->handles, $tap->set_handles(\@handles);, $encoding =
           $tap->encoding, $tap->encoding($encoding), $tap->write($e, $num),
           Test2::Formatter::TAP->register_event($pkg, sub { ... });

           EVENT METHODS
               @out = $TAP->event_ok($e), @out = $TAP->event_ok($e, $num),
               @out = $TAP->event_plan($e), @out = $TAP->event_plan($e, $num),
               @out = $TAP->event_note($e), @out = $TAP->event_note($e, $num),
               @out = $TAP->event_diag($e), @out = $TAP->event_diag($e, $num),
               @out = $TAP->event_bail($e), @out = $TAP->event_bail($e, $num),
               @out = $TAP->event_exception($e), @out =
               $TAP->event_exception($e, $num), @out = $TAP->event_skip($e),
               @out = $TAP->event_skip($e, $num), @out =
               $TAP->event_subtest($e), @out = $TAP->event_subtest($e, $num),
               @out = $TAP->event_other($e, $num)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>, Kent Fredric <kentnl@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Hub(3) - The conduit through which all events flow.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       COMMON TASKS
           SENDING EVENTS
           ALTERING OR REMOVING EVENTS
           LISTENING FOR EVENTS
           POST-TEST BEHAVIORS
           SETTING THE FORMATTER
       METHODS
           $hub->send($event), $hub->process($event), $old =
           $hub->format($formatter), $sub = $hub->listen(sub { ... },
           %optional_params), $hub->unlisten($sub), $sub = $hub->filter(sub {
           ... }, %optional_params), $sub = $hub->pre_filter(sub { ... },
           %optional_params), $hub->unfilter($sub), $hub->pre_unfilter($sub),
           $hub->follow_op(sub { ... }), $sub = $hub->add_context_acquire(sub
           { ... });, $hub->remove_context_acquire($sub);, $sub =
           $hub->add_context_init(sub { ... });,
           $hub->remove_context_init($sub);, $sub =
           $hub->add_context_release(sub { ... });,
           $hub->remove_context_release($sub);, $hub->cull(), $pid =
           $hub->pid(), $tid = $hub->tid(), $hud = $hub->hid(), $ipc =
           $hub->ipc(), $hub->set_no_ending($bool), $bool = $hub->no_ending,
           $bool = $hub->active, $hub->set_active($bool)

           STATE METHODS
               $hub->reset_state(), $num = $hub->count, $num = $hub->failed,
               $bool = $hub->ended, $bool = $hub->is_passing,
               $hub->is_passing($bool), $hub->plan($plan), $plan = $hub->plan,
               $bool = $hub->check_plan

       THIRD PARTY META-DATA
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Hub::Interceptor(3) - Hub used by interceptor to grab results.
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Hub::Interceptor::Terminator(3) - Exception class used by
       Test2::Hub::Interceptor
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Hub::Subtest(3) - Hub used by subtests
       DESCRIPTION
       TOGGLES
           $bool = $hub->manual_skip_all, $hub->set_manual_skip_all($bool)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::IPC(3) - Turn on IPC for threading or forking support.
       SYNOPSIS
       EXPORTS
           cull()

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::IPC::Driver(3) - Base class for Test2 IPC drivers.
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $self->abort($msg), $self->abort_trace($msg), $false =
           $self->use_shm

       LOADING DRIVERS
       WRITING DRIVERS
           METHODS SUBCLASSES MUST IMPLEMENT
               $ipc->is_viable, $ipc->add_hub($hid), $ipc->drop_hub($hid),
               $ipc->send($hid, $event);, $ipc->send($hid, $event, $global);,
               @events = $ipc->cull($hid), $ipc->waiting()

           METHODS SUBCLASSES MAY IMPLEMENT OR OVERRIDE
               $bool = $ipc->use_shm(), $bites = $ipc->shm_size()

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::IPC::Driver::Files(3) - Temp dir + Files concurrency model.
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
           T2_KEEP_TEMPDIR=0, T2_TEMPDIR_TEMPLATE='test2-XXXXXX'

       SEE ALSO
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Tools::Tiny(3) - Tiny set of tools for unfortunate souls who cannot use
       Test2::Suite.
       DESCRIPTION
       USE Test2::Suite INSTEAD
       EXPORTS
           ok($bool, $name), ok($bool, $name, @diag), is($got, $want, $name),
           is($got, $want, $name, @diag), isnt($got, $do_not_want, $name),
           isnt($got, $do_not_want, $name, @diag), like($got, $regex, $name),
           like($got, $regex, $name, @diag), unlike($got, $regex, $name),
           unlike($got, $regex, $name, @diag), is_deeply($got, $want, $name),
           is_deeply($got, $want, $name, @diag), diag($msg), note($msg),
           skip_all($reason), todo $reason => sub { ... }, plan($count),
           done_testing(), $warnings = warnings { ... }, $exception =
           exception { ... }, tests $name => sub { ... }, $output = capture {
           ... }

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Transition(3) - Transition notes when upgrading to Test2
       DESCRIPTION
       THINGS THAT BREAK
           Test::Builder1.5/2 conditionals
           Replacing the Test::Builder singleton
           Directly Accessing Hash Elements
           Subtest indentation
       DISTRIBUTIONS THAT BREAK OR NEED TO BE UPGRADED
           WORKS BUT TESTS WILL FAIL
               Test::DBIx::Class::Schema, Test::Kit, Device::Chip

           UPGRADE SUGGESTED
               Test::Exception, Data::Peek, circular::require,
               Test::Module::Used, Test::Moose::More, Test::FITesque, autouse

           NEED TO UPGRADE
               Test::SharedFork, Test::Builder::Clutch,
               Test::Dist::VersionSync, Test::Modern, Test::UseAllModules

           STILL BROKEN
               Test::Aggregate, Test::Wrapper, Test::ParallelSubtest,
               Test::Pretty, Test::More::Prefix, Net::BitTorrent, Test::Group,
               Test::Flatten, Log::Dispatch::Config::TestLog, Test::Able

       MAKE ASSERTIONS -> SEND EVENTS
           LEGACY
           TEST2
               ok($bool, $name), diag(@messages), note(@messages),
               subtest($name, $code)

       WRAP EXISTING TOOLS
           LEGACY
           TEST2
       USING UTF8
           LEGACY
           TEST2
       AUTHORS, CONTRIBUTORS AND REVIEWERS
           Chad Granum (EXODIST) <exodist@cpan.org>

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINER
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Util(3) - Tools used by Test2 and friends.
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS
           ($success, $error) = try { ... }, protect { ... }, CAN_FORK,
           CAN_REALLY_FORK, CAN_THREAD, USE_THREADS, get_tid, my $file =
           pkg_to_file($package)

       NOTES && CAVEATS
           Devel::Cover

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>, Kent Fredric <kentnl@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Util::ExternalMeta(3) - Allow third party tools to safely attach meta-
       data to your instances.
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       WHERE IS THE DATA STORED?
       EXPORTS
           $val = $obj->meta($key), $val = $obj->meta($key, $default), $val =
           $obj->get_meta($key), $val = $obj->delete_meta($key),
           $obj->set_meta($key, $val)

       META-KEY RESTRICTIONS
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Util::HashBase(3) - Build hash based classes.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       THIS IS A BUNDLED COPY OF HASHBASE
       METHODS
           PROVIDED BY HASH BASE
               $it = $class->new(@VALUES)

           HOOKS
               $self->init()

       ACCESSORS
           foo(), set_foo(), FOO()

       SUBCLASSING
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test2::Util::Trace(3) - Debug information for events
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $trace->set_detail($msg), $msg = $trace->detail, $str =
           $trace->debug, $trace->alert($MESSAGE), $trace->throw($MESSAGE),
           $frame = $trace->frame(), ($package, $file, $line, $subname) =
           $trace->call(), $pkg = $trace->package, $file = $trace->file, $line
           = $trace->line, $subname = $trace->subname, $hashref = $t->TO_JSON,
           $t = Test2::Util::Trace->from_json(%$hashref)

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Construction
               new, create, subtest, name, reset

           Setting up tests
               plan, expected_tests, no_plan, done_testing, has_plan,
               skip_all, exported_to

           Running tests
               ok, is_eq, is_num, isnt_eq, isnt_num, like, unlike, cmp_ok

           Other Testing Methods
               BAIL_OUT, skip, todo_skip, skip_rest

           Test building utility methods
               maybe_regex, is_fh

       Test style
           level, use_numbers, no_diag, no_ending, no_header

       Output
           diag, note, explain, output, failure_output, todo_output,
           reset_outputs, carp, croak

       Test Status and Info
           current_test, is_passing, summary, details, todo, find_TODO,
           in_todo, todo_start, "todo_end", caller

       EXIT CODES
       THREADS
       MEMORY
       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Builder::Formatter(3) - Test::Builder subclass of Test2::Formatter::TAP
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       METHODS
           $f->event_todo_diag, $f->event_diag, $f->event_plan

       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Builder::IO::Scalar(3) - A copy of IO::Scalar for Test::Builder
       DESCRIPTION
       COPYRIGHT and LICENSE
       Construction

       new [ARGS...]

       open [SCALARREF]

       opened

       close

       Input and output

       flush

       getc

       getline

       getlines

       print ARGS..

       read BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET]

       write BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET]

       sysread BUF, LEN, [OFFSET]

       syswrite BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET]

       Seeking/telling and other attributes

       autoflush

       binmode

       clearerr

       eof

       seek OFFSET, WHENCE

       sysseek OFFSET, WHENCE

       tell

        use_RS [YESNO]

       setpos POS

       getpos

       sref

       WARNINGS
       VERSION
       AUTHORS
           Primary Maintainer
           Principal author
           Other contributors
       SEE ALSO

   Test::Builder::Module(3) - Base class for test modules
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Importing
       Builder

   Test::Builder::Tester(3) - test testsuites that have been built with
       Test::Builder
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functions
           test_out, test_err

       test_fail

       test_diag

       test_test, title (synonym 'name', 'label'), skip_out, skip_err

       line_num

       color

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO

   Test::Builder::Tester::Color(3) - turn on colour in Test::Builder::Tester
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

   Test::Builder::TodoDiag(3) - Test::Builder subclass of Test2::Event::Diag
       DESCRIPTION
       SYNOPSIS
       SOURCE
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       AUTHORS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Harness(3) - Run Perl standard test scripts with statistics
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           runtests( @test_files )
       execute_tests( tests => \@test_files, out => \*FH )
       EXPORT
       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT TAP::HARNESS::COMPATIBLE SETS
           "HARNESS_ACTIVE", "HARNESS_VERSION"

       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT AFFECT TEST::HARNESS
           "HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES", "HARNESS_TIMER", "HARNESS_VERBOSE",
           "HARNESS_OPTIONS", "j<n>", "c", "a<file.tgz>",
           "fPackage-With-Dashes", "HARNESS_SUBCLASS",
           "HARNESS_SUMMARY_COLOR_SUCCESS", "HARNESS_SUMMARY_COLOR_FAIL"

       Taint Mode
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT

   Test::More(3) - yet another framework for writing test scripts
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           I love it when a plan comes together

       done_testing

       Test names
       I'm ok, you're not ok.
           ok

       is, isnt

       like

       unlike

       cmp_ok

       can_ok

       isa_ok

       new_ok

       subtest

       pass, fail

       Module tests
           require_ok

       use_ok

       Complex data structures
           is_deeply

       Diagnostics
           diag, note

       explain

       Conditional tests
           SKIP: BLOCK

       TODO: BLOCK, todo_skip

       When do I use SKIP vs. TODO?

       Test control
           BAIL_OUT

       Discouraged comparison functions
           eq_array

       eq_hash

       eq_set

       Extending and Embedding Test::More
           builder

       EXIT CODES
       COMPATIBILITY
           subtests, "done_testing()", "cmp_ok()", "new_ok()" "note()" and
           "explain()"

       CAVEATS and NOTES
           utf8 / "Wide character in print", Overloaded objects, Threads

       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
           ALTERNATIVES
           TESTING FRAMEWORKS
           ADDITIONAL LIBRARIES
           OTHER COMPONENTS
           BUNDLES
       AUTHORS
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       BUGS
       SOURCE
       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Simple(3) - Basic utilities for writing tests.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           ok

       EXAMPLE
       CAVEATS
       NOTES
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
           Test::More

       AUTHORS
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test::Tester(3) - Ease testing test modules built with Test::Builder
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       HOW TO USE (THE EASY WAY)
       HOW TO USE (THE HARD WAY)
       TEST RESULTS
           ok, actual_ok, name, type, reason, diag, depth

       SPACES AND TABS
       COLOUR
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
       HOW IT WORKS
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   Test::Tester::Capture(3) - Help testing test modules built with Test::Builder
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   Test::Tester::CaptureRunner(3) - Help testing test modules built with
       Test::Builder
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   Test::Tutorial(3) - A tutorial about writing really basic tests
       DESCRIPTION
           Nuts and bolts of testing.
           Where to start?
           Names
           Test the manual
           Sometimes the tests are wrong
           Testing lots of values
           Informative names
           Skipping tests
           Todo tests
           Testing with taint mode.
       FOOTNOTES
       AUTHORS
       MAINTAINERS
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       COPYRIGHT

   Test::use::ok(3) - Alternative to Test::More::use_ok
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
           Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

       CC0 1.0 Universal

   Text::Abbrev(3), abbrev - create an abbreviation table from a list
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE

   Text::Balanced(3) - Extract delimited text sequences from strings.
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           General behaviour in list contexts
               [0], [1], [2]

           General behaviour in scalar and void contexts
           A note about prefixes
           "extract_delimited"
           "extract_bracketed"
           "extract_variable"
               [0], [1], [2]

           "extract_tagged"
               "reject => $listref", "ignore => $listref", "fail => $str",
               [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

           "gen_extract_tagged"
           "extract_quotelike"
               [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

           "extract_quotelike" and "here documents"
               [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7..10]

           "extract_codeblock"
           "extract_multiple"
           "gen_delimited_pat"
           "delimited_pat"
       DIAGNOSTICS
            C<Did not find a suitable bracket: "%s">,  C<Did not find prefix: /%s/>,
           C<Did not find opening bracket after prefix: "%s">,  C<No quotelike
           operator found after prefix: "%s">,  C<Unmatched closing bracket: "%c">,
           C<Unmatched opening bracket(s): "%s">, C<Unmatched embedded quote (%s)>,
           C<Did not find closing delimiter to match '%s'>,  C<Mismatched closing
           bracket: expected "%c" but found "%s">,  C<No block delimiter found after
           quotelike "%s">, C<Did not find leading dereferencer>, C<Bad identifier
           after dereferencer>, C<Did not find expected opening bracket at %s>,
           C<Improperly nested codeblock at %s>,  C<Missing second block for quotelike
           "%s">, C<No match found for opening bracket>, C<Did not find opening tag:
           /%s/>, C<Unable to construct closing tag to match: /%s/>, C<Found invalid
           nested tag: %s>, C<Found unbalanced nested tag: %s>, C<Did not find closing
           tag>

       AUTHOR
       BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

   Text::ParseWords(3) - parse text into an array of tokens or array of arrays
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
           0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Text::Tabs(3) -- expand and unexpand tabs per the unix expand(1) and
       unexpand(1)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS
           expand, unexpand, $tabstop

       EXAMPLE
       SUBVERSION
       BUGS
       LICENSE

   Text::Wrap(3) - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDES
       EXAMPLES
       SUBVERSION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

   Thread(3) - Manipulate threads in Perl (for old code only)
       DEPRECATED
       HISTORY
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub), $thread =
           Thread->new(\&start_sub, LIST), lock VARIABLE, async BLOCK;,
           Thread->self, Thread->list, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal
           VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE, yield

       METHODS
           join, detach, equal, tid, done

       DEFUNCT
           lock(\&sub), eval, flags

       SEE ALSO

   Thread::Queue(3) - Thread-safe queues
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Ordinary scalars, Array refs, Hash refs, Scalar refs, Objects based
           on the above

       QUEUE CREATION
           ->new(), ->new(LIST)

       BASIC METHODS
           ->enqueue(LIST), ->dequeue(), ->dequeue(COUNT), ->dequeue_nb(),
           ->dequeue_nb(COUNT), ->dequeue_timed(TIMEOUT),
           ->dequeue_timed(TIMEOUT, COUNT), ->pending(), ->limit, ->end()

       ADVANCED METHODS
           ->peek(), ->peek(INDEX), ->insert(INDEX, LIST), ->extract(),
           ->extract(INDEX), ->extract(INDEX, COUNT)

       NOTES
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       LICENSE

   Thread::Semaphore(3) - Thread-safe semaphores
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
           ->new(), ->new(NUMBER), ->down(), ->down(NUMBER), ->down_nb(),
           ->down_nb(NUMBER), ->down_force(), ->down_force(NUMBER),
           ->down_timed(TIMEOUT), ->down_timed(TIMEOUT, NUMBER), ->up(),
           ->up(NUMBER)

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       LICENSE

   Tie::Array(3) - base class for tied arrays
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIEARRAY classname, LIST, STORE this, index, value, FETCH this,
           index, FETCHSIZE this, STORESIZE this, count, EXTEND this, count,
           EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, DESTROY this, PUSH
           this, LIST, POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this,
           offset, length, LIST

       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR

   Tie::File(3) - Access the lines of a disk file via a Perl array
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "recsep"
           "autochomp"
           "mode"
           "memory"
           "dw_size"
           Option Format
       Public Methods
           "flock"
           "autochomp"
           "defer", "flush", "discard", and "autodefer"
           "offset"
       Tying to an already-opened filehandle
       Deferred Writing
           Autodeferring
       CONCURRENT ACCESS TO FILES
       CAVEATS
       SUBCLASSING
       WHAT ABOUT "DB_File"?
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       WARRANTY
       THANKS
       TODO

   Tie::Handle(3) - base class definitions for tied handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length, offset,
           PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, format, LIST, READ this, scalar,
           length, offset, READLINE this, GETC this, CLOSE this, OPEN this,
           filename, BINMODE this, EOF this, TELL this, SEEK this, offset,
           whence, DESTROY this

       MORE INFORMATION
       COMPATIBILITY

   Tie::Hash(3), Tie::StdHash, Tie::ExtraHash - base class definitions for tied
       hashes
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH this, key,
           FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS this, key, DELETE
           this, key, CLEAR this, SCALAR this

       Inheriting from Tie::StdHash
       Inheriting from Tie::ExtraHash
       "SCALAR", "UNTIE" and "DESTROY"
       MORE INFORMATION

   Tie::Hash::NamedCapture(3) - Named regexp capture buffers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

   Tie::Memoize(3) - add data to hash when needed
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Inheriting from Tie::Memoize
       EXAMPLE
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

   Tie::RefHash(3) - use references as hash keys
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       THREAD SUPPORT
       STORABLE SUPPORT
       RELIC SUPPORT
       LICENSE
       MAINTAINER
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

   Tie::Scalar(3), Tie::StdScalar - base class definitions for tied scalars
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value, DESTROY
           this

           Tie::Scalar vs Tie::StdScalar
       MORE INFORMATION

   Tie::StdHandle(3) - base class definitions for tied handles
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

   Tie::SubstrHash(3) - Fixed-table-size, fixed-key-length hashing
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS

   Time::HiRes(3) - High resolution alarm, sleep, gettimeofday, interval timers
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           gettimeofday (), usleep ( $useconds ), nanosleep ( $nanoseconds ),
           ualarm ( $useconds [, $interval_useconds ] ), tv_interval, time (),
           sleep ( $floating_seconds ), alarm ( $floating_seconds [,
           $interval_floating_seconds ] ), setitimer ( $which,
           $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), getitimer (
           $which ), clock_gettime ( $which ), clock_getres ( $which ),
           clock_nanosleep ( $which, $nanoseconds, $flags = 0), clock(), stat,
           stat FH, stat EXPR, lstat, lstat FH, lstat EXPR, utime LIST

       EXAMPLES
       C API
       DIAGNOSTICS
           useconds or interval more than ...
           negative time not invented yet
           internal error: useconds < 0 (unsigned ... signed ...)
           useconds or uinterval equal to or more than 1000000
           unimplemented in this platform
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Time::Local(3) - efficiently compute time from local and GMT time
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
           "timelocal()" and "timegm()"
           "timelocal_nocheck()" and "timegm_nocheck()"
           Year Value Interpretation
           Limits of time_t
           Ambiguous Local Times (DST)
           Non-Existent Local Times (DST)
           Negative Epoch Values
       IMPLEMENTATION
       AUTHORS EMERITUS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

   Time::Piece(3) - Object Oriented time objects
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
           Local Locales
           Date Calculations
           Date Comparisons
           Date Parsing
           YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss
           Week Number
           Global Overriding
       CAVEATS
           Setting $ENV{TZ} in Threads on Win32
           Use of epoch seconds
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS

   Time::Seconds(3) - a simple API to convert seconds to other date values
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       Bugs

   Time::gmtime(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gmtime() function
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Time::localtime(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in localtime() function
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   Time::tm(3) - internal object used by Time::gmtime and Time::localtime
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

   UNIVERSAL(3) - base class for ALL classes (blessed references)
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           "$obj->isa( TYPE )", "CLASS->isa( TYPE )", "eval { VAL->isa( TYPE )
           }", "TYPE", $obj, "CLASS", "VAL", "$obj->DOES( ROLE )",
           "CLASS->DOES( ROLE )", "$obj->can( METHOD )", "CLASS->can( METHOD
           )", "eval { VAL->can( METHOD ) }", "VERSION ( [ REQUIRE ] )"

       WARNINGS
       EXPORTS

   Unicode::Collate(3) - Unicode Collation Algorithm
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Constructor and Tailoring
               UCA_Version, alternate, backwards, entry, hangul_terminator,
               highestFFFF, identical, ignoreChar, ignoreName, ignore_level2,
               katakana_before_hiragana, level, long_contraction, minimalFFFE,
               normalization, overrideCJK, overrideHangul, overrideOut,
               preprocess, rearrange, rewrite, suppress, table, undefChar,
               undefName, upper_before_lower, variable

           Methods for Collation
               "@sorted = $Collator->sort(@not_sorted)", "$result =
               $Collator->cmp($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->eq($a, $b)",
               "$result = $Collator->ne($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->lt($a,
               $b)", "$result = $Collator->le($a, $b)", "$result =
               $Collator->gt($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ge($a, $b)",
               "$sortKey = $Collator->getSortKey($string)", "$sortKeyForm =
               $Collator->viewSortKey($string)"

           Methods for Searching
               "$position = $Collator->index($string, $substring[,
               $position])", "($position, $length) = $Collator->index($string,
               $substring[, $position])", "$match_ref =
               $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "($match)   =
               $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "@match =
               $Collator->gmatch($string, $substring)", "$count =
               $Collator->subst($string, $substring, $replacement)", "$count =
               $Collator->gsubst($string, $substring, $replacement)"

           Other Methods
               "%old_tailoring = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)",
               "$modified_collator = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)",
               "$version = $Collator->version()", "UCA_Version()",
               "Base_Unicode_Version()"

       EXPORT
       INSTALL
       CAVEATS
           Normalization, Conformance Test

       AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
           Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode
           Collation Element Table (DUCET), The conformance test for the UCA,
           Hangul Syllable Type, Unicode Normalization Forms - UAX #15,
           Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Big5(3) - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::GB2312(3) - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::JISX0208(3) - weighting JIS KANJI for Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Korean(3) - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin(3) - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::CJK::Zhuyin - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
           CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data
           Markup Language (LDML) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate,
           Unicode::Collate::Locale

   Unicode::Collate::Locale - Linguistic tailoring for DUCET via
       Unicode::Collate
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Constructor
           Methods
               "$Collator->getlocale", "$Collator->locale_version"

           A list of tailorable locales
       INSTALL
       CAVEAT
           Tailoring is not maximum, Collation reordering is not supported

           Reference
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
           Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode
           Collation Element Table (DUCET), Unicode Locale Data Markup
           Language (LDML) - UTS #35, CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data
           Repository, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize

   Unicode::Normalize - Unicode Normalization Forms
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Normalization Forms
               "$NFD_string = NFD($string)", "$NFC_string = NFC($string)",
               "$NFKD_string = NFKD($string)", "$NFKC_string = NFKC($string)",
               "$FCD_string = FCD($string)", "$FCC_string = FCC($string)",
               "$normalized_string = normalize($form_name, $string)"

           Decomposition and Composition
               "$decomposed_string = decompose($string [,
               $useCompatMapping])", "$reordered_string = reorder($string)",
               "$composed_string = compose($string)", "($processed,
               $unprocessed) = splitOnLastStarter($normalized)", "$processed =
               normalize_partial($form, $unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFD_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFC_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFKD_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed =
               NFKC_partial($unprocessed)"

           Quick Check
               "$result = checkNFD($string)", "$result = checkNFC($string)",
               "$result = checkNFKD($string)", "$result = checkNFKC($string)",
               "$result = checkFCD($string)", "$result = checkFCC($string)",
               "$result = check($form_name, $string)"

           Character Data
               "$canonical_decomposition = getCanon($code_point)",
               "$compatibility_decomposition = getCompat($code_point)",
               "$code_point_composite = getComposite($code_point_here,
               $code_point_next)", "$combining_class =
               getCombinClass($code_point)", "$may_be_composed_with_prev_char
               = isComp2nd($code_point)", "$is_exclusion =
               isExclusion($code_point)", "$is_singleton =
               isSingleton($code_point)", "$is_non_starter_decomposition =
               isNonStDecomp($code_point)", "$is_Full_Composition_Exclusion =
               isComp_Ex($code_point)", "$NFD_is_NO = isNFD_NO($code_point)",
               "$NFC_is_NO = isNFC_NO($code_point)", "$NFC_is_MAYBE =
               isNFC_MAYBE($code_point)", "$NFKD_is_NO =
               isNFKD_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_NO =
               isNFKC_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_MAYBE =
               isNFKC_MAYBE($code_point)"

       EXPORT
       CAVEATS
           Perl's version vs. Unicode version, Correction of decomposition
           mapping, Revised definition of canonical composition

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
           http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15/,
           http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/CompositionExclusions.txt,
           http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/DerivedNormalizationProps.txt,
           http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/NormalizationCorrections.txt,
           http://www.unicode.org/review/pr-29.html,
           http://www.unicode.org/notes/tn5/

   Unicode::UCD(3) - Unicode character database
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           code point argument
       charinfo()
           code, name, category, combining, bidi, decomposition, decimal,
           digit, numeric, mirrored, unicode10, comment, upper, lower, title,
           block, script

       charprop()
           Block, Decomposition_Mapping, Name_Alias, Numeric_Value,
           Script_Extensions

       charprops_all()
       charblock()
       charscript()
       charblocks()
       charscripts()
       charinrange()
       general_categories()
       bidi_types()
       compexcl()
       casefold()
           code, full, simple, mapping, status, * If you use this "I" mapping,
           * If you exclude this "I" mapping, turkic

       all_casefolds()
       casespec()
           code, lower, title, upper, condition

       namedseq()
       num()
       prop_aliases()
       prop_values()
       prop_value_aliases()
       prop_invlist()
       prop_invmap()
           "s", "sl", "correction", "control", "alternate", "figment",
           "abbreviation", "a", "al", "ae", "ale", "ar", "n", "ad"

       search_invlist()
       Unicode::UCD::UnicodeVersion
       Blocks versus Scripts
       Matching Scripts and Blocks
       Old-style versus new-style block names
       Use with older Unicode versions
       AUTHOR

   User::grent(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getgr*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

   User::pwent(3) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*() functions
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           System Specifics
       NOTE
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY
           March 18th, 2000

   XSLoader(3) - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code
       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
           Migration from "DynaLoader"
           Backward compatible boilerplate
       Order of initialization: early load()
           The most hairy case
       DIAGNOSTICS
           "Can't find '%s' symbol in %s", "Can't load '%s' for module %s:
           %s", "Undefined symbols present after loading %s: %s"

       LIMITATIONS
       KNOWN BUGS
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE


AUXILIARY DOCUMENTATION

       Here should be listed all the extra programs' documentation, but they
       don't all have manual pages yet:

       h2ph
       h2xs
       perlbug
       pl2pm
       pod2html
       pod2man
       splain
       xsubpp


AUTHOR

       Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>, with the help of oodles of other folks.



perl v5.26.1                      2017-11-01                      PERLTOC(1pm)

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