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mbsrtowcs(3)             BSD Library Functions Manual             mbsrtowcs(3)


NAME

     mbsnrtowcs, mbsnrtowcs_l, mbsrtowcs, mbsrtowcs_l -- convert a character
     string to a wide-character string (restartable)


LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


SYNOPSIS

     #include <wchar.h>

     size_t
     mbsnrtowcs(wchar_t *restrict dst, const char **restrict src, size_t nms,
         size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps);

     size_t
     mbsrtowcs(wchar_t *restrict dst, const char **restrict src, size_t len,
         mbstate_t *restrict ps);

     #include <wchar.h>
     #include <xlocale.h>

     size_t
     mbsrtowcs_l(wchar_t *restrict dst, const char **restrict src, size_t len,
         mbstate_t *restrict ps, locale_t loc);

     size_t
     mbsnrtowcs_l(wchar_t *restrict dst, const char **restrict src,
         size_t nms, size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps, locale_t loc);


DESCRIPTION

     The mbsrtowcs() function converts a sequence of multibyte characters,
     pointed to indirectly by src, into a sequence of corresponding wide char-
     acters. It stores at most len of them in the wchar_t array pointed to by
     dst, until it encounters a terminating null character ('\0').

     If dst is NULL, no characters are stored.

     If dst is not NULL, the pointer pointed to by src is updated to point to
     the character after the one that conversion stopped at.  If conversion
     stops because a null character is encountered, *src is set to NULL.

     The mbstate_t argument, ps, is used to keep track of the shift state.  If
     it is NULL, mbsrtowcs() uses an internal, static mbstate_t object, which
     is initialized to the initial conversion state at program startup.

     The mbsnrtowcs() function behaves identically to mbsrtowcs(), except that
     conversion stops after reading at most nms bytes from the buffer pointed
     to by src.

     While the mbsrtowcs() and mbsnrtowcs() functions use the current locale,
     the mbsrtowcs_l() and mbsnrtowcs_l() functions may be passed locales
     directly. See xlocale(3) for more information.


RETURN VALUES

     The mbsrtowcs() and mbsnrtowcs() functions return the number of wide
     characters stored in the array pointed to by dst if successful, otherwise
     it returns (size_t)-1.


ERRORS

     The mbsrtowcs() and mbsnrtowcs() functions will fail if:

     [EILSEQ]           An invalid multibyte character sequence was encoun-
                        tered.

     [EINVAL]           The conversion state is invalid.


SEE ALSO

     mbrtowc(3), mbstowcs(3), multibyte(3), wcsrtombs(3), xlocale(3)


STANDARDS

     The mbsrtowcs() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99'').

     The mbsnrtowcs() function is an extension to the standard.

BSD                              July 21, 2004                             BSD

Mac OS X 10.8 - Generated Wed Aug 29 06:49:46 CDT 2012
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