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User::pwent(3pm)       Perl Programmers Reference Guide       User::pwent(3pm)


       User::pwent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*() functions


        use User::pwent;
        $pw = getpwnam('daemon')       || die "No daemon user";
        if ( $pw->uid == 1 && $pw->dir =~ m#^/(bin|tmp)?\z#s ) {
            print "gid 1 on root dir";

        $real_shell = $pw->shell || '/bin/sh';

        for (($fullname, $office, $workphone, $homephone) =
               split /\s*,\s*/, $pw->gecos)

        use User::pwent qw(:FIELDS);
        getpwnam('daemon')             || die "No daemon user";
        if ( $pw_uid == 1 && $pw_dir =~ m#^/(bin|tmp)?\z#s ) {
            print "gid 1 on root dir";

        $pw = getpw($whoever);

        use User::pwent qw/:DEFAULT pw_has/;
        if (pw_has(qw[gecos expire quota])) { .... }
        if (pw_has("name uid gid passwd"))  { .... }
        print "Your struct pwd has: ", scalar pw_has(), "\n";


       This module's default exports override the core getpwent(), getpwuid(),
       and getpwnam() functions, replacing them with versions that return
       "User::pwent" objects.  This object has methods that return the
       similarly named structure field name from the C's passwd structure from
       pwd.h, stripped of their leading "pw_" parts, namely "name", "passwd",
       "uid", "gid", "change", "age", "quota", "comment", "class", "gecos",
       "dir", "shell", and "expire".  The "passwd", "gecos", and "shell"
       fields are tainted when running in taint mode.

       You may also import all the structure fields directly into your
       namespace as regular variables using the :FIELDS import tag.  (Note
       that this still overrides your core functions.)  Access these fields as
       variables named with a preceding "pw_" in front their method names.
       Thus, "$passwd_obj->shell" corresponds to $pw_shell if you import the

       The getpw() function is a simple front-end that forwards a numeric
       argument to getpwuid() and the rest to getpwnam().

       To access this functionality without the core overrides, pass the "use"
       an empty import list, and then access function functions with their
       full qualified names.  The built-ins are always still available via the
       "CORE::" pseudo-package.

   System Specifics
       Perl believes that no machine ever has more than one of "change",
       "age", or "quota" implemented, nor more than one of either "comment" or
       "class".  Some machines do not support "expire", "gecos", or allegedly,
       "passwd".  You may call these methods no matter what machine you're on,
       but they return "undef" if unimplemented.

       You may ask whether one of these was implemented on the system Perl was
       built on by asking the importable "pw_has" function about them.  This
       function returns true if all parameters are supported fields on the
       build platform, false if one or more were not, and raises an exception
       if you asked about a field that Perl never knows how to provide.
       Parameters may be in a space-separated string, or as separate
       arguments.  If you pass no parameters, the function returns the list of
       "struct pwd" fields supported by your build platform's C library, as a
       list in list context, or a space-separated string in scalar context.
       Note that just because your C library had a field doesn't necessarily
       mean that it's fully implemented on that system.

       Interpretation of the "gecos" field varies between systems, but
       traditionally holds 4 comma-separated fields containing the user's full
       name, office location, work phone number, and home phone number.  An
       "&" in the gecos field should be replaced by the user's properly
       capitalized login "name".  The "shell" field, if blank, must be assumed
       to be /bin/sh.  Perl does not do this for you.  The "passwd" is one-way
       hashed garble, not clear text, and may not be unhashed save by brute-
       force guessing.  Secure systems use more a more secure hashing than
       DES.  On systems supporting shadow password systems, Perl automatically
       returns the shadow password entry when called by a suitably empowered
       user, even if your underlying vendor-provided C library was too short-
       sighted to realize it should do this.

       See passwd(5) and getpwent(3) for details.


       While this class is currently implemented using the Class::Struct
       module to build a struct-like class, you shouldn't rely upon this.


       Tom Christiansen


       March 18th, 2000
           Reworked internals to support better interface to dodgey fields
           than normal Perl function provides.  Added pw_has() field.
           Improved documentation.

perl v5.24.0                      2015-10-14                  User::pwent(3pm)

perl 5.24 - Generated Sat Nov 26 10:07:14 CST 2016
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