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## 7.2 Assignment Functions

These functions assign new values to already initialized floats (see section Initialization Functions).

- Function:
*void***mpf_set***(mpf_t*`rop`, const mpf_t`op`) - Function:
*void***mpf_set_ui***(mpf_t*`rop`, unsigned long int`op`) - Function:
*void***mpf_set_si***(mpf_t*`rop`, signed long int`op`) - Function:
*void***mpf_set_d***(mpf_t*`rop`, double`op`) - Function:
*void***mpf_set_z***(mpf_t*`rop`, const mpz_t`op`) - Function:
*void***mpf_set_q***(mpf_t*`rop`, const mpq_t`op`) Set the value of

`rop`from`op`.

- Function:
*int***mpf_set_str***(mpf_t*`rop`, const char *`str`, int`base`) Set the value of

`rop`from the string in`str`. The string is of the form ‘`M@N`’ or, if the base is 10 or less, alternatively ‘`MeN`’. ‘`M`’ is the mantissa and ‘`N`’ is the exponent. The mantissa is always in the specified base. The exponent is either in the specified base or, if`base`is negative, in decimal. The decimal point expected is taken from the current locale, on systems providing`localeconv`

.The argument

`base`may be in the ranges 2 to 62, or -62 to -2. Negative values are used to specify that the exponent is in decimal.For bases up to 36, case is ignored; upper-case and lower-case letters have the same value; for bases 37 to 62, upper-case letter represent the usual 10..35 while lower-case letter represent 36..61.

Unlike the corresponding

`mpz`

function, the base will not be determined from the leading characters of the string if`base`is 0. This is so that numbers like ‘`0.23`’ are not interpreted as octal.White space is allowed in the string, and is simply ignored. [This is not really true; white-space is ignored in the beginning of the string and within the mantissa, but not in other places, such as after a minus sign or in the exponent. We are considering changing the definition of this function, making it fail when there is any white-space in the input, since that makes a lot of sense. Please tell us your opinion about this change. Do you really want it to accept

`"3 14"`

as meaning 314 as it does now?]This function returns 0 if the entire string is a valid number in base

`base`. Otherwise it returns -1.

- Function:
*void***mpf_swap***(mpf_t*`rop1`, mpf_t`rop2`) Swap

`rop1`and`rop2`efficiently. Both the values and the precisions of the two variables are swapped.

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