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5.7 Exponentiation Functions

Function: void mpz_powm (mpz_t rop, const mpz_t base, const mpz_t exp, const mpz_t mod)
Function: void mpz_powm_ui (mpz_t rop, const mpz_t base, unsigned long int exp, const mpz_t mod)

Set rop to (base raised to exp) modulo mod.

Negative exp is supported if an inverse base^-1 mod mod exists (see mpz_invert in Number Theoretic Functions). If an inverse doesn’t exist then a divide by zero is raised.

Function: void mpz_powm_sec (mpz_t rop, const mpz_t base, const mpz_t exp, const mpz_t mod)

Set rop to (base raised to exp) modulo mod.

It is required that exp > 0 and that mod is odd.

This function is designed to take the same time and have the same cache access patterns for any two same-size arguments, assuming that function arguments are placed at the same position and that the machine state is identical upon function entry. This function is intended for cryptographic purposes, where resilience to side-channel attacks is desired.

Function: void mpz_pow_ui (mpz_t rop, const mpz_t base, unsigned long int exp)
Function: void mpz_ui_pow_ui (mpz_t rop, unsigned long int base, unsigned long int exp)

Set rop to base raised to exp. The case 0^0 yields 1.


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