pthread_key_create(3) BSD Library Functions Manual pthread_key_create(3)
pthread_key_create -- thread-specific data key creation
#include <pthread.h> int pthread_key_create(pthread_key_t *key, void (*destructor)(void *));
The pthread_key_create() function creates a thread-specific data key that is visible to all threads in the process. Key values provided by pthread_key_create() are opaque objects, used to locate thread-specific data. Although the same key value may be used by different threads, the values bound to the key by pthread_setspecific() are maintained on a per- thread basis and persist for the life of the calling thread. Upon key creation, the value NULL is associated with the new key in all active threads. Upon thread creation, the value NULL is associated with all defined keys in the new thread. An optional destructor function may be associated with each key value. If a key value has a non-NULL destructor function pointer, and the thread has a non-NULL value associated with the key at the time of thread exit, then the key value is set to NULL and the destructor function is called with the previous key value as its argument. The order of destructor calls at thread exit is unspecified. If, after all the destructors have been called for all non-NULL values with associated destructors, there are still some non-NULL values with associated destructors, then the process is repeated. If, after at least [PTHREAD_DESTRUCTOR_ITERATIONS] iterations of destructor calls for out- standing non-NULL values, there are still some non-NULL values with asso- ciated destructors, the implementation stops calling destructors.
If successful, the pthread_key_create() function will store the newly created key value at the location specified by key and returns zero. Otherwise, an error number will be returned to indicate the error.
pthread_key_create() will fail if: [EAGAIN] The system lacked the necessary resources to create another thread-specific data key, or the system- imposed limit on the total number of keys per process [PTHREAD_KEYS_MAX] would be exceeded. [ENOMEM] Insufficient memory exists to create the key.
pthread_key_create() conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1996 (``POSIX.1''). BSD April 4, 1996 BSD
Mac OS X 10.9.1 - Generated Thu Jan 9 05:40:41 CST 2014