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40.3 Summary of Gnus Commands

Reading news is a two-step process:

  1. Choose a group in the group buffer.
  2. Select articles from the summary buffer. Each article selected is displayed in the article buffer in a large window, below the summary buffer in its small window.

Each Gnus buffer has its own special commands; the meanings of any given key in the various Gnus buffers are usually analogous, even if not identical. Here are commands for the group and summary buffers:


In the group buffer, update your ‘.newsrc’ initialization file and quit Gnus.

In the summary buffer, exit the current group and return to the group buffer. Thus, typing q twice quits Gnus.


In the group buffer, list all the groups available on your news server (except those you have killed). This may be a long list!


In the group buffer, list only the groups to which you subscribe and which contain unread articles.


In the group buffer, unsubscribe from (or subscribe to) the group listed in the line that point is on. When you quit Gnus by typing q, Gnus lists in your ‘.newsrc’ file which groups you have subscribed to. The next time you start Gnus, you won't see this group, because Gnus normally displays only subscribed-to groups.


In the group buffer, “kill” the current line's group—don't even list it in ‘.newsrc’ from now on. This affects future Gnus sessions as well as the present session.

When you quit Gnus by typing q, Gnus writes information in the file ‘.newsrc’ describing all newsgroups except those you have “killed.”


In the group buffer, select the group on the line under the cursor and display the first unread article in that group.

In the summary buffer,

  • Select the article on the line under the cursor if none is selected.
  • Scroll the text of the selected article (if there is one).
  • Select the next unread article if at the end of the current article.

Thus, you can move through all the articles by repeatedly typing <SPC>.


In the group buffer, move point to the previous group containing unread articles.

In the summary buffer, scroll the text of the article backwards.


Move point to the next unread group, or select the next unread article.


Move point to the previous unread group, or select the previous unread article.


Move point to the next or previous item, even if it is marked as read. This does not select the article or group on that line.


In the summary buffer, do an incremental search of the current text in the article buffer, just as if you switched to the article buffer and typed C-s.

M-s regexp <RET>

In the summary buffer, search forward for articles containing a match for regexp.

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