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Net::Netrc(3pm)        Perl Programmers Reference Guide        Net::Netrc(3pm)


       Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file


           use Net::Netrc;

           $mach = Net::Netrc->lookup('some.machine');
           $login = $mach->login;
           ($login, $password, $account) = $mach->lpa;


       "Net::Netrc" is a class implementing a simple interface to the .netrc
       file used as by the ftp program.

       "Net::Netrc" also implements security checks just like the ftp program,
       these checks are, first that the .netrc file must be owned by the user
       and second the ownership permissions should be such that only the owner
       has read and write access. If these conditions are not met then a
       warning is output and the .netrc file is not read.

THE .netrc FILE

       The .netrc file contains login and initialization information used by
       the auto-login process.  It resides in the user's home directory.  The
       following tokens are recognized; they may be separated by spaces, tabs,
       or new-lines:

       machine name
           Identify a remote machine name. The auto-login process searches the
           .netrc file for a machine token that matches the remote machine
           specified.  Once a match is made, the subsequent .netrc tokens are
           processed, stopping when the end of file is reached or an- other
           machine or a default token is encountered.

           This is the same as machine name except that default matches any
           name.  There can be only one default token, and it must be after
           all machine tokens.  This is normally used as:

               default login anonymous password user@site

           thereby giving the user automatic anonymous login to machines not
           specified in .netrc.

       login name
           Identify a user on the remote machine.  If this token is present,
           the auto-login process will initiate a login using the specified

       password string
           Supply a password.  If this token is present, the auto-login
           process will supply the specified string if the remote server
           requires a password as part of the login process.

       account string
           Supply an additional account password.  If this token is present,
           the auto-login process will supply the specified string if the
           remote server requires an additional account password.

       macdef name
           Define a macro. "Net::Netrc" only parses this field to be
           compatible with ftp.


       The constructor for a "Net::Netrc" object is not called new as it does
       not really create a new object. But instead is called "lookup" as this
       is essentially what it does.

       lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])
           Lookup and return a reference to the entry for "MACHINE". If
           "LOGIN" is given then the entry returned will have the given login.
           If "LOGIN" is not given then the first entry in the .netrc file for
           "MACHINE" will be returned.

           If a matching entry cannot be found, and a default entry exists,
           then a reference to the default entry is returned.

           If there is no matching entry found and there is no default
           defined, or no .netrc file is found, then "undef" is returned.


       login ()
           Return the login id for the netrc entry

       password ()
           Return the password for the netrc entry

       account ()
           Return the account information for the netrc entry

       lpa ()
           Return a list of login, password and account information for the
           netrc entry


       Graham Barr <>

       Steve Hay <> is now maintaining libnet as of version


       Net::Netrc(3), Net::Cmd(3)


       Versions up to 2.13 Copyright (c) 1995-1998 Graham Barr. All rights
       reserved.  Changes in Version 2.13_01 onwards Copyright (C) 2013-2014
       Steve Hay.  All rights reserved.

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself, i.e. under the terms of either the
       GNU General Public License or the Artistic License, as specified in the
       LICENCE file.

perl v5.24.0                      2016-03-01                   Net::Netrc(3pm)

perl 5.24 - Generated Fri Nov 18 18:06:56 CST 2016
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